Person:
Cuadrado Soto, Esther

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First Name
Esther
Last Name
Cuadrado Soto
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
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Now showing 1 - 7 of 7
  • Publication
    El uso de podcasts y vídeos subtitulados como herramientas didácticas e integradoras en el Grado de Farmacia y Nutrición Humana y Dietética
    (2018-06-19) Aparicio Vizuete, Aránzazu; López sobaler, Ana María; Rodríguez Rodríguez, Elena; Ortega Anta, Rosa María; Andrés Carvajales, Pedro; Navia Lombán, Beatriz; Rodríguez Moreno, Pilar; Cuadrado Soto, Esther; Peral Suárez, África
  • Publication
    Adequacy of Usual Vitamin and Mineral Intake in Spanish Children and Adolescents: ENALIA Study
    (MDPI, 2017-02-13) López Sobaler, Ana María; Aparicio Vizuete, Aránzazu; González Rodríguez, Liliana; Cuadrado Soto, Esther; Rubio, Josefa; Marcos, Victoria; Sanchidrián, Rosa; Santos, Sara; Pérez Farinós, Napoleón; Dal Re, Marian; Villar, Carmen; Robledo, Teresa; Castrodeza, J. Javier; Ortega Anta, Rosa María
    Background: The National Dietary Survey on the Child and Adolescent Population in Spain (ENALIA) provides data to assess the usual micronutrient intake among Spanish infants, children, and adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional survey (November 2012–July 2014) of a representative sample of Spanish children and adolescents (six months–17 years) (n = 1862). Dietary information was collected using two non consecutive one-day food diaries (six months–10 years old) or two 24 h dietary recalls (11 years and older) separated by at least 14 days. Estimates were calculated using the Iowa State University method and PC-SIDE software (version 1.0, department of statistics, center for agricultural and rural development, Ames, IA, USA) to account for within- and between-person variation. Results: Usual intake of vitamin D was insufficient in practically all individuals. Vitamin E, folate, and calcium were insufficient, especially from nine years of age, and magnesium and iodine from 14 years of age. The percentage of subjects with insufficient intakes was higher among females. Sodium intake was excessive in a considerable percentage of the population, especially in males, and it increased with age. Finally, over half of children under four years of age had zinc usual intakes that exceeded the Tolerable Upper Level. Conclusion: Vitamin and mineral intake in Spain should be improved, especially in late childhood and adolescence. Nutritional intervention and educational strategies are needed to promote healthy eating habits and correct micronutrient inadequacies in Spanish children and adolescents.
  • Publication
    Sources of Dietary Sodium in Food and Beverages Consumed by Spanish Schoolchildren between 7 and 11 Years Old by the Degree of Processing and the Nutritional Profile
    (2018-12-03) Cuadrado Soto, Esther; Peral Suárez, África; Aparicio Vizuete, Aránzazu; Perea, Jose; Ortega Anta, Rosa María; López Sobaler, Ana María
    Excessive salt intake has negative effects on health and persists as a dietary problem in Spanish children. However, the analysis of dietary sodium sources has not been extensively studied. A group of 321 children between 7 and 11 years old from five Spanish regional communities was studied. A three-day dietary record was used to determine the contribution of food and beverages to dietary sodium intake. The food consumed was classified based on the level of processing (NOVA classification) and the nutritional profile. Boys consumed more dietary sodium and sodium from ultra-processed food (UPF) than girls (p < 0.05). The main sources of dietary sodium from discretionary food were meat and meat products (25.1%), some ready-to-eat and pre-cooked dishes (7.4%) and sugars and sweets (6.3%). More than 4/5 of the total dietary sodium consumed came from processed foods (PF) and UPF. Ready-to-eat and pre-cooked dishes (14.4%), meat and meat products (10.6%), and cereals (10.2%) were the most relevant UPF. These results demonstrate that a key point for Spanish children is a reduction in the sodium content in PF and UPF, whether these foods are for basic or discretionary consumption. Furthermore, a decrease in the frequency and the quantity of discretionary food consumption should be encouraged.
  • Publication
    Usual Dietary Intake, Nutritional Adequacy and Food Sources of Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium and Vitamin D of Spanish Children Aged One to <10 Years. Findings from the EsNuPI Study
    (MDPI, 2020-06-16) Cuadrado Soto, Esther; López Sobaler, Ana María; Jiménez Ortega, Ana Isabel; Aparicio Vizuete, Aránzazu; Bermejo López, Laura María; Hernández-Ruiz, Ángela; Lara Villoslada, Federico; Leis, Rosaura; Martínez de Victoria, Emilio; Moreno, José Manuel; Ruiz-López, María Dolores; Soto-Méndez, María José; Valero, Teresa; Varela-Moreiras, Gregorio; Gil, Ángel; Ortega Anta, Rosa María
    Bone problems in the population begin to be establish in childhood. The present study aims to assess the usual calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and vitamin D intakes, along with the food sources of these nutrients, in Spanish children participating in the EsNuPI (Estudio Nutricional en Población Infantil Española) study. Two 24 h dietary recalls were applied to 1448 children (1 to <10 years) divided into two sub-samples: one reference sample (RS) of the general population [n = 707] and another sample which exclusively included children consuming enriched or fortified milks, here called “adapted milks” (AMS) [n = 741]. Estimation of the usual intake shows that nutrient intake increased with age for all nutrients except vitamin D. Using as reference the Dietary Reference Values from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), calcium and magnesium intakes were found to be below the average requirement (AR) and adequate intake (AI), respectively, in a considerable percentage of children. Furthermore, phosphorus exceeded the AI in 100% of individuals and vitamin D was lower than the AI in almost all children studied. The results were very similar when considering only plausible reporters. When analyzing the food sources of the nutrients studied, milk and dairy products contributed the most to calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and vitamin D. Other sources of calcium were cereals and vegetables; for phosphorus: meat, meat products, and cereals; for magnesium: cereals and fruits; and, for vitamin D: fish and eggs. These results highlight the desirability of improving the intake concerning these nutrients, which are involved in bone and metabolic health in children. The AMS group appeared to contribute better to the adequacy of those nutrients than the RS group, but both still need further improvement. Of special interest are the results of vitamin D intakes, which were significantly higher in the AMS group (although still below the AI), independent of age.
  • Publication
    Herramienta TAPA (Trabajos de Aplicación Práctica para el Alumnado)
    (2020-07-02) Aparicio Vizuete, Aránzazu; Bermejo López, Laura María; Rodríguez Rodríguez, Elena; López Plaza, Bricia; López Sobaler, Ana María; Ortega Anta, Rosa María; Peral Suárez, África; Cuadrado Soto, Esther; Martín de la Torre, Isabel
    La Herramienta TAPA (Trabajos de Aplicación Práctica para el Alumnado) es un instrumento de apoyo a la docencia que permite a los alumnos realizar actividades prácticas para el desarrollo de distintas competencias (aprendizaje autónomo, el trabajo en equipo, la búsqueda de información, organización y planificación, análisis y síntesis de conceptos, aplicación de los conocimientos teóricos, adaptación a nuevas situaciones, desarrollo de habilidades comunicativas, capacidad crítica y autocrítica, así como de iniciativa y de liderazgo). La herramienta TAPA ha permite una complementación al resto de las actividades que se pueden realizar en relación con el aprendizaje activo y el trabajo colaborativo de los alumnos.
  • Publication
    Situación ponderal, composición corporal y calidad de la dieta de los escolares españoles en función del nivel de adherencia a las guías de movimiento de 24 horas
    (Arán Ediciones, 2021-02-16) Peral Suárez, África Laura; Navia Lombán, Beatriz; Cuadrado Soto, Esther; González Rodríguez, Liliana Guadalupe; Perea Sánchez, José Miguel; Ortega Anta, Rosa María
    Introducción: la actividad física moderada o vigorosa, la limitación de los comportamientos sedentarios y el descanso adecuado son factores del estilo de vida que ayudan a prevenir el sobrepeso y la obesidad. Sin embargo, existen pocos trabajos que relacionen el conjunto de estos factores con la situación ponderal, la composición corporal y la calidad de la dieta en escolares. Objetivo: conocer las diferencias en cuanto a situación antropométrica y calidad de la dieta de un grupo de escolares españoles en función del nivel de adherencia a las guías de movimiento de 24 horas. Métodos: se han estudiado 367 escolares de 7-11 años de edad. Se recogieron datos antropométricos, dietéticos y de comportamientos de movimiento. Posteriormente se dividieron en tres grupos sobre la base de su adherencia a las guías: baja adherencia (BA), adherencia media (AM) y alta adherencia (AA). Resultados: solo un 15 % de los escolares cumplía con las guías. El porcentaje de sobrepeso era mayor en el grupo BA que en el AM y el AA. El grupo BA también presentaba una menor ingesta de fibra; una menor contribución a las recomendaciones de vitaminas B6, B12 y C, selenio y magnesio; y una mayor ingesta de ácidos grasos saturados. Los escolares que incumplían la recomendación referente al tiempo de pantalla tenían mayor riesgo de desarrollar sobrepeso u obesidad (OR = 1,92 (1,10-3,36); p = 0,022). Conclusión: los escolares que se adhieren a 2 o más recomendaciones de las guías de movimiento presentan menos sobrepeso y una mejor calidad nutricional de la dieta. El incumplimiento de la recomendación de tiempo de pantalla supone un mayor riesgo de sobrepeso u obesidad
  • Publication
    Physical activity practice and sports preferences in a group of Spanish schoolchildren depending on sex and parental care: a gender perspective
    (Springer Nature, 2020-07-07) Peral Suárez, África; Cuadrado Soto, Esther; Perea Sánchez, José Miguel; Navia Lombán, Beatriz; López Sobaler, Ana María; Ortega Anta, Rosa María
    Background: Physical activity plays an important role in the maintenance of health, and it is especially important during childhood. However, the lack of information about differences in physical activity practice and sports preferences of children considering gender differences can result in non-effective policies that enhance inequalities between sexes. The aim of this study is to identify the sports preferences of Spanish schoolchildren and their physical activity practice behaviors depending on their sex and their parental care, analyzing the possible differences from a gender perspective. Method: Three hundred sixty-four Spanish schoolchildren (179 girls, 185 boys) participated in this cross-sectional study. A daily physical activity questionnaire was used to evaluate physical activity level (PAL), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sports preferences and a socio-health questionnaire were used to collect data about parental care. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS and applying Student’s T-test for normal variables, Mann-Whitney U-test for non-parametrical variables, and chi-square (χ2) test for categorical variables. Subsequently, odds ratios were used to analyze associations between the physical activity practice of the children and parental care. Results: PAL and time spent in MVPA was significantly lower for girls compared to boys (1.44 ± 0.07 vs. 1.46 ± 0.07, p < 0.001 and 0.74 ± 0.40 h/day vs. 0.90 ± 0.45 h/day; p < 0.001, respectively). Dancing, rhythmic gymnastics, skating, and water sports were practiced more by girls, while football, wrestling sports, handball, and racket sports were practiced more by boys (p < 0.05). Children cared for by their fathers had higher odds for physical activity practice (OR = 1.995 (1.202–3.310), p = 0.008). Conclusion: Physical activity among girls was less frequent and less intense. Girls opted for individual sports with artistic connotations, while boys often practiced more team contact sports. Furthermore, children are more physically actives when their father is in charge of them