Publication:
Assessing extreme droughts in Spain during 1750-1850 from rogation ceremonies

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Full text at PDC
Publication Date
2012
Advisors (or tutors)
Editors
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Copernicus Gesellschaft MBH
Citations
Google Scholar
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Abstract
Among the different meteorological hazards, droughts are those with the highest socio-economical impact on the Iberian Peninsula. Drought events have been largely studied in the instrumental period, but very little is known about the characteristics of droughts in the preinstrumental period. In this work, several series of rogation ceremonies are used to identify severe droughts within the period 1750-1850. The overlapping of the rogation series with some instrumental series served to identify some climatic characteristics of rogation ceremonies: (a) during spring, rainfall deficits needed to celebrate rogation ceremonies are smaller than in any other season; (b) the hydrological deficit in a particular region increases with the number of locations celebrating rogations simultaneously. On the other hand, it was found that between 1750-1754 and 1779-1783 are probably the driest periods of the 101 analyzed years. Both show an important number of rogations all over Iberia and during all the seasons. The most extended drought of this period occurred during the spring of 1817, affecting 15 of the 16 locations studied. This drought was influenced by the Tambora eruption (1815). The study of the climate footprint of this eruption and its comparison with similar situations in the series suggest that the spring drought of 1824 may be associated with the eruptions of the Galunggung and Usu volcanoes (1822). Further studies are required to confirm this fact and understand the atmospheric mechanisms involved.
Description
© Author(s) 2012. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Authors are grateful to D. Wheeler who provides rainfall data from Gibraltar. This work has been financed by the Ministry of the Environment, Rural and Maritime Affairs of Spain "Salva-Sinobas project: Climatic Variability Characterization in the Iberian Peninsula during the Period 1750-1850" (ref. 200800050083542), Spanish Science and Innovation Ministry (AYA2008-04864/AYA and AYA2011-25945) and MILLENNIUM Project (European Commision, IP 017008-2).
UCM subjects
Astrofísica, Astronomía (Física)
Unesco subjects
Keywords
Citation
Alcoforado, M. J., Nunes, M. F., García, J. C., and Taborda, J. P.: Temperature and precipitation reconstruction in southern Portugal during the late Maunder Minimum (1675–1715), Holocene, 10, 333–340, 2000. Alcoforado, M. J., Vaquero, J. M., Trigo, R. M., and Taborda, J. P.: Early Portuguese meteorological measurements (18th century), Clim. Past, 8, 353–371, doi:10.5194/cp-8-353-2012, 2012. Alvarez Sáenz de Buruaga, J.: Materiales para la historia de Mérida (de 1637 a 1936), Ayuntamiento de Badajoz, Badajoz, Spain, 363 pp., 1994. Alvarez Vázquez, J. A.: Drought and Rainy Periods in the Province of Zamora in the 17th, 18th, and 19th Centuries, in: Quaternary Climate in Western Mediterranean, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain, 221–233, 1986. Barriendos, M.: Climatic variations in the Iberian peninsula during the late Maunder minimum (AD 1675–1715): an analysis of data from rogation ceremonies, Holocene, 7, 105–111, 1997. Barriendos, M., Gómez, B., and Peña, J. C.: Old series of meteorological readings for Madrid and Barcelona (1780–1860) documentary and observed characteristics, in: Advances in historical climatology in Spain, oikos-tau, Barcelona, Spain, 157–172, 1997. Barriendos, M., Martín Vide, J., Peña, J. C., and Rodríguez, R.: Daily meteorological observations in Cádiz-San Fernando, Analysis of the documentary sources and instrumental data content (1786–1996), Climatic Change, 53, 151–170, 2002. Bronto, S.: Volcanic geology of Galunggung, West Java, Indonesia, Ph.D. thesis, University of Canterbury, New Zealand, 490 pp., 1989. Camuffo, D., Bertolin, C., Diodato, N., Cocheo, C., Enzi, S., Sghedoni, M., Barriendos, M., Domínguez Castro, F., Garnier, E., Alcoforado, M. J., and Nunes, M. F.: 500-year precipitation reconstruction in the Western Mediterranean Basin by means of documentary data and instrumental observations, Climatic Change, in review, 2011. Cuadrat, J. M. and Vicente Serrano, S.: La sécheresse en Aragón à partir des archives des rogations (XVIe-XIXe S.), Rev. Climatol., 14, 44–50, 2002. Cullen, H. M., deMenocal, P. B., Hemming, S., Hemming, G., Brown, F. H., Guilderson, T., and Sirocko, F.: Climate change and the collapse of the Akkadian empire: Evidence from the deep sea, Geology, 28, 379–382, 2000. Curtis, J. H. and Hodell, D. A.: Climate variability on the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico) during the past 3500 years, and implications for Maya cultural evolution, Quaternary Res., 46, 37–47, 1996. deMenocal, P.: Cultural responses to climate change during the Late Holocene, Science, 292, 667–673, 2001. Diffenbaugh, N. S., Pal, J. S., Giorgi, F., and Gao, X.: Heat stress intensification in the Mediterranean climate change hotspot, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L11706, doi:10.1029/2007GL030000, 2007. Domínguez Castro, F., Santisteban, J. I., Barriendos, M., and Mediavilla, R.: Reconstruction of drought episodes for central Spain from rogation ceremonies recorded at Toledo Cathedral from 1506 to 1900: A methodological approach, Global Planet. Change, 63, 230–242, 2008. Domínguez Castro, F., García Herrera, R., Ribera, P., and Barriendos, M.: A shift in the spatial pattern of Iberian droughts during the 17th century, Clim. Past, 6, 553–563, doi:10.5194/cp-6-553-2010, 2010. Dong, X., Xi, B., Kennedy, A., Feng, Z., Entin, J. K., Houser, P. R., Schiffer, R. A., L’Ecuyer, T., Olson, W. S., Hsu, K., Liu, W. T., Lin, B., Deng, Y., and Jiang, T.: Investigation of the 2006 drought and 2007 flood extremes at the Southern Great Plains through an integrative analysis of observations, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D03204, doi:10.1029/2010JD014776, 2011. Drysdale, R., Zanchetta, G., Hellstrom, J., Maas, R., Fallick, A., Pickett, M., Cartwright, I., and Piccini, L.: Late Holocene drought responsible for the collapse of Old World civilizations is recorded in an Italian cave flowstone, Geology, 34, 101–104, 2006. Esper, J., Frank, D., Büntgen, U., Luterbacher, J., and Xoplaki, E.: Long-term drought severity variations in Morocco, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L17702, doi:10.1029/2007GL030844, 2007. Esteban Parra, M. J., Rodrigo, F. S., and Castro Díez, Y.: Spatial and temporal patterns of precipitation in Spain for the period 1880–1992, Int. J. Climatol., 18, 1557–1574, 1998. Estrela, M. J., Peñarrocha, D., and Millán, M.: Multi-annual drought episodes in the Mediterranean (Valencia Region) from 1950–1996, A spatio-temporal analysis, Int. J. Climatol., 20, 1599–1618, 2000. Fernández Fernández, M. I., Gallego, M. C., Domínguez Castro, F., Vaquero, J. M., Moreno González, J. M., and Castillo Durán, J.: Reconstruction of rainfall in Zafra (southwest Spain) from 1750 to 1840 from documentary sources, Clim. Past Discuss., 7, 3895–3918, doi:10.5194/cpd-7-3895-2011, 2011. FEWSNET: Rwanda food security update, Technical report, Famine Early Warning System Network, 2005a. FEWSNET: Africa: weather hazards assessment, Technical report, Famine early Warning System Network, 2005b. FEWSNET: Rwanda food security update, Technical report, Famine Early Warning System Network, 2006a. FEWSNET: Africa: weather hazards assessment, Technical report, Famine early Warning System Network, 2006b. Fischer, E. M., Luterbacher, J., Zorita, E., Tett, S. F. B., Casty, C., and Wanner, H.: European climate response to tropical volcanic eruptions over the last half millenium, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L05707, doi:10.1029/2006GL027992, 2007. Gallego, M. C., Trigo, R. M., Vaquero, J. M., Brunet, M., García, J. A., Sigro, J., and Valente, M. A.: Trends in frequency indices of daily precipitation over the Iberian Peninsula during the last century, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 116, D02109, doi:10.1029/2010JD014255, 2011. García Herrera, R., Paredes, D., Trigo, R. M., Trigo, I. F., Hernández, E., Barriopedro, D., and Mendes M. A.: The out-standing 2004-2005 drought in the Iberian Peninsula: associated atmospheric circulation, J. Hydrometeorol., 8, 483–498, 2007. Haug, G. H., Gunther, D., Peterson, L. C., Sigman, D. M., Hughen, K. A., and Aeschlimann, B.: Climate and the collapse of Maya civilization, Science, 299, 1731–1735, 2003. Hodell, D. A., Curtis, J. H., and Brenner, M.: Possible role of climate in the collapse of Classic Maya civilization, Nature, 375, 391–394, 1995. Hodell, D. A., Brenner, M., Curtis, J. H., and Guilderson, T.: Solar forcing of drought frequency in the Maya Lowlands, Science, 292, 1367–1370, 2001. Hodell, D. A., Brenner, M., and Curtis, J. H.: Climate and cultural history of the Northeastern Yucatan Peninsula, Quintana Roo, Mexico, Climatic Change, 83, 215–240, 2007. Huntington, T. G.: Evidence for intensification of the global water cycle: Review and synthesis, J. Hydrol., 319, 83–95, 2006. Jousset, P., Mori, H., and Okada, H.: Elastic models for the magma intrusion associated with the 2000 eruption of Usu volcano, Hokkaido, Japan, J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 125, 81–106, 2003 Kijazi, A. L. and Reason, C. J. C.: Analysis of the 1998 to 2005 drought over the northastern highlands of Tanzania, Clim. Res., 38, 209–223, 2009. Lana, X. and Burgueño, A.: Some statistical characteristics of monthly and annual pluviometric irregularity for the Spanish Mediterranean cost, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 65, 79–97, 2000. Lana, X., Martínez, M. D., Burgueño, A., Serra, C., Martín Vide, J., and Gómez, L.: Spatial and temporal patterns of dry spell lengths in the Iberian Peninsula for the second half of the twentieth century, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 91, 99–116, 2008. Lewis, S. L., Brando, P. M., Oliver, L. P., Geertje, M. F., van der Heijden M. F., and Nepstad, D.: The 2010 Amazon Drought, Science, 331, 554, 2011. Lodge R.: The private correspondence of sir Benjamín Keene, edited with introduction and notes by Sir Richard Lodge, The University Press, Cambridge, 548 pp., 1933. Lutherbacher, J., Xoplaki, E., Dietrich, D., Rickli, R., Jacobeit, J., Beck, C., Gyalistras, D., Schmutz, C., and Wanner, H.: Reconstruction of sea level pressure fields over the Eastern North Atlantic and Europe back to 1500, Clim. Dynam., 18, 545–561, 2002. Marengo, J. A., Nobre, C. A., Tomasella, J., Oyama, M. D., Sampaio de Oliveira, G., de Oliveira, R., Camargo, H., Alves, L. M., and Foster Brown, I.: The Drought of Amazonia in 2005, J. Climate, 21, 495–516, 2008. Martín Vide, J. and Barriendos, M.: The use of rogation ceremony records in climatic reconstruction: a case study from Catalonia (Spain), Climatic Change, 30, 201–221, 1995. Martín Vide, J. and Gómez, L.: Regionalization of peninsular Spain based on the length of dry spells, Int. J. Climatol., 19, 537–555, 1999. Moral Ruiz, J.: La agricultura española a mediados del siglo XIX (1850–1870), Resultados de una encuesta agraria de la época, Serie Estudios de la Secretaria General Técnica, Ministerio de Agricultura, Madrid, Spain, 1979. Murphy, B. F. and Timbal, B.: A review of recent climate variability and climate change in southeastern Australia, Int. J. Climatol., 28, 859–879, 2008. Nicoll, K.: Recent environmental change and prehistoric human activity in Egypt and Northern Sudan, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 23, 561–580, 2004. Obasi, G. O. P.: WMO’s Role in the international decade for natural disaster reduction, B. Am. MeteorOL. Soc., 75, 1655–1661, 1994. Olcina, J.: Tipología de las sequías en España, Ería, 56, 201–227, 2001. Paredes, D., Trigo, R. M., García Herrera, R., and Trigo, I. F.: Understanding precipitation changes in Iberia in early spring: weather typing and storm-tracking approaches, J. Hydrometeorol., 7, 101–113, 2006. Pauling, A., Lutherbacher, J., Casty, C., and Wanner, H.: Five hundred years of girded high-resolution precipitation reconstructions over Europe and the connection to large-scale circulation, Clim. Dynam., 26, 387–405, 2006. Pérez Cueva, A. J. and Escrivá, J. L.: Aspectos climáticos de las sequías en el ambito mediterráneo, Cuadernos de Geografía, 30, 1–12, 1982. Prohom, M.: Incident of large volcanic eruptions on the climate of Iberia and the Balearics, Ph.D. thesis, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain, 186 pp., 2003. Rodrigo, F. S. and Barriendos, M.: Reconstruction of seasonal and annual rainfall variability in the Iberian Península (16th–20th Centuries) from documentary data, Global Planet. Change, 63, 243–257, 2008. Rodrigo, F. S., Esteban Parra, M. J., Pozo Vázquez, D., and Castro Díez, Y.: A 500-year precipitation record in Southern Spain, Int. J. Climatol., 19, 1233–1253, 1999. Rodrigo, F. S., Esteban Parra, M. J., Pozo Vázquez, D., and Castro Díez, Y.: Rainfall variability in southern Spain on decadal to centennial time scales, Int. J. Climatol., 20, 721–732, 2000. Sáez de Ocáriz, M.: Climatología y régimen de lluvias en la rioja alta, Siglos XVI al XIX, Zubia, 8, 129–178, 1990. Serrano, A., Mateos, V. L., and García, J. A.: Trend analysis of monthly precipitation over the Iberian Peninsula for the period 1921–1995, Phys. Chem. Earth B, 24, 85–90, 1999. Sigurdsson, H. and Carey, S.: Eruptive history of Tambora volcano, Indonesia, in: The Sea of Mount Tambora, Mitt. Geol. Paleont. Inst. Univ. Hamburg Heft, Germany, 187–206, 1992. Sousa, P. M., Trigo, R. M., Aizpurua, P., Nieto, R., Gimeno, L., and Garcia Herrera, R.: Trends and extremes of drought indices throughout the 20th century in the Mediterranean, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 33–51, doi:10.5194/nhess-11-33-2011, 2011. Stothers, R. B.: The great Tambora eruption in 1815 and its aftermath, Science, 224, 1191–1198, 1984. Taborda, J. P., Alcoforado, M. J., and García, J. C.: Climate in southern Portugal in the 18th century, Reconstruction based on instrumental and documentary sources, Geo-Ecologia 2, tThis book may be accessed at: http://www.c1ima.org, Centro de Estudios Geográficos, Lisboa, Portugal, 211 pp., 2004. Trenberth, K. E., Smith, L., Qian, T., Dai, A., and Fasullo, J.: Estimates of the global water budget and its annual cycle using observational and model Data, J. Hydrometeorol., 8, 758–769, 2007. Trigo, R. M., Vaquero, J. M., Alcoforado, M. J., Barriendos, M., Taborda, J., García Herrera, R., and Luterbacher, J.: Iberia in 1816, the year without a summer, Int. J. Climatol., 29, 99–115, 2009. Vaquero, J. M.: Historical sunspot observations: a review, Adv. Space Res., 40, 929–941, 2007. Vicente Serrano, S. M.: Spatial and temporal analysis of droughts in the Iberian Peninsula (1910–2000), Hydrolog. Sci. J., 51, 83–97, 2006a. Vicente Serrano, S. M.: Differences in spatial patterns of drought on different time scales: an analysis of the Iberian Peninsula, Water Resour. Manage., 20, 37–60, 2006b. Vicente Serrano, S. M. and Cuadrat, J. M.: North Atlantic oscillation control of drought in north-east Spain: evaluation since 1600 A.D., Climatic Change, 85, 357–379, 2007. Vicente Serrano, S. M. and López Moreno, J. I.: The influence of atmospheric circulation at different spatial scales on winter drought variability through a semi-arid climatic gradient in northeast Spain, Int. J. Climatol., 26, 1427–1453, 2006. Weiss, H., Courty, M. A., Wetterstrom, W., Guichard, F., Senior, L., Meadow, R., and Curnow, A.: The genesis and collapse of third millennium North Mesopotamian civilization, Science, 261, 995–1004, 1993. Weiß, M., Flörke, M., Menzel, L., and Alcamo, J.: Model-based scenarios of Mediterranean droughts, Adv. Geosci., 12, 145–151, doi:10.5194/adgeo-12-145-2007, 2007. Wheeler, D.: The Gibraltar climatic record: Part 2 Precipitation, Weather, 62, 99–105, 2007. WMO 2012: http://www.wmo.int/pages/mediacentre/news/RCOF en.html last access: 9 March 2012. Yoshiyuki Kondo, A.: Estudio cuantitativo de la evolución del sector agrario español de 1750 a 1900, Ph.D. thesis, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain, 352 pp., 1983. Zamora, R.: El final de la pequeña edad de hielo, Publicaciones Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain, 194 pp., 2002.