Santos Sancho, Juana María

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First Name
Juana María
Last Name
Santos Sancho
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Salud Pública y Materno-Infantil
Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
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Search Results

Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Publication
    Reversal of the Upward Trend of Obesity in Boys, but Not in Girls, in Spain
    (MPDI, 2021-02-11) Albaladejo Vicente, Romana; Villanueva Orbaiz, Rosa; Carabantes Alarcón, David; Santos Sancho, Juana María; Jiménez García, Rodrigo; Regidor Poyatos, Enrique
    Background: To compare the prevalence of overweight and obesity in boys and girls and to estimate socioeconomic differences associated with obesity in Spain in 1997, 2007, and 2017. (2) Methods: Data were drawn from national health interview surveys. For each year of study, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was measured, and these results were compared by gender (boy/girl) and socioeconomic status (low/high education). (3) Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity rose from 1997 to 2007 but then fell in 2017 in all subgroups except in girls aged 10 to 15 years. In this group, there was a steady increase in the prevalence of both overweight (1997, 14.6%; 2007, 17.7%; 2017, 19.6%) and obesity (1.1, 3.2, and 3.7%, respectively). The decrease in prevalence of overweight in both sexes and of obesity in boys, along with the increase in prevalence of obesity in girls, was of a higher magnitude in children whose parents had a lower educational level. (4) Conclusions: The apparent turnaround in the obesity epidemic in Spain should be interpreted with caution. Children’s body weight is influenced by both gender and socioeconomic status—considerations that should be kept in mind when designing health promotion interventions
  • Publication
    Fomento del autoaprendizaje mediante la construcción de exámenes tipo test
    (2021-06) Pulido Manzanero, José; Astasio Arbiza, Paloma; Cea Soriano, Trinidad Lucía; Ortega Molina, Paloma; Santos Sancho, Juana María; García Ferrera, Alicia; de Burgos González, Airam; Regidor Poyatos, Enrique
  • Publication
    Mediterranean diet and diabetes risk in a cohort study of individuals with prediabetes: propensity score analyses
    (Wiley, 2021-12-06) Cea Soriano, Lucía; Pulido Manzanero, José; Franch Nadal, Josep; Santos Sancho, Juana María; Mata Cases, Manel; Díez Espino, Javier; Ruiz García, Antonio; Regidor Poyatos, Enrique
    Aims Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the efficacy of several dietary patterns plus physical activity to reduce diabetes onset in people with prediabetes. However, there is no evidence on the effect from the Mediterranean diet on the progression from prediabetes to diabetes. We aimed to evaluate the effect from high adherence to Mediterranean diet on the risk of diabetes in individuals with prediabetes. Methods Prospective cohort study in Spanish Primary Care setting. A total of 1184 participants with prediabetes based on levels of fasting plasma glucose and/or glycated hemoglobin were followed up for a mean of 4.2 years. A total of 210 participants developed diabetes type 2 during the follow up. Hazard ratios of diabetes onset were estimated by Cox proportional regression models associated to high versus low/medium adherence to Mediterranean diet. Different propensity score methods were used to control for potential confounders. Results Incidence rate of diabetes in participants with high versus low/medium adherence to Mediterranean diet was 2.9 versus 4.8 per 100 persons-years. The hazard ratios adjusted for propensity score and by inverse probability weighting (IPW) had identical magnitude: 0.63 (95% confidence interval, 0.43–0.93). The hazard ratio in the adjusted model using propensity score matching 1:2 was 0.56 (95% confidence interval, 0.37–0.84). Conclusions These propensity score analyses suggest that high adherence to Mediterranean diet reduces diabetes risk in people with prediabetes.
  • Publication
    Sports facilities, socio-economic context and overweight among the childhood population in two southern European cities: a cross sectional study
    (BMC, 2019-09-03) Albaladejo Vicente, Romana; Villanueva Orbaiz, M. Rosa Rita; Astasio Arbiza, Paloma; Ortega Molina, Soledad Paloma; Santos Sancho, Juana María; Regidor Poyatos, Enrique
    Background: To evaluate relationship between socio-economic environment and overweight in Madrid and Barcelona, adjusting for possible confounding factors. Methods: We obtained three indicators which reflected socio-economic context, namely, unemployment rate, percentage of population with tertiary education, and percentage with a second home. The design is a cross sectional study. The association with overweight was estimated using odds ratios by multilevel logistic regression. The statistical analysis, data synthesis, or model creation was performed from the 2017. In all, 707 children from 21 districts of Madrid and 474 children from 10 districts of Barcelona were analysed. Results: In Madrid, standardised ORs for personal and family characteristics were 1.17, 1.53 and 1.57 by reference to unemployment rate and percentages of population with a university education and second home. After adjustment, only the OR obtained with unemployment rate decreased, specifically by 58%. In Barcelona, the following ORs were obtained: 1.80 with unemployment rate; 1.80 with population having a university education; and 1.86 with population having a second home. After being standardised, these ORs decreased by 14% in the case of unemployment rate, 10% in the case of population with a university education, and 9% in the case of population with a second home. Conclusions: Overweight displayed a risk gradient in Madrid and Barcelona alike. This risk of overweight is not accounted for by physical inactivity and could, in part, be due to the availability of sports facilities.