Escorial Martín, Sergio

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First Name
Last Name
Escorial Martín
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Psicobiología y Metodología en Ciencias del Comportamiento
Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento
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Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Publication
    CCFRA/PQAM-31: Phenomenological Questionnaire on autobiographical Memory
    (Researchgate, 2020-02) Manzanero, Antonio L.; López, Beatriz; Fernández Sánchez, Juan; Escorial Martín, Sergio; Aroztegui Vélez, Javier; De Vicente Pérez, Francisco; Vallet, Rocío
    Questionnaire to assess phenomenological characteristics of autobiographical memory.
  • Publication
    Programas de Auxiliares Docentes Postgraduados
    (2020-11-05) Pérez García, Eva María; Bolaños Cartujo, José Ignacio; Barrón López De Roda, Ana; Casado Martínez, María del Pilar; Iglesias Soilán, Manuel; Martín Dobón, Elisa; Enguídanos Vanderweyen, Daniel; Escorial Martín, Sergio; Fernández González, Santiago; Gómez Ruiz, María Sagrario; Ondé Pérez, Daniel; Orio Ortiz, Laura; Rio Grande, David Pedro del
  • Publication
    Descriptive analysis of the characteristics of proven cases of sexual abuse in victims with intellectual disabilities and children with typical development in Spain.
    (2021) Vara, Alba; Quintana, José Manuel; Manzanero Puebla, Antonio Lucas; Escorial Martín, Sergio
    Children and people with intellectual disability (ID) are considered to be highly vulnerable and in need of special protection against sexual abuse (SA). The objective of this work was to analyze the characteristics of cases of SA in children with typical development and in people with ID in Spain. To do so, 25 cases of each type that had been investigated by specialized groups of the Judicial Police of the Spanish Civil Guard and that had been classified as proven and confirmed by police and forensic-medical evidence were analyzed. The results allowed the establishment of the typical minor victim profile as Spanish female (76%), with an average age of 8.64 years. Typical victim with ID was characterized as being of Spanish, aged 20.28 years on average, without prior sexual experience, and similar percentages of males (40%) and females (60%). In both cases, the aggressor usually acted alone, was known to the victim, had an average age of 42 years, and without a history of sexual offenses. The most common child sexual crime was SA with penetration, practiced repeatedly, using strategies such as the use of force, authority, rewards, or secrecy. Victims with ID suffered sexual abuse with penetration, using force, authority, threats or blackmail. Finally, 36% of minors not disclose the events by only 8% of victims with ID. Spontaneity was found in the 40% first disclosure in both victims, with greater police evidence and greater recognition of guilt on behalf of the aggressors against victims without disabilities. Minors took an average of 26.26 days to report the facts, and victims with ID of 64.94. It is necessary to know more about these types of offenses to design appropriate prevention and detection programs.
  • Publication
    Remembering terrorist attacks: evolution over time
    (Sage, 2021) Manzanero Puebla, Antonio Lucas; Vallet, Rocio; Escorial Martín, Sergio; Fernández Sánchez, Juan; Vicente Pérez, Francisco De; Guarch-Rubio, Marta; Vara, Alba
    The present study aims to analyse the effect of the passage of time on the phenomenological characteristics of the memory of a traumatic event of social relevance. The terrorist attack that took place in Barcelona (Spain) in August 2017 was taken as the traumatic event. A priori, this event meets the criteria to produce a flashbulb memory (level of surprise, consequentiality and emotional activation). A total of 364 memories from different individuals (78% women and a mean age of 20 years) were studied at five different time points, between September 2017 and December 2018, using the CCFRA/PQAM questionnaire. The results show that the memories only comply with the characteristics usually associated with flashbulb memories in the medium term (about 7 months after the events). These characteristics do not appear in a clear way immediately and are lost just over a year after the event. Therefore, the passage of time seems to have a great influence on the characteristics of memories of violent events, such as terrorist attacks. However, this influence may depend more on the relevance given to the event than on the elapsed time, as it is the relevance that determines the number of subsequent recalls, influencing the maintenance of the memory.