Person:
André García, Francisco Javier

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First Name
Francisco Javier
Last Name
André García
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales
Department
Análisis Económico y economía cuantitativa
Area
Fundamentos del Análisis Económico
Identifiers
UCM identifierORCIDScopus Author IDWeb of Science ResearcherIDDialnet IDGoogle Scholar ID

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Now showing 1 - 6 of 6
  • Publication
    Designing Efficient Subsidy Policies in a Regional Economy: A Multicriteria Decision-Making (MCDM)-Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Approach
    (2009) André García, Francisco Javier; Cardenete, M. Alejandro
    Since policy-makers usually pursue several conflicting objectives, policy-making can be understood as a multicriteria decision problem. Following the methodological proposal by André and Cardenete (2005) André, F. J. and Cardenete, M. A. 2005. Multicriteria Policy Making. Defining Efficient Policies in a General Equilibrium Model, Seville: Centro de Estudios Andaluces. Working Paper No. E2005/04, multi-objective programming is used in connection with a computable general equilibrium model to represent optimal policy-making and to obtain so-called efficient policies in an application to a regional economy (Andalusia, Spain). This approach is applied to the design of subsidy policies under two different scenarios. In the first scenario, it is assumed that the government is concerned just about two objectives: ensuring the profitability of a key strategic sector and increasing overall output. Finally, the scope of the exercise is enlarged by solving a problem with seven policy objectives, including both general and sectorial objectives. It is concluded that the observed policy could have been Pareto-improved in several directions.
  • Publication
    Optimal sequence of landfills in solid waste management
    (2001) André García, Francisco Javier; Cerdá Tena, Emilio
    Given that landfills are depletable and replaceable resources, the right approach, when dealing with landfill management, is that of designing an optimal sequence of landfills rather than designing every single landfill separately. In this paper we use Optimal Control models, with mixed elements of both continuous and discrete time problems, to determine an optimal sequence of landfills, as regarding their capacity and lifetime. The resulting optimization problems involve splitting a time horizon of planning into several subintervals, the length of which has to be decided. In each of the subintervals some costs, the amount of which depends on the value of the decision variables, have to be borne. The obtained results may be applied to other economic problems such as private and public investments, consumption decisions on durable goods, etc.
  • Publication
    Intertemporal and spatial location of disposal facilities
    (2009) André García, Francisco Javier; Velasco, Francisco; González-Abril, Luis
    The optimal capacities and locations of a sequence of landfills are studied, and the interactions between these characteristics are considered. Deciding the capacity of a landfill has some spatial implications since it affects the feasible region for the remaining landfills, and some temporal implications because the capacity determines the lifetime of the landfill and hence the moment of time when the next landfills should be constructed. Some general mathematical properties of the solution are provided and interpreted from an economic point of view. The resulting problem turns out to be non-convex and, therefore, it cannot be solved by conventional optimization techniques. Some global optimization methods are used to solve the problem in a particular case in order to illustrate how the solution depends on the parameter values.
  • Publication
    Los Biocomustibles. El Estado de la cuestión
    (Instituo Complutense de Estudios Internacionales, 2009) André García, Francisco Javier
    Los biocombustibles han experimentado una fuerte expansión gracias a los incentivos otorgados por los poderes públicos y a algunas ventajas como la capacidad para reducir la dependencia energética exterior, la mayor creación de empleos, especialmente en zonas rurales, o el menor impacto ambiental en comparación con los combustibles fósiles. No obstante, los biocombustibles se han puesto recientemente en entredicho debido a la situación de los mercados energéticos y a algunos estudios que han matizado sus posibles ventajas y desventajas. En este trabajo se trata de presentar una síntesis de las principales cuestiones suscitadas en torno a los biocombustibles. En primer lugar, se presenta una perspectiva histórica y de la situación actual del empleo de la biomasa y los biocombustibles en el mundo y en España. A continuación, se enumeran los principales argumentos a favor de los biocombustibles, se repasan las principales políticas de promoción que se han venido aplicando en distintos países y, por último, se presenta una discusión de los aspectos más controvertidos de los biocombustibles.
  • Publication
    An optimal sequence of landfills in municipal solid waste management
    (Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico (ICAE), 2000) André García, Francisco Javier; Cerdá Tena, Emilio
    Given that landfills are depletable and replaceable resources, the right approach, when dealing with landfill management, is that of designing an optimal sequence of landfills rather than every single landfill separately. In this paper we use Optimal Control models, with mixed elements of both continuous and discrete time problems, to determine an optimal sequence of landfills, as regarding their capacity and lifetime. The resulting optimization problems involve dividing a time horizon of planning into subintervals the length of which has to be decided. In each of the subintervals some costs, the amount of which depends on the value of the decision variables, have to be borne. The obtruned results are useful for other economic problems such as private an public investrnents, consumption decisions on durable goods, etc.
  • Publication
    Defining efficient policies in a general equilibrium model: a multi-objective approach
    (2008) André García, Francisco Javier; Cardenete, M. Alejandro
    Macroeconomic policy makers are typically concerned with several indicators of economic performance. We thus propose to tackle the design of macroeconomic policy using Multicriteria Decision Making (MCDM) techniques. More specifically, we employ Multiobjective Programming (MP) to seek so-called efficient policies. The MP approach is combined with a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. We chose use of a CGE model since they have the dual advantage of being consistent with standard economic theory while allowing one to measure the effect(s) of a specific policy with real data. Applying the proposed methodology to Spain (via the 1995 Social Accounting Matrix) we first quantified the trade-offs between two specific policy objectives: growth and inflation, when designing fiscal policy. We then constructed a frontier of efficient policies involving real growth and inflation. In doing so, we found that policy in 1995 Spain displayed some degree of inefficiency with respect to these two policy objectives. We then offer two sets of policy recommendations that, ostensibly, could have helped Spain at the time. The first deals with efficiency independent of the importance given to both growth and inflation by policy makers (we label this set: general policy recommendations). A second set depends on which policy objective is seen as more important by policy makers: increasing growth or controlling inflation (we label this one: objective-specific recommendations).