Fernández Barrenechea, José María

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First Name
José María
Last Name
Fernández Barrenechea
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Ciencias Geológicas
Mineralogía y Petrología
Cristalografía y Mineralogía
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Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Publication
    Palaeoenvironmental significance of Late Permian palaeosols in the South-Eastern Iberian Ranges, Spain
    (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2008) Horra del Barco, Raúl de la; Benito Moreno, María Isabel; López Gómez, José; Arche, Alfredo; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; Luque del Villar, Francisco Javier
    The Late Permian (Wuchiapingian) Alcotas Formation in the SE Iberian Ranges consists of one red alluvial succession where abundant soil profiles developed. Detailed petrographical and sedimentological studies in seven sections of the Alcotas Formation allow six different types of palaeosols, with distinctive characteristics and different palaeogeographical distribution, to be distinguished throughout the South-eastern Iberian Basin. These characteristics are, in turn, related to topographic, climatic and tectonic controls. The vertical distribution of the palaeosols is used to differentiate the formation in three parts from bottom to top showing both drastic and gradual vertical upwards palaeoenvironmental changes in the sections. Reconstruction of palaeoenvironmental conditions based on palaeosols provides evidence for understanding the events that occurred during the Late Permian, some few millions of years before the well-known Permian-Triassic global crisis.
  • Publication
    Early Triassic-Anisian continental sediments from SE Iberian ranges: sedimentological and mineralogical features
    (Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 2008-09) Galán Abellán, Ana Belén; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; López Gómez, José; Lago San José, Marceliano; Benito Moreno, María Isabel
  • Publication
    A new triadotypomorphan insect from the Anisian (Middle Triassic), Buntsandstein facies, Spain
    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 2009) Béthoux, Olivier; Horra del Barco, Raúl de la; Benito Moreno, María Isabel; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; Galán Abellán, Ana Belén; López Gómez, José
    The species rubra sp. nov., a new triadotypomorphan insect from the Iberian Ranges, is described on the basis of a newly discovered specimen, found in fine grained sandstones of alluvial origin, in the lowermost part of the Eslida Formation (Buntsandstein facies), in the central part of the Iberian Ranges. The occurrence of a triadotypomorphan suggests an Anisian age of the Eslida Formation. The species represents the oldest Mesozoic insect described from Spain, and provides interesting information to better appreciate the process of ecosystems recovery after the Permian-Triassic boundary crisis. [RESUMEN] La especie rubra sp. nov., un nuevo insecto triadotipomorfo de la Cordillera Ibérica, es descrito en este trabajo en base a un nuevo espécimen hallado en un nivel de areniscas de grano fino de origen aluvial en la parte más baja de la Formación Eslida (facies Buntsandstein), en la zona central de la Cordillera Ibérica. La aparición de este triadotipomorfo confirma la edad Ansíense (Triásico Medio) de la Formación Eslida. La especie encontrada representa el insecto más antiguo hallado en el Mesozoico de España y una interesante información para comprender mejor el proceso de recuperación de los ecosistemas tras la crisis del límite Pérmico-Triásico.
  • Publication
    Late Permian continental sediments in the SE Iberian Ranges, eastern Spain: Petrological and mineralogical characteristics and palaeoenvironmental significance
    (Elsevier, 2005) Benito Moreno, María Isabel; Horra del Barco, Raúl de la; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; López Gómez, José; Rodas, Magdalena; Alonso Azcárate, Jacinto; Arche, Alfredo; Luque del Villar, Francisco Javier
    A detailed mineralogical and petrological study and the analysis of paleosol profiles in continental alluvial sediments of the Late Permian in the SE Iberian Ranges (Spain) allow us to infer the significant environmental changes that occurred during this time period. Three parts have been distinguished in the Late Permian sediments (Alcotas Formation). The lower part includes abundant and well-preserved carbonate paleosol profiles and fine-grained sediments made up by quartz, feldspar, hematite and illite, with scarce kaolinite. The preservation of dolomicrite in some paleosols suggests that they originally developed as dolocretes in an arid to semi-arid climate with marked seasonality. A change towards more humid and acid conditions can be deduced from the presence of siderite and goethite in paleosols in the middle part of the Alcotas Formation. Moreover, the presence of plant remains, coal beds and/or carbonaceous shales at the top of the middle part, and the lack of carbonate paleosols in the upper part of the formation would indicate a further step towards acid conditions. These conditions would increase until the Early Triassic, as indicated by the lack of carbonates and the presence of Sr-rich aluminium phosphate sulphates (APS minerals) at the base of the Triassic (Can˜ izar Formation), which clearly indicates extreme acid conditions during the Permian–Triassic transition of the study area.