Cáceres Ramos, Sara Cristina

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First Name
Sara Cristina
Last Name
Cáceres Ramos
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
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Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Publication
    Tumor Growth Progression in Ectopic and Orthotopic Xenografts from Inflammatory Breast Cancer Cell Lines
    (MDPI, 2021-09-13) Cáceres Ramos, Sara Cristina; Alonso-Diez, Angela; Crespo, Belén; Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa; Illera Del Portal, Josefina María; Silván Granado, Gema; Andrés Gamazo, Paloma Jimena De; Illera Del Portal, Juan Carlos
    Xenografts can grow in immunosuppressed hosts, such as SCID mice, and tumor material can be injected into hosts either ectopically or orthotopically. Choosing the correct model to use is a crucial step in animal research. The aim of this study was to report the differences between ectopic and orthotopic xenografts in tumor progression, metastasis capacity, histological features, and steroid hormone profiles in xenografts from the cIMC (canine inflammatory mammary cancer) cell line IPC-366 and hIBC (human inflammatory breast cancer) cell line SUM149. To achieve this purpose, 40 female mice 6–8 weeks old were inoculated with IPC-366 and SUM149 cells subcutaneously (ectopic models) or into mammary fat pad (orthotopic models). Mice were monitored for tumor progression and appearance of metastases, and generated tumors were analyzed in terms of histological examination and steroid hormone production. The results revealed differences in tumor appearance and percentage of metastasis between ectopic and orthotopic models, which were higher in the ectopic xenografts from both cell lines. However, both models had similar characteristics of tumor progression, histological features, and steroid hormone secretion profiles. We show that the ectopic model can be validated as a good and useful model of tumor development in addition to, not contrary to, the orthotopic model in breast cancer research.
  • Publication
    Anti-Angiogenic Treatments Interact with Steroid Secretion in Inflammatory Breast Cancer Triple Negative Cell Lines
    (MDPI, 2021-07-21) Alonso Diez, Angela; Cáceres Ramos, Sara Cristina; Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa; Crespo, Belen; Illera Del Portal, Juan Carlos
    Human inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a highly angiogenic disease for which an-tiangiogenic therapy has demonstrated only a modest response, and the reason for this remains unknown. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine the influence of different antiangiogenic therapies on in vitro and in vivo steroid hormone and angiogenic growth factor production using canine and human inflammatory breast carcinoma cell lines as well as the possible involvement of sex steroid hormones in angiogenesis. IPC-366 and SUM149 cell lines and xenotransplanted mice were treated with different concentrations of VEGF, SU5416, bevacizumab and celecoxib. Steroid hormone (progesterone, dehydroepiandrostenedione, androstenedione, testosterone, dihydrotestos-terone, estrone sulphate and 17β-oestradiol), angiogenic growth factors (VEGF-A, VEGF-C and VEGF-D) and IL-8 determinations in culture media, tumour homogenate and serum samples were assayed by EIA. In vitro, progesterone-and 17β-oestradiol-induced VEGF production promoting cell proliferation and androgens are involved in the formation of vascular-like structures. In vivo, intratumoural testosterone concentrations were augmented and possibly associated with decreased metastatic rates, whereas elevated E1SO4 concentrations could promote tumour progression after antiangiogenic therapies. In conclusion, sex steroid hormones could regulate the production of angiogenic factors. The intratumoural measurement of sex steroids and growth factors may be useful to develop preventive and individualized therapeutic strategies.
  • Publication
    In vitro and in vivo effect of flutamide on steroid hormone secretion in canine and human inflammatory breast cancer cell lines
    (Wiley, 2017-06-06) Cáceres Ramos, Sara Cristina; Monsalve, B.; Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa; Andrés Gamazo, Paloma Jimena De; Alonso‐Diez, Ángela; Illera Del Portal, Josefina María; Woodward, W. A.; Reuben, J. M.; Silván Granado, Gema; Illera Del Portal, Juan Carlos
    The aim was to study the effects of flutamide on cell proliferation, in vivo tumour growth andsteroid production in canine and human IBC cell lines. IPC-366 and SUM149 cell cultures wereexposed to flutamide concentrations for 72 hours. Additionally, IPC-366 and SUM149 xeno-transplanted mice were treated subcutaneously with flutamide 3 times a week for 2 weeks.Steroid hormones determination in culture media, serum and tumour homogenates (pregneno-lone, progesterone, androstenedione, testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, 17β-oestradiol andoestrone sulphate) were assayed by EIA. in vitro cell proliferation percentages showed adecrease in all flutamide dosages in IPC-366 and SUM149. in vivo flutamide reduced tumoursize by 55% to 65%, and metastasis rates decreased. In treated groups, androgen levels in cul-ture media, serum and tumour homogenates were increased as oestrogen levels decreased.These results suggest that flutamide treatment inhibits cell proliferation and promotes tumourreduction by increasing androgen levels and also support future therapy approaches
  • Publication
    Canine cell line, IPC‐366, as a good model for the study of inflammatory breast cancer
    (Wiley, 2016-05-05) Cáceres Ramos, Sara Cristina; Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa; Lacerda, L.; Illera Del Portal, Josefina María; Andrés Gamazo, Paloma Jimena De; Larson, R. A.; Gao, H.; Debeb, B. G.; Woodward, W. A.; Reuben, J. M.; Illera Del Portal, Juan Carlos
    Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is an aggressive type of cancer with poor survival in women. Inflammatory mammary cancer (IMC) in dogs is very similar to human IBC and it has been proposed as a good surrogate model for study the human disease. The aim was to determine if IPC-366 shared characteristics with the IBC cell line SUM149. The comparison was conducted in terms of ability to grow (adherent and nonadherent conditions), stem cell markers expression using flow cytometry, protein production using western blot and tumorigenic capacity. Our results revealed that both are capable of forming long-term mammospheres with a grape-like morphology. Adherent and nonadherent cultures exhibited fast growth in vivo. Stem cell markers expressions showed that IPC-366 and SUM149 in adherent and nonadherent conditions has mesenchymal-like characteristics, E-cadherin and N-cadherin, was higher in adherent than in nonadherent cultures. Therefore, this study determines that both cell lines are similar and IPC-366 is a good model for the human and canine disease.