Person:
Fernández López, Sixto Rafael

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First Name
Sixto Rafael
Last Name
Fernández López
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Ciencias Geológicas
Department
Geodinámica, Estratigrafía y Paleontología
Area
Paleontología
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Now showing 1 - 10 of 13
  • Publication
    Formal proposal for the Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) of the Bathonian Stage, at the base of the Zigzag Zone in the Ravin du Bès Section (Bas-Auran, Subalpine Basin, SE France).
    (2007) Fernández López, Sixto Rafael; Pavia, Giulio; Erba, Elisabetta; Guiomar, Myette; Henriques, María Helena Paiva; Lanza, Roberto; Mangold, Charles; Olivero, Davide; Tiraboschi, Daniele
    The Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the base of the Bathonian Stage is proposed at the base of limestone bed RB071 (bed 23 in Sturani 1967) in the Ravin du Bès Section (43º57’38’’N, 6º18’55’’E), Bas-Auran area, in the Chaudon-Norante commune, around 25 km at the South-Southeast of Digne-les-Bains, in the “Alpes de Haute Provence” French department. The Ravin du Bès Section, as formal candidate GSSP for the base of the Bathonian Stage, satisfies most of the requirements recommended by the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS): 1) The exposure extends over 13 m in thickness, comprising more than five metres of fossiliferous levels below and above the boundary. The Bathonian basal bed corresponds to the “Marno-calcaires à Cancellophycus”, is located 7.8 m below the “Terres Noires” Formation and forms part of a transgressive-facies cycle. At the Bajocian-Bathonian transition, no vertical (bio-, ichno- or tapho-) facies changes, stratigraphic gaps or hiatuses have been recorded. There is no evidence of taphonomic condensation (i.e. mixture of fossils of different age or different chronostratigraphic units). Structural complexity, synsedimentary and tectonic disturbances, or important alterations by metamorphism are not relevant constraints in the Bas-Auran area. 2) There is a well-preserved, abundant and diverse fossil record across the boundary interval, with key markers (ammonites and nannofossils) for worldwide correlation of the uppermost Bajocian and Lower Bathonian. The boundary can be characterized by both primary and secondary (auxiliary) biostratigraphic markers. The section appears to be suitable for biostratigraphic study of microfossils, such as foraminifera, but as yet there are no published studies. The base of Bathonian Stage and Zigzag Zone in Bas-Auran corresponds to the renewal of parkinsonids and the first occurrence level of Gonolkites convergens Buckman. This level coincides with the first occurrence of Morphoceras parvum Wetzel. Calcareous nannofossils, as secondary global marker, are present in all beds and allow characterizing the Bajocian-Bathonian transition. 3) Regional analyses of sequence stratigraphy and manganese chemostratigraphy are available. Spectral gamma-ray data corroborate an Early Bathonian deepening half-cycle of second order. No data are currently available for strontium isotope (87Sr/86Sr ratio), oxygen isotope (δ18O) or carbon isotope (δ13C) chemostratigraphy. Bajocian and Bathonian deposits have been remagnetized with a steady normal polarity. Volcanogenic deposits suitable for direct radio-isotope dating are not known in the section. 4) The criteria of accessibility, conservation and protection are assured by the “Réserve Naturelle Géologique de Haute Provence”, protected under national law as recognised by UNESCO. The Cabo Mondego Section (Portugal), which provides complementary data of the ammonite succession at the Sub-Mediterranean Parvum Subzone and its chronocorrelation with the Northwest European Convergens Subzone, is suggested as the Bathonian auxiliary section and point (ASP) within this GSSP proposal.
  • Publication
    The base of the Zigzag Zone in the Ravin du Bès Section (Bas-Auran, Subalpine Basin, SE France) as the GSSP for the base of the Bathonian Stage
    (2008) Fernández López, Sixto Rafael; Pavia, Giulio; Erba, Elisabetta; Guiomar, Myette; Henriques, María Helena Paiva; Lanza, Roberto; Mangold, Charles; Morton, Nicol; Olivero, Davide; Tiraboschi, Daniele
    The Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the base of the Bathonian Stage is proposed at the base of limestone bed RB071 (bed 23 in Sturani 1967) in the Ravin du Bès Section (43º57’38’’N, 6º18’55’’E), Bas-Auran area, in the Chaudon-Norante commune, around 25 km at the South-Southeast of Digne-les-Bains, in the “Alpes de Haute Provence” French department. The Ravin du Bès Section, as formal candidate GSSP for the base of the Bathonian Stage, satisfies most of the requirements recommended by the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS): 1) The exposure extends over 13 m in thickness, comprising more than five metres of fossiliferous levels below and above the boundary. The Bathonian basal bed corresponds to the “Marno-calcaires à Cancellophycus”, is located 7.8 m below the “Terres Noires” Formation and forms part of a transgressive-facies cycle. At the Bajocian-Bathonian transition, no vertical (bio-, ichno- or tapho-) facies changes, stratigraphic gaps or hiatuses have been recorded. There is no evidence of taphonomic condensation (i.e. mixture of fossils of different age or different chronostratigraphic units). Structural complexity, synsedimentary and tectonic disturbances, or important alterations by metamorphism are not relevant constraints in the Bas-Auran area. 2) There is a well-preserved, abundant and diverse fossil record across the boundary interval, with key markers (ammonites and nannofossils) for worldwide correlation of the uppermost Bajocian and Lower Bathonian. The boundary can be characterized by both primary and secondary (auxiliary) biostratigraphic markers. The section appears to be suitable for biostratigraphic study of microfossils, such as foraminifera, but as yet there are no published studies. The base of Bathonian Stage and Zigzag Zone in Bas-Auran corresponds to the first occurrence level of Gonolkites convergens Buckman and the renewal of parkinsonids. This level coincides with the first occurrence of Morphoceras parvum Wetzel. Calcareous nannofossils, as secondary global marker, are present in all beds, enabling documentation of the Bajocian-Bathonian transition. 3) Regional analyses of sequence stratigraphy and manganese chemostratigraphy are available. Spectral gamma-ray data corroborate interpretation of an Early Bathonian deepening half-cycle of second order. No data are currently available for strontium isotope (87Sr/86Sr ratio), oxygen isotope (δ18O) or carbon isotope (δ13C) chemostratigraphy. Bajocian and Bathonian deposits have been remagnetized with a steady normal polarity. Volcanogenic deposits suitable for direct radio-isotope dating are not known in the section. 4) The criteria of accessibility, conservation and protection are assured by the “Réserve Naturelle Géologique de Haute Provence”, protected under national law as recognised by UNESCO. The Cabo Mondego Section (Portugal), which provides complementary data on the ammonite succession in the Sub-Mediterranean Parvum Subzone and its chronocorrelation with the Northwest European Convergens Subzone, is suggested as the Bathonian auxiliary section and point (ASP) within this GSSP proposal.
  • Publication
    Bajocian Lissoceratinae (Haploceratoidea, Ammonitida) from the Mediterranean-Caucasian Subrealm
    (Università degli Studi di Milano, 2019-03) Pavia, Giulio; Fernández López, Sixto Rafael
    A revision of the Bajocian Lissoceratinae is presented. The study of a huge quantity of lissoceratins from different sites of the Western Tethys (Northwest European, Sub-Mediterranean and Mediterranean bioprovinces) within the Tethys-Panthalassa Realm provided data useful to implement the systematics of these almost neglected, never deeply analysed ammonites. Two genera, Lissoceras Bayle and Semilissoceras n. gen., are described with 16 species, among which 8 (four dimorphic, three macroconchiate and one microconchiate) new species: L. submediterraneum, L. maizetense, L. ovale, L. sturanii, L. maerteni, S. ellipticum, S. turgidulum and S. costellatum. The neotype of L. oolithicum is established. The microconchiate genus Microlissoceras is regarded as the junior synonym of the macroconchiate Lissoceras. Taxa are discussed according to four groups that gather taxa sharing common morpho-structural features. They roughly relate to successive biochronostratigraphical intervals within the Bajocian Stage and are headed by species largely known in literature: S. semicostulatum (Buckman) with suboval to compressed whorl section and rectiradiate ribs on the outer half flank; L. oolithicum (d’Orbigny) with subtriangular to ovate whorl section, large and depressed ventral saddle, large suspensive lobe; L. haugi Sturani with ovate to globular whorl section, narrow lobe E and suspensive lobe; and L. psilodiscus (Schloenbach) with highly compressed whorl section, high ventral saddle and narrow lobe E. The phyletic relation of Lissoceras and Semilissoceras to the Aalenian-Bajocian Bradfordia-group is discussed, regarding Semilissoceras as the known stem-taxon on which the subfamily Lissoceratinae bases.
  • Publication
    New species of Franchia and Protozigzagiceras (Ammonoidea, Middle Jurassic): The phyletic origin of Zigzagiceratinae
    (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2013) Fernández López, Sixto Rafael; Pavia, Giulio
    Three genera and seven species belonging to the subfamily Zigzagiceratinae (family Perisphinctidae) are described from the Lower Bathonian of France and Saudi Arabia. Intraspecific dimorphism is recognized. A revision of the genus Franchia proposed by Sturani (1967), based on the syntypes and new specimens from south-east France, is presented. Franchia arkelli Sturani, Franchia subalpina sp. nov., Protozigzagiceras torrensi (Sturani), Protozigzagiceras tethycum sp. nov., Protozigzagiceras flexum sp. nov. and Protozigzagiceras densum sp. nov. are described from the Digne– Castellane region of south-east France. Megazigzagiceras subarabicum, gen. et sp. nov. is described from the Dharma region of Saudi Arabia. The successive Early Bathonian species of Franchia and Protozigzagiceras herein identified in West Tethyan areas, as members of the Mediterranean–Caucasian Subrealm, formed lasting separate peramorphoclines characterized by increasing hydrodynamic coiling of the shell. In contrast, rapid proterogenesis originated and diversified the earliest Bathonian zigzagiceratin lineages, giving paedomorphic members, commonly neotenic and more scarcely progenetic. Procerites–Siemiradzkia seems to be the oldest zigzagiceratin member in the French Subalpine, Iberian and Lusitanian basins, branched off by paedomorphosis from leptosphinctins at the Bajocian–Bathonian transition. The Mediterranean–Caucasian genera Franchia, Zigzagiceras, Zigzagites and Wagnericeras branched from successive species of Protozigzagiceras, in turn, a direct derivative of Procerites. The oldest lineages of the clade Zigzagiceratinae evolved by iterative, rapid, paedomorphic changes and additional, lasting, peramorphic modifications during the Early Bathonian.
  • Publication
    Ammonoid succession at the Bajocian-Bathonian transition in the Bas Auran area, Digne district, South-East France.
    (Università degli studi di Milano. Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra "A. Desio", 2008) Pavia, Giulio; Fernández López, Sixto Rafael; Mangold, Charles
    The uppermost Bajocian to lowermost Bathonian ammonoid succession has been studied in the Bas Auran area in view of choosing one of its sections as the Global Stratotype Section and Point (G.S.S.P.) of the Bathonian Stage. The Bas Auran ammonite assemblages display exceptional values of record quality. The stratigraphic distribution of 629 specimens referred to 63 species and 35 genera, collected during the last forty years from three sections (Ravin du Bès, Ravin d'Auran, Ravin des Robines), is plotted and analyzed, bed by bed. Over 85 stratigraphic levels, through 9 m in thickness, have been studied at the top of the "Marno-calcaires à Cancellophycus" formation, ranging from the latest Bajocian (Parkinsoni Zone, Bomfordi Subzone) to the earliest Bathonian (Zigzag Zone, Convergens Subzone) and the base of the Macrescens Subzone. Ammonoid assemblages are composed of Northwest European and Mediterranean elements, associated with Sub-Mediterranean ones, allowing chronocorrelation between the Northwest European Convergens Subzone and the Sub-Mediterranean Parvum Subzone. The basal boundary of the Zigzag Zone and of the Bathonian Stage is placed at the base of Sturani's bed 23 in the Ravin du Bes section and is identified by the first occurrence of Gonolkites convergens, and coincides with the loest occurrence of Morphoceras parvum. Features of the ammonoid succession indicate relatively homogeneous and good record quality, gradual biostratigraphic change and high degree of taxonomic similarity between the Bomfordi and Convergens subzones. Palaeontological criteria also indicate relatively high values of palaeontological and stratigraphic completeness at the base of levels RB070-RB071 (= level 23 in Sturani 1967) which corresponds to the Bajocian/Bathonian boundary. The Ravin du Bès Section, with forty-six successive ammonoid fossil-assemblages of the Convergens Subzone belonging to three biohorizons through five metres of thickness, shows maximum values of biostratigraphic and biochronostratigraphic completeness, being one of the most complete in the world. Therefore, the Ravin du Bès Section should be chosen as the Global Stratotype Section and Point for the base of the Bathonian Stage. Two biostratigraphic logs summarize the ammonite content from the uppermost Bomfordi to basal Macrescens subzones. Three plates illustrate the most characteristic ammonoid taxa at the Bajocian-Bathonian passage in the Bas Auran succession.
  • Publication
    Pseudoteloceras, a new stephanoceratid genus (Ammonitida) of the lower Humphriesianum Zone (lower Bajocian, Middle Jurassic) from western Tethys
    (Elsevier, 2016-05) Pavia, Giulio; Fernández López, Sixto Rafael
    The new dimorphic genus Pseudoteloceras (type-species: P. crosillense gen. et sp. nov.) is defined within the subfamily Stephanoceratinae. It constitutes the terminal step of an early Bajocian phyletic trend that produces Teloceras-like morphologies throughout the lower Humphriesianum Zone of the western Mediterranean-Caucasian Subrealm, at an older chronological interval and with morpho-structural features that stand apart from those of the best known genus Teloceras of the uppermost Humphriesianum and lower Niortense zones at the early/late Bajocian transition. Three new species are described: P. croisillense, P. maerteni and P. boursicoti. Their biochronostratigraphical ranges are confirmed by the distribution in expanded sections of the Subalpine Basin in Submediterranean Province (Digne area) and the taphonomic analysis of fossil assemblages from the condensed sections of the “Oolithe ferrugineuse de Bayeux” Formation in Calvados, North West European Province. The biochronostratigraphical range of Pseudoteloceras gen. nov. is limited to the Romani Subzone, lower Humphriesianum Zone. P. crosillense gen. et sp. nov. marks a well-defined biohorizon of the upper Romani Subzone in the Digne stratigraphical successions. The extreme degree of the cadiconic morphology in the inner whorls of P. boursicoti gen. et sp. nov., and the biostratigraphical gap separating the first appearance of the genus Teloceras in the upper Humphriesianum Zone, support its erection as a new taxon Pseudoteloceras gen. nov. A fourth species, Pseudoteloceras geometricum (Maubeuge), is interpreted as the earliest species of this phyletic lineage, derived from Stemmatoceras and widely distributed through western Tethys in the lower Humphriesianum Zone.
  • Publication
    Parkinsoniids and garantianids (Late Bajocian Ammonoidea) as guide fossils and biostratigraphic indices
    (Freunde der Würzburger Geowissenschaften e.V., 2014) Pavia, Giulio; Fernández López, Sixto Rafael
  • Publication
    Le stratotype de la base de l’Etage Bathonien à Bas-Auran (Réserve Géologique de Haute Provence)
    (2008) Olivero, Davide; Pavia, Giulio; Fernández López, Sixto Rafael; Mangold, Charles
  • Publication
    The Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for base of the Bathonian Stage (Middle Jurassic), Ravin du Bès Section, SE France
    (International Union of Geological Sciences, 2009-12) Fernández López, Sixto Rafael; Pavia, Giulio; Erba, Elisabetta; Guiomar, Myette; Henriques, María Helena Paiva; Lanza, Roberto; Mangold, Charles; Morton, Nicol; Olivero, Davide; Tiraboschi, Daniele
    The Bathonian GSSP is defined at the base of limestone bed RB071 in the Ravin du Bès Section, Bas-Auran area, southern Subalpine Chains (France). This section satisfies most of the erquirements recommended by the International Commission on Stratigraphy. The exposure extends over 13 m in thickness. No vertical biofacies, ichnofacies or taphofacies changes, stratigraphic gaps or hiatuses have been recorded at the Bajocian-Bathonian transition. Structural complexity, synsedimentary and tectonic disturbances, or important alterations by metamorphism are not relevant constraints. There is a well-preserved, abundant and diverse fossil record, with key markers (ammonites and nannofossils). The base of Bathonian Stage and Zigzag Zone corresponds to the first occurrence level of Gonolkites convergens Buckman that coincides with the first occurrence of Morphoceras parvum Wetzel. Calcareous nannofossils are present in all beds. The GSSP is below the Tethyan calcareous nannofossil NJT10b/11 zonal boundary (lowest Watznaueria barnesiae) and above the Bo real nannofossil NJ10/11 boundary (lowest Pseudoconus enigma). Regional analyses of sequence stratigraphy and manganese chemostratigraphy are available. Spectral gamma-ray data corroborate interpretation of an Early Bathonian deepening half-cycle of second order. The criteria of accessibility, conservation and protection are assured by the “Réserve Naturelle Géologique de Haute Provence”. The Cabo Mondego Section (Portugal) is the Bathonian auxiliary section and point (ASSP) .T he proposal was voted by the Bathonian Working Group in December, 2007, and by the International Subcommission on Jurassic Stratigraphy in March, 2008, approved by the ICS in June 2008, and ratified by the IUGS in Ju,ly 2008.
  • Publication
    Le GSSP du Bathonien à Bas Auran (réserve naturelle géologique de Haute-Provence, France)
    (Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières (France), 2010) Olivero, Davide; Pavia, Giulio; Fernández López, Sixto Rafael; Mangold, Charles; Guiomar, Myette
    Le Bathonien est le troisième étage du Jurassique moyen. Son nom dérive de la « Bath Oolithe », une formation définie près de Bath (Somerset, Angleterre). Mais, dans cette région, les niveaux condensés ne sont pas favorables pour définir le stratotype de l’étage. On ne peut pas sélectionner d’affleurements pouvant permettre de définir le stratotype de limite de l’étage. En France, trois coupes dans les environs de Bas Auran (Alpes de Haute-Provence, France) ont donc été proposées en 1967. En 1990, ces mêmes localités ont été présentées officiellement comme possible stratotype de la limite basale de l'étage (GSSP). Enfin en 2007, le GSSP a été formellement accepté par le « Bathonian Working Group » et, en 2008, par l’IUGS. Les coupes ont été levées dans les ravins du Bès, d'Auran et des Robines, près du hameau de Bas Auran (commune de Chaudon-Norante, Alpes de Haute-Provence). Elles montrent une alternance marno-calcaire, d'une épaisseur de 13 mètres environ, coiffée par une surface durcie (hard-ground), constituant le mur de la formation des Terres Noires. Les âges s’étendent de la sous-zone à Bomfordi (Zone à Parkinsoni, Bajocien supérieur) à la Sous-zone à Tenuiplicatus (Zone à Aurigerus, Bathonien inférieur). Des travaux récents ont permis de compléter et d’affiner les données existantes concernant les assemblages d’ammonoïdes, la sédimentologie et l'ichnologie. Les associations d’ammonoïdés, les microfossiles, le nannoplancton, les assemblages ichnologiques et surtout, l'absence de discontinuités notables, permettent de proposer la base du banc 71 de la coupe du Ravin du Bès comme stratotype de la limite inférieure du Bathonien. Atout non négligeable, Bas Auran se situe au sein de la Réserve Géologique de Haute-Provence, ce qui permet la sauvegarde de ce site, très facile d'accès. [ABSTRACT] The Bathonian is the third stage of the Middle Jurassic System. Its name derives from the “Bath Oolithe” formation, cropping out in the surroundings of Bath, in southern England. However, in this country, no outcrops make it possible define the stratotype of the Bathonian Stage, as the succession is taphonomically and stratigraphically condensed. The Ravin du Bès section at Bas Auran was thus suggested as the bounding stratotype in 1967. Only later, in 1990, this section was officially proposed as possible stratotype (G.S.S.P.) of the basal boundary of the Bathonian Stage. Lastly, in 2007 this G.S.S.P. was formally accepted by the Bathonian Working Group and, in 2008, the proposal was ratified by the I.U.G.S. Three sections were studied in the surroundings of the Bas Auran farm (Alpes de Haute-Provence, France). The succession is composed of marly and calcareous beds that alternate on nearly 13 metres, and is unconformably overlain by the “Terres Noires” Formation with a sharp hard ground at the lithostratigraphic boundary. The studied interval spans the Bomfordi Subzone (Parkinsoni Zone, late Bajocian) to the Tenuiplicatus Subzone (Aurigerus Zone, early Bathonian).