Person: Madrid Albarrán, María Yolanda
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Now showing 1 - 10 of 35
PublicationExploring the Behavior and Metabolic Transformations of SeNPs in Exposed Lactic Acid Bacteria. Effect of Nanoparticles Coating Agent(MDPI, 2017-08-05) Palomo Siguero, María; Madrid Albarrán, María YolandaThe behavior and transformation of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) in living systems such as microorganisms is largely unknown. To address this knowledge gap, we examined the effect of three types of SeNP suspensions toward Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus LB-12 using a variety of techniques. SeNPs were synthesized using three types of coating agents (chitosan (CS-SeNPs), hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC-SeNPs) and a non-ionic surfactant, surfynol (ethoxylated-SeNPs)). Morphologies of SeNPs were all spherical. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to locate SeNPs in the bacteria. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on line coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was applied to evaluate SeNP transformation by bacteria. Finally, flow cytometry employing the live/dead test and optical density measurements at 600 nm (OD600) were used for evaluating the percentages of bacteria viability when supplementing with SeNPs. Negligible damage was detected by flow cytometry when bacteria were exposed to HEC-SeNPs or CS-SeNPs at a level of 10 μg Se mL−1. In contrast, ethoxylated-SeNPs were found to be the most harmful nanoparticles toward bacteria. CS-SeNPs passed through the membrane without causing damage. Once inside, SeNPs were metabolically transformed to organic selenium compounds. Results evidenced the importance of capping agents when establishing the true behavior of NPs. PublicationDiseño y preparación de un laboratorio virtual de Química Analítica: Técnicas instrumentales de análisis(2022-01-30) Benito Peña, Elena; Burgueño Arjona, Maria José; Campuzano Ruiz, Susana; Madrid Albarrán, María Yolanda; Marazuela Lamata, María Dolores; Mateos Briz, María Raquel; Moreno Bondi, María Cruz; Navarro Villoslada, Fernando; Pedrero Muñoz, María; Reviejo García, Ángel Julio; Tortajada Pérez, José; Urraca Ruiz, Javier; Villalonga Santana, Reynaldo; Blanco Asenjo, Miriam; del Valle Ávila, Marcos; Molla Escudero, David; Navarro Duro, Marina; del Rosario García-Marcos, Beatriz; Merino Sierra, Miguel Ángel; García López, PatriciaLa reciente pandemia del COVID-19 ha supuesto un cambio excepcional y drástico de la concepción tradicional del aprendizaje, tanto para los estudiantes como para los docentes. Ante esta situación se requiere no sólo acciones que faciliten la adaptación de los estudiantes y profesores a las plataformas educativas en línea, sino también a que éstas se conviertan en auténticas herramientas para potenciar y mejorar de forma significativa el aprendizaje del alumno. El presente proyecto de Innovación Educativa y Mejora de la Calidad Docente pretende mejorar la calidad del aprendizaje de varias asignaturas de los Grados de Química e Ingeniería Química que llevan asociado un Laboratorio de Técnicas Instrumentales. Tradicionalmente esa docencia práctica ha sido presencial, pero la situación excepcional surgida con la pandemia en el curso 2019/2020, ha demostrado que disponer de unas prácticas virtualizadas es de gran ayuda para facilitar el aprendizaje de los alumnos y facilitar una transferencia del conocimiento constructivo y colaborativo. Desde hace años, el personal docente e investigador (PDI), personal de administración y servicios (PAS) y los estudiantes de la UCM, disponemos de la plataforma de enseñanza online Moodle (Campus Virtual, CV). Sin embargo, la pandemia que vivimos ha evidenciado la brecha digital en lo referente a cómo usar Moodle y, por ende, la utilización de las Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación (TICs) como facilitadoras didácticas. A pesar de nuestras limitaciones, tanto profesores como estudiantes, hemos desarrollado una enorme capacidad resiliente, lo que permitió, durante el pasado mes de mayo, la puesta en marcha de los primeros laboratorios en línea en el Departamento de Química Analítica de la UCM. Fruto de esta experiencia, así como de la situación actual de incertidumbre para el curso próximo, algunos profesores, estudiantes y PAS del departamento hemos decidido adelantarnos a un escenario futuro en el que se contemple nuevamente la impartición de Docencia Experimental en línea y solicitar el presente proyecto de Innovación Educativa y Mejora de la Calidad Docente. PublicationResidual brewing yeast as a source of polyphenols: Extraction, identification and quantification by chromatographic and chemometric tools(ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2018-11-30) León González, María Eugenia De; Gómez Mejía, Esther; Rosales Conrado, Noelia; Madrid Albarrán, María YolandaA method combining aqueous extraction, reversed-phase high-performance capillary liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection (cLC-DAD) and chemometric tools, was developed to determine phenolic compounds in residual brewing yeast. The effect of temperature, nature of extraction solvent and method for separation of extract solution were studied to optimize the extraction conditions on the basis of total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoids content (TFC) and antioxidant capacity. Polyphenols were determined by cLC-DAD. Flavonols as rutin and kaempferol, flavonoids as naringin, phenolic acids as gallic acid and antioxidants as trans-ferulic and p-coumaric acids were found and quantified in the brewing residue. Data were subjected to evaluation using multifactor ANOVA and principal component analysis (PCA), both showing that lyophilization pretreatment affects the content of individual polyphenols and that residual brewing yeast contains higher polyphenol amounts than the liquid beer waste. The obtained results suggest that residual brewing yeast could be a source of polyphenols. PublicationIn vivo quantification of volatile organoselenium compounds released by bacteria exposed to selenium with HS-SPME-GC-MS. Effect of selenite and selenium nanoparticles(Elsevier, 2021-03-01) Moreno Martín, Gustavo; Jon Sanz-Landaluze; León González, María Eugenia De; Madrid Albarrán, María Yolanda; ELSEVIERQuantification of volatile organoselenium species released by Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), after their growth in the presence of 1 and 2 mg Se⋅L-1 as both selenite and chitosan modified selenium nanoparticles (Ch-SeNPs), was achieved by the application of a method based on headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and in-fiber internal standardization, combined with gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This method consisted of an initial extraction of the released volatile organoselenium compounds on the SPME fiber, followed by the extraction of internal standard (IS), deuterated dimethyl sulfide (d6-DMS), on the same fiber before its desorption at the injection port of GC-MS. The results showed that the biotransformation of selenite and Ch-SeNPs into volatile organoselenium compounds was dependent on both the type of bacterial species and the chemical form of selenium (Se) administered. In this sense, E. coli was able to biotransform both selenite and Ch-SeNPs into dimethylselenium (DMSe) and dimethyldiselenium (DMDSe) while S. aureus, biotransformed selenite into DMSe and DMDSe and, Ch-SeNPs only into DMDSe. Additionally, the formation of a volatile mixed sulfur/selenium compound, dimethyl selenenyl sulfide (DMSeS), from Se in nanoparticulated form has been detected for the first time. PublicationEvaluation f the transformation of selenite and selenium nanoparticles to seleno-amino acids produced by Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus by using liquid chromatography -inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and single-particle- inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and different sample treatments(PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2023-02-01) Moreno Martín, Gustavo; Espada-Bernabé, Elena; Gómez Gómez, Beatriz; León González, María Eugenia De; Madrid Albarrán, María YolandaDue to the scarce knowledge about the impact of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) on bacterial populations, the main objective of this work was focused on evaluating the transformations of SeNPs and selenite in Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). For this purpose, an analytical methodology based on bacteria cell wall disruption, carbamidomethylation, enzymatic hydrolysis and high-performance liquid chromatography couple to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS) and HPLC- electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) measurements was developed, the latter for unambiguous identification of selenium species. Once bacteria were cultured in the presence of chitosan modified SeNPs (Ch-SeNPs) and selenite at 0, 1 and 2 mg L 1 Se for 24 h, an enzymatic disruption of the bacterial cell wall using lysozym followed by enzymatic hydrolysis with protease was applied. The use of lysozyme to extract selenium speciesprovided a better efficiency in the total selenium content (higher than 96%), compared to a mechanical disruption of the bacterial cell wall. Analysis of the extracts by anionic exchange HPLC-ICP-MS showed a strong influence of incubation time with protease (24, 48 and 72 h) on selenium chromatographic profile. The results showed that selenocysteine (SeCys) was the only Se species identified in both bacteria representing an 80% of total selenium accumulated. The confirmation of the identity of this Se species was carried out after performing a carbamidomethylation process, prior to enzymatic hydrolysis, and analyzing the extract by reversed phase HPLCESI- MS/MS. These analyses confirmed the presence of SeCys, and no relevant differences were found between the metabolic pathway of both forms of selenium. Moreover, the growth of both bacterial species in the presence of selenite resulted in the formation of biogenic SeNPs. Characterization by TEM before and after their separation from the culture medium showed spherical and monodispersed nanoparticles with an average size (155 ± 19) nm and (172 ± 20) nm for E. coli and S. aureus, respectively. Analysis by spICP-MS showed no significant differences in size with respect to TEM after considering the ionization efficiency of Se. PublicationNeuroprotective activity of selenium nanoparticles against the effect of amino acid enantiomers in Alzheimer’s disease(Springer Heidelberg, 2022-08-19) Vicente Zurdo, David; Sandra Rodríguez-Blázquez; Gómez Mejía, Esther; Rosales Conrado, Noelia; León González, María Eugenia De; Madrid Albarrán, María YolandaAlzheimer’s disease (AD), the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease, is characterized by extracellular accumulation of amyloid-beta protein (Aβ), which is believed to be the very starting event of AD neurodegeneration. In this work, D-Phe, D-Ala, and D-Glu amino acids, which are the non-occurring enantiomeric form in the human body, and also D-Asp and DL-SeMet, have proved to be amyloidogenic regarding Aβ42 aggregation in TEM studies. These amyloidogenic amino acid enantiomers also widened Aβ42 fibrils up to 437% regarding Aβ42 alone, suggesting that Aβ42 aggregation is enantiomerically dependent. To inhibit enantiomeric-induced amyloid aggregation, selenium nanoparticles stabilized with chitosan (Ch-SeNPs) were successfully synthesized and employed. Thus, Ch-SeNPs reduced and even completely inhibited Aβ42 aggregation produced in the presence of some amino acid enantiomers. In addition, through UV–Vis spectroscopy and fluorescence studies, it was deduced that Ch-SeNPs were able to interact differently with amino acids depending on their enantiomeric form. On the other hand, antioxidant properties of amino acid enantiomers were evaluated by DPPH and TBARS assays, with Tyr enantiomers being the only ones showing antioxidant effect. All spectroscopic data were statistically analysed through experimental design and response surface analysis, showing that the interaction between the Ch-SeNPs and the amino acids studied was enantioselective and allowing, in some cases, to establish the concentration ratios in which this interaction is maximum. PublicationSimultaneous determination of the size and concentration of AgNPs in water samples by UV–vis spectrophotometry and chemometrics tools(Elsevier, 2018-10-01) Moreno Martín, Gustavo; León González, María Eugenia De; Madrid Albarrán, María YolandaThe combination of UV–vis spectrophotometry with a chemometric calibration tool based on partial least squares (PLS) has allowed us the development of a multivariate analytical method that simultaneously estimates the concentration and size of mixtures of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in environmental water samples. The method is based on changes in the surface plasmon resonance band (SPRB) of AgNPs when they form aggregated/assembled structures with L-cysteine (L-cys). Measurementts were performed by employed a fixed-time kinetics method that implies that the final spectra (response) are obtained by subtstracting the solutions spectra at fixed times. Optimization of experimental conditions affecting aggregation such as time, temperature, pH and concentration of aggregating substance was performed by experimental design and response surface methodologies (RSM). A multivariate calibration model using AgNPs of known diameter size ((20 ± 3), (41 ± 3), (59 ± 5) and (79 ± 7) nm) within a concentration range between 0.62 and 2.5 mg L−1 was constructed by using a mixture experimental design and PLS. The method was finally applied to estimate size and concentration of AgNPs in AgNPs-spiked river and tap water samples. Water samples were spiked with individual, binary and ternary mixtures of AgNPs of different sizes and by using two types of AgNPs: citrate-coated AgNPs (cit-AgNPs) and polyvinylpyrrolidone-coated AgNPs (PVP-AgNPs). A good correspondence was obtained between predicted values and the total amount of AgNPs added with recovery values ranged within 80–160% for the individual mixtures, 68–108% for the binary mixtures and 60–64% for the ternary mixtures of AgNPs. Finally, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements were performed for those cases where discrepancies between the expected and the obtained values were observed. TEM micrographs evidenced the presence of agglomerates or aggregates of AgNPs in some of the mixtures or water tested. PublicationIn vivo quantification of volatile organoselenium compounds released by bacteria exposed to selenium with HS-SPME-GC-MS. Effect of selenite and selenium nanoparticles(Elsevier, 2021-03-01) Moreno Martín, Gustavo; Sanz Landaluce, Jon; León González, María Eugenia De; Madrid Albarrán, María YolandaQuantification of volatile organoselenium species released by Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), after their growth in the presence of 1 and 2 mg Se·L-1 as both selenite and chitosan-modified selenium nanoparticles (Ch-SeNPs), was achieved by the application of a method based on headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and in-fiber internal standardization, combined with gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This method consisted of an initial extraction of the released volatile organoselenium compounds on the SPME fiber, followed by the extraction of internal standard (IS), deuterated dimethyl sulfide (d6-DMS), on the same fiber before its desorption at the injection port of GC-MS. The results showed that the biotransformation of selenite and Ch-SeNPs into volatile organoselenium compounds was dependent on both the type of bacterial species and the chemical form of selenium (Se) administered. In this sense, E. coli was able to biotransform both selenite and Ch-SeNPs into dimethylselenium (DMSe) and dimethyldiselenium (DMDSe) while S. aureus, biotransformed selenite into DMSe and DMDSe and, Ch-SeNPs only into DMDSe. Additionally, the formation of a volatile mixed sulfur/selenium compound, dimethyl selenenyl sulfide (DMSeS), from Se in nanoparticulated form has been detected for the first time. PublicationBiotransformation of selenium by lactic acid bacteria: formation of seleno-nanoparticles and seleno-amino acids(Frontiers, 2020-06-12) Martínez, Fernando Gabriel; Moreno Martín, Gustavo; Pescuma, Micaela; Madrid Albarrán, María Yolanda; Mozzi, FernandaSelenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for the majority of living organisms, and it has been identified as selenocysteine in the active site of several selenoproteins such as glutathione peroxidase, thioredoxin reductase, and deiodinases. Se deficiency in humans is associated with viral infections, thyroid dysfunction, different types of cancer, and aging. In several European countries as well as in Argentina, Se intake is below the recommended dietary Intake (RDI). Some lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can accumulate and bio-transform selenite (toxic) into Se-nanoparticles (SeNPs) and Se-amino acids (non-toxic). The microbial growth, Se metabolite distribution, and the glutathione reductase (involved in selenite reduction) activity of Se-enriched LAB were studied in this work. The ninety-six assayed strains, belonging to the genera Lactococcus, Weissella, Leuconostoc, Lactobacillus, Enterococcus, and Fructobacillus could grow in the presence of 5 ppm sodium selenite. From the total, eight strains could remove more than 80% of the added Se from the culture medium. These bacteria accumulated intracellularly between 1.2 and 2.5 ppm of the added Se, from which F. tropaeoli CRL 2034 contained the highest intracellular amount. These strains produced only the seleno-amino acid SeCys as observed by LC-ICP-MS and confirmed by LC-ESI-MS/MS. The intracellular SeCys concentrations were between 0.015 and 0.880 ppm; Lb. brevis CRL 2051 (0.873 ppm), Lb. plantarum CRL 2030 (0.867 ppm), and F. tropaeoli CRL 2034 (0.625 ppm) were the strains that showed the highest concentrations. Glutathione reductase activity values were higher when the strains were grown in the presence of Se except for the F. tropaeoli CRL 2034 strain, which showed an opposite behavior. The cellular morphology of the strains was not affected by the presence of Se in the culture medium; interestingly, all the strains were able to form spherical SeNPs as determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Only two Enterococcus strains produced the volatile Se compounds dimethyl-diselenide identified by GC-MS. Our results show that Lb. brevis CRL 2051, Lb. plantarum CRL 2030, and F. tropaeoli CRL 2034 could be used for the development of nutraceuticals or as starter cultures for the bio-enrichment of fermented fruit beverages with SeCys and SeNPs. PublicationDetermination of phenolic compounds in residual brewing yeast using matrix solid-phase dispersion extraction assisted by titanium dioxide nanoparticles(Elsevier, 2019-09-13) Gómez Mejía, Esther; Rosales Conrado, Noelia; León González, María Eugenia De; Madrid Albarrán, María Yolanda; ELSEVIERA simple and efficient low-cost matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) extraction based on TiO2nanopar-ticles (NPs) and diatomaceous earth has been developed for the recovery of phenolic compounds fromresidual brewing yeast. Experimental conditions for MSPD extraction were optimized by an experimen-tal design approach. A screening factorial design plus replicates at the center point, followed by surfaceresponse analysis were used. The simultaneous identification and quantification of eleven main nat-ural polyphenols: caffeic, chlorogenic, p-coumaric, 3,4-dihydroxibenzoic, trans-ferulic and gallic acids,kaempferol, myricetin, naringin, quercetin and rutin, was possible by combining MSPD and capillaryliquid chromatography couple to a diode array detection system (cLC-DAD) and liquid chromatogra-phy couple to a triple quadrupole analyzer (LC–MS/MS). Moreover, residual brewing yeast extracts wereevaluated in terms of DPPH (1,1-diphenyl–2 picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging activity. Polyphenol-nanoparticle interaction was studied by UV–vis spectroscopy and electron transmission microscopy(TEM), pointing out a stable interplay that assists phenolic isolation. The extracted polyphenol quan-tities were within the 3.2-1,500 g g−1range, and the high antioxidant activity estimated suggested thatdeveloped MSPD is a successful, simple, efficient and rapid method for the extraction and recovery of bioactive phenolic compounds, which promotes the reuse and re-evaluation of brewing yeast agri-foodby-products.