Huerta Martínez, Luis Javier

Profile Picture
First Name
Luis Javier
Last Name
Huerta Martínez
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
UCM identifierScopus Author IDDialnet ID

Search Results

Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    Effects of Intraoperative Infusion of Esmolol on Systemic and Pulmonary Inflammation in a Porcine Experimental Model of Lung Resection Surgery.
    (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2019-01-01) Garutti Martínez, Ignacio; Rancán, Lisa; Abubakra, S; Simón Adiego, Carlos María; Paredes Royano, Sergio Damián; Ortega, J; Huerta Martínez, Luis Javier; Ramos, S; Vara Ameigeiras, Elena María
    Background: Lung resection surgery (LRS) is associated with systemic and pulmonary inflammation, which can affect postoperative outcomes. Activation of β-adrenergic receptors increases the expression of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory mediators, and their blockade may attenuate the systemic inflammatory response. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of a continuous perioperative intravenous perfusion of esmolol on postoperative pulmonary edema in an experimental model of LRS requiring periods of one-lung ventilation (OLV). Methods: Twenty-four large white pigs were randomly assigned to 3 groups: control (CON), esmolol (ESM), and sham. The ESM group received an intravenous esmolol bolus (0.5 mg/kg) and then an esmolol infusion (0.05 mg·kg·minute) throughout the procedure. The CON group received the same volume of 0.9% saline solution as the ESM group plus a continual infusion of saline. The sham group underwent a left thoracotomy without LRS or OLV. At the end of the LRS, the animals were awakened, and after 24 hours, they underwent general anesthesia again. Lung biopsies and plasma samples were obtained to analyze the levels and expression of inflammatory mediators, and the animals also received a bronchoalveolar lavage. Results: At 24 hours after the operation, the ESM group had less lung edema and lower expression of the proinflammatory biomarkers tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin (IL)-1 compared to the CON group for both lung lobes. For the mediastinal lobe biopsies, the mean difference and 95% confidence interval (CI) between the groups for edema, TNF, and IL-1 were 14.3 (95% CI, 5.6-23.1), P = .002; 0.19 (95% CI, 0.07-0.32), P = .002; and 0.13 (95% CI, 0.04-0.22), P = .006, respectively. In the left upper lobe, the mean differences for edema, TNF, and IL-1 were 12.4 (95% CI, 4.2-20.6), P = .003; 0.25 (95% CI, 0.12-0.37), P < .001; and 0.3 (95% CI, 0.08-0.53), P = .009. Conclusions: Our results suggest that esmolol reduces lung edema and inflammatory responses in the intraoperative and postoperative periods in animals that underwent LRS with OLV.
  • Publication
    Sevoflurane prevents liver inflammatory response induced by lung ischemia-reperfusion.
    (Lippincott, 2014-12-15) Rancán, Lisa; Huerta Martínez, Luis Javier; Cusati, G; Erquicia, I; Isea, J; Paredes Royano, Sergio Damián; García, C; Garutti Martínez, Ignacio; Simón Adiego, Carlos María; Vara Ameigeiras, Elena María
    Background: Transplants cause ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury that can affect distant organs. Liver is particularly sensitive to IR injury. The present randomized experimental study was designed to investigate a possible protective effect of sevoflurane against liver inflammatory response to lung IR in a lung upper lobe left autotransplant model. Methods: Two groups (sevoflurane and control) of eight swines each were submitted to upper lobe left lung autotransplant. Hypnotic maintenance was performed with sevoflurane 3% or propofol 8 to 10 mg/kg per hr until pneumonectomy was done; then propofol was used for all animals. Blood and liver samples were taken in four different moments: prepneumonectomy, prereperfusion, 10 min postreperfusion and 30 min postreperfusion to measure levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, nuclear factor (NF)-κB, C-reactive protein, ferritin and caspase 3. Non-parametric test was used to find statistical meaning. Results: Lung IR markedly increased the expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, MCP-1, NF-κB and caspase activity in control livers compared with basal levels, whereas liver IL-10 expression decreased 10 and 30 min post-reperfusion. Sevoflurane significantly decreased TNF-α, IL-1β, MCP-1, NF-κB liver expression and caspase 3 activity. Sevoflurane also reverted the lung IR-induced decrease in IL-10 expression. Conclusions: The present results indicate that lung IR caused hepatic injury. Sevoflurane attenuated liver injury in a model of upper lobe left lung autotransplant in pigs.