Person: Sánchez Brea, Luis Miguel
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Now showing 1 - 10 of 77
PublicationStokes polarimeter using vector diffractive optical elements(2023-05-31) Soria García, Ángela; Del Hoyo Muñoz, Jesús; Sánchez Brea, Luis Miguel; Pastor Villarrubia, Verónica; González Fernández, Verónica; Elshorbagy, Mahmoud H.; Alda Serrano, JavierWe designed, fabricated and tested a Vector Diffractive Optical Element (VDOE) to simultaneously determine the Stokes vector of light. It comprises several sectors. Each one is a vector Fresnel zone plate which focuses the light on separate foci and has different polarization properties. The polarization state is calculated from their intensities. From simulations, we could identify the error sources that were analytically removed. The residual uncertainty after applying our corrections was as low as 6x10^(-5). The uncertainty obtained for our fabricated VDOE, 3.33 %, is competitive with the results from state-of-the-art techniques. PublicationDouble grating systems with one steel tape grating(Elsevier Science BV, 2008-12-01) Torcal Milla, Francisco José; Sánchez Brea, Luis Miguel; Bernabeu Martínez, EusebioSteel tape gratings are used in different metrology applications. As the period of these gratings was large (around 100μm,), its analytical study has been performed, up to date, using a geometrical approach. Nowadays, steel tape gratings can be manufactured with lower periods, around 20–40 μm, and diffractive effects must be taken into account. Also, due to the roughness of the surface, statistical techniques need to be considered to analyze their behavior. In this work, an analysis of the pseudo-imaging formation in a double grating system including one steel tape grating is performed. In particular Moiré and Lau configurations are analyzed. We have found that roughness significantly affects to Moiré configuration. However, its effect is negligible in Lau configuration. Generalized grating imaging configuration is also studied in depth. It is shown that roughness does not affect to the contrast of pseudoimages, but it modifies their depth of focus. PublicationFar field of binary phase gratings with errors in the height of the strips(SPIE, 2009-06-17) Rico-García, José María; Sánchez Brea, Luis MiguelDiffraction gratings are not always ideal but, due to the fabrication process, several errors can be produced. In this work we show that when the strips of a binary phase diffraction grating present certain randomness in their height, the intensity of the diffraction orders varies with respect to that obtained with a perfect grating. To show this, we perform an analysis of the mutual coherence function and then, the intensity distribution at the far field is obtained. In addition to the far field diffraction orders, a "halo" that surrounds the diffraction order is found, which is due to the randomness of the strips height. PublicationVariogram-based method for contrast measurement(The Optical Society Of America, 2007-08-01) Sánchez Brea, Luis Miguel; Torcal Milla, Francisco José; Bernabeu Martínez, EusebioWe present a technique for determining the contrast of an intensity distribution in the presence of additive noise and other effects, such as undesired local amplitude or offset variations. The method is based on the variogram function. It just requires the measurement of the variogram at only four points and, as a consequence, it is very fast. The proposed technique is compared with other standard techniques, showing a reduction in the error of the contrast measurement. PublicationNear-field diffraction-based focal length determination technique(Elsevier, 2017-05) Torcal Milla, Francisco José; Sánchez Brea, Luis MiguelAn accurate and simple technique for determining the focal length of a lens is presented. It consists of measuring the period of the fringes produced by a diffraction grating at the near field when it is illuminated with a beam focused by the unknown lens. In paraxial approximation, the period of the fringes varies linearly with the distance. After some calculations, a simple extrapolation of data is performed to obtain the locations of the principal plane and the focal plane of the lens. Thus, the focal length is obtained as the distance between the two mentioned planes. The accuracy of the method is limited by the collimation degree of the incident beam and by the algorithm used to obtain the period of the fringes. We have checked the technique with two commercial lenses, one convergent and one divergent, with nominal focal lengths (+100±1) mm and (−100±1) mm respectively. We have experimentally obtained the focal lengths resulting into the interval given by the manufacturer but with an uncertainty of 0.1%, one order of magnitude lesser than the uncertainty given by the manufacturer. PublicationOptimal achromatic wave retarders using two birefringent wave plates(The Optical Society Of America, 2013-03-20) Vilas Prieto, José Luis; Sánchez Brea, Luis Miguel; Bernabeu Martínez, EusebioTwo plates of different birefringence material can be combined to obtain an achromatic wave retarder. In this work, we achieve a correction for the overall retardation of the system that extends the relation to any azimuth. Current techniques for the design of achromatic wave retarders do not present a parameter that characterizes its achromatism on a range of wavelengths. Thus, an achromatic degree has been introduced, in order to determine the optimal achromatic design composed with retarder plates for a spectrum of incident light. In particular, we have optimized a quarter retarder using two wave plates for the visible spectrum. Our technique has been compared to previous results, showing significant improvement. PublicationOptical technique for the automatic detection and measurement of surface defects on thin metallic wires(The Optical Society Of America, 2000-02-01) Sánchez Brea, Luis Miguel; Siegmann, Philip; Rebollo, María Aurora; Bernabeu Martínez, EusebioIn industrial applications of thin metallic wires it is important to characterize the surface defects of the wires. We present an optical technique for the automatic detection of surface defects on thin metallic wires (diameters, 50–2000 µm) that can be used in on-line systems for surface quality control. This technique is based on the intensity variations on the scattered cone generated when the wire is illuminated with a beam at oblique incidence. Our results are compared with those obtained by atomic-force microscopy and scanning-electron microscopy. PublicationDetection and measurement of waviness on thin metallic wires(The Optical Society Of America, 2004-03-01) Tejeda, César; Sánchez Brea, Luis Miguel; Bernabeu Martínez, EusebioWe propose a model for determining the far-field diffraction pattern of wires with waviness. Analytical solutions are obtained by means of the stationary phase method, which allows us to determine dimensional parameters such as wire diameter and waviness factor. Experimental results are presented, which are in accordance with our theoretical description. PublicationUncertainty Estimation by Convolution Using Spatial Statistics(IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2006-10) Sánchez Brea, Luis Miguel; Bernabeu Martínez, EusebioKriging has proven to be a useful tool in image processing since it behaves, under regular sampling, as a convolution. Convolution kernels obtained with kriging allow noise filtering and include the effects of the random fluctuations of the experimental data and the resolution of the measuring devices. The uncertainty at each location of the image can also be determined using kriging. However, this procedure is slow since, currently, only matrix methods are available. In this work, we compare the way kriging performs the uncertainty estimation with the standard statistical technique for magnitudes without spatial dependence. As a result, we propose a much faster technique, based on the variogram, to determine the uncertainty using a convolutional procedure. We check the validity of this approach by applying it to one-dimensional images obtained in diffractometry and two-dimensional images obtained by shadow moire. PublicationSelf-imaging technique for beam collimation(Optical Society of America, 2014) Sánchez Brea, Luis Miguel; Torcal Milla, Francisco José; Herrera Fernández, José María; Morlanes, Tomás; Bernabeu Martínez, EusebioA simple collimation technique based on measuring the period of one self-image produced by a diffraction grating is proposed. Transversal displacement of the grating is not required, and then automatic single-frame processing can be performed. The self-image is acquired with a CMOS camera, and the period is computed using the variogram function. Analytical and experimental results are obtained, which show the simplicity and accuracy of the proposed technique.