Person: Callejo Arranz, María
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Farmacología y Toxicología
Now showing 1 - 6 of 6
PublicationTotal, Bioavailable, and Free Vitamin D Levels and Their Prognostic Value in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension(MDPI, 2020-02-06) Callejo Arranz, María; Mondejar Parreño, Gema; Esquivel Ruiz, Sergio Antonio; Olivencia Plaza, Miguel Ángel; Moreno Gutiérrez, Laura; Blanco, Isabel; Escribano Subías, María Pilar; Cogolludo Torralba, Ángel Luis; Barbera, Joan Albert; Pérez Vizcaíno, FranciscoIntroduction: Epidemiological studies suggest a relationship between vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. However, whether total, bioavailable, and/or free vitamin D levels have a prognostic role in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is unknown. We aimed to determine total, bioavailable, and free 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25(OH)vitD) plasma levels and their prognostic value in PAH patients. Methods: In total, 67 samples of plasma from Spanish patients with idiopathic, heritable, or drug-induced PAH were obtained from the Spanish PH Biobank and compared to a cohort of 100 healthy subjects. Clinical parameters were obtained from the Spanish Registry of PAH (REHAP). Results: Seventy percent of PAH patients had severe vitamin D deficiency (total 25(OH)vitD < 10 ng/mL) and secondary hyperparathyroidism. PAH patients with total 25(OH)vitD plasma above the median of this cohort (7.17 ng/mL) had better functional class and higher 6-min walking distance and TAPSE (tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion). The main outcome measure of survival was significantly increased in these patients (age-adjusted hazard ratio: 5.40 (95% confidence interval: 2.88 to 10.12)). Vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) and albumin plasma levels were downregulated in PAH. Bioavailable 25(OH)vitD was decreased in PAH patients compared to the control cohort. Lower levels of bioavailable 25(OH)vitD (<0.91 ng/mL) were associated with more advanced functional class, lower exercise capacity, and higher risk of mortality. Free 25(OH)vitD did not change in PAH; however, lower free 25(OH)vitD (<1.53 pg/mL) values were also associated with high risk of mortality. Conclusions: Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in PAH, and low levels of total 25(OH)vitD were associated with poor prognosis. PublicationRestoration of Vitamin D Levels Improves Endothelial Function and Increases TASK-Like K+ Currents in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Associated with Vitamin D Deficiency(MPDI, 2021-05-26) Callejo Arranz, María; Morales Cano, Daniel; Mondejar Parreño, Gema; Barreira, Bianca; Esquivel Ruiz, Sergio Antonio; Olivencia Plaza, Miguel Ángel; Moreno Gutiérrez, Laura; Cogolludo Torralba, Ángel Luis; Pérez Vizcaíno, FranciscoVitamin D (vitD) deficiency is highly prevalent in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Moreover, PAH-patients with lower levels of vitD have worse prognosis. We hypothesize that recovering optimal levels of vitD in an animal model of PAH previously depleted of vitD improves the hemodynamics, the endothelial dysfunction and the ionic remodeling. Methods: Male Wistar rats were fed a vitD-free diet for five weeks and then received a single dose of Su5416 (20 mg/Kg) and were exposed to vitD-free diet and chronic hypoxia (10% O2) for three weeks to induce PAH. Following this, vitD deficient rats with PAH were housed in room air and randomly divided into two groups: (a) continued on vitD-free diet or (b) received an oral dose of 100,000 IU/Kg of vitD plus standard diet for three weeks. Hemodynamics, pulmonary vascular remodeling, pulmonary arterial contractility, and K+ currents were analyzed. Results: Recovering optimal levels of vitD improved endothelial function, measured by an increase in the endothelium-dependent vasodilator response to acetylcholine. It also increased the activity of TASK-1 potassium channels. However, vitD supplementation did not reduce pulmonary pressure and did not ameliorate pulmonary vascular remodeling and right ventricle hypertrophy. Conclusions: Altogether, these data suggest that in animals with PAH and severe deficit of vitD, restoring vitD levels to an optimal range partially improves some pathophysiological features of PAH. PublicationPlan de formación docente de jóvenes investigadores pre- y postdoctorales del Departamento de Farmacología y Toxicología.(2019-10-31) O'Shea Gaya, María Esther; Pérez Vizcaino, Francisco; Aleixandre De Artiñano, María Amaya; Caballero Collado, Ricardo; Cogolludo Torralba, Ángel Luis; Delpon Mosquera, María Eva; Gutiérrez López, María Dolores; Lizasoain Hernández, Ignacio; Moro Sánchez, María Ángeles; Tejerina Sánchez, María Teresa; Tamargo Menéndez, Juán; Moreno Gutiérrez, Laura; Vicente Crespo, María Elena; Giménez Gómez, Pablo; Ulecia Morón, Cristina; Callejo Arranz, María; Medina Alonso, Violeta; García Utrilla, RaquelLos objetivos que se han alcanzado son los siguientes: 1. Teniendo en cuenta los resultados obtenidos durante el curso 2018-19 (además de los resultados obtenidos en el curso 2017-18) los participantes han alcanzado una formación por encima de lo esperado en Farmacología habiendo asistido a una media de 57% del curso en su primer año de participación (cuando lo estipulado en el Plan de Formacion Docente es del 30%). Además, han superado un 42,3% de la materia entre su primer y segundo año con una calificación media de 8,3. 2. Los jóvenes investigadores han realizado una media de 10 horas de prácticas docentes contabilizando aquellas dedicadas a la asistencia a prácticas como oyentes, el ensayo de las prácticas con tutores y la impartición misma de las sesiones de prácticas. El número de horas está muy limitado por el bajo número de horas prácticas en las asignaturas de Farmacología del Dpto. y el elevado número de jóvenes investigadores incorporados al Dpto. 3. Con todo lo anterior, los jóvenes investigadores han alcanzado la formación en competencias docentes y las horas realizadas han sido acreditadas a las respectivas autoridades de sus becas/contratos. Su participación en la docencia práctica les permitirá en el futuro solicitar un certificado de actividades docentes emitido por las autoridades académicas de la Facultad de Medicina que avalaran su experiencia docente en solicitudes de acreditación a las diferentes figuras de profesor ante la ANECA. Además, el Dpto. de Farmacología y Toxicología ha emitido informes detallados de Aptitud Docente en Farmacología reflejando su participación en el Plan de Formación Docente del Dpto. que podrán ser consideradas en solicitudes a puestos docentes en el futuro. PublicationImpact of a TAK-1 inhibitor as a single or as an add-on therapy to riociguat on the metabolic reprograming and pulmonary hypertension in the SUGEN5416/hypoxia rat model(Frontiers, 2023-03-29) Morales-Cano, Daniel; Barreira, Bianca; Pandolfi, Rachele; Villa-Valverde, Palmira; Izquierdo García, José Luis; Esquivel Ruiz, Sergio Antonio; Callejo Arranz, María; Rodríguez Ramírez De Arellano, Ignacio; Cogolludo Torralba, Ángel Luis; Ruiz-Cabello Osuna, Jesús; Pérez Vizcaíno, Francisco; Moreno Gutiérrez, LauraBackground: Despite increasing evidence suggesting that pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a complex disease involving vasoconstriction, thrombosis, inflammation, metabolic dysregulation and vascular proliferation, all the drugs approved for PAH mainly act as vasodilating agents. Since excessive TGF-β signaling is believed to be a critical factor in pulmonary vascular remodeling, we hypothesized that blocking TGFβ-activated kinase 1 (TAK-1), alone or in combination with a vasodilator therapy (i.e., riociguat) could achieve a greater therapeutic benefit. Methods: PAH was induced in male Wistar rats by a single injection of the VEGF receptor antagonist SU5416 (20 mg/kg) followed by exposure to hypoxia (10%O2) for 21 days. Two weeks after SU5416 administration, vehicle, riociguat (3 mg/kg/day), the TAK-1 inhibitor 5Z-7-oxozeaenol (OXO, 3 mg/kg/day), or both drugs combined were administered for 7 days. Metabolic profiling of right ventricle (RV), lung tissues and PA smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) extracts were performed by magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and the differences between groups analyzed by multivariate statistical methods. Results: In vitro, riociguat induced potent vasodilator effects in isolated pulmonary arteries (PA) with negligible antiproliferative effects and metabolic changes in PASMCs. In contrast, 5Z-7-oxozeaenol effectively inhibited the proliferation of PASMCs characterized by a broad metabolic reprogramming but had no acute vasodilator effects. In vivo, treatment with riociguat partially reduced the increase in pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), RV hypertrophy (RVH), and pulmonary vascular remodeling, attenuated the dysregulation of inosine, glucose, creatine and phosphocholine (PC) in RV and fully abolished the increase in lung IL-1β expression. By contrast, 5Z-7-oxozeaenol significantly reduced pulmonary vascular remodeling and attenuated the metabolic shifts of glucose and PC in RV but had no effects on PAP or RVH. Importantly, combined therapy had an additive effect on pulmonary vascular remodeling and induced a significant metabolic effect over taurine, amino acids, glycolysis, and TCA cycle metabolism via glycine-serine-threonine metabolism. However, it did not improve the effects induced by riociguat alone on pulmonary pressure or RV remodeling. None of the treatments attenuated pulmonary endothelial dysfunction and hyperresponsiveness to serotonin in isolated PA. Conclusion: Our results suggest that inhibition of TAK-1 induces antiproliferative effects and its addition to short-term vasodilator therapy enhances the beneficial effects on pulmonary vascular remodeling and RV metabolic reprogramming in experimental PAH. PublicationActivation of PPARβ/δ prevents hyperglycaemia-induced impairment of Kv7 channels and cAMP-mediated relaxation in rat coronary arteries(Portland Press, 2016-09-15) Morales Cano, Daniel; Moreno Gutiérrez, Laura; Barreira, Bianca; Pandolfi, Rachele; Moral Sanz, Javier; Callejo Arranz, María; Mondejar Parreño, Gema; Pérez Vizcaíno, Francisco; Cogolludo Torralba, Ángel LuisPPARβ/δ activation protects against endothelial dysfunction in diabetic models. Elevated glucose is known to impair cAMP-induced relaxation and Kv channel function in coronary arteries (CA). Herein, we aimed to analyse the possible protective effects of the PPARβ/δ agonist GW0742 on the hyperglycaemic-induced impairment of cAMP-induced relaxation and Kv channel function in rat CA. As compared with low glucose (LG), incubation under high glucose (HG) conditions attenuated the relaxation induced by the adenylate cyclase activator forskolin in CA and this was prevented by GW0742. The protective effect of GW0742 was supressed by a PPARβ/δ antagonist. In myocytes isolated from CA under LG, forskolin enhanced Kv currents and induced hyperpolarization. In contrast, when CA were incubated with HG, Kv currents were diminished and the electrophysiological effects of forskolin were abolished. These deleterious effects were prevented by GW0742. The protective effects of GW0742 on forskolin-induced relaxation and Kv channel function were confirmed in CA from type-1 diabetic rats. In addition, the differences in the relaxation induced by forskolin in CA incubated under LG, HG or HG + GW0742 were abolished by the Kv7 channel inhibitor XE991. Accordingly, GW0742 prevented the down-regulation of Kv7 channels induced by HG. Finally, the preventive effect of GW0742 on oxidative stress and cAMP-induced relaxation were overcome by the pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK4) inhibitor dichloroacetate (DCA). Our results reveal that the PPARβ/δ agonist GW0742 prevents the impairment of the cAMP-mediated relaxation in CA under HG. This protective effect was associated with induction of PDK4, attenuation of oxidative stress and preservation of Kv7 channel function PublicationOxygen-Sensitivity and Pulmonary Selectivity of Vasodilators as Potential Drugs for Pulmonary Hypertension(MDPI, 2021-01-21) Morales Cano, Daniel; Barreira, Bianca; De Olaiz Navarro, Beatriz; Callejo Arranz, María; Mondejar Parreño, Gema; Esquivel Ruiz, Sergio Antonio; Lorente, José Ángel; Moreno Gutiérrez, Laura; Barberá, Joan Albert; Cogolludo Torralba, Ángel Luis; Pérez Vizcaíno, FranciscoCurrent approved therapies for pulmonary hypertension (PH) aim to restore the balance between endothelial mediators in the pulmonary circulation. These drugs may exert vasodilator effects on poorly oxygenated vessels. This may lead to the derivation of blood perfusion towards low ventilated alveoli, i.e., producing ventilation-perfusion mismatch, with detrimental effects on gas exchange. The aim of this study is to analyze the oxygen-sensitivity in vitro of 25 drugs currently used or potentially useful for PH. Additionally, the study analyses the effectiveness of these vasodilators in the pulmonary vs the systemic vessels. Vasodilator responses were recorded in pulmonary arteries (PA) and mesenteric arteries (MA) from rats and in human PA in a wire myograph under different oxygen concentrations. None of the studied drugs showed oxygen selectivity, being equally or more effective as vasodilators under conditions of low oxygen as compared to high oxygen levels. The drugs studied showed low pulmonary selectivity, being equally or more effective as vasodilators in systemic than in PA. A similar behavior was observed for the members within each drug family. In conclusion, none of the drugs showed optimal vasodilator profile, which may limit their therapeutic efficacy in PH.