Callejo Arranz, María

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Callejo Arranz
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Farmacología y Toxicología
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Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
  • Publication
    Impact of a TAK-1 inhibitor as a single or as an add-on therapy to riociguat on the metabolic reprograming and pulmonary hypertension in the SUGEN5416/hypoxia rat model
    (Frontiers, 2023-03-29) Morales-Cano, Daniel; Barreira, Bianca; Pandolfi, Rachele; Villa-Valverde, Palmira; Izquierdo García, José Luis; Esquivel Ruiz, Sergio Antonio; Callejo Arranz, María; Rodríguez Ramírez De Arellano, Ignacio; Cogolludo Torralba, Ángel Luis; Ruiz-Cabello Osuna, Jesús; Pérez Vizcaíno, Francisco; Moreno Gutiérrez, Laura
    Background: Despite increasing evidence suggesting that pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a complex disease involving vasoconstriction, thrombosis, inflammation, metabolic dysregulation and vascular proliferation, all the drugs approved for PAH mainly act as vasodilating agents. Since excessive TGF-β signaling is believed to be a critical factor in pulmonary vascular remodeling, we hypothesized that blocking TGFβ-activated kinase 1 (TAK-1), alone or in combination with a vasodilator therapy (i.e., riociguat) could achieve a greater therapeutic benefit. Methods: PAH was induced in male Wistar rats by a single injection of the VEGF receptor antagonist SU5416 (20 mg/kg) followed by exposure to hypoxia (10%O2) for 21 days. Two weeks after SU5416 administration, vehicle, riociguat (3 mg/kg/day), the TAK-1 inhibitor 5Z-7-oxozeaenol (OXO, 3 mg/kg/day), or both drugs combined were administered for 7 days. Metabolic profiling of right ventricle (RV), lung tissues and PA smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) extracts were performed by magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and the differences between groups analyzed by multivariate statistical methods. Results: In vitro, riociguat induced potent vasodilator effects in isolated pulmonary arteries (PA) with negligible antiproliferative effects and metabolic changes in PASMCs. In contrast, 5Z-7-oxozeaenol effectively inhibited the proliferation of PASMCs characterized by a broad metabolic reprogramming but had no acute vasodilator effects. In vivo, treatment with riociguat partially reduced the increase in pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), RV hypertrophy (RVH), and pulmonary vascular remodeling, attenuated the dysregulation of inosine, glucose, creatine and phosphocholine (PC) in RV and fully abolished the increase in lung IL-1β expression. By contrast, 5Z-7-oxozeaenol significantly reduced pulmonary vascular remodeling and attenuated the metabolic shifts of glucose and PC in RV but had no effects on PAP or RVH. Importantly, combined therapy had an additive effect on pulmonary vascular remodeling and induced a significant metabolic effect over taurine, amino acids, glycolysis, and TCA cycle metabolism via glycine-serine-threonine metabolism. However, it did not improve the effects induced by riociguat alone on pulmonary pressure or RV remodeling. None of the treatments attenuated pulmonary endothelial dysfunction and hyperresponsiveness to serotonin in isolated PA. Conclusion: Our results suggest that inhibition of TAK-1 induces antiproliferative effects and its addition to short-term vasodilator therapy enhances the beneficial effects on pulmonary vascular remodeling and RV metabolic reprogramming in experimental PAH.
  • Publication
    Activation of PPARβ/δ prevents hyperglycaemia-induced impairment of Kv7 channels and cAMP-mediated relaxation in rat coronary arteries
    (Portland Press, 2016-09-15) Morales Cano, Daniel; Moreno Gutiérrez, Laura; Barreira, Bianca; Pandolfi, Rachele; Moral Sanz, Javier; Callejo Arranz, María; Mondejar Parreño, Gema; Pérez Vizcaíno, Francisco; Cogolludo Torralba, Ángel Luis
    PPARβ/δ activation protects against endothelial dysfunction in diabetic models. Elevated glucose is known to impair cAMP-induced relaxation and Kv channel function in coronary arteries (CA). Herein, we aimed to analyse the possible protective effects of the PPARβ/δ agonist GW0742 on the hyperglycaemic-induced impairment of cAMP-induced relaxation and Kv channel function in rat CA. As compared with low glucose (LG), incubation under high glucose (HG) conditions attenuated the relaxation induced by the adenylate cyclase activator forskolin in CA and this was prevented by GW0742. The protective effect of GW0742 was supressed by a PPARβ/δ antagonist. In myocytes isolated from CA under LG, forskolin enhanced Kv currents and induced hyperpolarization. In contrast, when CA were incubated with HG, Kv currents were diminished and the electrophysiological effects of forskolin were abolished. These deleterious effects were prevented by GW0742. The protective effects of GW0742 on forskolin-induced relaxation and Kv channel function were confirmed in CA from type-1 diabetic rats. In addition, the differences in the relaxation induced by forskolin in CA incubated under LG, HG or HG + GW0742 were abolished by the Kv7 channel inhibitor XE991. Accordingly, GW0742 prevented the down-regulation of Kv7 channels induced by HG. Finally, the preventive effect of GW0742 on oxidative stress and cAMP-induced relaxation were overcome by the pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK4) inhibitor dichloroacetate (DCA). Our results reveal that the PPARβ/δ agonist GW0742 prevents the impairment of the cAMP-mediated relaxation in CA under HG. This protective effect was associated with induction of PDK4, attenuation of oxidative stress and preservation of Kv7 channel function
  • Publication
    Oxygen-Sensitivity and Pulmonary Selectivity of Vasodilators as Potential Drugs for Pulmonary Hypertension
    (MDPI, 2021-01-21) Morales Cano, Daniel; Barreira, Bianca; De Olaiz Navarro, Beatriz; Callejo Arranz, María; Mondejar Parreño, Gema; Esquivel Ruiz, Sergio Antonio; Lorente, José Ángel; Moreno Gutiérrez, Laura; Barberá, Joan Albert; Cogolludo Torralba, Ángel Luis; Pérez Vizcaíno, Francisco
    Current approved therapies for pulmonary hypertension (PH) aim to restore the balance between endothelial mediators in the pulmonary circulation. These drugs may exert vasodilator effects on poorly oxygenated vessels. This may lead to the derivation of blood perfusion towards low ventilated alveoli, i.e., producing ventilation-perfusion mismatch, with detrimental effects on gas exchange. The aim of this study is to analyze the oxygen-sensitivity in vitro of 25 drugs currently used or potentially useful for PH. Additionally, the study analyses the effectiveness of these vasodilators in the pulmonary vs the systemic vessels. Vasodilator responses were recorded in pulmonary arteries (PA) and mesenteric arteries (MA) from rats and in human PA in a wire myograph under different oxygen concentrations. None of the studied drugs showed oxygen selectivity, being equally or more effective as vasodilators under conditions of low oxygen as compared to high oxygen levels. The drugs studied showed low pulmonary selectivity, being equally or more effective as vasodilators in systemic than in PA. A similar behavior was observed for the members within each drug family. In conclusion, none of the drugs showed optimal vasodilator profile, which may limit their therapeutic efficacy in PH.