Person:
Zamorano León, José Javier

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First Name
José Javier
Last Name
Zamorano León
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Medicina
Department
Salud Pública y Materno-Infantil
Area
Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
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Now showing 1 - 10 of 12
  • Publication
    Physical activity among adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Spain (2014-2020): Temporal trends, sex differences, and associated factors
    (Elsevier, 2023-11-09) Llamas Saez, Carlos; Saez Vaquero, Teresa; Jiménez García, Rodrigo; López De Andrés, Ana Isabel; Carabantes Alarcón, David; Zamorano León, José Javier; Cuadrado Corrales, María Natividad; Omaña Palanco, Ricardo; Miguel Díez, Javier De; Pérez Farinós, José Napoleón
    Objectives: To evaluate trends in the prevalence of physical activity (PA) from 2014 to 2020; to identify sex differences and sociodemographic and health-related factors associated with PA in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); and to compare PA between individuals with and without COPD. Methods: Cross-sectional and case-control study. Source: European Health Interview Surveys for Spain (EHISS) conducted in 2014 and 2020. We included sociodemographic and health-related covariates. We compared individuals with and without COPD after matching for age and sex. Results: The number of adults with COPD was 1086 and 910 in EHISS2014 and EHISS2020, respectively. In this population, self-reported “Medium or high frequency of PA” remained stable (42.9% in 2014 and 43.5% in 2020; p = 0.779). However, the percentage who walked on two or more days per week rose significantly over time (63.4%–69.9%; p = 0.004). Men with COPD reported more PA than women with COPD in both surveys. After matching, significantly lower levels of PA were recorded in COPD patients than in adults without COPD. Multivariable logistic regression confirmed this trend in COPD patients and showed that male sex, younger age, higher educational level, very good/good self-perceived health, and absence of comorbidities, obesity, and smoking were associated with more frequent PA. Conclusions: The temporal trend in PA among Spanish adults with COPD is favorable, although there is much room for improvement. Insufficient PA is more prevalent in these patients than in the general population. Sex differences were found, with significantly more frequent PA among males with COPD
  • Publication
    Obesity survival paradox in patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia. Assessing sex-differences in a population-based cohort study
    (Elsevier, 2022-04-01) Miguel Díez, Javier De; Jiménez García, Rodrigo; Hernández Barrera, Valentín; Miguel Yanes, José María De; Carabantes Alarcón, David; Zamorano León, José Javier; López De Andrés, Ana Isabel
    Aim: To assess the effect of obesity status (no obesity/obesity/ morbid obesity) on hospital outcomes (length of hospital stay [LOHS] and in-hospital mortality [IHM]), among patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and according to sex. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study based on national hospital discharge data of all subjects aged≥ 18 years hospitalized with CAP in Spain from 2016 to 2019. Results: We identified 519,750 hospital discharges with CAP. The prevalence of obesity was 6.38% and 1.78%. for morbid obesity. The mean age was higher for patients without obesity followed by those with obesity and morbid obesity (74.61, 72.5 and 70.2 years respectively; p<0.001). The mean number of comorbidities was similar for patients with obesity and morbid obesity (2.30 and 2.29) and significantly higher than for non-obese individuals (2.10). The crude IHM was higher among the non-obese patients (12.71%) followed by those with morbid obesity (8.56%) and obesity (7.72%), without finding differences between men and women. Among men, after multivariable logistic regression analysis, the probability of dying in the hospital was significantly lower for those with obesity (Adjusted-OR 0.59;95%CI 0.55-0.63) and morbid obesity (Adjusted-OR 0.62;95%CI 0.54-0.71) compared with non-obese. The protective effect of obesity (Adjusted-OR 0.71;95%CI 0.67-0.75) and morbid obesity (Adjusted OR 0.73;95%CI 0.66-0.8) was also observed among women. Conclusions: Obese and obesity morbid patients with CAP have a lower risk of IHM than non-obese patients, without sex differences in this association. These data confirm the existence of the obesity paradox in this patient population.
  • Publication
    Association between Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia and In-Hospital Mortality in Solid Organ Transplant Admissions: An Observational Analysis in Spain, 2004–2021
    (MDPI, 2023-09) Hernández-Barrera, Valentín; Del-Barrio, José Luis; Miguel Yanes, José María De; López De Andrés, Ana Isabel; Jiménez García, Rodrigo; Zamorano León, José Javier; Carabantes Alarcón, David; Omaña Palanco, Ricardo; Miguel Díez, Javier De; Cuadrado Corrales, María Natividad; MDPI
    To analyze the association between hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and in-hospital mortality (IHM) during hospital admission for solid organ transplant in Spain during 2004-2021. (2) Methods: We used national hospital discharge data to select all hospital admissions for kidney, liver, heart, and lung transplants. We stratified the data according to HAP status. To examine time trends, we grouped data into three consecutive 6-year periods (2004-2009; 2010-2015; and 2016-2021). We assessed in-hospital mortality (IHM) in logistic regression analyses and obtained odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs). (3) Results: We identified a total of 71,827 transplants (45,262, kidney; 18,127, liver; 4734, heart; and 4598, lung). Two thirds of the patients were men. Overall, the rate of HAP during admission was 2.6% and decreased from 3.0% during 2004-2009 to 2.4% during 2016-2021. The highest rate of HAP corresponded to lung transplant (9.4%), whereas we found the lowest rate for kidney transplant (1.1%). Rates of HAP for liver and heart transplants were 3.8% and 6.3%, respectively. IHM was significantly lower during 2016-2021 compared to 2004-2009 for all types of transplants (ORs (CIs) = 0.65 (0.53-0.79) for kidney; 0.73 (0.63-0.84) for liver; 0.72 (0.59-0.87) for heart; and 0.39 (0.31-0.47) for lung). HAP was associated with IHM for all types of transplants (ORs (CIs) = 4.47 (2.85-9.08) for kidney; 2.96 (2.34-3.75) for liver; 1.86 (1.34-2.57) for heart; and 2.97 (2.24-3.94) for lung). (4) Conclusions: Rates of HAP during admission for solid organ transplant differ depending on the type of transplant. Although IHM during admission for solid organ transplant has decreased over time in our country, HAP persists and is associated with a higher IHM after accounting for potential confounding variables.
  • Publication
    The Impact of COPD in Trends of Urinary Tract Infection Hospitalizations in Spain, 2001–2018: A Population-Based Study Using Administrative Data
    (MPDI, 2020-12-09) Palacios-Ceña, Domingo; Miguel Díez, Javier De; Albaladejo Vicente, Romana; Carabantes Alarcón, David; Zamorano León, José Javier; López Herranz, Marta; López De Andrés, Ana Isabel
    Background: To examine trends in incidence and outcomes of urinary tract infections (UTIs) among men and women with or without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and to identify the predictors for in-hospital mortality (IHM). (2) Methods: We included patients (aged ≥40 years) who were hospitalized with UTIs between 2001 and 2018. Data were collected from the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database. (3) Results: We identified 748,458 UTI hospitalizations, 6.53% with COPD. The UTIs incidence increased over time. It was 1.55 times higher among men COPD patients than among non-COPD men (incidence rate ratio (IRR) 1.55; 95% CI 1.53-1.56). The opposite happened in women with COPD compared to non-COPD women (IRR 0.30; 95% CI 0.28-0.32). IHM was higher in men with COPD than non-COPD men (5.58% vs. 4.47%; p < 0.001) and the same happened in women (5.62% vs. 4.92%; p < 0.001). The risk of dying increased with age and comorbidity, but the urinary catheter was a protective factor among men (OR 0.75; 95% CI 0.64-0.89). Multivariable analysis showed a significant reduction in the IHM over time for men and women with COPD. Suffering from COPD only increased the risk of IHM among men (OR 1.07; 95% CI 1.01-1.13). (4) Conclusions: The incidence of UTIs increased over time. Suffering COPD increased the risk of IHM among men, but not among women.
  • Publication
    Changing Trends in Hospital Admissions for Pulmonary Embolism in Spain from 2001 to 2018
    (MPDI, 2020-10-07) Miguel Díez, Javier De; Albaladejo Vicente, Romana; López De Andrés, Ana Isabel; Hernández Barrera, Valentín; Jiménez, David; Monreal, Manuel; Carabantes Alarcón, David; Zamorano León, José Javier; Jiménez García, Rodrigo
    Background: The aims of this study were to examine trends in the incidence, clinical characteristics, and in-hospital outcomes of patients hospitalized with pulmonary embolism in Spain and to identify factors associated with in-hospital mortality (IHM). (2) Methods: We included all patients who were hospitalized for pulmonary embolism between 2001 and 2018. Data were collected from the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database. (3) Results: We identified 241,821 hospitalizations for pulmonary embolism during the study period. The incidence of pulmonary embolism increased from 20.49 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in the period 2001–2002 to 35.9 cases in the period 2017–2018 (p < 0.001). After controlling for possible confounders, there was a significant increase in the incidence over the study period (adjusted incidence rate ratio 1.53, 95% Confidence Interval I 1.51–1.56). The median length of hospital stay was 11 days in the period 2001–2002, decreasing to seven days in the period 2017–2018 (p < 0.001). For the total time period, the crude IHM rate was 9.51%. After multivariable adjustment, IHM decreased significantly over time. The IHMwas significantly higher in women, in patients suffering from more comorbidities, and in those with a massive pulmonary embolism. (4) Conclusions: Our results revealed an increase in the incidence of pulmonary embolism hospitalizations from 2001 to 2018 in Spain, with older patients being the most affected.
  • Publication
    Observational Study of the Association between Atrial Fibrillation and In-Hospital Mortality during Hospitalization for Solid Organ Transplants in Spain from 2004 to 2021
    (MDPI, 2023-11-13) Miguel Yanes, José María De; López De Andrés, Ana Isabel; Jiménez García, Rodrigo; Zamorano León, José Javier; Carabantes Alarcón, David; Hernández-Barrera, Valentín; Miguel Díez, Javier De; Carricondo Orejana, Francisco Javier; Romero Gómez, Bárbara; Cuadrado Corrales, María Natividad
    Background: We analyzed the association between atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter (AF) and in-hospital mortality (IHM) among patients who underwent solid organ transplants in Spain from 2004 to 2021. (2) Methods: We gathered information from all hospital admissions for lung, liver, kidney, and heart transplants. (3) Results: A total of 71,827 transplants were analyzed (4598 lung transplants; 18,127 liver transplants; 45,262 kidney transplants; and 4734 heart transplants). One third of these were for women. Overall, the prevalence of AF was 6.8% and increased from 5.3% in 2004-2009 to 8.6% in 2016-2021. The highest prevalence of AF was found for heart transplants (24.0%), followed by lung transplants (14.7%). The rates for kidney and liver transplants were 5.3% and 4.1%, respectively. The AF code increased over time for all of the transplants analyzed (p < 0.001). The patients' IHM decreased significantly from 2004-2009 to 2016-2021 for all types of transplants. AF was associated with a higher IHM for all of the types of transplants analyzed, except for heart transplants. (4) Conclusions: The prevalence of AF among patients admitted for solid organ transplants was highest for those who underwent heart transplants. The mortality rate during the patients' admission for lung, liver, kidney, or heart transplants decreased over time. AF was independently associated with a higher risk of dying in the hospital for those who underwent lung, liver, or kidney transplants.
  • Publication
    Trends and Predictors for the Uptake of Colon Cancer Screening Using the Fecal Occult Blood Test in Spain from 2011 to 2017
    (MPDI, 2020-08-27) Zamorano León, José Javier; López De Andrés, Ana Isabel; Alvarez-Gonzalez A; Maestre-Miquel C; Astasio Arbiza, Paloma; López Farre, Antonio José; Miguel Díez, Javier De; Jiménez García, Rodrigo; Albaladejo-Vicente R
    Background: In Spain, colorectal cancer screening using the fecal occult blood test, targeted towards the 50–69 age bracket, was implemented on different dates. We aim to assess the temporal trend of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening uptake according to the year of screening implementation in each region and to identify predictors for the uptake of CRC screening. Methods: A cross-sectional study with 12,657 participants from the Spanish National Health Surveys 2011 and 2017 was used. Uptake rates were analyzed according to the date that the screening program was implemented. Results: For regions with programs implemented before 2011, the uptake rate increased 3.34-fold from 2011 to 2017 (9.8% vs. 32.7%; p < 0.001). For regions that implemented screening within the 2011–2016 period, the uptake rose from 4.3% to 13.2% (3.07-fold; p < 0.001), and for regions that implemented screening after 2016, the uptake increased from 3.4% to 8.8% (2.59-fold; p < 0.001). For the entire Spanish population, the uptake increased 3.21-fold (6.8% vs. 21.8%; p < 0.001). Positive predictors for uptake were older age, Spanish nationality, middle-to-high educational level, suffering chronic diseases, non-smoking and living in regions where screening programs were implemented earlier. Conclusions: The different periods for the implementation of CRC screening as well as sociodemographic and health inequalities may have limited the improvement in the screening uptake from 2011 to 2017 in Spain.
  • Publication
    Are there sex differences in the effect of type 2 diabetes in the incidence and outcomes of myocardial infarction? A matched‑pair analysis using hospital discharge data
    (BMC, 2021-04-22) López De Andrés, Ana Isabel; Jiménez García, Rodrigo; Hernández Barrera, Valentín; Miguel Yanes, José María De; Albaladejo Vicente, Romana; Villanueva Orbaiz, M. Rosa Rita; Carabantes Alarcón, David; Zamorano León, José Javier; López Herranz, Marta; Miguel Díez, Javier De
    Background To analyze incidence, use of therapeutic procedures, and in-hospital outcomes in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) according to the presence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Spain (2016–2018) and to investigate sex differences. Methods Using the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database, we estimated the incidence of myocardial infarctions (MI) in men and women with and without T2DM aged ≥ 40 years. We analyzed comorbidity, procedures, and outcomes. We matched each man and woman with T2DM with a non-T2DM man and woman of identical age, MI code, and year of hospitalization. Propensity score matching was used to compare men and women with T2DM. Results MI was coded in 109,759 men and 44,589 women (30.47% with T2DM). The adjusted incidence of STEMI (IRR 2.32; 95% CI 2.28–2.36) and NSTEMI (IRR 2.91; 95% CI 2.88–2.94) was higher in T2DM than non-T2DM patients, with higher IRRs for NSTEMI in both sexes. The incidence of STEMI and NSTEMI was higher in men with T2DM than in women with T2DM. After matching, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was less frequent among T2DM men than non-T2DM men who had STEMI and NSTEMI. Women with T2DM and STEMI less frequently had a code for PCI that matched that of non-T2DM women. In-hospital mortality (IHM) was higher among T2DM women with STEMI and NSTEMI than in matched non-T2DM women. In men, IHM was higher only for NSTEMI. Propensity score matching showed higher use of PCI and coronary artery bypass graft and lower IHM among men with T2DM than women with T2DM for both STEMI and NSTEMI. Conclusions T2DM is associated with a higher incidence of STEMI and NSTEMI in both sexes. Men with T2DM had higher incidence rates of STEMI and NSTEMI than women with T2DM. Having T2DM increased the risk of IHM after STEMI and NSTEMI among women and among men only for NSTEMI. PCI appears to be less frequently used in T2DM patients After STEMI and NSTEMI, women with T2DM less frequently undergo revascularization procedures and have a higher mortality risk than T2DM men.
  • Publication
    Trends in mechanical ventilation use and mortality over time in patients receiving mechanical ventilation in Spain from 2001 to 2015.
    (Elsevier, 2019-12-09) Miguel Díez, Javier De; Jiménez García, Rodrigo; Hernández Barrera, Valentín; Zamorano León, José Javier; Villanueva Orbaiz, M. Rosa Rita; Albaladejo Vicente, Romana; López De Andrés, Ana Isabel; Elsevier
    Background: We examined trends in the incidence of ventilator support with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) or invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) among patients hospitalized in Spain from 2001 to 2015. We also assessed in-hospital mortality (IHM) after receiving these types of ventilator support. Methods: This study was an observational retrospective epidemiological study. Our data source was the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database. Results: In total, 1,031,497 patients received ventilator support in Spain over the study period. NIV use increased from 18.8 patients per 100.000 inhabitants in 2001 to 108.7 in 2015. IMV utilization increased significantly from 2001 to 2003 and then decreased from 2003 until 2015. Patients who required NIV had the highest mean Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) score. Patients who received IMV had the highest in-hospital mortality. Factors associated with an increased risk for IHM were sex, age, conditions included in the CCI (except for COPD and diabetes), haemodialysis, presence of a peripheral arterial catheter, presence of a central venous catheter, readmission and emergency room admission. Undergoing a surgical procedure was a risk factor only for IMV. IHM decreased significantly from 2001 to 2015 in patients who underwent NIV or IMV. Conclusions: We identified an increase in the utilization of NIV over time, whereas use of IMV decreased from 2003 until 2015 after an initial increase from 2001 to 2003. We also found a significant decrease in IHM over time.
  • Publication
    Type 2 Diabetes Is a Risk Factor for Suffering and for in-Hospital Mortality with Pulmonary Embolism. A Population-Based Study in Spain (2016–2018)
    (MPDI, 2020-11-11) Jiménez García, Rodrigo; Albaladejo Vicente, Romana; Hernández Barrera, Valentín; Villanueva Orbaiz, M. Rosa Rita; Carabantes Alarcón, David; Miguel Díez, Javier De; Zamorano León, José Javier; López De Andrés, Ana Isabel
    (1) Background: The relationship between type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and pulmonary embolism (PE) has not been well stablished so far. We aim to analyze incidence, clinical conditions and in-hospital mortality (IHM) according to the presence of T2DM among patients hospitalized for suffering from PE. The factors associated with IHM were identified. (2) Methods: Patients aged ≥40 years hospitalized for PE from 2016 to 2018 included in the Spanish National Health System Hospital Discharge Database were analyzed. Dependent variables included incidence, IHM and length of hospital stay. Independent variables were age, sex, diagnosed comorbidities, thrombolytic therapy and inferior vena cava filter placement. Poisson and logistic regression models were constructed for multivariable analysis. (3) Results: Of the 47,190 hospitalizations for PE recorded, 16.52% had T2DM. Adjusted incidence of PE was higher among T2DM women (IRR 1.83; 95% CI: 1.58-1.96) and men (IRR 1.22; 95% CI: 1.18-1.27) than among non-diabetic subjects. Crude IHM in T2DM patients with PE was similar in both sexes but higher than in non-diabetic patients. Among T2DM patients with PE, risk factors for IHM included older age, comorbidity, atrial fibrillation and massive PE. Obesity was associated with lower IHM. Suffering T2DM was a risk of IHM (OR 1.15; 95% CI 1.05-1.26) after PE. (4) Conclusions: The incidence of PE is higher in T2DM men and women than in non-diabetic patients. T2DM was a risk factor for IHM after PE.