Person: Andreu Rodríguez, José Manuel
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Personalidad, Evaluación y Psicología Clínica
Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico
Now showing 1 - 5 of 5
PublicationUn modelo dicotómico de agresión y su evaluación mediante dos autoinformes: el CAMA y el RPQ(Sociedad Española de Psicología Clínica, Legal y Forense y la Sociedad Española de Psiquiatría Forense, 2006) Andreu Rodríguez, José Manuel; Ramirez, J. Martin; Raine, AdrianEl presente trabajo muestra la complejidad inherente a la clasificación de la agresión, no sólo porque este constructo ya en sí mismo es ambiguo y presenta múltiples facetas y matices, sino porque los investigadores y especialistas en la materia utilizan sus propios conceptos y tipología de la agresión que podrían estar haciendo referencia a la misma realidad epistemológica aunque denominándola de distinta forma. Con esta intención, se describen los principales tipos de agresión que los especialistas en esta disciplina han ido ofreciendo a la comunidad científica a lo largo de las últimas décadas. A partir del reconocimiento de esta complejidad, se ofrece un modelo dicotómico de la agresión basado fundamentalmente en el análisis de la motivación básica del agresor (Raine et al., 2006). Según este enfoque, las diferentes conductas agresivas que se manifiestan en los diferentes focos de expresión, podrían polarizarse en dos estructuras básicas: reactiva y proactiva. Al respecto, se añaden los correlatos psicopato(bio)lógicos que apoyan estas dos dimensiones, así como también la utilidad de su valoración mediante dos auto-informes (CAMA y RPQ) de cara al estudio de la motivación “oculta” del agresor. Finalmente, planteamos la utilidad de este modelo teórico para analizar la motivación del comportamiento agresivo a través de diferentes instrumentos de auto-informe.[ABSTRACT]The present paper shows the inherent complexity of classifying aggression not only because this construct is already ambiguous in itself and presents various dimensions and shades, but also because researchers and specialists in this field use their own concepts and typology of aggression which could make reference to the some epistemological reality but naming it in a different way. With this intention in mind, we describe the different types of aggression that specialists in this field have been offering to the scientific community during the last decades. Starting with the awareness of this complexity, we offer a dichotomic model of aggression fundamentally based on the analysis of the basic motivation of the aggressor. According to this perspective, the aggressive behaviours manifested in the different community settings, could polarize in two basic structures: reactive and proactive. To this, we sum the psychopatho(bio)logical correlates which support these two dimensions, as well as the utility of the self-reports in order to analyse the hidden motivation of the aggressor using two different inventories: (CAMA y RPQ). Finally, we question the usefulness of this theoretical model to shed light on the motivation of aggressive behavior through different self-report instruments. PublicationModerate and severe aggression justification in instrumental and reactive contexts(2008) Peña Fernández, María Elena de la; Andreu Rodríguez, José Manuel; Graña Gómez, José Luis; Pahlavan, F.; Ramirez, J. MartinThe main goal of this study was to analyze the justification of interpersonal aggression in various situations or contexts. For this purpose, a self-report instrument was employed that measures different kinds of aggressive behaviors in situations in which it may be considered justified: the Cuestionario de Actitudes Morales sobre Agresión (CAMA; Ramirez, 1991), a reliable and valid test to measure the different degrees to which youth and adolescents may justify interpersonal aggression (Ramirez & Andreu, 2006). A large sample (N = 735) of participants from various educational centers of Madrid was utilized. Results revealed that normative beliefs vary as a function of age, sex, and the instrumental-reactive context. Reactive situations elicited higher levels of justification than instrumental situations and higher levels in the justifying beliefs about severe aggression were found among men than among women and in adolescents than in young adults. There were no significant differences in the justifying beliefs about moderate aggression. PublicationAggression's typologies(2003) Ramirez, J. Martin; Andreu Rodríguez, José ManuelFar from being a term associated with a single type of behavior, aggression is a multifaceted concept, encompassing a multitude of behaviors with different functions and antecedents. Although not all forms of aggression are contemplated in this paper, our purpose is to provide a short summary of much of the research that attempts to distinguish among different kinds of animal and human aggression. We conclude suggesting the need for a new empirical model to be used as a typology of human aggression.[RÉSUMÉ]Loin d’être associée à un type unique de comportement, l’agression correspond davantage à une multitude de comportements avec différentes fonctions et différents antécédents et doit donc être appréhendée comme un concept à facettes multiples. Bien que toutes les formes d’agression ne soient pas envisagées dans cet article , notre propos est d’offrir une brève synthèse permettant de distinguer différents types d’agression animale et humaine. Nous concluons sur l’utilité d’un nouveau modèle empirique permettant une typologie de l’agression humaine. PublicationThe main symptoms of the AHA-syndrome: relationships between anger, hostility, and aggression in a normal population(Anamaya Publishers, 2009) Ramirez, J. Martin; Andreu Rodríguez, José ManuelThe purpose of the present study is to analyse the relationship between the main symptoms of the AHA-Syndrome – anger, hostility, and aggression – summarising the main empirical results of our research in normal people. The different definitions of aggression may be grouped according to whether the primary goal is distress or harm, focussing primarily on the objective infliction of harm, or on the subjective intention of harming. Most classifications in the literature show two kinds of aggression, even if different names are used: (i) hostile aggression – also known as reactive, impulsive, or affective – is an act, primarily oriented to hurt another individual; and (ii) instrumental aggression – also known as proactive, premeditated, or predative – is a means or tool for solving problems, or for obtaining a variety of objectives. As predicted, there was a positive correlation between the experience and expression of anger. Anger involved physiological arousal and prepared for aggression. Finally, hostility positively correlated with anger and different kinds of aggression, but not its degree of justification. PublicationAggression, and some related psychological constructs (Anger, Hostility, and Impulsivity): comments from a research project(Elsevier, 2006) Ramirez, J. Martin; Andreu Rodríguez, José ManuelThe purpose of the present study was: first, to offer a few theoretical considerations on the concept of human aggression and its main types; and second, to analyse the relationship between those types of aggression and other related psychological constructs, such as anger, hostility, and impulsivity, summarizing the main empirical results of our research in progress. In order to assess their eventual correlations, several self-report techniques were compared: a) AQ, used to measure several kinds of aggression, anger, and hostility; b) CAMA, a questionnaire already used in a variety of cultures, for measuring attitudes toward interpersonal aggression in different instrumental and hostile situations; c) ASQ, an instrument for measuring experienced anger and its expression in assertive or aggressive ways; and d) BIS, used to prove three impulsiveness sub-traits: motor, attentional, and non-planning impulsiveness. The different definitions of aggression may be grouped according to whether the primary goal is distress or harm, focusing primarily on the objective infliction of harm, or on the subjective intention of harming. Most classifications in the literature show two kinds of aggression, even if different names are used: Hostile Aggression (among other names it is also known as 'reactive, impulsive, or affective') is an act primarily oriented to hurt another individual; and Instrumental Aggression (also known as 'proactive, premeditated, or predative') is a means or tool for solving problems or for obtaining a variety of objectives. As predicted, there was a positive correlation between experience and expression of anger. Anger involved physiological arousal and prepared for aggression. Anger and impulsiveness were also positively correlated with hostile aggression, but not with instrumental aggression. In the case of impulsiveness, non-planning impulsiveness was positively correlated with some situations related to hostile aggression, such as emotional agitation or lack of communication, but not with instrumental one.