Santos Sancho, Juana María

Profile Picture
First Name
Juana María
Last Name
Santos Sancho
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Salud Pública y Materno-Infantil
Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
UCM identifierScopus Author IDDialnet ID

Search Results

Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Publication
    Reversal of the Upward Trend of Obesity in Boys, but Not in Girls, in Spain
    (MPDI, 2021-02-11) Albaladejo Vicente, Romana; Villanueva Orbaiz, Rosa; Carabantes Alarcón, David; Santos Sancho, Juana María; Jiménez García, Rodrigo; Regidor Poyatos, Enrique
    Background: To compare the prevalence of overweight and obesity in boys and girls and to estimate socioeconomic differences associated with obesity in Spain in 1997, 2007, and 2017. (2) Methods: Data were drawn from national health interview surveys. For each year of study, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was measured, and these results were compared by gender (boy/girl) and socioeconomic status (low/high education). (3) Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity rose from 1997 to 2007 but then fell in 2017 in all subgroups except in girls aged 10 to 15 years. In this group, there was a steady increase in the prevalence of both overweight (1997, 14.6%; 2007, 17.7%; 2017, 19.6%) and obesity (1.1, 3.2, and 3.7%, respectively). The decrease in prevalence of overweight in both sexes and of obesity in boys, along with the increase in prevalence of obesity in girls, was of a higher magnitude in children whose parents had a lower educational level. (4) Conclusions: The apparent turnaround in the obesity epidemic in Spain should be interpreted with caution. Children’s body weight is influenced by both gender and socioeconomic status—considerations that should be kept in mind when designing health promotion interventions
  • Publication
    Idoneidad y validez de herramientas que fomentan el aprendizaje asociativo a partir de exámenes tipo test
    (2020-07-21) Cea Soriano, Trinidad Lucia; Garcia seoane, Jorge Juan; Ortega Molina, Paloma; López Gallardo, Meritxell; Astasio Arbiza, Paloma; Martínez Hernández, David; Lázaro Fernández, Alberto; Santos Sancho, Juana María; García Ferrera, Alicia; Gutiérrez Albaladejo, Natalia; Herrera Marcos, Isabel
  • Publication
    Fomento del autoaprendizaje mediante la construcción de exámenes tipo test
    (2021-06) Pulido Manzanero, José; Astasio Arbiza, Paloma; Cea Soriano, Trinidad Lucía; Ortega Molina, Paloma; Santos Sancho, Juana María; García Ferrera, Alicia; de Burgos González, Airam; Regidor Poyatos, Enrique
  • Publication
    Mediterranean diet and diabetes risk in a cohort study of individuals with prediabetes: propensity score analyses
    (Wiley, 2021-12-06) Cea Soriano, Lucía; Pulido Manzanero, José; Franch Nadal, Josep; Santos Sancho, Juana María; Mata Cases, Manel; Díez Espino, Javier; Ruiz García, Antonio; Regidor Poyatos, Enrique
    Aims Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the efficacy of several dietary patterns plus physical activity to reduce diabetes onset in people with prediabetes. However, there is no evidence on the effect from the Mediterranean diet on the progression from prediabetes to diabetes. We aimed to evaluate the effect from high adherence to Mediterranean diet on the risk of diabetes in individuals with prediabetes. Methods Prospective cohort study in Spanish Primary Care setting. A total of 1184 participants with prediabetes based on levels of fasting plasma glucose and/or glycated hemoglobin were followed up for a mean of 4.2 years. A total of 210 participants developed diabetes type 2 during the follow up. Hazard ratios of diabetes onset were estimated by Cox proportional regression models associated to high versus low/medium adherence to Mediterranean diet. Different propensity score methods were used to control for potential confounders. Results Incidence rate of diabetes in participants with high versus low/medium adherence to Mediterranean diet was 2.9 versus 4.8 per 100 persons-years. The hazard ratios adjusted for propensity score and by inverse probability weighting (IPW) had identical magnitude: 0.63 (95% confidence interval, 0.43–0.93). The hazard ratio in the adjusted model using propensity score matching 1:2 was 0.56 (95% confidence interval, 0.37–0.84). Conclusions These propensity score analyses suggest that high adherence to Mediterranean diet reduces diabetes risk in people with prediabetes.