Person:
Fernández Figueroa, María José

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First Name
María José
Last Name
Fernández Figueroa
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Ciencias Físicas
Department
Area
Astronomía y Astrofísica
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Now showing 1 - 10 of 14
  • Publication
    The nearest young moving groups
    (American Astronomical Society, 2006-06-01) López Santiago, Javier; Montes Gutiérrez, David; Crespo Chacón, I.; Fernández Figueroa, María José
    The latest results in the research of forming planetary systems have led several authors to compile a sample of candidates for searching for planets in the vicinity of the Sun. Young stellar associations are indeed excellent laboratories for this study, but some of them are not close enough to allow the detection of planets through adaptive optics techniques. However, the existence of very close young moving groups can solve this problem. Here we have compiled the members of the nearest young moving groups, as well as a list of new candidates from our catalog of late-type stars that are possible members of young stellar kinematic groups, studying their membership through spectroscopic and photometric criteria.
  • Publication
    A high-resolution spectroscopic survey of late-type stars: chromospheric activity, rotation, kinematics, and age
    (EDP Sciencies, 2010-05) López Santiago, Javier; Montes Gutiérrez, David; Gálvez Ortiz, M. C.; Crespo Chacón, I.; Martínez Arnáiz, R. M.; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel
    Aims. We present a compilation of spectroscopic data from a survey of 144 chromospherically active young stars in the solar neighborhood, which may be used to investigate different aspects of its formation and evolution in terms of kinematics and stellar formation history. The data have already been used by us in several studies. With this paper, we make all these data accessible to the scientific community for future studies on different topics. Methods. We performed spectroscopic observations with echelle spectrographs to cover the entirety of the optical spectral range simultaneously. Standard data reduction was performed with the IRAF echelle package. We applied the spectral subtraction technique to reveal chromospheric emission in the stars of the sample. The equivalent width of chromospheric emission lines was measured in the subtracted spectra and then converted to fluxes using equivalent width-flux relationships. Radial and rotational velocities were determined by the cross-correlation technique. Kinematics, equivalent widths of the lithium line lambda 6707.8 angstrom and spectral types were also determined. Results. A catalog of spectroscopic data is compiled: radial and rotational velocities, space motion, equivalent widths of optical chromospheric activity indicators from Ca II H & K to the calcium infrared triplet and the lithium line in lambda 6708 angstrom. Fluxes in the chromospheric emission lines and R(HK)' are also determined for each observation of a star in the sample. We used these data to investigate the emission levels of our stars. The study of the Ha emission line revealed two different populations of chromospheric emitters in the sample, clearly separated in the log F(H alpha)/F(bol) - (V - J) diagram. The dichotomy may be associated with the age of the stars.
  • Publication
    Optical long-slit spectroscopy and imaging of OH 231.8+4.2
    (EDP Sciencies, 2000-03) Sánchez Contreras, C.; Bujarrabal, V.; Miranda, L. F.; Fernández Figueroa, María José
    We present optical long-slit spectra and complementary broad and narrow band images of the bipolar protoplanetary nebula OH231.8+4.2. Absolute J2000 coordinates have been calculated for our maps from the position of nearby stars. Our maps of the optical continuum show the spatial distribution of the starlight scattered by dust grains. This component is found to be highly elongated along the nebular axis, with a structure very similar to that of the molecular emission. Flux variations with time of the red continuum emission are detected. Our long-slit spectroscopy of H_α and other atomic lines reveals wide spectral profiles and, in general, a complex spatial and spectral emission distribution. The emission arises from two broad lobes and is shifted toward shorter (north lobe) and longer wavelengths (south lobe), indicating that the gas is flowing outwards at high velocity. The clumpiness of the emission nebula is remarkable. A simple model has been used to describe the complex structure and kinematics of this source. Our model suggests that, in addition to the two extended, hollow lobes identified in the H_α images, a smaller, bubble-like expanding structure should lie inside the south lobe. A comparison of the emission line spectrum with predictions of theoretical shock models confirms that the optical lines have been shock excited. We have estimated the electron density of the lobes and deduced the total ionized mass of the nebula, obtaining a low value of ∼5 x 10^-4 M_⨀. We interpret the shaping and evolution of OH231.8+4.2 in the wind interaction scenario for planetary nebulae formation. The peculiar structure and kinematics of the molecular outflow and the ionized envelope are explained in terms of a shock regime transition: the well collimated molecular outflow and the different components of the optical nebula would consist of circumstellar material swept-up by a unique shock in a radiative, and non-radiative regime, respectively. Finally, we briefly discuss the controversial evolutionary status of OH 231.8+4.2.
  • Publication
    Late-type members of young stellar kinematic groups - I. Single stars
    (Wiley, 2001-11-21) Montes Gutiérrez, David; López Santiago, Javier; Gálvez, M. C.; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel
    This is the first paper of a series aimed at studying the properties of late-type members of young stellar kinematic groups. We concentrate our study on classical young moving groups such as the Local Association (Pleiades moving group, 20-150 Myr), IC 2391 supercluster (35 Myr), Ursa Major group (Sirius supercluster, 300 Myr), and Hyades supercluster (600 Myr), as well as on recently identified groups such as the Castor moving group (200 Myr). In this paper we compile a preliminary list of single late-type possible members of some of these young stellar kinematic groups. Stars are selected from previously established members of stellar kinematic groups based on photometric and kinematic properties as well as from candidates based on other criteria such as their level of chromospheric activity, rotation rate and lithium abundance. Precise measurements of proper motions and parallaxes taken from the Hipparcos Catalogue, as well as from the Tycho-2 Catalogue, and published radial velocity measurements are used to calculate the Galactic space motions (U, V W) and to apply Eggen's kinematic criteria in order to determine the membership of the selected stars to the different groups. Additional criteria using age-dating methods for late-type stars will be applied in forthcoming papers of this series. A further study of the list of stars compiled here could lead to a better understanding of the chromospheric activity and their age evolution, as well as of the star formation history in the solar neighbourhood. In addition, these stars are also potential search targets for direct imaging detection of substellar companions.
  • Publication
    Late-type stars members of young stellar kinematic groups
    (Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP), 2000) Montes Gutiérrez, David; Latorre, A.; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Pallavicini, R.; Micela, G.; Sciortino, S.
    We have compiled a catalog of late-type stars (F5-M) members of representative, young disk, stellar kinematic groups: the Local Association (20-150 Myr), Ursa Mayor group (300 Myr), Hyades supercluster (600 Myr), IC 2391 supercluster (35 Myr), and Castor moving group (200 Myr). Stars have been selected from previously established members of stellar kinematic groups based in photometric and kinematic properties as well as from candidates based in other criteria as their level of chromospheric activity, rotation rate, lithium abundance. Precise measurements of proper motions and parallaxes taken from Hipparcos Catalogue, and published radial velocity measurements are used to calculate Galactic space motions (U, V, W) in order to determine the membership of the selected stars to the different stellar kinematic groups.
  • Publication
    Chromospheric activity, lithium and radial velocities of single late-type stars possible members of young moving groups
    (EDP Sciencies, 2001-12) Montes Gutiérrez, David; López Santiago, Javier; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Galves, M. C.
    We present here high resolution echelle spectra taken during three observing runs of 14 single late-type stars identified in our previous studies (Montes et al. 2001b, hereafter Paper I) as possible members of different young stellar kinematic groups (Local Association (20-150 Myr), Ursa Major group (300 Myr), Hyades supercluster (600 Myr), and IC 2391 supercluster (35 Myr)). Radial velocities have been determined by cross correlation with radial velocity standard stars and used together with precise measurements of proper motions and parallaxes taken from Hipparcos and Tycho-2 Catalogues, to calculate Galactic space motions (U, V, W) and to apply Eggen's kinematic criteria. The chromospheric activity level of these stars have been analysed using the information provided for several optical spectroscopic features (from the CaII H & K toCaII IRT lines) that are formed at different heights in the chromosphere. The Li I λ6707.8 Å line equivalent width (EW) has been determined and compared in the EW(Li I) versus spectral type diagram with the EW(Li I) of stars members of well-known young open clusters of different ages, in order to obtain an age estimation. All these data allow us to analyse in more detail the membership of these stars in the different young stellar kinematic groups. Using both, kinematic and spectroscopic criteria we have confirmed PW And, V368 Cep, V383 Lac, EP Eri, DX Leo, HD 77407, and EK Dra as members of the Local Association and V834 Tau, π^1 UMa, and GJ 503.2 as members of the Ursa Major group. A clear rotation-activity dependence has been found in these stars.
  • Publication
    Multiwavelength optical observations of chromospherically active binary systems III. High resolution echelle spectra from CaII H & K to CaII IRT
    (EDP Sciences, 2000-10) Montes Gutiérrez, David; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel; Latorre, A.; Sanz Forcada, J.
    This is the third paper of a series aimed at studying the chromosphere of active binary systems using the information provided for several optical spectroscopic features. High resolution echelle spectra including all the optical chromospheric activity indicators from the Ca II H & K to Ca II IRT lines are analysed here for 16 systems. The chromospheric contribution in these lines has been determined using the spectral subtraction technique. Very broad wings have been found in the subtracted H alpha profilp of the very active star HU Vir. These profiles are well matched using a two-component Gaussian fit; (narrow and broad) ard the broad component carl be interpreted as arising from microflaring. Red-shifted absorption features in the EHα line have been detected in several systems and excess emission in the blue wing of FG UMa was also detected. These features indicate that several dynamical processes, or a combination of them, may be involved. Using the EHα/EHβ ratio as a diagnostic we have detected prominence-like extended material viewed off the limb in many stars of the sample, and prominences viewed against the disk at some orbital phases in the dwarfs OU Gem and BF Lyn, The He I D_3 line has been detected as an absorption feature in mainly all the giants of the sample. Total filling-in of the He I D_3, probably due to microflaring activity, is observed in HU Vir. Self-absorption with red asymmetry is detected in the Ca II H & K lines of the giants 12 Cam: FG UMa and BM CVn. All the stars analysed show clear filled-in Ca II IRT lines or even notable emission reversal. The small values of the E_8542/E_8498 ratio we have found indicate Ca II IRT emission arises from plage-like regions. Orbital phase modulation of the chromospheric emission has been detected in some systems, in the case of HU Vir evidence of an active longitude area has been found.
  • Publication
    Multiwavelength optical observations of chromospherically active binary systems III: high resolution echelle spectra from Ca II H& K to Ca III RT
    (EDP Sciences, 2000-10) Montes Gutiérrez, David; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel; Latorre, A.; Sanz Forcada, J.
    This is the third paper of a series aimed at studying the chromosphere of active binary systems using the information provided for several optical spectroscopic features. High resolution echelle spectra including all the optical chromospheric activity indicators from the Ca II H & K to Ca II IRT lines are analysed here for 16 systems. The chromospheric contribution in these lines has been determined using the spectral subtraction technique. Very broad wings have been found in the subtracted Hα profile of the very active star HU Vir. These profiles are well matched using a two-component Gaussian fit (narrow and broad) and the broad component can be interpreted as arising from microflaring. Red-shifted absorption features in the Hα line have been detected in several systems and excess emission in the blue wing of FG UMa was also detected. These features indicate that several dynamical processes, or a combination of them, may be involved. Using the E_(Hα) / E_(Hβ) ratio as a diagnostic we have detected prominence-like extended material viewed off the limb in many stars of the sample, and prominences viewed against the disk at some orbital phases in the dwarfs OU Gem and BF Lyn. The He I D3 line has been detected as an absorption feature in mainly all the giants of the sample. Total filling-in of the He I D3, probably due to microflaring activity, is observed in HU Vir. Self-absorption with red asymmetry is detected in the Ca II H & K lines of the giants 12 Cam, FG UMa and BM CVn. All the stars analysed show clear filled-in Ca II IRT lines or even notable emission reversal. The small values of the E_(8542) / E_(8498) ratio we have found indicate Ca II IRT emission arises from plage-like regions. Orbital phase modulation of the chromospheric emission has been detected in some systems, in the case of HU Vir evidence of an active longitude area has been found.
  • Publication
    Multiwavelength optical observations of chromospherically active binary systems - V. FF UMa (2RE J0933+624): a system with orbital period variation
    (EDP Sciencies, 2007-09) Gálvez, M. C.; Montes Gutiérrez, David; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel
    Context. This is the fifth paper in a series aimed at studying the chromospheres of active binary systems using several optical spectroscopic indicators to obtain or improve orbital solution and fundamental stellar parameters. Aims. We present here the study of FF UMa ( 2RE J0933+ 624), a recently discovered, X- ray/ EUV selected, active binary with strong Hα emission. The objectives of this work are, to find orbital solutions and define stellar parameters from precise radial velocities and carry out an extensive study of the optical indicators of chromospheric activity. Methods. We obtained high resolution echelle spectroscopic observations during five observing runs from 1998 to 2004. We found radial velocities by cross correlation with radial velocity standard stars to achieve the best orbital solution. We also measured rotational velocity by cross- correlation techniques and have studied the kinematic by galactic space- velocity components ( U, V, W) and Eggen criteria. Finally, we have determined the chromospheric contribution in optical spectroscopic indicators, from Ca II H & K to Ca II IRT lines, using the spectral subtraction technique. Results. We have found that this system presents an orbital period variation, higher than previously detected in other RS CVn systems. We determined an improved orbital solution, finding a circular orbit with a period of 3.274 days. We derived the stellar parameters, confirming the subgiant nature of the primary component (M_P = 1.67 M_[circled dot] and R sin i_P = 2.17 R_[circled dot]) and obtained rotational velocities (v sin i), of 33.57 +/- 0.45 km s^-1 and 32.38 +/- 0.75 km s^-1 for the primary and secondary components respectively. From our kinematic study, we can deduce its membership to the Castor moving group. Finally, the activity study has given us a better understanding of the possible mechanisms that produce the orbital period variation.
  • Publication
    Multiwavelength optical observations of two chromospherically active binary systems: v789 mon and gz leo
    (IOP Publishing ltd, 2009-04) Gálvez, M. C.; Montes Gutiérrez, David; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel
    This paper describes a multiwavelength optical study of chromospheres in two X-ray/EUV-selected active binary stars with strong H alpha emission, V789 Mon (2RE J0725-002) and GZ Leo (2RE J1101+223). The goal of the study is to determine radial velocities and fundamental stellar parameters in chromospherically active binary systems in order to include them in the activity-rotation and activity-age relations. We carried out high-resolution echelle spectroscopic observations and applied spectral-subtraction technique in order to measure emission excesses due to chromosphere. The detailed study of activity indicators allowed us to characterize the presence of different chromospheric features in these systems and enabled to include them in a larger activity-rotation survey. We computed radial velocities of the systems using cross-correlation with the radial velocity standards. The double-line spectral binarity was confirmed and the orbital solutions improved for both systems. In addition, other stellar parameters such as spectral types, projected rotational velocities (v sin i) and the equivalent width of the lithium Li i λ6707.8 Å absorption line were determined.