Person: Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Now showing 1 - 10 of 109
PublicationWindowed phase unwrapping using a first-order dynamic system following iso-phase contours(The Optical Society Of America, 2012-11-12) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Estrada, Julio C.; Vargas Balbuena, Javier; Flores Moreno, Mauricio J.In this work, we show a windowed phase-unwrapping technique that uses a first-order dynamic system and scans the phase following its iso-phase contours. In previous works, we have shown that low-pass first-order dynamic systems are very robust and useful in phase-unwrapping problems. However, it is well known that all phase-unwrapping methods have a minimum signal-to-noise ratio that they tolerate. This paper shows that scanning the phase within local windows and using a path following strategy, the first-order unwrapping method increases its tolerance to noise. In this way, using the improved approach, we can unwrap phase maps where the basic dynamic phase-unwrapping system fails. Tests and results are given, as well as the source code in order to show the performance of the proposed method. PublicationMeasurement of surface topography by RGB Shadow-Moiré with direct phase demodulation(Elsevier Sci. Ltd., 2006-12) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Gómez Pedrero, José Antonio; Terrón López, M. José; Crespo Vázquez, DanielIn this paper we present the application of a direct demodulation method for the measurement of surface topography by means of Shadow-Moiré. In our set-up, we use three LEDs (with green, red and blue peak wavelengths) to illuminate the grating. Due to the different position of these light sources, a polychromatic Shadow-Moiré fringe pattern is produced, which can be described as the superposition of three monochromatic (red, green and blue) fringe patterns. Taking the image of this polychromatic fringe pattern with a RGB CCD camera, we get a monochromatic fringe pattern stored at each RGB channel of the CCD. The direct demodulation algorithm employed uses these fringe patterns to calculate the wrapped phase map. After unwrapping the phase map using a standard multi-grid technique, we implemented an automatic procedure to detect the area of interest of the phase map by removing low modulation zones and to calculate the absolute value of the phase. In this way it is possible to determine the topography of a surface with a single RGB snapshot maintaining a simple experimental set-up, which is an important feature, especially for the study of dynamic phenomena such as deformations. We present the experimental results obtained after measuring different objects with both smooth and rough surface textures. PublicationNoise in phase shifting interferometry(The Optical Society Of America, 2009-05-25) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Estrada, Julio César; Servín Guirado, Manuel; Mosiño, Juan Francisco; Cywiak Garbarcewics, MoisésWe present a theoretical analysis to estimate the amount of phase noise due to noisy interferograms in Phase Shifting Interferometry (PSI). We also analyze the fact that linear filtering transforms corrupting multiplicative noise in Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry (ESPI) into fringes corrupted by additive gaussian noise. This fact allow us to obtain a formula to estimate the standard deviation of the noisy demodulated phase as a function of the spectral response of the preprocessing spatial filtering combined with the PSI algorithm used. This phase noise power formula is the main result of this contribution. PublicationImproved regularised phase-tracking technique for the processing of squared-grating deflectograms(The Optical Society of America, 2000-02-01) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Villa Hernández, José de Jesús; Servín Guirado, ManuelWe propose a robust procedure based on the regularized phase-tracking (RPT) technique to demodulate squared-grating deflectograms. The use of squared gratings, already reported, lets us multiplex the information of the deflections in two orthogonal directions in a single image, thus avoiding the necessity of rotating the gratings. The good noise-rejection characteristics of the RPT technique are improved by use of a quasi-Newton optimization algorithm and a quality-map-based algorithm for the crystal-growing process. PublicationAnisotropic phase-map denoising using a regularized cost-function with complex-valued Markov-random-fields(Elsevier Sci. Ltd., 2010-06) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Villa Hernández, José de Jesús; Rodríguez-Vera, Ramón; Rosa Vargas, José Ismael de la; González Ramírez, EfrénIn our recently reported work  (Villa et al., 2009) we derived a regularized quadratic-cost function, which includes fringe orientation information, for denosing fringe pattern images. In this work we adopt such idea for denoising wrapped phase-maps. We use a regularized cost-function that uses complex-valued Markov random fields (CMRFs) with orientation information of the filtering direction along isophase lines. The advantage of using an anisotropic filter along isophase lines is that phase and noise can be properly separated while 2 pi phase jumps are preserved even in high frequency zones. Apart from its robustness, the outstanding advantage of our method is its minimal computational effort. We present some results processing simulated and real phase-maps. PublicationWavefront measurement by solving the irradiance transport equation for multifocal systems(Spie-Soc Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2001-12) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Gómez Pedrero, José Antonio; Martínez Antón, Juan CarlosA method for sensing wavefronts is presented. The method is based on the resolution of the irradiance transport equation, which relates the irradiance distribution and the shape of the wavefront of a light beam propagating along a given direction. The method presents no restrictions in the locations of the measurement planes and incorporates an improved procedure to geometrically correct the acquired images to take into account the effect of ray deflection in the propagation of the irradiance distributions. With the proposed technique, we measure the wavefront at the exit pupil of a progressive addition lens and find good agreement with an alternative deflectometric method. PublicationHigh dynamic range imaging method for interferometry(Elsevier Science B. V., 2011-08-15) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Vargas Balbuena, Javier; Restrepo, R.; Belenguer Dávila, TomásWe demonstrate a method to easily and quickly extend the dynamic range imaging capabilities of the camera in a typical interferometric approach. The camera dynamic range is usually low and limited to 256 gray levels. Also, it is well known that one may have over or under-exposed regions in the interferogram (due to non-uniform illumination) which makes these image regions not reliable. In our proposed method it is not necessary to obtain or use the non-linear camera response curve in order to extend the camera dynamic range. We obtain a sequence of differently exposed interferograms, typically five or six; after that, we compute the corresponding normalized fringe patterns and modulation maps using a typical normalization method. These normalized patterns are combined through a temporal weighted average using as weights the corresponding modulation maps. We show a set of experimental results that prove the effectiveness of the proposed method. PublicationFourier transform method for automatic processing of moiré deflectograms(Spie-Soc Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, 1999-06) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Crespo Vázquez, Daniel; Bernabeu Martínez, EusebioIn this work, a Fourier transform technique for automatic analysis of moire deflectograms is presented. A squared grating is used to multiplex the information of the deflection in two orthogonal directions in one image. This procedure avoids the necessity of rotating the gratings to obtain the complete deflection information. With this method only two fringe patterns. reference and distorted, are needed to determine the complete deflection information. To deal with irregularly shaped processing areas, a Gerchberg extrapolation method is used. The automatic determination of the carrier as well as the size and position of the reconstruction windows permit the complete and automatic measurement of the deflection produced by an ophthalmic lens in two orthogonal directions. Afterwards, the refractive power maps can be obtained, Experimental results obtained with a progressive addition lens are presented and comparison with measurements obtained with a commercial focimeter are shown showing a good agreement. PublicationDirect demodulation of closed-fringe interferograms based on active contours(2010-11-01) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Vargas Balbuena, Javier; Belenguer Dávila, TomásWe demonstrate a method to directly demodulate closed-fringe interferograms using a kind of active contour called a snake. This method can be used to demodulate a single closed-fringe interferogram when its background illumination and/or contrast terms have a spatial frequency similar to the spatial frequency of the equivalent normalized interferogram. Among other cases, this problematic usually appears in interferometry when spurious reflection appears in the interferogram. In these situations, typical Fourier-based methods are of no help. We show a set of simulations and experimental results that prove the effectiveness of the proposed method. PublicationRobust isoclinic calculation for automatic analysis of photoelastic fringe patterns(SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2008) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Pascual Ramírez, Sergio; Villa Hernández, José de JesúsThere are two main steps in the analysis of photoelastic fringe patterns: the isoclinics and isochromatics computation. For the isochromatic computation there exist several possibilities but one of the best, from the point of view of reliability and automatization, is the phase shift technique. However all phase shift isochromatic algorithms need a good estimation of the isoclinic direction angle that is a challenging task in presence of low birrefringence, isotropic points and monochromatic illumination. In this work we discuss the application of a novel isoclinic direction calculation method based in a phase shifting technique and a fast direction estimation regularized filter. Experimental results show that the proposed method together with a standard phase shifting isochromatic estimation is a good option for the automatic analysis of photoelastic fringe patterns under different illumination conditions, load levels and sample complexity, making possible further processing steps as full-field stress separation.