Person: Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Now showing 1 - 10 of 12
PublicationInhomogeneous loop quantum cosmology: hybrid quantization of the Gowdy model(Amer Physical Soc, 2010-08-30) Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Martin Benito, M.; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.The Gowdy cosmologies provide a suitable arena to further develop loop quantum cosmology, allowing the presence of inhomogeneities. For the particular case of Gowdy spacetimes with the spatial topology of a three-torus and a content of linearly polarized gravitational waves, we detail a hybrid quantum theory in which we combine a loop quantization of the degrees of freedom that parametrize the subfamily of homogeneous solutions, which represent Bianchi I spacetimes, and a Fock quantization of the inhomogeneities. Two different theories are constructed and compared, corresponding to two different schemes for the quantization of the Bianchi I model within the improved dynamics formalism of loop quantum cosmology. One of these schemes has been recently put forward by Ashtekar and Wilson-Ewing. We address several issues, including the quantum resolution of the cosmological singularity, the structure of the superselection sectors in the quantum system, or the construction of the Hilbert space of physical states. PublicationCorrelations across horizons in quantum cosmology(American Physical Society, 2014) Alonso Serrano, Ana; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.Different spacetime regions separated by horizons are not related to each other. We know that this statement holds for classical spacetimes. In this paper we carry out a canonical quantization of a Kantowski-Sachs minisuperspace model whose classical solutions exhibit both an event horizon and a cosmological horizon in order to check whether the above statement also holds from the quantum gravitational point of view. Our analysis shows that in fact this is not the case: Quantum gravitational states with support in spacetime configurations that exclusively describe either the region between horizons or outside them are not consistent in the sense that there exist unitary operators describing a natural notion of evolution that connect them. In other words, unitarity is only preserved in this quantization when dealing with the whole spacetime and not in each region separately. PublicationCircular strings, wormholes, and minimum size(Amer Physical Soc, 1997-06-15) Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; González Díaz, Pedro F.; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.; Raya, José M.The quantization of circular strings in an anti-de Sitter background spacetime is performed, obtaining a discrete spectrum for the string mass. A comparison with a four-dimensional homogeneous and isotropic spacetime coupled to a conformal scalar field shows that the string radius and the scale factor have the same classical solutions and that the quantum theories of these two models are formally equivalent. However, the physically relevant observables of these two systems have different spectra, although they are related to each other by a specific one-to-one transformation. We finally obtain a discrete spectrum for the spacetime size of both systems, which presents a nonvanishing lower bound. PublicationImmirzi ambiguity in the kinematics of quantum general relativity(Amer Physical Soc, 2002-07-15) Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.The Immirzi ambiguity arises in loop quantum gravity when geometric operators are represented in terms of different connections that are related by means of an extended Wick transform. We analyze the action of this transform in gravity coupled with matter fields and discuss its analogy with the Wick rotation on which the Thiemann transform between Euclidean and Lorentzian gravity is based. In addition, we prove that the effect of this extended Wick transform is equivalent to a constant scale transformation as far as the symplectic structure and kinematical constraints are concerned. This equivalence is broken in the dynamical evolution. Our results are applied to the discussion of the black hole entropy in the limit of large horizon areas. We first argue that, since the entropy calculation is performed for horizons of fixed constant area, one might in principle choose an Immirzi parameter that depends on this quantity. This would spoil the linearity with the area in the entropy formula. We then show that the Immirzi parameter appears as a constant scaling in all the steps where dynamical information plays a relevant role in the entropy calculation. This fact, together with the kinematical equivalence of the Immirzi ambiguity with a change of scale, is used to preclude the potential nonlinearity of the entropy on physical grounds. PublicationHybrid quantum Gowdy cosmology: combining loop and Fock quantizations(Amer Physical Soc, 2008-10) Martin Benito, M.; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.We quantize an inhomogeneous cosmological model using techniques that include polymeric quantization. More explicitly, we construct well-defined operators to represent the constraints and find the physical Hilbert space formed by their solutions, which reproduces the conventional Fock quantization for the inhomogeneities. The initial singularity is resolved in this inhomogeneous model in an extremely simple way and without imposing special boundary conditions, thus ensuring the robustness and generality of this resolution. Furthermore, this quantization constitutes a well-founded step towards the extraction of physical results and consequences from loop quantum cosmology, given the central role of the inhomogeneities in modern cosmology. PublicationThiemann transform for gravity with matter fields(IOP Publishing Ltd, 1998-12) Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.The generalized Wick transform discovered by Thiemann provides a well established relation between the Euclidean and Lorentzian theories of general relativity. We extend this Thiemann transform to the Ashtekar formulation for gravity coupled with spin-1/2 fermions, a non-Abelian Yang-Mills field and a scalar field. It is proved that, on functions of the gravitational and matter phase space variables, the Thiemann transform is equivalent to the composition of an inverse Wick rotation and a constant complex scale transformation of all fields. This result also holds for functions that depend on the shift vector, the lapse function and the Lagrange multipliers of the Yang-Mills and gravitational Gauss constraints, provided that the Wick rotation is implemented by means of an analytic continuation of the lapse. In this way, the Thiemann transform is furnished with a geometric interpretation. Finally, we confirm the expectation that the generator of the Thiemann transform can be determined just from the spin of the fields and give a simple explanation for this fact. PublicationQuantum Gowdy model within the new loop quantum cosmology improved dynamics(IOP Publishing Ltd, 2011) Martin- Benito, M.; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.The linearly polarized Gowdy T(3) model can be regarded as compact Bianchi I cosmologies with inhomogeneous modes allowed to travel in one direction. We study a hybrid quantization of this model that combines the loop quantization of the Bianchi I background, adopting the improved dynamics scheme put forward by Ashtekar and Wilson-Ewing, with a Fock quantization for the inhomogeneities. The Hamiltonian constraint operator provides a resolution of the cosmological singularity and superselects separable sectors. We analyze the complicated structure of these sectors. In any of them the Hamiltonian constraint provides an evolution equation with respect to the volume of the associated Bianchi I universe, with a well posed initial value problem. This fact allows us to construct the Hilbert space of physical states and to show that we recover the standard quantum field theory for the inhomogeneities. PublicationQuantum time uncertainty in Schwarzschild-anti-de Sitter black holes(Amer Physical Soc, 2007-08) Galan, Pablo; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.The combined action of gravity and quantum mechanics gives rise to a minimum time uncertainty in the lowest order approximation of a perturbative scheme, in which quantum effects are regarded as corrections to the classical spacetime geometry. From the nonperturbative point of view, both gravity and quantum mechanics are treated on equal footing in a description that already contains all possible backreaction effects as those above in a nonlinear manner. In this paper, the existence or not of such minimum time uncertainty is analyzed in the context of Schwarzschild-anti-de Sitter black holes using the isolated horizon formalism. We show that from a perturbative point of view, a nonzero time uncertainty is generically present owing to the energy scale introduced by the cosmological constant, while in a quantization scheme that includes nonperturbatively the effects of that scale, an arbitrarily high time resolution can be reached. PublicationImmirzi ambiguity, boosts and conformal frames for black holes(IOP Publishing Ltd, 2003-04-21) Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.We analyse changes of the Immirzi parameter in loop quantum gravity and compare their consequences with those of Lorentz boosts and constant conformal transformations in black-hole physics. We show that the effective value deduced for the Planck length in local measurements of vacuum black holes by an asymptotic observer may depend on its conformal or Lorentz frame. This introduces an apparent ambiguity in the expression of the black-hole entropy which is analogous to that produced by the Immirzi parameter. For quantities involving a notion of energy, the similarity between the implications of the Immirzi ambiguity and a conformal scaling disappears, but the parallelism with boosts is maintained. PublicationAsymptotically anti-de Sitter wormholes(Amer Physical Soc, 1996-03-15) Barceló, C.; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Gonzalez Diaz, P. F.; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.Starting with a procedure for dealing with general asymptotic behavior, we construct a quantum theory for asymptotically anti-de Sitter wormholes. We follow both the path integral formalism and the algebraic quantization program proposed by Ashtekar. By adding suitable surface terms, the Euclidean action of the asymptoically anti-de Sitter wormholes can be seen to be finite and gauge invariant. This action determines an appropriate variational problem for wormholes. We also obtain the wormhole wave functions of the gravitational model and show that all the physical states of the quantum theory are superpositions of wormhole states.