Person:
Fernández Figueroa, María José

Loading...
Profile Picture
First Name
María José
Last Name
Fernández Figueroa
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Ciencias Físicas
Department
Area
Astronomía y Astrofísica
Identifiers
UCM identifierDialnet ID

Search Results

Now showing 1 - 7 of 7
  • Publication
    A high-resolution spectroscopic survey of late-type stars: chromospheric activity, rotation, kinematics, and age
    (EDP Sciencies, 2010-05) López Santiago, Javier; Montes Gutiérrez, David; Gálvez Ortiz, M. C.; Crespo Chacón, I.; Martínez Arnáiz, R. M.; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel
    Aims. We present a compilation of spectroscopic data from a survey of 144 chromospherically active young stars in the solar neighborhood, which may be used to investigate different aspects of its formation and evolution in terms of kinematics and stellar formation history. The data have already been used by us in several studies. With this paper, we make all these data accessible to the scientific community for future studies on different topics. Methods. We performed spectroscopic observations with echelle spectrographs to cover the entirety of the optical spectral range simultaneously. Standard data reduction was performed with the IRAF echelle package. We applied the spectral subtraction technique to reveal chromospheric emission in the stars of the sample. The equivalent width of chromospheric emission lines was measured in the subtracted spectra and then converted to fluxes using equivalent width-flux relationships. Radial and rotational velocities were determined by the cross-correlation technique. Kinematics, equivalent widths of the lithium line lambda 6707.8 angstrom and spectral types were also determined. Results. A catalog of spectroscopic data is compiled: radial and rotational velocities, space motion, equivalent widths of optical chromospheric activity indicators from Ca II H & K to the calcium infrared triplet and the lithium line in lambda 6708 angstrom. Fluxes in the chromospheric emission lines and R(HK)' are also determined for each observation of a star in the sample. We used these data to investigate the emission levels of our stars. The study of the Ha emission line revealed two different populations of chromospheric emitters in the sample, clearly separated in the log F(H alpha)/F(bol) - (V - J) diagram. The dichotomy may be associated with the age of the stars.
  • Publication
    Late-type members of young stellar kinematic groups - I. Single stars
    (Wiley, 2001-11-21) Montes Gutiérrez, David; López Santiago, Javier; Gálvez, M. C.; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel
    This is the first paper of a series aimed at studying the properties of late-type members of young stellar kinematic groups. We concentrate our study on classical young moving groups such as the Local Association (Pleiades moving group, 20-150 Myr), IC 2391 supercluster (35 Myr), Ursa Major group (Sirius supercluster, 300 Myr), and Hyades supercluster (600 Myr), as well as on recently identified groups such as the Castor moving group (200 Myr). In this paper we compile a preliminary list of single late-type possible members of some of these young stellar kinematic groups. Stars are selected from previously established members of stellar kinematic groups based on photometric and kinematic properties as well as from candidates based on other criteria such as their level of chromospheric activity, rotation rate and lithium abundance. Precise measurements of proper motions and parallaxes taken from the Hipparcos Catalogue, as well as from the Tycho-2 Catalogue, and published radial velocity measurements are used to calculate the Galactic space motions (U, V W) and to apply Eggen's kinematic criteria in order to determine the membership of the selected stars to the different groups. Additional criteria using age-dating methods for late-type stars will be applied in forthcoming papers of this series. A further study of the list of stars compiled here could lead to a better understanding of the chromospheric activity and their age evolution, as well as of the star formation history in the solar neighbourhood. In addition, these stars are also potential search targets for direct imaging detection of substellar companions.
  • Publication
    Multiwavelength optical observations of chromospherically active binary systems III. High resolution echelle spectra from CaII H & K to CaII IRT
    (EDP Sciences, 2000-10) Montes Gutiérrez, David; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel; Latorre, A.; Sanz Forcada, J.
    This is the third paper of a series aimed at studying the chromosphere of active binary systems using the information provided for several optical spectroscopic features. High resolution echelle spectra including all the optical chromospheric activity indicators from the Ca II H & K to Ca II IRT lines are analysed here for 16 systems. The chromospheric contribution in these lines has been determined using the spectral subtraction technique. Very broad wings have been found in the subtracted H alpha profilp of the very active star HU Vir. These profiles are well matched using a two-component Gaussian fit; (narrow and broad) ard the broad component carl be interpreted as arising from microflaring. Red-shifted absorption features in the EHα line have been detected in several systems and excess emission in the blue wing of FG UMa was also detected. These features indicate that several dynamical processes, or a combination of them, may be involved. Using the EHα/EHβ ratio as a diagnostic we have detected prominence-like extended material viewed off the limb in many stars of the sample, and prominences viewed against the disk at some orbital phases in the dwarfs OU Gem and BF Lyn, The He I D_3 line has been detected as an absorption feature in mainly all the giants of the sample. Total filling-in of the He I D_3, probably due to microflaring activity, is observed in HU Vir. Self-absorption with red asymmetry is detected in the Ca II H & K lines of the giants 12 Cam: FG UMa and BM CVn. All the stars analysed show clear filled-in Ca II IRT lines or even notable emission reversal. The small values of the E_8542/E_8498 ratio we have found indicate Ca II IRT emission arises from plage-like regions. Orbital phase modulation of the chromospheric emission has been detected in some systems, in the case of HU Vir evidence of an active longitude area has been found.
  • Publication
    Multiwavelength optical observations of chromospherically active binary systems III: high resolution echelle spectra from Ca II H& K to Ca III RT
    (EDP Sciences, 2000-10) Montes Gutiérrez, David; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel; Latorre, A.; Sanz Forcada, J.
    This is the third paper of a series aimed at studying the chromosphere of active binary systems using the information provided for several optical spectroscopic features. High resolution echelle spectra including all the optical chromospheric activity indicators from the Ca II H & K to Ca II IRT lines are analysed here for 16 systems. The chromospheric contribution in these lines has been determined using the spectral subtraction technique. Very broad wings have been found in the subtracted Hα profile of the very active star HU Vir. These profiles are well matched using a two-component Gaussian fit (narrow and broad) and the broad component can be interpreted as arising from microflaring. Red-shifted absorption features in the Hα line have been detected in several systems and excess emission in the blue wing of FG UMa was also detected. These features indicate that several dynamical processes, or a combination of them, may be involved. Using the E_(Hα) / E_(Hβ) ratio as a diagnostic we have detected prominence-like extended material viewed off the limb in many stars of the sample, and prominences viewed against the disk at some orbital phases in the dwarfs OU Gem and BF Lyn. The He I D3 line has been detected as an absorption feature in mainly all the giants of the sample. Total filling-in of the He I D3, probably due to microflaring activity, is observed in HU Vir. Self-absorption with red asymmetry is detected in the Ca II H & K lines of the giants 12 Cam, FG UMa and BM CVn. All the stars analysed show clear filled-in Ca II IRT lines or even notable emission reversal. The small values of the E_(8542) / E_(8498) ratio we have found indicate Ca II IRT emission arises from plage-like regions. Orbital phase modulation of the chromospheric emission has been detected in some systems, in the case of HU Vir evidence of an active longitude area has been found.
  • Publication
    Multiwavelength optical observations of chromospherically active binary systems - V. FF UMa (2RE J0933+624): a system with orbital period variation
    (EDP Sciencies, 2007-09) Gálvez, M. C.; Montes Gutiérrez, David; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel
    Context. This is the fifth paper in a series aimed at studying the chromospheres of active binary systems using several optical spectroscopic indicators to obtain or improve orbital solution and fundamental stellar parameters. Aims. We present here the study of FF UMa ( 2RE J0933+ 624), a recently discovered, X- ray/ EUV selected, active binary with strong Hα emission. The objectives of this work are, to find orbital solutions and define stellar parameters from precise radial velocities and carry out an extensive study of the optical indicators of chromospheric activity. Methods. We obtained high resolution echelle spectroscopic observations during five observing runs from 1998 to 2004. We found radial velocities by cross correlation with radial velocity standard stars to achieve the best orbital solution. We also measured rotational velocity by cross- correlation techniques and have studied the kinematic by galactic space- velocity components ( U, V, W) and Eggen criteria. Finally, we have determined the chromospheric contribution in optical spectroscopic indicators, from Ca II H & K to Ca II IRT lines, using the spectral subtraction technique. Results. We have found that this system presents an orbital period variation, higher than previously detected in other RS CVn systems. We determined an improved orbital solution, finding a circular orbit with a period of 3.274 days. We derived the stellar parameters, confirming the subgiant nature of the primary component (M_P = 1.67 M_[circled dot] and R sin i_P = 2.17 R_[circled dot]) and obtained rotational velocities (v sin i), of 33.57 +/- 0.45 km s^-1 and 32.38 +/- 0.75 km s^-1 for the primary and secondary components respectively. From our kinematic study, we can deduce its membership to the Castor moving group. Finally, the activity study has given us a better understanding of the possible mechanisms that produce the orbital period variation.
  • Publication
    Multiwavelength optical observations of two chromospherically active binary systems: v789 mon and gz leo
    (IOP Publishing ltd, 2009-04) Gálvez, M. C.; Montes Gutiérrez, David; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel
    This paper describes a multiwavelength optical study of chromospheres in two X-ray/EUV-selected active binary stars with strong H alpha emission, V789 Mon (2RE J0725-002) and GZ Leo (2RE J1101+223). The goal of the study is to determine radial velocities and fundamental stellar parameters in chromospherically active binary systems in order to include them in the activity-rotation and activity-age relations. We carried out high-resolution echelle spectroscopic observations and applied spectral-subtraction technique in order to measure emission excesses due to chromosphere. The detailed study of activity indicators allowed us to characterize the presence of different chromospheric features in these systems and enabled to include them in a larger activity-rotation survey. We computed radial velocities of the systems using cross-correlation with the radial velocity standards. The double-line spectral binarity was confirmed and the orbital solutions improved for both systems. In addition, other stellar parameters such as spectral types, projected rotational velocities (v sin i) and the equivalent width of the lithium Li i λ6707.8 Å absorption line were determined.
  • Publication
    Multiwavelength optical observations of chromospherically active binary systems - IV. The X-ray/EUV selected binary BK psc (2RE J0039+103)
    (EDP Sciencies, 2002-07) Gálvez, M. C.; Montes Gutiérrez, David; Fernández Figueroa, María José; López Santiago, Javier; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel
    We present high resolution echelle spectra taken during four observing runs from 1999 to 2001 of the recently X-ray/EUV selected chromospherically active binary BK Psc (2RE J0039+103). Our observations confirm the single-lined spectroscopic binary (SB1) nature of this system and allow us to obtain, for the first time, the orbital solution of the system as in the case of a SB2 system. We have determined precise radial velocities of both components: for the primary by using the cross correlation technique, and for the secondary by using its chromospheric emission lines. We have obtained a circular orbit with an orbital period of 2.1663 days, very close to its photometric period of 2.24 days (indicating synchronous rotation). The spectral type (K5V) we determined for our spectra and the mass ratio (1.8) and minimum masses (M sin^3 i) resulting from the orbital solution are compatible with the observed K5V primary and an unseen M3V secondary. Using this spectral classification, the projected rotational velocity (v sin i, of 17.1 km s^-1) obtained from the width of the cross-correlation function and the data provided by HIPPARCOS, we have derived other fundamental stellar parameters. The kinematics and the non-detection of the Li I line indicate that it is an old star. The analysis of the optical chromospheric activity indicators from the Ca II H & K to Ca II IRT lines, by using the spectral subtraction technique, indicates that both components of the binary system show high levels of chromospheric activity. Hα emission above the continuum from both components is a persistent feature of this system during the period 1999 to 2001 of our observations as well as in previous observations. The Hα and Hβ emission seems to arise from prominence-like material, and the Ca II IRT emission from plage-like regions.