Person:
Carracedo Rodríguez, Juan Gonzalo

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First Name
Juan Gonzalo
Last Name
Carracedo Rodríguez
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Óptica y Optometría
Department
Optometría y Visión
Area
Optica
Identifiers
UCM identifierORCIDScopus Author IDDialnet IDGoogle Scholar ID

Search Results

Now showing 1 - 10 of 17
  • Publication
    Signs and Symptoms of Dry Eye in Keratoconus Patients Before and After Intrastromal Corneal Rings Surgery
    (Taylor & Francis, 2017) Carracedo Rodríguez, Juan Gonzalo; Recchioni, Alberto; Alejandre Alba, Nicolás; Martín Gil, Alba; Batres Valderas, Laura; Jiménez Alfaro-Morote, Ignacio; Pintor, Jesús
    Purpose: Based on the relationship between keratoconus and dry eye, the aim of this study was to evaluate changes in signs and symptoms of dry eye in keratoconus patients before and after intrastromal corneal ring surgery. Methods: Fifteen keratoconus patients were enrolled in Fundación Jiménez-Díaz of Madrid and University Clinic of Optometry of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Madrid, Spain). Tear break up time (TBUT), Schirmer test without anesthesia, corneal staining, diadenosine tetraphosphate (Ap4A) concentration, and ocular surface disease index (OSDI) were evaluated. Impression cytology combined with laser confocal microscopy was performed to evaluate goblet cell density, mucin cloud height (MCH), and cell layer thickness (CLT). All measurements were performed before (pre) surgery, 1 month (post) and 6 months after surgery (post6m). Results: We found no statistical differences in time in Schirmer test, TBUT, and corneal staining. OSDI scores were 44.96  ±  8.65, 26.30 ± 6.79, and 19.31 ± 4.28 for (pre), (post), and (post6m) surgery, respectively (p < 0.001). Impression cytology showed a decrease in cell density at (post6m) compared with presurgery (47.36 ± 35.15 cells/mm2 and 84.88 ± 32.08 cells/mm2, respectively, p = 0.04). At post6m, the MCH increased compared with presurgery values (13.97 ± 4.26 µm and 6.77 ± 2.51 µm, respectively, p < 0.001). There was a statistically significant increase in CLT in time. Ap4A tear concentrations were lower post6m than presurgery (1.02  ±  0.65 and 2.56   ± 1.10  µM, respectively, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Intrastromal corneal ring surgery induces changes improving dry eye symptoms but no changes were found in signs of dry eye after surgery in keratoconus patients except for the MCH that increases drastically. More studies are needed to clarify the reason of its improvement.
  • Publication
    PhDAY 2020 -FOO (Facultad de Óptica y Optometría)
    (Facultad de Óptica y Optometría (UCM), 2020) Carpena Torres, Carlos; Pintor, Jesús; Pérez de Lara, María Jesús; Toral, Fernando; Crooke, Almudena; Pastrana, Cristina; Carracedo Rodríguez, Juan Gonzalo; Cayuela López, Ana; Sorzano Sánchez, Óscar; Charbel, Carla; Garzón Jiménez, Nuria; Carballo Álvarez, Jesús; Diz Arias, Elena; Fernández Jiménez, Elena; Peral Cerdá, Assumpta; Gómez Pedrero, José Antonio; Durán Prieto, Elena; López Alonso, José Manuel; Fernández Torres, Miguel Ángel; Guzmán Aránguez, Ana Isabel; Gómez Manzanares, Ángela; Vázquez Moliní, Daniel; Martínez Antón, Juan Carlos; Bernárdez Vilaboa, Ricardo; Mayorga Pinilla, Santiago; Álvarez Fernández-Balbuena, Antonio; Benítez, AntoJ.; El Youssfi, Asmae Igalla; León Álvarez, Alejandro; Palomo Álvarez, Catalina; LLedó Mayans, Victoria Eugenia; Awad Alkozi, Hanan; Sánchez Naves, Juan; Martínez Alberquilla, Irene; García Montero, María; Ruiz Alcocer, Javier; Madrid Costa, David; Martínez Florentín, Gema; Papas, Eric B.; Medrano Muñoz, Sandra Milena; Molina, Nancy; Jurado, Sandra; Oliveiros López, Juan; Platero Alvarado, Nadiuska Cristine; Garrido Mercado, Rafaela; Pérez Garmendia, Carlos; Antona Peñalba, Beatriz; Barrio de Santos, Ana Rosa; González Pérez, Mariano; Pérez Garmendia, Carlos; Serramito Blanco, María; Privado Aroco, Ana; Almalki, Wael; Bodas Romero, Julia; Ouzzani, Mohamed; Paune, Jaume; Calderón García, Raquel; Pitarch Velasco, Aida; Cebrián, José Luis; Sánchez Pérez, Isabel; García Rojo, Marta María; Bonnin Arias, Cristina; Sánchez Ramos, Celia; Gutiérrez Jorrín, Sara Carmen; Rodríguez Alonso, Xabier; Laucirica Sáenz, Gorka; Arranz Márquez, Esther; Alonso Castellanos, Miriam; Teus Guezala, Miguel Ángel; Hernández Verdejo, José Luis; Mármol Errasti, Esther; Martín García, Beatriz; Arriola Villalobos, Pedro; Gómez de Liaño, Rosario; Mínguez Caro, N; Orduña Azcona, Javier; Navarro Gil, Francisco Javier; Huete Toral, Fernando; Rodríguez Pomar, Candela; Pastrana Robles, Cristina; Martínez Águila, Alejandro; Martín Gil, Alba; Tomé de la Torre, Miguel Ángel
    Por cuarto año consecutivo los doctorandos de la Facultad de Óptica y Optometría de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid cuentan con un congreso propio organizado por y para ellos, el 4º PhDAY- FOO. Se trata de un congreso gratuito abierto en la que estos jóvenes científicos podrán presentar sus investigaciones al resto de sus compañeros predoctorales y a toda la comunidad universitaria que quiera disfrutar de este evento. Apunta en tu agenda: el 15 de octubre de 2020. En esta ocasión será un Congreso On-line para evitar que la incertidumbre asociada a la pandemia Covid-19 pudiera condicionar su celebración.
  • Publication
    Signs and Symptoms of Dry Eye in Keratoconus Patients: A Pilot Study
    (Taylor & Francis, 2015-11) Carracedo Rodríguez, Juan Gonzalo; Recchioni, Alberto; Alejandre Alba, Nicolás; Martín Gil, Alba; Crooke, Almudena; Jiménez Alfaro-Morote, Ignacio; Pintor, Jesús
    Purpose: To compare signs and symptoms of dry eye in keratoconus (KC) patients versus healthy subjects. Methods: A total of 15 KC patients (KC group, n = 15 eyes) and 16 healthy subjects (control group, 16 eyes) were enrolled in this study. The Schirmer I test with no anesthetic, tear break-up time (TBUT), corneal staining characteristics, and ocular surface disease index (OSDI) scores were evaluated for both groups. Impression cytology, combined with/scanning laser confocal microscopy (LCM), was performed to evaluate goblet cell density, mucin cloud height (MCH), and goblet cell layer thickness (CLT). Finally, tear concentrations of di-adenosine tetraphosphate (Ap4A) were assessed. Results were statistically analyzed using Shapiro–Wilk and non-parametric Wilcoxon rank sum tests. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: KC patients had lower tear volumes and greater corneal staining than did healthy subjects (p < 0.05). OSDI scores were 44.96 ± 8.65 and 17.78 ± 6.50 for the KC and control groups, respectively (p < 0.05). We found no statistically significant differences in TBUT between groups. Impression cytology revealed lower goblet cell densities in KC group patients versus control group subjects (84.88 ± 32.98 and 128.88 ± 50.60 cells/mm,2 respectively, p < 0.05). There was a statistically significant reduction in MCH and CLT in KC group patients compared with control group subjects. Ap4A tear concentrations were higher in KC group patients than in control group subjects (2.56 ± 1.10 and 0.15 ± 0.12 µM, respectively, p < 0.05). Conclusions: The parameters evaluated in this study indicate that KC patients suffer greater symptoms of dry eye and greater tear instability, primarily due to the decreased mucin production in their tears, than do healthy patients with no KC.
  • Publication
    Efficacy of artificial tears based on an extract of artemia salina containing dinucleotides in a rabbit dry eye model
    (MDPI, 2021-11-05) Carpena Torres, Carlos; Pintor, Jesús; Huete Toral, Fernando; Martín Gil, Alba; Rodríguez Pomar, Candela; Martínez Águila, Alejandro; Carracedo Rodríguez, Juan Gonzalo
    Background: Artemia salina is a brine shrimp containing high concentrations of dinu-cleotides, molecules with properties for dry eye treatment. For this reason, the purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of the artificial tears based on an extract of Artemia salina in a rabbit dry eye model. Methods: A prospective and randomized study was carried out. Twenty rabbits were divided into 4 groups (n = 5, each group): healthy rabbits, dry eye rabbits, dry eye rabbits treated with hypromellose (HPMC), and dry eye rabbits treated with Artemia salina. Dry eye was induced by the topical instillation of 0.2% benzalkonium chloride. The measurements were performed before and after the treatment for 5 consecutive days. Results: The topical instillation of artificial tears containing Artemia salina showed beneficial effects on tear secretion, tear break-up time, corneal staining, the density of Goblet cells, heigh of mucin cloud secreted by these cells, and mRNA levels of IL-1β and MMP9 in conjunctival cells. Compared with the HPMC, there was a statistically significant improvement (p < 0.05) with the Artemia salina in all the variables under study, except for the conjunc-tival hyperemia, density of Goblet cells, and mRNA levels of IL-6. Conclusions: The potential of artificial tears based on Artemia salina as a secretagogue agent for dry eye treatment was confirmed, opening the door for future clinical trials and studies to extrapolate the findings for dry eye patients. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
  • Publication
    The influence of rigid gas permeable lens wear on the concentrations of dinucleotides in tears and the effect on dry eye signs and symptoms in keratoconus
    (Elsevier, 2016-10) Carracedo Rodríguez, Juan Gonzalo; González-Méijome, José Manuel; Martín Gil, Alba; Carballo Álvarez, Jesús; Pintor, Jesús
    Purpose: To evaluate the signs and symptoms of dry eye and dinucleotide secretion in tears of keratoconus patients (KC) and the potential effect of rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lens wear. Methods: Twenty-three KC patients and forty control subjects were enrolled in this study. Signs of dry eye including tear volume, tear stability and corneal staining along with symptoms were assessed using the McMonnies questionnaire. Tears were collected using Schirmer strips, and dinucleotide concentrations in collected tears measured using high pressure liquid chromatography. Values obtained in KC and controls were compared. The effect of contact lens wear in KC was also assessed. Results: KC eyes showed a significantly lower tear volume compared to controls, shorter tear break up time (TBUT), higher corneal staining and higher McMonnies dry eye questionnaire scores (p < 0.05). When compared with non-wearers, KC contact lens wearers showed significantly higher symptoms, lower Schirmer and TBUT values (p < 0.05). Concentration of Ap4A (0.695 ± 0.304 μM vs. 0.185 ± 0.178 μM) and Ap5A (0.132 ± 0.128 μM vs. 0.045 ± 0.036 μM) were higher in KC compared to controls (p < 0.001) and only Ap4A was statistically higher in RGP wearers compared to non-wearers (0.794 ± 0.478 μM vs. 0.417 ± 0.313 μM) (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Signs and symptoms of dry eye as well as concentrations of Ap4A and Ap5A were markedly increased in KC patients compared to controls. Moreover, Ap4A and symptoms of dry eye were statistically higher in RGP wearers compared to non-wearers. This seems to indicate that factors such as RGP contact lens wear might exacerbate the clinical condition of dry eye.
  • Publication
    Oxidative Stress in the Anterior Ocular Diseases: Diagnostic and Treatment
    (MDPI, 2023-01-20) Dammak, Azza; Pastrana, Cristina; Martín Gil, Alba; Carpena Torres, Carlos; Peral Cerdá, Assumpta; Simovart, Mirjam; Alarma-Estrany, Pilar; Huete Toral, Fernando; Carracedo Rodríguez, Juan Gonzalo
    The eye is a metabolically active structure, constantly exposed to solar radiations making its structure vulnerable to the high burden of reactive oxygen species (ROS), presenting many molecular interactions. The biomolecular cascade modification is caused especially in diseases of the ocular surface, cornea, conjunctiva, uvea, and lens. In fact, the injury in the anterior segment of the eye takes its origin from the perturbation of the pro-oxidant/antioxidant balance and leads to increased oxidative damage, especially when the first line of antioxidant defence weakens with age. Furthermore, oxidative stress is related to mitochondrial dysfunction, DNA damage, lipid peroxidation, protein modification, apoptosis, and inflammation, which are involved in anterior ocular disease progression such as dry eye, keratoconus, uveitis, and cataract. The different pathologies are interconnected through various mechanisms such as inflammation, oxidative stress making the diagnostics more relevant in early stages. The end point of the molecular pathway is the release of different antioxidant biomarkers offering the potential of predictive diagnostics of the pathology. In this review, we have analysed the oxidative stress and inflammatory processes in the front of the eye to provide a better understanding of the pathomechanism, the importance of biomarkers for the diagnosis of eye diseases, and the recent treatment of anterior ocular diseases.
  • Publication
    Comparison Between Viscous Teardrops and Saline Solution to Fill Orthokeratology Contact Lenses Before Overnight Wear
    (Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists, Inc, 2018-09) Carracedo Rodríguez, Juan Gonzalo; Villa Collar, César; Martín Gil, Alba; Serramito Blanco, María; Santamaría, Leticia
    Objective: To compare, in terms of efficacy, the differences between the use of saline solution and a viscous artificial tear to fill the lens during the first month of orthokeratology wear. Methods: A pilot, double-masked, crossed, randomized, and prospective study was conducted. In this study, 20 subjects (14 males and 6 females) with a mean age of 16.29±6.22 years (range, 10–26) were fitted with orthokeratology contact lenses. For the study, nonpreserved 0.9% NaCl commercial saline solution (Avizor, Madrid, Spain) and nonpreserved artificial teardrops with 0.3% of hyaluronic acid (Ocudry 0.3%; Avizor, Madrid, Spain) were used. Corneal staining, tear break up time (TBUT), topography, refraction, visual acuity, and subjective comfort and vision with the visual analog scale (score from 0 to 10, being 10 better comfort and vision) were evaluated at 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month of contact lens wear. Results: The corneal staining was statistically greater in the saline group than in the Ocudry group for the first day and during 1 week of wear (P<0.05). Comfort was found to be statistically better, with Ocudry 0.3% than saline solution, being 7.17±1.94 and 6.37±1.63, for the first day, and 8.78±0.43 and 8.15±0.62 for the day 28, respectively (P<0.05). However, no differences were found for subjective vision scores, TBUT, spherical equivalent, best-corrected visual acuity and uncorrected visual acuity, and mean keratometry between groups for any visit (P>0.05). Conclusion: Viscous artificial tears improve the subjective comfort of patients and reduce the corneal staining, compared with saline solution during the orthokeratology lenses fitting process. However, no differences between solutions for the treatment efficacy, in vision and corneal topography, were found.
  • Publication
    Symptoms and Signs in Rigid Gas Permeable Lens Wearers During Adaptation Period
    (Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists, Inc., 2016-03-01) Carracedo Rodríguez, Juan Gonzalo; Martín Gil, Alba; Peixoto de Matos, Sofía C.; Abejón Gil, Pilar; Macedo de Araújo, Rute Juliana; González Méijome, José Manuel
    Objectives: To evaluate neophyte contact lens wearers' fitting to rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lenses in terms of wearing time, tear volume, stability, corneal staining, and subjective ratings, over a 1-month period of time. Methods: Twenty-two young healthy subjects were enrolled for wearing RGP on a daily wear basis. The participants included in this study never wore contact lenses and showed a value under 10 in McMonnies Questionnaire. Contact Lens Dry Eye Questionnaire, Visual Analog Scales, Schirmer test, tear film break-up time (BUT), and corneal staining grading were performed. Follow-up visits were scheduled at 1, 7, 15, and 28 days. Results: Six subjects dropped out due to discomfort from the study before 1 month (27% of discontinuation rate). Successful RGP wearers (16 participants) achieved high levels of subjective vision and reported comfort scores of approximately 9 of 10 between 10 and 15 days. They reported wearing their lenses for an average of 10.12±2.43 hr after 1 month of wear. Conversely, unsuccessful wearers discontinued wearing the lenses after the first 10 to 15 days, showing comfort scores and wearing time significantly lower compared with the first day of wear. Schirmer test showed a significant increase at 10 days (P<0.001), and the BUT trends decreased after the first week of wear in unsuccessful group. Conclusions: Symptomatology related with dryness and discomfort, detected during the first 10 days of the adaptation, may help the clinician to predict those participants who will potentially fail to adapt to RGP lens wear.
  • Publication
    Influence of Circadian Rhythm in the Eye: Significance of Melatonin in Glaucoma
    (MDPI, 2021-02-24) Martínez Águila, Alejandro; Martín Gil, Alba; Carpena Torres, Carlos; Pastrana, Cristina; Carracedo Rodríguez, Juan Gonzalo
    Circadian rhythm and the molecules involved in it, such as melanopsin and melatonin, play an important role in the eye to regulate the homeostasis and even to treat some ocular conditions. As a result, many ocular pathologies like dry eye, corneal wound healing, cataracts, myopia, retinal diseases, and glaucoma are affected by this cycle. This review will summarize the current scientific literature about the influence of circadian patterns on the eye, focusing on its relationship with increased intraocular pressure (IOP) fluctuations and glaucoma. Regarding treatments, two ways should be studied: the first one, to analyze if some treatments could improve their effect on the ocular disease when their posology is established in function of circadian patterns, and the second one, to evaluate new drugs to treat eye pathologies related to the circadian rhythm, as it has been stated with melatonin or its analogs, that not only could be used as the main treatment but as coadjutant, improving the circadian pattern or its antioxidant and antiangiogenic properties.
  • Publication
    Differences in Dry Eye Questionnaire Symptoms in Two Different Modalities of Contact Lens Wear: Silicone-Hydrogel in Daily Wear Basis and Overnight Orthokeratology
    (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2016-08) García Porta, Nery; Rico del Viejo, Laura; Martín Gil, Alba; Carracedo Rodríguez, Juan Gonzalo; Pintor, Jesús; González-Méijome, José Manuel
    Purpose. To compare the ocular surface symptoms and signs in an adult population of silicone-hydrogel (Si-Hy) contact lens (CL) wearers with another modality of CL wear, overnight orthokeratology (OK). Materials and Methods. This was a prospective and comparative study in which 31 myopic subjects were fitted with the same Si-Hy CL and 23 underwent OK treatment for 3 months. Dry eye questionnaire (DEQ) was filled in at the beginning of the study and then after 15 days, 1 month, and 3 months using each CL modality. The tear quality was evaluated with noninvasive tear break-up time. Tear production was measured with Schirmer test. Tear samples were collected with Schirmer strips being frozen to analyze the dinucleotide diadenosine tetraphosphate (Ap4A) concentration with High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Results. After refitting with ortho-k, a reduction in discomfort and dryness symptoms at the end of the day (, ) was observed. No significant changes were observed in Ap4A concentration in any group. Bulbar redness, limbal redness, and conjunctival staining increased significantly in the Si-Hy group (, Kruskal–Wallis test). Conclusion. Discomfort and dryness symptoms at the end of the day are lower in the OK CL group than in the Si-Hy CL group.