Ajejas Bazán, María Julia

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First Name
María Julia
Last Name
Ajejas Bazán
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología
UCM identifierORCIDScopus Author IDDialnet ID

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Now showing 1 - 10 of 11
  • Publication
    Lack of Social Support and Its Role on Self-Perceived Health in a Representative Sample of Spanish Adults. Another Aspect of Gender Inequality
    (MDPI, 2021-04-04) Wärnberg, Julia; Pérez Farinós, Napoleón; Ajejas Bazán, María Julia; Pérez López, Jéssica; Benavente Marín, Juan Carlos; Crespo Oliva, Edelys; Castillo Antúnez, Virginia; Fernández Barceló, Olga; Valenzuela Guerrero, Silvia; Silva Soto, María Ángeles; Barón López, F. Javier
    Self-perceived health has been used as a good estimator of health status and receiving affection can be a determining factor for good self-perceived health. The aim of the present study was to assess whether lack of social support (measured through Duke scale, which ranges from 11 to 55) was associated with poorer health status measured as self-perceived health, and whether that association was different between women and men. A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the 2017 Spanish National Health Survey. A descriptive study was performed, and logistic regression models were applied using self-perceived health as a dependent variable. Mean Duke score was 47.6 for men and 47.9 for women (p = 0.016). Moreover, 36.3% of women and 27.6% of men reported poor self-perceived health (p < 0.001). The multivariate analysis revealed that lower scores in Duke-UNC social support scale were associated with poorer health status. That association was higher in women than in men. Poor self-perceived health was also associated with low level of education and obesity, especially among women. There was gender inequality as regards health status associated with lack of social support. These results can help design prevention strategies to improve health.
  • Publication
    Differences in the prevalence of diagnosis of overweight-obesity in Spanish children according to the diagnostic criteria set used
    (SESPAS, 2017-09) Ajejas Bazán, María Julia; Jiménez Trujillo, María Isab; Wärnberg, Julia; Domínguez Fernández, Silvia; López de Andres, Ana; Pérez Farinós, Napoleón
    Objective: To examine relevant differences in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children aged 2-15 years according to different sets of criteria (Orbegozo Foundation, International Obesity Task Force and World Health Organization), and how their use affects the trends in obesity recorded for both sexes between 1995 and 2011 in Spain. Method: Cross-sectional study, a population between 2 and 15 years. Three diagnosis criteria of overweight and obesity were be used. Results: The boys according to the three criteria, showed higher values of overweight and obesity compared to the girls. The lowest levels of overweight and obesity were observed using the Orbegozo tables. Discussion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity varies significantly according to the criteria used to define overweight and obesity. The percentiles of the Foundation Orbegozo gave the lowest estimates and the standards of growth of the World Health Organization were higher.
  • Publication
    Flu Vaccination Coverage and Predictors of Non-Vaccination in Military Health Corps Personnel 2016–2017 and 2019–2021
    (MDPI, 2022-03-17) Ajejas Bazán, María Julia; Pérez Rivas, Francisco Javier; Wärnberg, Julia; Fuentes Mora, Carlos; Ballester Orcal, Lucía Elena; Gómez Crespo, Jose Manuel; López López, Candelas; Domínguez Fernández, Silvia; Rico Blázquez, Milagros; Pérez Farinós, Napoleón
    (1) Background: Vaccination is the most effective intervention to control seasonal influenza morbidity and mortality. The present study aimed to determine the influenza vaccination coverage in the Military Health Corps personnel in the 2020–2021 season, as well as the time trend and the possible influence of the pandemic on coverage, in order to study the reasons that led to the non-vaccination of health professionals and to analyze adverse drug reactions (ADRs). (2) Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted from February to May 2021. All FAS CMS personnel were included. A self-administered questionnaire was sent by e-mail to the selected personnel. (3) Results: Vaccination coverage in the 2016–2017 season was 15.8% (n = 276), in the 2019–2020 season it was 17.41% (n = 424), and in the 2020–2021 season it was 24.22% (n = 590). The percentage of vaccinated men was higher than the percentage of women. In 2019 and 2020 the most vaccinated group was 31–40 years old. Lieutenants had the highest vaccination uptake in 2019 and 2020. The personnel with the highest uptake of vaccines were those in the specialty of nursing in each of 2016, 2019 and 2020, with >30 years of time worked in 2016. In terms of factors leading to refusal of vaccination, the most reported was “not considered a risk group” (23.0%), and the least reported was “avoidance of vaccine administration” (2.2%). Eighty individuals presented adverse reactions after vaccine administration (9.6%). (4) Conclusions: The rate of influenza vaccination among healthcare professionals was lower during the 2020 season compared to the previous season, but was expected to increase in the upcoming 2021 season.
  • Publication
    The Attitude towards Vaccination of Health Sciences Students at a Spanish University Improved over the First 18 Months of the COVID-19 Pandemic
    (MDPI, 2022-02-03) Pérez Rivas, Francisco Javier; Gallego Lastra, Ramón del; Marques-Vieira, Cristina Maria Alves; López López, Candelas; Domínguez Fernández, Silvia; Rico Blázquez, Milagros; Ajejas Bazán, María Julia
    It is important to know the attitudes of students of health sciences (SHSs) towards vaccination since they will be tomorrow’s health professionals. Vaccination is a powerful tool in the fight against COVID-19. The aim of the present, cross-sectional study was to examine how the COVID-19 pandemic has influenced the attitude of SHSs towards vaccination. Data were collected in the form of a questionnaire from all students of nursing, physiotherapy and chiropody matriculated at a Madrid University for the academic year 2019/2020 (i.e., before the start of the pandemic [Q1]), and from all those matriculated for the year 2021/22 (i.e., c18 months after the pandemic was declared [Q2]). A multivariate analysis was performed to identify the influence of sex, degree being studied, course year and the time of answering (Q1 or Q2), on the dimensions Beliefs, Behaviours and General Attitude. Overall, 1894 questionnaires were returned (934 [49.3%] for Q1, and 960 [50.7%] for Q2), of which 70.5% were completed by students of nursing, 14% by students of physiotherapy and 15.4% by those studying chiropody. In Q2, the results for all three dimensions were significantly better (p < 0.05). The most important influencing factors were being a student of nursing, being in the final years of training (years 3 or 4), female gender and answering at the time of Q2. The results obtained are encouraging since student nurses (who showed Q1 and Q2 General Attitude scores of 3.34 and 3.47 (maximum possible 4), respectively [p < 0.05]) are the health professionals of tomorrow most likely to be involved in vaccination programmes.
  • Publication
    Attitude towards Vaccination among Health Science Students before the COVID-19 Pandemic
    (MDPI, 2021-06-12) Pérez Rivas, Francisco Javier; Gallego Lastra, Ramón del; Esteban Garcimartín, Ana; Marques-Vieira, Cristina Maria Alves; Ajejas Bazán, María Julia
    Health science students are tomorrow’s health professionals, the duties of whom could include vaccination. This work examines the general attitude towards vaccination in students attending the Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Chiropody at a university in Madrid, Spain, using the ‘Attitudes and Behaviour With Regard To Vaccination Among Health Science Students Questionnaire’. The results were subjected to multivariate analysis to identify the influence of sex, the degree being pursued, and ‘course year’. The number of students vaccinated against influenza in the campaign preceding the present study was also recorded, as were the factors that influenced decision-making in this regard. A total of 934 students completed the questionnaire. Their beliefs regarding vaccination were positive (mean score 3.23 points out of 4), as was their behaviour (3.35/4). Their general attitude (all variables taken together) was therefore also good (3.27/4). Only 26.8% of the students had been vaccinated against influenza. Beliefs scores among the students of nursing in their more senior course years were significantly better than those recorded for all other groups. These students also showed the best general attitude towards vaccination and formed the largest group vaccinated against influenza. The results obtained are encouraging since nursing students are the most likely of future healthcare professionals to be involved in vaccination programmes.
  • Publication
    Vaccine Coverage against Influenza and SARS-CoV-2 in Health Sciences Students during COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain
    (MDPI, 2022-01-21) Ajejas Bazán, María Julia; Gallego Lastra, Ramón del; Marques Vieira, Cristina Maria Alves; López López, Candelas; Domínguez Fernández, Silvia; Rico Blázquez, Milagros; Pérez Rivas, Francisco Javier
    Vaccination against influenza and SARS-CoV-2 is recommended in health sciences students to reduce the risk of acquiring these diseases and transmitting them to patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate how the pandemic influenced the modification of influenza vaccination coverage during the 2019/2020 and 2021/2022 campaigns and to analyze the vaccination coverage against SARS-CoV-2 in health sciences students. A cross-sectional study was conducted among students of the Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry of the Complutense University of Madrid. A questionnaire was administered in two stages, the first, Q1, before the start of the pandemic, where we analyzed influenza coverage during the 2019/2020 campaign and a second, Q2, 18 months after the start of the pandemic where we analyzed influenza coverage during the 2021/2022 campaign and coverage against SARS-CoV-2. A total of 1894 students (58.78% of the total of those enrolled) participated. Flu vaccination coverage increased from 26.7% in Q1 to 35.0% in Q2 (p < 0.05), being higher in the age group older than 21 years, who studied nursing, were in their fourth year and lived with people at risk. Vaccination coverage against SARS-CoV-2 was very high (97.8%), especially in students vaccinated against influenza. Coverage of the influenza vaccine in health sciences students increased from 2019–2020 to 2021–2022, being higher in the age group older than 21 years, who studied nursing, were in their first and fourth year and lived with people at risk. Coverage of the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine in health sciences students was very high, especially in those vaccinated against influenza.
  • Publication
    Factors Influencing eHealth Literacy among Spanish Primary Healthcare Users: Cross-Sectional Study
    (MDPI, 2022) García-García, David; Ajejas Bazán, María Julia; Pérez Rivas, Francisco Javier
    Background: Adequate eHealth literacy levels empower people to make informed decisions, enhancing their autonomy. The current study assessed a group using primary care services for their eHealth literacy and examined its relationship with sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: Adult patients in need of primary care nursing services participated in this cross-sectional study, which was carried out in a healthcare center in the Madrid region of Spain. Through systematic random sampling, 166 participants were chosen for the study. The eHealth Literacy Questionnaire was used to assess eHealth literacy (eHLQ). Results: The studied population showed higher eHealth literacy scores in dimensions 2 (“understanding of health concepts and language”) and 4 (“feel safe and in control”); the lowest scores were recorded for dimensions 1 (“using technology to process health information”), 3 (“ability to actively engage with digital services”), and 7 (“digital services that suit individual needs”). People with completed secondary education and a better-perceived health status who were younger and employed showed a higher level of eHealth literacy. Conclusions: The findings advance our knowledge of the variables affecting eHealth literacy. We may be able to understand patients’ needs and provide them with greater support if we can pinpoint the areas where they demonstrate the lowest eHealth literacy.
  • Publication
    Mejora de hábitos saludables en universitarios del Grado de Enfermería a través del aprendizaje colaborativo y las TIC
    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 2020-06-30) Ajejas Bazán, María Julia; Domínguez Fernández, Silvia; Jiménez Trujillo, Isabel; Jiménez García, Rodrigo; Wärnberg, Julia; Ajejas Bazán, Fernando; Pérez Farinós, Napoleón
    El grupo de investigación “Salud Pública-Estilos de Vida, Metodología Enfermera y Cuidados en el Entorno Comunitario” de la Universidad Complutense, Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, siguiendo con su línea de investigación sobre hábitos saludables en la población española, ha diseñado un proyecto de innovación docente con objetivos similares y que abarque otra vertiente diferente pero a la vez complementaria. A través de un aprendizaje colaborativo, en el que se fomenten habilidades sociales y académicas, se intenta conseguir una interacción de calidad entre los estudiantes y el profesorado para generar conocimiento colectivo útil a la comunidad estudiantil. El aprendizaje colaborativo pone en práctica una serie de competencias que permiten obtener un gran beneficio al desarrollar competencias emocionales y sociales así como la autonomía, la responsabilidad y el propio autocontrol en el aprendizaje. Consiste en una forma de organización de pequeños grupos de trabajo dado por alumnos que desean desempeñar una labor en conjunto. La responsabilidad en el aprendizaje es cosa del grupo que desempeña el trabajo propuesto y no tanto en el profesorado. Asimismo el uso y desarrollo de herramientas que permiten el “m-learning” en cualquier momento y desde cualquier espacio geográfico permite estar en contacto continuo alumnos y profesorado. Herramientas orientadas a la creación de videos de corta duración o infografías serán fundamentales en el aprendizaje colaborativo, en la adquisición de conocimientos y habilidades relacionadas con los hábitos saludables y las nuevas tecnologías. Durante los meses de enero a mayo de 2020, los estudiantes del curso seleccionado elaboraron infografías a través de las cuales fomentarán los hábitos saludables descritos en este documento. Hicieron uso de mailings masivos al resto de alumnos/as del Grado correspondiente. Tras finalizar se administró un cuestionario para valorar la efectividad de la actividad y la calidad de la misma.
  • Publication
    El taller como actividad del campus para la resolución y evaluación por pares de ejercicios
    (2018-06-11) Ajejas Bazán, María Julia; López Romero, María Antonia; Domínguez Fernández, Silvia; Teijón López, César; Leonor Rodríguez, Sagrario; Jiménez Trujillo, María Isabel; Pacheco del Cerro, José Luís
  • Publication
    Glosario de descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud procedentes del tesauro DeCS y MESH
    (2017-05-05) Ajejas Bazán, María Julia; Domínguez Fernández, Silvia; Pacheco del Cerro, José Luís; Leonor Rodríguez, Sagrario
    De manera cada vez más frecuente los estudiantes de Grado deben elaborar trabajos dónde se recoge de forma rigurosa la información recuperada de las búsquedas bibliográficas realizadas. Se hace uso de los tesauros que son los máximos exponentes del proceso de transformación lingüística y de vocabulario controlado, utilizados para indizar bases de datos ayudando en la localización del término más específico. Siendo la opción para realizar las búsquedas por materia. El proyecto consistirá en la creación de un glosario por parte de los estudiantes sobre la terminología empleada en cada sesión de las asignaturas de Epidemiología y Salud Pública haciendo uso de los tesauros DeCS y MeSH. En la primera sesión teórica se destinarán 30 minutos para que el profesor enseñe el método de búsqueda y uso de dichos tesauros. Al finalizar cada sesión teórica los alumnos buscarán los términos y su definición en inglés que publicarán en la actividad destinada a ello en el Campus Virtual de la asignatura. No se permitirán términos repetidos y serán publicadas definitivamente previa revisión del profesor. Así mismo ser creará una actividad interactiva para su autoevaluación en las sesiones finales.