Person: Juárez Martín-Delgado, Ignacio
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Inmunología, Oftalmología y ORL
Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
PublicationHLA genetic study in Iran Saqqez-Baneh Kurds: no genetic trace of Aryan invasions in Anatolian Turks and Kurds is found(Elsevier, 2022-08-03) Suarez Trujillo, Fabio; Juárez Martín-Delgado, Ignacio; Palacio Grüber, José Manuel de; Martin Villa, Jose Manuel; Amirzargar, Ali; Arnaiz Villena, AntonioKurds are living at Middle East region comprising several countries (38 million people) and also have emigrated to Asia, Europe and America. Kurds from Iran have been HLA typed in the present work from Saqqez and Baneh towns, Kordestan province, Iran. Origin of Kurds is considered autochthonous from Anatolia and surrounding mountains :they have been referred as “the mountain people” by classic Persian, Greek and Roman authors. Present day Turks are also autochthonous from Anatolia, but they were not recognized by classical authors as living in the mountains and they speak a language of Asian origin that was imposed to Anatolia by a “elite” invasion without a noticeable high Asian gene input. Most frequent class I and class II HLA alleles found in Iranian Kurds population are: HLA‐A*24:02, A*02:01 and HLA‐B*35:01, and HLA‐DRB1*11:01, DRB1*03:02 and HLA‐DQB1*03:01; also, most frequent HLA extended haplotypes from this Iran Kurdish sample are not shared with Iranians but with Mediterranean, Turkish and Caucasus people. This is confirmed by Neighbour‐Joining and correspondence analysis studied together with the corresponding populations. Finally, our studies show that both Kurds and Turks are genetically original from Anatolian Peninsula and surrounding countries and that an apparent Asian genetic or Aryan invasion does not exist in the area. PublicationHigher prevalence of LAP+ (Latency TGFβ-Associated Peptide) T cells at the tissue level in patients with early gastric cancer(Elsevier, 2022-10-28) Aguinaga Barrilero, Ana; Juárez Martín-Delgado, Ignacio; Vaquero Yuste, Christian; Molina Alejandre, Marta; Gutiérrez Calvo, Alberto; Lasa, Inmaculada; López, Adela; Gómez, Remedios; Molanes López, Elisa M.; Martin Villa, Jose ManuelThe presence of cells with regulatory functions in patients with cancer is one of the mechanisms whereby the immune system cannot confront tumor growth. We sought to determine the prevalence of immunoregulatory Tcell subpopulations, expressing the latency TGFβ-associated peptide (LAP), in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma. T cells were enriched from blood or gastric tissue (tumoral, TT or tumor-free, TF) samples from 22 patients, 6 with early (EGC) and 16 with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). CD4, CD8, LAP, FoxP3 and IFN-γ were measured by cytometry. CD8 + LAP + cells were increased at tumoral sites, especially in early stages of the disease, as compared to tumor-free explants (EGC 5.28 % [4.67–6.64]*; AGC 2.90 % [1.37–4.44]; TF 3.14 % [2.33–4.16]; *p < 0.05 vs TF). Likewise, the LAP+/CD8 + LAP- ratio is increased in gastric samples from patients with early disease (EGC 0.38 [0.30–0.45]*, AGC 0.12 [0.07–0.14]; TF 0.12 [0.09–0.31]; *p < 0.05 vs AGC). Disease progression is accompanied by decreased LAP membrane expression and, probably, increased LAP secretion, therefore limiting the response to the tumor. PublicationA Reliable and Standardizable Differential PCR and qPCR Methodology Assesses HER2 Gene Amplification in Gastric Cancer(MDPI, 2021-06-10) Juárez Martín-Delgado, Ignacio; Toro Fernandez, Juan Francisco; Vaquero Yuste, Christian; Molina Alejandre, Marta; Lasa, Inmaculada; Gomez, Remedios; Lopez, Adela; Martin Villa, Jose Manuel; Gutierrez, AlbertoWe have applied two PCR techniques, differential PCR (diffPCR) and qPCR for the identification of HER2 gene amplifications in genomic DNA of tumor and distal gastric samples from patients with gastric cancer. The diffPCR technique consists of the simultaneous amplification of the HER2 gene and a housekeeping gene by conventional PCR and the densitometric analysis of the bands obtained. We established a cut-off point based on the mean and standard deviation analyzing the DNA of 30 gastric tissues from patients undergoing non-cancer gastrectomy. diffPCR and qPCR yielded consistent results. HER2-overexpression was detected in 25% of patients and was further confirmed by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. The approaches herein described may serve as complementary and reliable methods to assess HER2 amplification.