Person: Pinelli, Alfredo
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Now showing 1 - 10 of 32
PublicationThe autonomous cycle of near-wall turbulence(Cambridge University Press, 1999) Jiménez, Javier; Pinelli, AlfredoNumerical experiments on modified turbulent channels at moderate Reynolds numbers are used to differentiate between several possible regeneration cycles for the turbulent fluctuations in wall-bounded flows. It is shown that a cycle exists which is local to the near-wall region and does not depend on the outer flow. It involves the formation of velocity streaks from the advection of the mean profile by streamwise vortices, and the generation of the vortices from the instability of the streaks. Interrupting any of those processes leads to laminarization. The presence of the wall seems to be only necessary to maintain the mean shear. The generation of secondary vorticity at the wall is shown to be of little importance in turbulence generation under natural circumstances. Inhibiting its production increases turbulence intensity and drag. PublicationChebyshev collocation method and multidomain decomposition for the incompressible Navier‐Stokes equations(Wiley, 1994) Pinelli, Alfredo; Vacca, A.The two-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in primitive variables have been solved by a pseudospectral Chebyshev method using a semi-implicit fractional step scheme. The latter has been adapted to the particular features of spectral collocation methods to develop the monodomain algorithm. In particular, pressure and velocity collocated on the same nodes are sought in a polynomial space of the same order; the cascade of scalar elliptic problems arising after the spatial collocation is solved using finite difference preconditioning. With the present procedure spurious pressure modes do not pollute the pressure field. As a natural development of the present work a multidomain extent was devised and tested. The original domain is divided into a union of patching sub-rectangles. Each scalar problem obtained after spatial collocation is solved by iterating by subdomains. For steady problems a C1 solution is recovered at the interfaces upon convergence, ensuring a spectrally accurate solution. A number of test cases have been solved to validate the algorithm in both its single-block and multidomain configurations. The preliminary results achieved indicate that collocation methods in multidomain configurations might become a viable alternative to the spectral element technique for accurate flow prediction. PublicationReynolds number dependence of mean flow structure in square duct turbulence - CORRIGENDUM(Cambridge University Press, 2010) Pinelli, Alfredo; Uhlmann, Markus; Sekimoto, Atshushi; Kawahara, Genta PublicationReynolds number dependence of mean flow structure in square duct turbulence(Cambridge University Press, 2010) Pinelli, Alfredo; Uhlmann, Markus; Sekimoto, Atshushi; Kawahara, GentaWe have performed direct numerical simulations of turbulent flows in a square duct considering a range of Reynolds numbers spanning from a marginal state up to fully developed turbulent states at low Reynolds numbers. The main motivation stems from the relatively poor knowledge about the basic physical mechanisms that are responsible for one of the most outstanding features of this class of turbulent flows: Prandtl's secondary motion of the second kind. In particular, the focus is upon the role of flow structures in its generation and characterization when increasing the Reynolds number. We present a two-fold scenario. On the one hand, buffer layer structures determine the distribution of mean streamwise vorticity. On the other hand, the shape and the quantitative character of the mean secondary flow, defined through the mean cross-stream function, are influenced by motions taking place at larger scales. It is shown that high velocity streaks are preferentially located in the corner region (e.g. less than 50 wall units apart from a sidewall), flanked by low velocity ones. These locations are determined by the positioning of quasi-streamwise vortices with a preferential sign of rotation in agreement with the above described velocity streaks' positions. This preferential arrangement of the classical buffer layer structures determines the pattern of the mean streamwise vorticity that approaches the corners with increasing Reynolds number. On the other hand, the centre of the mean secondary flow, defined as the position of the extrema of the mean cross-stream function (computed using the mean streamwise vorticity), remains at a constant location departing from the mean streamwise vorticity field for larger Reynolds numbers, i.e. it scales in outer units. This paper also presents a detailed validation of the numerical technique including a comparison of the numerical results with data obtained from a companion experiment. PublicationTurbulent shear flow over active and passive porous surfaces(Cambridge University Press, 2001) Jiménez, J.; Uhlmann, Markus; Pinelli, Alfredo; Kawahara, GentaThe behaviour of turbulent shear flow over a mass-neutral permeable wall is studied numerically. The transpiration is assumed to be proportional to the local pressure fluctuations. It is first shown that the friction coefficient increases by up to 40% over passively porous walls, even for relatively small porosities. This is associated with the presence of large spanwise rollers, originating from a linear instability which is related both to the Kelvin–Helmholtz instability of shear layers, and to the neutral inviscid shear waves of the mean turbulent profile. It is shown that the rollers can be forced by patterned active transpiration through the wall, also leading to a large increase in friction when the phase velocity of the forcing resonates with the linear eigenfunctions mentioned above. Phase-lock averaging of the forced solutions is used to further clarify the flow mechanism. This study is motivated by the control of separation in boundary layers. PublicationDynamics of the structures of near wall turbulence(Springer, 1999) Jiménez, J.; Pinelli, AlfredoNumerical experiments on modified turbulent channels are used to differentiate between possible turbulence generation mechanisms in wall bounded flows. It is shown that a regeneration cycle exists which is local to the near-wall region and does not depend on the outer flow. It involves the formation of velocity streaks from the advection of the mean profile by streamwise vortices, and the generation of the vortices from the instability of the streaks. Interrupting any of those processes leads to laminarisation of the wall. The production of secondary vorticity at the wall is not important in turbulence generation. PublicationCoherent structures in marginally turbulent square duct flow(Springer, 2008) Uhlmann, Markus; Pinelli, Alfredo; Sekimoto, Atshushi; Kawahara, Genta; Kaneda, YukioDirect numerical simulation of fully developed turbulent flow in a straight square duct was performed in order to determine the minimal requirements for self-sustaining turbulence. It was found that turbulence can be maintained for values of the bulk Reynolds number above approximately 1100, corresponding to a friction-velocity-based Reynolds number of 80. The minimum value for the streamwise period of the computational domain measures around 190 wall units, roughly independently of the Reynolds number. Furthermore, we present a characterization of the marginal state, where coherent structures are found to have significant relevance to the appearance of secondary flow of Prandtl’s second kind. PublicationThe eﬀect of coherent structures on the secondary ﬂow in a square duct(Springer, 2009) Sekimoto, Atshushi; Pinelli, Alfredo; Uhlmann, Markus; Kawahara, Genta; Eckhardt, BrunoThe appearance of secondary flow of Prandtl’s second kind is a well-known phenomenon in fully developed turbulent rectangular duct flow. The intensity of the secondary flow is two orders of magnitude smaller than that of the mean streamwise velocity; however, it plays an important role in the crossstreamwise momentum, heat and mass transfer. Our recent study  revealed that the mean secondary flow is a statistical footprint of the turbulent flow structures, i.e. streamwise vortices and streaks which are observed in the nearwall region, whose cross-sectional positions are constrained by the presence of the side walls at marginal Reynolds number (approximately 1100, based on the bulk velocity and the duct half width, corresponding to a friction Reynolds number of about 80). In this marginal case, one low-speed streak associated with a pair of counter-rotating streamwise vortices can exist over each wall and they are self-sustained . When considering the higher Reynolds numbers, the increment of duct width in wall unit allows the simultaneous presence of multiple low velocity streaks and pairs of streamwise vortices upon the wall. PublicationTurbulent puffs in a horizontal square duct under stable temperature stratification(Begell House, 2012) Otsuki, T.; Kawahara, Genta; Uhlmann, Markus; Pinelli, AlfredoDirect numerical simulations of streamwise-localized turbulent flow (turbulent puff) in a horizontal square duct heated from above are performed at Richardson numbers 0 ≤ Ri ≤ 0.58 to characterize differences between isothermal and non-isothermal puffs. It is found that the structure of the non-isothermal puff exhibits significantly different properties from that of the isothermal puff. In particular, differences are observed in wall shear stresses. In the upstream part of the non-isothermal puff, higher shear appears on the horizontal walls than the vertical ones. In the downstream part, meanwhile, higher shear appears on the vertical walls than the horizontal ones. The higher shear on the horizontal walls in the upstream part is interpreted in terms of coherent streamwise vortices induced by buoyancy in the corner regions. The higher shear on the vertical walls in the downstream part is considered to be a consequence of higher wall-normal (horizontal) turbulence intensity on the vertical walls under the weaker constraint of the stable stratification. PublicationA two dimensional Chebyshev collocated multi-domain algorithm for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations(1993) Pinelli, Alfredo; Vacca, A.