Person:
Marín Sanz, Raquel

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First Name
Raquel
Last Name
Marín Sanz
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales
Department
Análisis Económico y economía cuantitativa
Area
Fundamentos del Análisis Económico
Identifiers
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Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
  • Publication
    FDI and world heterogeneities: The role of absorptive capacities
    (Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales (ICEI), 2008) Álvarez González, Isabel; Marín Sanz, Raquel
    It is generally agreed that foreign direct investment (FDI) flows can contribute to the local upgrading of host economies, whereas the diverse technological strategies of multinational companies (MNCs) can determine the existence and size of spillover effects. When considering FDI entry modes, merger and acquisitions (M&As) reveal a higher level of interaction with local productive systems than general FDI. Accordingly, their impacts may differ depending on the development level of countries and on the characteristics of national systems. Our aim is to exam the relative importance of local determinants explaining different choices of FDI entry. We explore both the strengths of the traditional explanation of FDI flows as well as the relevance of institutional stability and consolidation of national absorptive capabilities; the latter are considered key features of national systems. Our findings confirm that the factors at a country level affecting general FDI differ from those concerning cross-border M&As and support the need to investigate new drivers for attraction of FDI. Structural factors explain better the behaviour of FDI, whereas the factors of national systems of innovation are more closely correlated with the cross-border M&As trend. Finally, although international inequalities persist when both developed and developing countries are considered, it is interesting to note the importance of the heterogeneity that characterises the developing world as a topic for further research.
  • Publication
    The role of networking in the competitiveness profile of Spanish firms.
    (ICEI, 2005) Álvarez González, Isabel; Fonfría Mesa, Antonio; Marín Sanz, Raquel
    Two main forces coincide nowadays in the characterisation of productive systems. On the one hand, the internationalisation of markets and economic activities has resulted in an increasing competition worldwide and a new and more global division of labour. On the other, the greater complexity of technology makes innovation a key factor in manufacturing firms’ competitiveness. Cooperative network relationships seem to be important in both processes. This paper aims to explore this aspect in the competitiveness behaviour of four Spanish manufacturing industries: food, chemicals, electronics and vehicles. Data has been obtained from a survey conducted specifically for this purpose at the firm level. Findings from the empirical analysis, based on the application of the Polytomus Logit Universal Model (PLUM), confirm the positive effects of the ability to network on company performance, particularly, intra-firm cooperation, cooperation between competitors and user-producer relationships.
  • Publication
    Internal and external factors of competitiveness in the middle-income countries
    (Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales, 2009-11) Álvarez González, Isabel; Marín Sanz, Raquel; Maldonado, Georgina
    En el diverso grupo de países de renta media (PRM) se integra un conjunto de economías con un comportamiento exportador de bienes intensivos en tecnología que sobresale respecto al promedio del grupo. Una de las explicaciones de ese resultado estaría en la diferencia de capacidades tecnológicas nacionales, entendiendo éstas como un factor condicionante de la dinámica productiva y comercial que genera ganancias de competitividad. También los efectos que generan los flujos de comercio y de inversión directa (IDE) en estas economías en las que las empresas extranjeras han participado en la industrialización y modernización de su estructura productiva, formarían parte de la explicación. Por ello, en este trabajo analizamos las posibilidades de integración de los PRM en los dinámicos mercados de alta tecnología, a partir de la interacción que se define entre el papel de la IDE y la habilidad de absorción y creación de tecnología. Nuestro trabajo empírico trata de detectar la importancia relativa de factores internos y externos en las mejoras de competitividad internacional de estos países en desarrollo, haciendo uso de un panel de datos en el período comprendido entre 1998 y 2005.