Person:
Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio

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First Name
Juan Antonio
Last Name
Quiroga Mellado
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Ciencias Físicas
Department
Óptica
Area
Optica
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Search Results

Now showing 1 - 10 of 34
  • Publication
    Measurement of surface topography by RGB Shadow-Moiré with direct phase demodulation
    (Elsevier Sci. Ltd., 2006-12) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Gómez Pedrero, José Antonio; Terrón López, M. José; Crespo Vázquez, Daniel
    In this paper we present the application of a direct demodulation method for the measurement of surface topography by means of Shadow-Moiré. In our set-up, we use three LEDs (with green, red and blue peak wavelengths) to illuminate the grating. Due to the different position of these light sources, a polychromatic Shadow-Moiré fringe pattern is produced, which can be described as the superposition of three monochromatic (red, green and blue) fringe patterns. Taking the image of this polychromatic fringe pattern with a RGB CCD camera, we get a monochromatic fringe pattern stored at each RGB channel of the CCD. The direct demodulation algorithm employed uses these fringe patterns to calculate the wrapped phase map. After unwrapping the phase map using a standard multi-grid technique, we implemented an automatic procedure to detect the area of interest of the phase map by removing low modulation zones and to calculate the absolute value of the phase. In this way it is possible to determine the topography of a surface with a single RGB snapshot maintaining a simple experimental set-up, which is an important feature, especially for the study of dynamic phenomena such as deformations. We present the experimental results obtained after measuring different objects with both smooth and rough surface textures.
  • Publication
    Noise in phase shifting interferometry
    (The Optical Society Of America, 2009-05-25) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Estrada, Julio César; Servín Guirado, Manuel; Mosiño, Juan Francisco; Cywiak Garbarcewics, Moisés
    We present a theoretical analysis to estimate the amount of phase noise due to noisy interferograms in Phase Shifting Interferometry (PSI). We also analyze the fact that linear filtering transforms corrupting multiplicative noise in Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry (ESPI) into fringes corrupted by additive gaussian noise. This fact allow us to obtain a formula to estimate the standard deviation of the noisy demodulated phase as a function of the spectral response of the preprocessing spatial filtering combined with the PSI algorithm used. This phase noise power formula is the main result of this contribution.
  • Publication
    Improved regularised phase-tracking technique for the processing of squared-grating deflectograms
    (The Optical Society of America, 2000-02-01) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Villa Hernández, José de Jesús; Servín Guirado, Manuel
    We propose a robust procedure based on the regularized phase-tracking (RPT) technique to demodulate squared-grating deflectograms. The use of squared gratings, already reported, lets us multiplex the information of the deflections in two orthogonal directions in a single image, thus avoiding the necessity of rotating the gratings. The good noise-rejection characteristics of the RPT technique are improved by use of a quasi-Newton optimization algorithm and a quality-map-based algorithm for the crystal-growing process.
  • Publication
    Spectral analysis of phase shifting algorithms
    (The Optical Society Of America, 2009-09-14) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Estrada, Julio César; Servín Guirado, Manuel
    Systematic spectral analysis of Phase Shifting Interferometry (PSI) algorithms was first proposed in 1990 by Freischlad and Koliopoulos (F&K). This analysis was proposed with the intention that "in a glance" the main properties of the PSI algorithms would be highlighted. However a major drawback of the F&K spectral analysis is that it changes when the PSI algorithm is rotated or its reference signal is time-shifted. In other words, the F&K spectral plot is different when the PSI algorithm is rotated or its reference is time-shifted. However, it is well known that these simple operations do not alter the basic phase demodulation properties of PSI algorithms, except for an unimportant piston. Here we propose a new way to analyze the spectra of PSI algorithms which is invariant to rotation and/or reference time-shift among other advantages over the nowadays standard PSI spectral analysis by F&K.
  • Publication
    Improved method for isochromatic demodulation by RGB calibration
    (The Optical Society of America, 2002-06-10) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; García Botella, Ángel; Gómez Pedrero, José Antonio
    The red-blue-green (RGB) calibration technique consists in constructing an a priori calibration table of the isochromatic retardation versus the triplet of RGB values obtained with a RGB CCD camera. In this way a lookup table (LUT) is built in which the entry is the corresponding RGB triplet and the output is the given retardation. This calibration (a radiometric quantity) depends on the geometric and chromatic parameters of the setup. Once the calibration is performed, the isochromatic retardation at a given point of the sample is computed as the one that minimizes the Euclidean distance between the measured RGB triplet and the triplets stored in the LUT. We present an enhanced RGB calibration algorithm for isochromatic fringe pattern demodulation. We have improved the standard demodulation algorithm used in RGB calibration by changing the Euclidean cost function to a regularized one in which the fidelity term corresponds to the Euclidean distance between RGB triplets; the regularizing term forces piecewise continuity for the isochromatic retardation. Additionally we have implemented a selective search in the RGB calibration LUT. We have tested the algorithm with simulated as well as real photoelastic data with good results.
  • Publication
    The general theory of phase shifting algorithms
    (The Optical Society Of America, 2009-11-23) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Estrada, Julio César; Servín Guirado, Manuel
    We have been reporting several new techniques of analysis and synthesis applied to Phase Shifting Interferometry (PSI). These works are based upon the Frequency Transfer Function (FTF) and how this new tool of analysis and synthesis in PSI may be applied to obtain very general results, among them; rotational invariant spectrum; complex PSI algorithms synthesis based on simpler first and second order quadrature filters; more accurate formulae for estimating the detuning error; output-power phase noise estimation. We have made our cases exposing these aspects of PSI separately. Now in the light of a better understanding provided by our past works we present and expand in a more coherent and holistic way the general theory of PSI algorithms. We are also providing herein new material not reported before. These new results are on; a well defined way to combine PSI algorithms and recursive linear PSI algorithms to obtain resonant quadrature filters.
  • Publication
    Steerable spatial phase shifting applied to single-image closed-fringe interferograms
    (The Optical Society of America, 2009-04-20) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Servín Guirado, Manuel; Estrada, Julio César; Gómez Pedrero, José Antonio
    It is well known that spatial phase shifting interferometry (SPSI) may be used to demodulate two-dimensional (2D) spatial-carrier-interfrograms. In these crises the application of SPSI is straightforward because the modulating phase is a monotonic increasing function of space. However, this is not true when we apply SPSI to demodulate a single-image interferogram containing closed fringes. This is because using these algorithms, one would obtain a wrongly demodulated monotonic phase all over the 2D space. We present a technique to overcome this drawback and to allow any SPSI algorithm to be used as a single-image fringe pattern demodulator containing closed fringes. We make use of the 2D spatial orientation direction of the fringes to steer (orient) the one-dimensional SPSI algorithm in order to correctly demodulate the nonmonotonic 2D phase all over the interferogram.
  • Publication
    Separation of isoclinics and isochromatics from photoelastic data with a regularized phase-tracking technique
    (The Optical Society of America, 2000-06-10) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; González Cano, Agustín
    We present the application of a regularization algorithm to the processing of photoelastic fringe patterns. The method used is a modified regularized phase-tracking (RPT) algorithm applied to phase-shifted images. In particular, we present an algorithm for isoclinic-isochromatic separation that uses only five images. In the case of isoclinics the method can deal with problems associated with modulation of isochromatics and with isotropic points by means of a modified cost functional. With respect to the isochromatics the problems associated with regions of high fringe density are solved in a robust way by the unmodified RPT algorithm by use of the modulation information. The performance of the method is discussed, and experimental results are presented.
  • Publication
    Isotropic n-dimensional fringe pattern normalization
    (Elsevier Science BV, 2003-09-01) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Servín Guirado, Manuel
    Fringe pattern normalization consists in the background suppression and modulation normalization of a given fringe pattern, this process gives as a result a pure sinusoidal phase modulated signal. Normalization is an important operation in the demodulation of the phase from a single fringe pattern where spatially varying background and/or modulation act as error sources. The solution proposed is a direct and isotropic operator, based on the application of an n-dimensional quadrature transform. We have applied the method to simulated as well as experimental data with good results.
  • Publication
    Easy and straightforward construction of wideband phase-shifting algorithms for interferometry
    (The Optical Society of America, 2009-02-15) Quiroga Mellado, Juan Antonio; Servín Guirado, Manuel; Estrada, Julio César
    We show a practical way for building wideband phase-shifting algorithms for interferometry. The idea presented combines first- and second-order quadrature filters to obtain wideband phase-shifting algorithms. These first- and second-order quadrature filters are analogous to the first- and second-order filters commonly used in communications engineering, named building blocks. We present a systematic way to develop phase-shifting algorithms with large detuning robustness or large bandwidth. In general, the approach presented here gives a powerful frequency analysis and design tool for phase-shifting algorithms robust to detuning for interferometry.