Person:
Montes Gutiérrez, David

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First Name
David
Last Name
Montes Gutiérrez
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Ciencias Físicas
Department
Física de la Tierra y Astrofísica
Area
Astronomía y Astrofísica
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Search Results

Now showing 1 - 10 of 17
  • Publication
    The nearest young moving groups
    (American Astronomical Society, 2006-06-01) López Santiago, Javier; Montes Gutiérrez, David; Crespo Chacón, I.; Fernández Figueroa, María José
    The latest results in the research of forming planetary systems have led several authors to compile a sample of candidates for searching for planets in the vicinity of the Sun. Young stellar associations are indeed excellent laboratories for this study, but some of them are not close enough to allow the detection of planets through adaptive optics techniques. However, the existence of very close young moving groups can solve this problem. Here we have compiled the members of the nearest young moving groups, as well as a list of new candidates from our catalog of late-type stars that are possible members of young stellar kinematic groups, studying their membership through spectroscopic and photometric criteria.
  • Publication
    Late-type members of young stellar kinematic groups - I. Single stars
    (Wiley, 2001-11-21) Montes Gutiérrez, David; López Santiago, Javier; Gálvez, M. C.; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel
    This is the first paper of a series aimed at studying the properties of late-type members of young stellar kinematic groups. We concentrate our study on classical young moving groups such as the Local Association (Pleiades moving group, 20-150 Myr), IC 2391 supercluster (35 Myr), Ursa Major group (Sirius supercluster, 300 Myr), and Hyades supercluster (600 Myr), as well as on recently identified groups such as the Castor moving group (200 Myr). In this paper we compile a preliminary list of single late-type possible members of some of these young stellar kinematic groups. Stars are selected from previously established members of stellar kinematic groups based on photometric and kinematic properties as well as from candidates based on other criteria such as their level of chromospheric activity, rotation rate and lithium abundance. Precise measurements of proper motions and parallaxes taken from the Hipparcos Catalogue, as well as from the Tycho-2 Catalogue, and published radial velocity measurements are used to calculate the Galactic space motions (U, V W) and to apply Eggen's kinematic criteria in order to determine the membership of the selected stars to the different groups. Additional criteria using age-dating methods for late-type stars will be applied in forthcoming papers of this series. A further study of the list of stars compiled here could lead to a better understanding of the chromospheric activity and their age evolution, as well as of the star formation history in the solar neighbourhood. In addition, these stars are also potential search targets for direct imaging detection of substellar companions.
  • Publication
    Quantifying the contamination by old main-sequence stars in young moving groups: the case of the Local Association
    (EDP Sciencies, 2009-05) López Santiago, J.; Micela, G.; Montes Gutiérrez, David
    Context. The associations and moving groups of young stars are excellent laboratories for investigating stellar formation in the solar neighborhood. Previous results have confirmed that a non-negligible fraction of old main-sequence stars is present in the lists of possible members of young stellar kinematic groups. A detailed study of the properties of these samples is needed to separate the young stars from old main-sequence stars with similar space motion, and identify the origin of these structures. Aims. Our intention is to characterize members of the young moving groups, determine their age distribution, and quantify the contamination by old main-sequence stars, in particular, for the Local Association. Methods. We used stars possible members of the young (~10-650 Myr) moving groups from the literature. To determine the age of the stars, we used several suitable age indicators for young main sequence stars, i.e., X-ray fluxes from the Rosat All-sky Survey database, photometric data from the Tycho-2, Hipparcos, and 2MASS database. We also used spectroscopic data, in particular the equivalent width of the lithium line Li I λ6707.8 Å and H_α, to constrain the range of ages of the stars. Results. By combining photometric and spectroscopic data, we were able to separate the young stars (10-650 Myr) from the old (> 1 Gyr) field ones. We found, in particular, that the Local Association is contaminated by old field stars at the level of ~30%. This value must be considered as the contamination for our particular sample, and not of the entire Local Association. For other young moving groups, it is more difficult to estimate the fraction of old stars among possible members. However, the level of X-ray emission can, at least, help to separate two age populations: stars with <200 Myr and stars older than this. Conclusions. Among the candidate members of the classical moving groups, there is a non-negligible fraction of old field stars that should be taken into account when studying the stellar birthrate in the solar neighborhood. Our results are consistent with a scenario in which the moving groups contain both groups of young stars formed in a recent star-formation episode and old field stars with similar space motion. Only by combining X-ray and optical spectroscopic data is it possible to distinguish between these two age populations.
  • Publication
    High resolution spectroscopic characterization of the FGK stars in the Solar neighborhood
    (American Institute of Physics, 2009) Martínez Arnáiz, R. M.; Maldonado, J.; Montes Gutiérrez, David; Eiroa, C.; Montesinos, B.; Ribas, I.; Solano, E.
    We present the most recent results of our ongoing long-term high resolution spectroscopic study of nearby (d ≤ 25 pc) FGK stars which aim is to characterize the local properties of the Galaxy, in particular the star-formation history. A through analysis has been carried out for 253 cool stars in the solar neighborhood. This includes radial and rotational velocities determinations, chromospheric activity levels inference, kinematic analysis, and age estimates. This study does not only shed new light on the issue of stellar formation history but also contributes to any present or future mission aiming to detect extra-solar planets. Exo-planets are likely to be found orbiting around nearby cool stars and their detection and characterization is highly dependent on the precise determination of fundamental stellar parameters such as age, activity levels. Therefore, our study is of paramount importance to ensure the success of any such mission.
  • Publication
    Late-type stars members of young stellar kinematic groups
    (Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP), 2000) Montes Gutiérrez, David; Latorre, A.; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Pallavicini, R.; Micela, G.; Sciortino, S.
    We have compiled a catalog of late-type stars (F5-M) members of representative, young disk, stellar kinematic groups: the Local Association (20-150 Myr), Ursa Mayor group (300 Myr), Hyades supercluster (600 Myr), IC 2391 supercluster (35 Myr), and Castor moving group (200 Myr). Stars have been selected from previously established members of stellar kinematic groups based in photometric and kinematic properties as well as from candidates based in other criteria as their level of chromospheric activity, rotation rate, lithium abundance. Precise measurements of proper motions and parallaxes taken from Hipparcos Catalogue, and published radial velocity measurements are used to calculate Galactic space motions (U, V, W) in order to determine the membership of the selected stars to the different stellar kinematic groups.
  • Publication
    Chromospheric activity, lithium and radial velocities of single late-type stars possible members of young moving groups
    (EDP Sciencies, 2001-12) Montes Gutiérrez, David; López Santiago, Javier; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Galves, M. C.
    We present here high resolution echelle spectra taken during three observing runs of 14 single late-type stars identified in our previous studies (Montes et al. 2001b, hereafter Paper I) as possible members of different young stellar kinematic groups (Local Association (20-150 Myr), Ursa Major group (300 Myr), Hyades supercluster (600 Myr), and IC 2391 supercluster (35 Myr)). Radial velocities have been determined by cross correlation with radial velocity standard stars and used together with precise measurements of proper motions and parallaxes taken from Hipparcos and Tycho-2 Catalogues, to calculate Galactic space motions (U, V, W) and to apply Eggen's kinematic criteria. The chromospheric activity level of these stars have been analysed using the information provided for several optical spectroscopic features (from the CaII H & K toCaII IRT lines) that are formed at different heights in the chromosphere. The Li I λ6707.8 Å line equivalent width (EW) has been determined and compared in the EW(Li I) versus spectral type diagram with the EW(Li I) of stars members of well-known young open clusters of different ages, in order to obtain an age estimation. All these data allow us to analyse in more detail the membership of these stars in the different young stellar kinematic groups. Using both, kinematic and spectroscopic criteria we have confirmed PW And, V368 Cep, V383 Lac, EP Eri, DX Leo, HD 77407, and EK Dra as members of the Local Association and V834 Tau, π^1 UMa, and GJ 503.2 as members of the Ursa Major group. A clear rotation-activity dependence has been found in these stars.
  • Publication
    Multiwavelength optical observations of chromospherically active binary systems III. High resolution echelle spectra from CaII H & K to CaII IRT
    (EDP Sciences, 2000-10) Montes Gutiérrez, David; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel; Latorre, A.; Sanz Forcada, J.
    This is the third paper of a series aimed at studying the chromosphere of active binary systems using the information provided for several optical spectroscopic features. High resolution echelle spectra including all the optical chromospheric activity indicators from the Ca II H & K to Ca II IRT lines are analysed here for 16 systems. The chromospheric contribution in these lines has been determined using the spectral subtraction technique. Very broad wings have been found in the subtracted H alpha profilp of the very active star HU Vir. These profiles are well matched using a two-component Gaussian fit; (narrow and broad) ard the broad component carl be interpreted as arising from microflaring. Red-shifted absorption features in the EHα line have been detected in several systems and excess emission in the blue wing of FG UMa was also detected. These features indicate that several dynamical processes, or a combination of them, may be involved. Using the EHα/EHβ ratio as a diagnostic we have detected prominence-like extended material viewed off the limb in many stars of the sample, and prominences viewed against the disk at some orbital phases in the dwarfs OU Gem and BF Lyn, The He I D_3 line has been detected as an absorption feature in mainly all the giants of the sample. Total filling-in of the He I D_3, probably due to microflaring activity, is observed in HU Vir. Self-absorption with red asymmetry is detected in the Ca II H & K lines of the giants 12 Cam: FG UMa and BM CVn. All the stars analysed show clear filled-in Ca II IRT lines or even notable emission reversal. The small values of the E_8542/E_8498 ratio we have found indicate Ca II IRT emission arises from plage-like regions. Orbital phase modulation of the chromospheric emission has been detected in some systems, in the case of HU Vir evidence of an active longitude area has been found.
  • Publication
    Post T Tauri stars in the solar neighborhood: isolated or members of young associations and moving groups
    (American Institute of Physics, 2009) Montes Gutiérrez, David; López Santiago, J.; Martínez Arnáiz, R. M.; Guillout, P.; Klutsch, A.; Freire Ferrero, R.; Frasca, A.; Marilli, E.
    Post T Tauri stars (PTTS) are late-type stars in the age range between 10 and 100 Myr filling the gap between T Tauri (TTs) and zero-age: main sequence phases. This period of evolution remains ambiguous and until now different studies of young stars have failed to find the numbers of PTTS that are expected. In the last years, some PTTS have been identified among the X-ray detected pre-main sequence stars in some star-forming regions. More recently, additional PTTS have been identified in young associations and moving groups (β Pic, TW Hya, Tucana/Horologium, and the AB Dor). However, many isolated PTTS still remain undiscovered. In this contribution, we compiled the PTTS previously identified in the literature, and identified new candidates using the information provided by the high resolution spectra obtained during our surveys of late-type stars possible members to young moving groups, FGK stars in the solar neighborhood, and RasTyc sample. To identify PTTS we applied an age-oriented definition using relative age indicators (Li abundance, chromospheric and coronal emission and the kinematics) as well as color-magnitude diagrams and pre-main sequence isochrones.
  • Publication
    Low-resolution spectroscopy and spectral energy distributions of selected sources towards σ Orionis
    (EDP Sciencies, 2008-11) Caballero, J. A.; Valdivielso, L.; Martín, E. L.; Montes Gutiérrez, David; Pascual, S.; Pérez González, Pablo Guillermo
    Aims. We study in detail nine sources in the direction of the young σ Orionis cluster, which is considered to be a unique site for studying stellar and substellar formation. The nine sources were selected because of their peculiar properties, such as extremely-red infrared colours or excessively strong Hα emission for their blue optical colours. Methods. We acquired high-quality, low-resolution spectroscopy (R ∼ 500) of the nine targets with ALFOSC at the Nordic Optical Telescope. We also re-analysed [24]-band photometry from MIPS/Spitzer and compiled the highest quality photometric dataset available at the ViJHK_s passbands and the four IRAC/Spitzer channels, for constructing accurate spectral energy distributions between 0.55 and 24 μm. Results. The nine targets were classified into: one Herbig Ae/Be star with a scattering edge-on disc; two G-type stars; one X-ray flaring, early-M, young star with chromospheric Hα emission; one very low-mass, accreting, young spectroscopic binary; two young objects at the brown-dwarf boundary with the characteristics of classical T Tauri stars; and two emission-line galaxies, one undergoing star formation, and another whose spectral energy distribution is dominated by an active galactic nucleus. We also discovered three infrared sources associated with overdensities in a cold cloud of the cluster centre. Conclusions. Low-resolution spectroscopy and spectral energy distributions are a vital tool for measuring the physical properties and evolution of young stars and candidates in the σ Orionis cluster.
  • Publication
    Multiwavelength optical observations of chromospherically active binary systems III: high resolution echelle spectra from Ca II H& K to Ca III RT
    (EDP Sciences, 2000-10) Montes Gutiérrez, David; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel; Latorre, A.; Sanz Forcada, J.
    This is the third paper of a series aimed at studying the chromosphere of active binary systems using the information provided for several optical spectroscopic features. High resolution echelle spectra including all the optical chromospheric activity indicators from the Ca II H & K to Ca II IRT lines are analysed here for 16 systems. The chromospheric contribution in these lines has been determined using the spectral subtraction technique. Very broad wings have been found in the subtracted Hα profile of the very active star HU Vir. These profiles are well matched using a two-component Gaussian fit (narrow and broad) and the broad component can be interpreted as arising from microflaring. Red-shifted absorption features in the Hα line have been detected in several systems and excess emission in the blue wing of FG UMa was also detected. These features indicate that several dynamical processes, or a combination of them, may be involved. Using the E_(Hα) / E_(Hβ) ratio as a diagnostic we have detected prominence-like extended material viewed off the limb in many stars of the sample, and prominences viewed against the disk at some orbital phases in the dwarfs OU Gem and BF Lyn. The He I D3 line has been detected as an absorption feature in mainly all the giants of the sample. Total filling-in of the He I D3, probably due to microflaring activity, is observed in HU Vir. Self-absorption with red asymmetry is detected in the Ca II H & K lines of the giants 12 Cam, FG UMa and BM CVn. All the stars analysed show clear filled-in Ca II IRT lines or even notable emission reversal. The small values of the E_(8542) / E_(8498) ratio we have found indicate Ca II IRT emission arises from plage-like regions. Orbital phase modulation of the chromospheric emission has been detected in some systems, in the case of HU Vir evidence of an active longitude area has been found.