Fernández Barrenechea, José María

Profile Picture
First Name
José María
Last Name
Fernández Barrenechea
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Ciencias Geológicas
Mineralogía y Petrología
Cristalografía y Mineralogía
UCM identifierORCIDScopus Author IDWeb of Science ResearcherIDDialnet IDGoogle Scholar ID

Search Results

Now showing 1 - 10 of 11
  • Publication
    Mid-Albian to earliest Cenomanian climate cycles indicated by humid paleosols developed within the arid braidplain facies of the Utrillas Group of east-central Spain
    (Elsevier, 2023-09-15) Bueno Cebollada, Carlos A.; Horra Del Barco, Raúl De La; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; Meléndez Hevia, María Nieves; Barrón López, Eduardo; Fregenal Martínez, María Antonia
    The development of arid climate conditions in eastern Iberia during the mid-Cretaceous (mid-Albian to earliest Cenomanian) has been postulated by several authors over the last two decades based on sedimentological and palaeobotanical datasets. In this paper, we present a combined sedimentological and paleosol study of the mid-Albian to earliest Cenomanian Utrillas Group in the Cuenca Basin of east-central Spain, to improve knowledge of palaeoclimate. Four facies associations are identified as follows: Proximal alluvial braidplain (FA I), Distal alluvial braidplain (FA II), Aeolian dunes (FA III), and Inner estuarine settings (FA IV). The succession records the development of a braidplain system under dominantly arid conditions followed by a marine transgressive phase. In contrast to the overall arid palaeoclimate interpretation, multi-proxy palaeoedaphological analyses conducted for three paleosol profiles (Spodosols) indicate the occurrence of periods of increased humidity in the basin. These findings allow us to infer the occurrence of shorter-term climatic oscillations characterised by a tropical savanna climate when the palaeosols developed, suggesting significantly more humid conditions than those inferred based on the sedimentological and previous palaeobotanical datasets. We propose a palaeoclimatic model that explains the alternation between the dominantly arid and these more humid periods based on the cyclical latitudinal shifting of the mid-Cretaceous climatic belts, shedding new light on the mid-Albian to earliest Cenomanian climate of Iberia.
  • Publication
    Transition between Variscan and Alpine cycles in the Pyrenean-Cantabrian Mountains (N Spain): Geodynamic evolution of near-equator European Permian basins
    (Elsevier, 2021-12) Lloret, Joan; López Gómez, José; Heredia, N.; Martín González, Fidel; Horra del Barco, Raúl de la; Borruel Abadía, Violeta; Ronchi, Ausonio; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; García-Sansegundo, Joaquín; Galé, Carlos; Ubide, Teresa; Gretter, Nicola; Diez, José B.; Juncal Rosales, Manuel Antonio; Lago, Marceliano
    In the northern Iberian Peninsula, the Pyrenean-Cantabrian orogenic belt extends E-W for ca. 1000 km between the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. This orogen developed from the collision between Iberia and Eurasia, mainly in Cenozoic times. Lower-middle Permian sediments crop out in small, elongated basins traditionally considered independent from each other due to misinterpretations on incomplete lithostratigraphic data and scarce radiometric ages. Here, we integrate detailed stratigraphic, sedimentary, tectonic, paleosol and magmatic data from well-dated lithostratigraphic units. Our data reveal a similar geodynamic evolution across the Pyrenean-Cantabrian Ranges at the end of the Variscan cycle. Lower-middle Permian basins started their development under an extensional regime related to the end of the Variscan Belt collapse, which stars in late Carboniferous times in the Variscan hinterland. This orogenic collapse transitioned to Pangea breakup at the middle Permian times in the study region. Sedimentation occurred as three main tectono-sedimentary extensional phases. A first phase (Asselian-Sakmarian), which may have even started at the end of the Carboniferous (Gzhelian) in some sections, is mainly represented by alluvial sedimentation associated with calc-alkaline magmatism. A second stage (late Artinskian–early Kungurian), represented by alluvial, lacustrine and palustrine sediments with intercalations of calc-alkaline volcanic beds, shows a clear upward aridification trend probably related to the late Paleozoic icehouse-greenhouse transition. The third and final stage (Wordian-Capitanian) comprised of alluvial deposits with intercalations of alkaline and mafic beds, rarely deposited in the Cantabrian Mountains, and underwent significant pre- and Early Mesozoic erosion in some segments of the Pyrenees. This third stage can be related to a transition towards the Pangea Supercontinent breakup, not generalized until the Early/Middle Triassic at this latitude because the extensional process stopped about 10 Myr (Pyrenees) to 30 Myr (Cantabrian Mountains). When compared to other well-dated basins near the paleoequator, the tectono-sedimentary and climate evolution of lower-middle Permian basins in Western and Central Europe shows common features. Specifically, we identify coeval periods with magmatic activity, extensional tectonics, high subsidence rates and thick sedimentary record, as well as prolonged periods without sedimentation. This comparison also identifies some evolutionary differences between Permian basins that could be related to distinct locations in the hinterland or foreland of the Variscan orogen. Our data provide a better understanding of the major crustal re-equilibration and reorganization that took place near the equator in Western-Central Europe during the post-Variscan period.
  • Publication
    Geochemical markers of paleoenvironments, weathering, and provenance in Permian–Triassic terrestrial sediments
    (SEPM, 2020) Galán Abellán, Ana Belén; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; Horra del Barco, Raúl de la; Alonso Azcárate, Jacinto; Luque del Villar, Francisco Javier; Borruel Abadía, Violeta; López Gómez, José
    This study compares several geochemical factors (major and minor rare earth elements, Ti/Al ratios, and chemical index of alteration, CIA, values) in the Early Triassic Cañizar Formation (Fm) (Buntsandtein facies) of E Iberia with those of adjacent Middle Permian and Middle Triassic units (Alcotas and Eslida fms, respectively). According to significant differences detected, it seems that most geochemical perturbation occurred during the Early Triassic. Variations in Ti/Al ratios suggest changes in source areas between the studied units and even within the Cañizar Fm. These provenance changes correlate with successive tectonic pulses during the opening and development of the Iberian Basin, as they can be linked to major sedimentary surfaces and unconformities, as well as major sedimentological variations. Ti enrichment in the lower and middle part of the Cañizar Fm, together with high Sr and P concentrations, may be indicative of environmental alterations related to acid meteoric waters. Moreover, this acid alteration took place under arid conditions as reflected by CIA values, indicating that during the deposition of the Cañizar Fm, variable but predominantly physical weathering prevailed in contrast to the chemical weathering that took place when the Alcotas and Eslida formations were deposited. Our data along with the known fossil record of the study area indicate that during the Middle–Late Permian and Early Triassic, conditions in this tectonically active area changed from humid to arid-acid, hampering biotic recovery. Then, during late Early–Middle Triassic times, the return of more humid and less acid environments promoted biotic development. Geochemical markers emerged as useful tools complementary to sedimentological, paleontological, and tectonic data for unveiling paleoenvironmental events, especially in a setting of significant regional change.
  • Publication
    Aplicación didáctica mediante virtualización de afloramientos geológicos por medio herramientas digitales de muy alta resolución
    (2022-06-20) García Lorenzo, Mari Luz; Abati Gómez, Jacobo; Álvarez Sierra, María Ángeles; Ancochea Soto, Eumenio; Arribas Mocoroa, María Eugenia; Arroyo Rey, Xabier; Benito Moreno, María Isabel; Campos Soto, Sonia; Castiñeiras García, Pedro; Crespo Feo, Elena; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; García Romero, Emilia; Granja Bruña, José Luis; Huertas Coronel, María José; Ignacio San José, Cristina de; López Andrés, Sol; Martín Chivelet, Javier; Martínez Santos, Pedro; Montero González, Esperanza; Muñoz Martín, Alfonso; Orejana García, David; Pieren Pidal, Agustín Pedro; Piña García, Rubén; Sánchez Donoso, Ramón; Suárez González, Pablo; Pertuz Dominguez, Alejandro
    Tras la situación sanitaria del curso 2019-2020 y a través del Proyecto INNOVA Gestión 223 de la convocatoria del año 2020-2021, la Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas ha adquirido una herramienta para la virtualización de afloramientos geológicos. Durante el curso 2020-2021 se ha virtualizado una salida de campo de cada uno de los grados que se imparten en la Facultad, Grado en Geología y Grado en Ingeniería Geológica. Además, la mayor parte de la actividad de campo de este curso tendrá lugar durante el mes de mayo, por lo que los profesores van a poder realizar la virtualización de sus salidas de campo mientras realizan la salida presencial con los estudiantes, o incluso en algunas asignaturas los propios estudiantes van a ser los responsables de la virtualización de las mismas. Por ello, la herramienta GIGAPAN no sólo es de elevada utilidad en momentos en los que las restricciones de movilidad impiden la realización del campo sino que también permiten aplicar metodologías docentes invertidas durante la realización de los campamentos. De este modo los estudiantes pasan a tener un papel activo en relación a su proceso de aprendizaje. La herramienta GIGAPAN permite que se combinen imágenes fotográficas de megapíxeles de alta resolución para crear imágenes panorámicas de gigapíxeles que luego se pueden explorar a muchas escalas haciendo zoom y visión panorámica. Los GigaPans son gigapíxeles panorámicos, imágenes digitales con billones de píxeles. Gigapan crea panorámicas enormes, para conseguir elevado detalle con mucha nitidez. Además de proporcionar una experiencia de aprendizaje alternativa, estos recursos permiten una visita 'virtual' que puede ser una herramienta de aprendizaje útil en cualquier escenario docente. La utilidad del material generado tiene validez más allá de la pandemia, ya que puede ser utilizado por los estudiantes en el estudio de las asignaturas de la titulación, con un enorme potencial didáctico hasta ahora poco explorado. Hasta la fecha el GIGAPAN se ha venido utilizando con cámaras personales de profesores de la Facultad, por lo que se hace necesario completar esta herramienta con una cámara compatible con el módulo que permita ser usada tanto por profesores que no dispongan de la misma como por estudiantes de la Facultad.
  • Publication
    Impact of Permian mass extinctions on continental invertebrate infauna
    (Wiley, 2021) Buatois, Luis A.; Borruel Abadía, Violeta; Horra del Barco, Raúl de la; Galán Abellán, Ana Belén; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; Arche, Alfredo
    The Capitanian (late middle Permian) and end‐Permian mass extinctions were particularly severe from a palaeoecological perspective. Previous studies of their expressions on land underscored their impacts on plants and vertebrates, but the effects on the continental invertebrate infauna remain poorly understood. A multiproxy analysis from the Iberian Basin (Central Spain) reveals a dramatic decrease in bioturbation intensity on land by the end of the Capitanian. This pattern cannot be explained by facies effects because our analysis is based on similar types of deposits through the succession and over an extensive area. The bioturbation crisis coincided with an increase in weathering intensity and acidic conditions, and a collapse in plant communities spanning the late Permian–Early Triassic in the Iberian Basin. Reduced bioturbation may have contributed to decrease in mechanical reworking of the sediment and soil, affected geochemical recycling, increased sediment acidification and impacted on ecosystem structure. Identification of this infaunal crisis on land underscores the ecological severity of mass extinctions and emphasises the significance of feedback loops in riparian ecosystems.
  • Publication
    Gradual changes in the Olenekian-Anisian continental record and biotic implications in the Central-Eastern Pyrenean basin, NE Spain
    (Elsevier, 2020-09) Lloret, Joan; Horra del Barco, Raúl de la; Gretter, Nicola; Borruel Abadía, Violeta; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; Ronchi, Ausonio; Diez, José B.; Arche, Alfredo; López Gómez, José Trinidad
    This work focuses on the Olenekian-Anisian (Early-Middle Triassic) continental record of the Central-Eastern Pyrenean basin (NE Spain), a near-equator (10°-14°N) basin located in the western peri-Tethys margin, inside the Variscan fold-belt. Due to the mass mortality of the end-Permian and the subsequent Smithian-Spathian Boundary (SSB) crisis, the Early Triassic and its transition to the Middle Triassic was a time period with intermittent stages of environmental instability that affected fauna and flora intensely. Compared to other crisis, a remarkable feature is the longer time required to achive life recovery during this time-interval and the fact that continental environments have been less globally studied than their marine counterparts. Furthermore, in SW Europe there is almost no sedimentary continental record from the beginning of the Triassic. This multidisciplinary study, embracing sedimentology, mineralogy, palaeontology, palaeopedology and palaeogeography, of 10 complete and well dated Early-Middle Triassic field sections has allowed (1) the location and characterization of the oldest Mesozoic sedimentary record in the basin, which is of late Smithian age and overlies the late-middle Permian continental rocks and of (2) the Smithian-Spathian transition (SST), (3) the timing of life recovery during the late Spathian-Anisian, (4) the characterization of the first incursion of the Tethys sea into the basin, and (5) the comparison of the evolution of this basin with other basins of the same age in SW Europe. The SST coincides with hyper-arid climate conditions, evolving to semi-arid in the late Spathian and semi-arid to semi-humid in Anisian times. Poorly sorted breccias and conglomerate alluvial sheets with aeolian reworking dominate the SST, as a result of these environmental changes and tectonicsA broader comparison, based on stratigraphic studies by other authors, indicates less aridity in the basin studied compared to other SW Europe basins in the same period, maybe due to its greater proximity to the equator. Sedimentary characteristics changed during the late Spathian, when sandy braided fluvial systems developed and the first dispersed plants, pollen assemblages and paleosols appeared. Well-developed floodplains and associated paleosols and plants developed during the early Anisian, when more humid conditions prevailed. The occurrence of aluminium phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals might be considered as evidence of environmental acidification during the Olenekian with an amelioration during the early Anisian, as described in neighboring basins, although in the Pyrenean basin this acidification was probably less intensive. The first incursion of the Tethys sea reached the Central-Eastern Pyrenean basin during the Anisian-Ladinian transition, about 3 My later than in neighbouring Southwestern Europe basins. General comparison with other Early-Middle Triassic continental records of Western Europe basins indicates contrasting trends of climate and sedimentary evolution, probably related to the still prevailing great paleorelief of the Variscan foldbelt, where part of the study basin could constitute an elevated area during some time-intervals, possibly related to the so-called Ebro High.
  • Publication
    Virtualización de afloramientos geológicos mediante herramientas digitales de muy alta resolución: una nueva aproximación virtual al trabajo de campo
    (2021-12-14) García Lorenzo, Mari Luz; Sánchez Donoso, Ramón; Abati Gómez, Jacobo; Álvarez Sierra, María Ángeles; Ancochea Soto, Eumenio; Arribas Mocoroa, María Eugenia; Benito Moreno, María Isabel; Campos Soto, Sonia; Castiñeiras García, Pedro; Crespo Feo, Elena; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; García Romero, Emilia; Granja Bruña, José Luis; Huertas Coronel, María José; López Andrés, Sol; Martín Chivelet, Javier; Muñoz Martín, Alfonso; Orejana García, David; Pieren Pidal, Agustín Pedro
    El uso de imágenes de Gigapan en la enseñanza de la Geología facilita el estudio de contenidos de campo mediante imágenes de muy alta resolución de afloramientos geológicos, que pueden ser utilizadas como herramienta de docencia virtual.
  • Publication
    The Anisian continental-marine transition in Sardinia (Italy): state of the art, new palynological data and regional chronostratigraphic correlation
    (Springer Nature, 2022-02-16) Stori, L.; Diez, J. B.; Juncal Rosales, Manuel Antonio; Horra del Barco, Raúl de la; Borruel Abadía, Violeta; Martín Chivelet, Javier; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; López Gómez, José; Ronchi, Ausonio
    The scarce evidence of paleontological records between the upper Permian and the Anisian (Middle Triassic) of Western Europe could reflect (1) large stratigraphic gaps in the continental successions and/or (2) the persistence of disturbed conditions after the Permian–Triassic Boundary extinction event and the succession of ecological crises that occurred during the Early Triassic. In this context, the study of palynological associations, integrated with the stratigraphical and sedimentological data, plays a key role in dating and correlating the successions of the Western European domain and improves our understanding of environmental and paleoclimatic conditions. In some cases, pre-Anisian paleontological evidence is lacking, as in Sardinia (Italy), where a long gap encompasses the middle Permian (pars) to late Lower Triassic successions. Although fragmented and disseminated, the continental Lower-Middle Triassic sedimentary successions (Buntsandstein) of Sardinia have proved crucial to our understanding of the evolution of the southern edge of the Paleo-Europe and the different timings of the Tethys transgression (Muschelkalk facies) in some of these areas. Various paleogeographic reconstructions were attempted in previous works, without providing any consensus on the precise position of Sardinia and its surrounding seaways in the Western Tethys domain during this time interval. At present, the configuration and distribution of the subsiding and emerging landmasses and the temporal development of the transgressions of the Western Tethys during the Middle Triassic remain unclear. This work focuses on the stratigraphical, sedimentological and palynological aspects of three Middle Triassic continental-marine sedimentary successions in Sardinia, with particular attention to the analysis of the palynological associations sampled there, and it also provides a detailed review of all previous palynological publications on the Sardinian Anisian. The studied successions are: Su Passu Malu section (Campumari, SW Sardinia), Arcu is Fronestas section and Escalaplano section (Escalaplano, Central Sardinia). These sections were also correlated to other significant sections in the SW (Scivu Is Arenas) and NW (Nurra) parts of the island.
  • Publication
    Material audiovisual para el mural "El Tiempo en Geología" de la Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas
    (2020-11-30) García Lorenzo, María de la Luz; Arroyo Rey, Xabier; Soutullo García, Belén; Abati Gómez, Jacobo; Benito Moreno, María Isabel; Álvarez Sierra, María de los Ángeles; Arribas Mocoroa, José; Arribas Mocoroa, María Eugenia; Castiñeiras García, Pedro; Crespo Feo, María Elena; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; García Romero, Emilia; Granja Bruña, José Luis; Iglesias Martínez, Mario; De Ignacio San José, Cristina; Martín Chivelet, Javier; Muñoz Martín, Alfonso; Orejana García, David; Ortega Menor, Lorena; Pieren Pidal, Agustín Pedro; Piña García, Rubén; Fernández Martín, Elena; Fernández Suffo, Paula; Muñoz Gallego, Almudena
    La Geología abarca toda la historia del planeta, por lo que se hace inviable utilizar conceptos temporales de nuestra vida cotidiana. Por ello, se ha realizado un friso para el hall de la Facultad y para presentarlo, se ha realizado un vídeo explicativo del mismo.
  • Publication
    Early Permian during the Variscan orogen collapse in the equatorial realm: insights from the Cantabrian Mountains (N Iberia) into climatic and environmental changes
    (Springer, 2021) López Gómez, José; Horra del Barco, Raúl de la; Fernández Barrenechea, José María; Borruel Abadía, Violeta; Martín Chivelet, Javier; Juncal Rosales, Manuel Antonio; Martín González, Fidel; Heredia, N.; Diez, Bienvenido; Buatois, Luis A.
    We report the results of a multidisciplinary study of the early Permian (Artinskian–Kungurian) Sotres Formation of northern Spain integrating sedimentology, palaeosols, mineralogy, stable isotopes, palynology, ichnology and tectonics. This continental unit was deposited in the near-equatorial Peri-Tethyan Cantabrian Basin. Having developed in the middle of the Variscan fold belt, it is preserved within the present-day Cantabrian Mountains. Three subunits are recognised in the Sotres Formation based on tectono-stratigraphic and sedimentological data: a lower alluvial subunit, a middle carbonate lacustrine subunit, and an upper palustrine subunit. Multidisciplinary results reveal an upward change in climate from humid-subhumid conditions at the base of the formation (Artinskian) to semi-arid and arid conditions at the top of the formation (Kungurian), which may reflect global deglaciation near the end of the Late Paleozoic Ice Age and a probable northward migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone. This general upward warming/drying climate trend was interrupted by a short-lived interval of monsoon conditions in mid-Kungurian times, which may have coincided with a pulse of global cooling. Our findings are in agreement with the climate trends reported for other central Pangaean basins. Rising CO2 levels may have been a driving factor for climate transition during this time interval. However, in our study area, which lies within the active central Variscan orogenic belt, tectonic conditions must have also played a role in driving climate change.