Person: Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Now showing 1 - 10 of 57
PublicationMeasurement of surface topography by RGB Shadow-Moiré with direct phase demodulation(Elsevier Sci. Ltd., 2006-12) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Gómez Pedrero, José Antonio; Terrón López, M. José; Crespo Vázquez, DanielIn this paper we present the application of a direct demodulation method for the measurement of surface topography by means of Shadow-Moiré. In our set-up, we use three LEDs (with green, red and blue peak wavelengths) to illuminate the grating. Due to the different position of these light sources, a polychromatic Shadow-Moiré fringe pattern is produced, which can be described as the superposition of three monochromatic (red, green and blue) fringe patterns. Taking the image of this polychromatic fringe pattern with a RGB CCD camera, we get a monochromatic fringe pattern stored at each RGB channel of the CCD. The direct demodulation algorithm employed uses these fringe patterns to calculate the wrapped phase map. After unwrapping the phase map using a standard multi-grid technique, we implemented an automatic procedure to detect the area of interest of the phase map by removing low modulation zones and to calculate the absolute value of the phase. In this way it is possible to determine the topography of a surface with a single RGB snapshot maintaining a simple experimental set-up, which is an important feature, especially for the study of dynamic phenomena such as deformations. We present the experimental results obtained after measuring different objects with both smooth and rough surface textures. PublicationNoise in phase shifting interferometry(The Optical Society Of America, 2009-05-25) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Estrada, Julio César; Servín Guirado, Manuel; Mosiño, Juan Francisco; Cywiak Garbarcewics, MoisésWe present a theoretical analysis to estimate the amount of phase noise due to noisy interferograms in Phase Shifting Interferometry (PSI). We also analyze the fact that linear filtering transforms corrupting multiplicative noise in Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry (ESPI) into fringes corrupted by additive gaussian noise. This fact allow us to obtain a formula to estimate the standard deviation of the noisy demodulated phase as a function of the spectral response of the preprocessing spatial filtering combined with the PSI algorithm used. This phase noise power formula is the main result of this contribution. PublicationImproved regularised phase-tracking technique for the processing of squared-grating deflectograms(The Optical Society of America, 2000-02-01) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Villa Hernández, José de Jesús; Servín Guirado, ManuelWe propose a robust procedure based on the regularized phase-tracking (RPT) technique to demodulate squared-grating deflectograms. The use of squared gratings, already reported, lets us multiplex the information of the deflections in two orthogonal directions in a single image, thus avoiding the necessity of rotating the gratings. The good noise-rejection characteristics of the RPT technique are improved by use of a quasi-Newton optimization algorithm and a quality-map-based algorithm for the crystal-growing process. PublicationWavefront measurement by solving the irradiance transport equation for multifocal systems(Spie-Soc Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2001-12) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Gómez Pedrero, José Antonio; Martínez Antón, Juan CarlosA method for sensing wavefronts is presented. The method is based on the resolution of the irradiance transport equation, which relates the irradiance distribution and the shape of the wavefront of a light beam propagating along a given direction. The method presents no restrictions in the locations of the measurement planes and incorporates an improved procedure to geometrically correct the acquired images to take into account the effect of ray deflection in the propagation of the irradiance distributions. With the proposed technique, we measure the wavefront at the exit pupil of a progressive addition lens and find good agreement with an alternative deflectometric method. PublicationRobust isoclinic calculation for automatic analysis of photoelastic fringe patterns(SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2008) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Pascual Ramírez, Sergio; Villa Hernández, José de JesúsThere are two main steps in the analysis of photoelastic fringe patterns: the isoclinics and isochromatics computation. For the isochromatic computation there exist several possibilities but one of the best, from the point of view of reliability and automatization, is the phase shift technique. However all phase shift isochromatic algorithms need a good estimation of the isoclinic direction angle that is a challenging task in presence of low birrefringence, isotropic points and monochromatic illumination. In this work we discuss the application of a novel isoclinic direction calculation method based in a phase shifting technique and a fast direction estimation regularized filter. Experimental results show that the proposed method together with a standard phase shifting isochromatic estimation is a good option for the automatic analysis of photoelastic fringe patterns under different illumination conditions, load levels and sample complexity, making possible further processing steps as full-field stress separation. PublicationSpectral analysis of phase shifting algorithms(The Optical Society Of America, 2009-09-14) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Estrada, Julio César; Servín Guirado, ManuelSystematic spectral analysis of Phase Shifting Interferometry (PSI) algorithms was first proposed in 1990 by Freischlad and Koliopoulos (F&K). This analysis was proposed with the intention that "in a glance" the main properties of the PSI algorithms would be highlighted. However a major drawback of the F&K spectral analysis is that it changes when the PSI algorithm is rotated or its reference signal is time-shifted. In other words, the F&K spectral plot is different when the PSI algorithm is rotated or its reference is time-shifted. However, it is well known that these simple operations do not alter the basic phase demodulation properties of PSI algorithms, except for an unimportant piston. Here we propose a new way to analyze the spectra of PSI algorithms which is invariant to rotation and/or reference time-shift among other advantages over the nowadays standard PSI spectral analysis by F&K. PublicationRecent advances in automatic demodulation of single fringe patterns(Springer Verlag Berlin, 2006) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Crespo Vázquez, Daniel; Gómez Pedrero, José Antonio; Martínez Antón, Juan Carlos PublicationImproved method for isochromatic demodulation by RGB calibration(The Optical Society of America, 2002-06-10) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; García Botella, Ángel; Gómez Pedrero, José AntonioThe red-blue-green (RGB) calibration technique consists in constructing an a priori calibration table of the isochromatic retardation versus the triplet of RGB values obtained with a RGB CCD camera. In this way a lookup table (LUT) is built in which the entry is the corresponding RGB triplet and the output is the given retardation. This calibration (a radiometric quantity) depends on the geometric and chromatic parameters of the setup. Once the calibration is performed, the isochromatic retardation at a given point of the sample is computed as the one that minimizes the Euclidean distance between the measured RGB triplet and the triplets stored in the LUT. We present an enhanced RGB calibration algorithm for isochromatic fringe pattern demodulation. We have improved the standard demodulation algorithm used in RGB calibration by changing the Euclidean cost function to a regularized one in which the fidelity term corresponds to the Euclidean distance between RGB triplets; the regularizing term forces piecewise continuity for the isochromatic retardation. Additionally we have implemented a selective search in the RGB calibration LUT. We have tested the algorithm with simulated as well as real photoelastic data with good results. PublicationTemporal phase evaluation by Fourier analysis of fringe patterns with spatial carrier(Taylor and Francis Ltd., 2001-11-20) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Gómez Pedrero, José AntonioA new method is presented for the temporal evaluation of fringe patterns with spatial carrier. The proposed technique involves recording the irradiance fluctuations obtained when a linear variation of the set-up sensitivity is introduced. In this condition, the use of a spatial carrier introduces a linear temporal carrier frequency. In this way, Fourier analysis can be performed to obtain the phase and, finally, the quantity to be measured. The optimum conditions for the sensitivity variation have been studied in order to minimize the errors associated with the Fourier analysis. The technique has been applied to measure the distribution of ray deflections on the surface of two ophthalmic lenses using a deflectometric set-up. PublicationThe general theory of phase shifting algorithms(The Optical Society Of America, 2009-11-23) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Estrada, Julio César; Servín Guirado, ManuelWe have been reporting several new techniques of analysis and synthesis applied to Phase Shifting Interferometry (PSI). These works are based upon the Frequency Transfer Function (FTF) and how this new tool of analysis and synthesis in PSI may be applied to obtain very general results, among them; rotational invariant spectrum; complex PSI algorithms synthesis based on simpler first and second order quadrature filters; more accurate formulae for estimating the detuning error; output-power phase noise estimation. We have made our cases exposing these aspects of PSI separately. Now in the light of a better understanding provided by our past works we present and expand in a more coherent and holistic way the general theory of PSI algorithms. We are also providing herein new material not reported before. These new results are on; a well defined way to combine PSI algorithms and recursive linear PSI algorithms to obtain resonant quadrature filters.