Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier

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First Name
Luis Javier
Last Name
Garay Elizondo
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Ciencias Físicas
Física Teórica
Física Teórica
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Now showing 1 - 10 of 64
  • Publication
    Spacetime foam as a quantum thermal bath
    (American Physical Society, 1998-03-23) Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier
    An effective model for the spacetime foam is constructed in terms of nonlocal interactions in a classical background. In the weak coupling approximation, the evolution of the low-energy density matrix is determined by a master equation that predicts loss of quantum coherence. Moreover, spacetime foam can be described by a quantum thermal field that, apart from inducing loss of coherence, gives rise to effects such as gravitational Lamb and Stark shifts as well as quantum damping in the evolution of the low-energy observables.
  • Publication
    Quantum behavior of FRW radiation-filled universes
    (Amer Physical Soc, 2002-09-15) Bouhmadi Lopez, M.; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; González Díaz, Pedro F.
    We study the quantum vacuum fluctuations around closed Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) radiation-filled universes with a nonvanishing cosmological constant. These vacuum fluctuations are represented by a conformally coupled massive scalar field and are treated in the lowest order of perturbation theory. In the semiclassical approximation, the perturbations are governed by differential equations which, properly linearized, become generalized Lame equations. The wave function thus obtained must satisfy appropriate regularity conditions which ensure its finiteness for every field configuration. We apply these results to asymptotically anti-de Sitter Euclidean wormhole spacetimes and show that there is no catastrophic particle creation in the Euclidean region, which would lead to divergences of the wave function.
  • Publication
    The trans-Planckian problem as a guiding principle
    (Int School Advanced Studies, 2011-11) Barbado, L. C.; Barceló, C.; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Jannes, Gil
    We use the avoidance of the trans-Planckian problem of Hawking radiation as a guiding principle in searching for a compelling scenario for the evaporation of black holes or black-hole-like objects. We argue that there exist only three possible scenarios, depending on whether the classical notion of long-lived horizon is preserved by high-energy physics and on whether the dark and compact astrophysical objects that we observe have long-lived horizons in the first place. Along the way, we find that i) a theory with high-energy superluminal signalling and a long-lived trapping horizon would be extremely unstable in astrophysical terms and that i i) stellar pulsations of objects hovering right outside but extremely close to their gravitational radius can result in a mechanism for Hawking-like emission.
  • Publication
    Thermal properties of spacetime foam
    (Amer Physical Soc, 1998-12-15) Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier
    Spacetime foam can be modeled in terms of nonlocal effective interactions in a classical nonfluctuating background. Then, the density matrix for the low-energy fields evolves, in the weak-coupling approximation, according to a master equation that contains a diffusion term. Furthermore, it is argued that spacetime foam behaves as a quantum thermal field that, apart from inducing loss of coherence, gives rise to effects such as gravitational Lamb and Stark shifts as well as quantum damping in the evolution of the low-energy observables. These effects can be, at least in principle, experimentally tested. [S0556-2821(98)04524-X].
  • Publication
    Quantum evolution in space-time foam
    (World Scientific Publ Co Pte Ltd, 1999-08-20) Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier
    In this work, I review some aspects concerning the evolution of quantum low-energy fields in a foamlike space-time, with involved topology at the Planck scale but with a smooth metric structure at large length scales, as follows. Quantum gravitational fluctuations may induce a minimum length thus introducing an additional source of uncertainty in physics. The existence of this resolution limit casts doubts on the metric structure of space-time at the Planck scale and opens a doorway to nontrivial topologies, which may dominate Planck scale physics. This foamlike structure of space-time may show up in low-energy physics through loss of quantum coherence and mode-dependent energy shifts, for instance, which might be observable. Space-time foam introduces nonlocal interactions that can be modeled by a quantum bath, and low-energy fields evolve according to a master equation that displays such effects. Similar laws are also obtained for quantum mechanical systems evolving according to good real clocks, although the underlying Hamiltonian structure in this case establishes serious differences among both scenarios.
  • Publication
    Inhomogeneous loop quantum cosmology: hybrid quantization of the Gowdy model
    (Amer Physical Soc, 2010-08-30) Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Martin Benito, M.; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.
    The Gowdy cosmologies provide a suitable arena to further develop loop quantum cosmology, allowing the presence of inhomogeneities. For the particular case of Gowdy spacetimes with the spatial topology of a three-torus and a content of linearly polarized gravitational waves, we detail a hybrid quantum theory in which we combine a loop quantization of the degrees of freedom that parametrize the subfamily of homogeneous solutions, which represent Bianchi I spacetimes, and a Fock quantization of the inhomogeneities. Two different theories are constructed and compared, corresponding to two different schemes for the quantization of the Bianchi I model within the improved dynamics formalism of loop quantum cosmology. One of these schemes has been recently put forward by Ashtekar and Wilson-Ewing. We address several issues, including the quantum resolution of the cosmological singularity, the structure of the superselection sectors in the quantum system, or the construction of the Hilbert space of physical states.
  • Publication
    Where Does the Physics of Extreme Gravitational Collapse Reside?
    (MDPI, 2016-05-13) Barceló, Carlos; Carballo-Rubio, Raúl; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier
    The gravitational collapse of massive stars serves to manifest the most severe deviations of general relativity with respect to Newtonian gravity: the formation of horizons and spacetime singularities. Both features have proven to be catalysts of deep physical developments, especially when combined with the principles of quantum mechanics. Nonetheless, it is seldom remarked that it is hardly possible to combine all these developments into a unified theoretical model, while maintaining reasonable prospects for the independent experimental corroboration of its different parts. In this paper we review the current theoretical understanding of the physics of gravitational collapse in order to highlight this tension, stating the position that the standard view on evaporating black holes stands for. This serves as the motivation for the discussion of a recent proposal that offers the opposite perspective, represented by a set of geometries that regularize the classical singular behavior and present modifications of the near-horizon Schwarzschild geometry as the result of the propagation of non-perturbative ultraviolet effects originated in regions of high curvature. We present an extensive exploration of the necessary steps on the explicit construction of these geometries, and discuss how this proposal could change our present understanding of astrophysical black holes and even offer the possibility of detecting genuine ultraviolet effects in gravitational-wave experiments.
  • Publication
    Correlations across horizons in quantum cosmology
    (American Physical Society, 2014) Alonso Serrano, Ana; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.
    Different spacetime regions separated by horizons are not related to each other. We know that this statement holds for classical spacetimes. In this paper we carry out a canonical quantization of a Kantowski-Sachs minisuperspace model whose classical solutions exhibit both an event horizon and a cosmological horizon in order to check whether the above statement also holds from the quantum gravitational point of view. Our analysis shows that in fact this is not the case: Quantum gravitational states with support in spacetime configurations that exclusively describe either the region between horizons or outside them are not consistent in the sense that there exist unitary operators describing a natural notion of evolution that connect them. In other words, unitarity is only preserved in this quantization when dealing with the whole spacetime and not in each region separately.
  • Publication
    Derivative couplings in gravitational production in the early universe
    (Springer, 2020-09-09) Borrajo Gutierrez, Daniel; Ruiz Cembranos, José Alberto; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Sánchez Velázquez, José Manuel
    Gravitational particle production in the early universe is due to the coupling of matter fields to curvature. This coupling may include derivative terms that modify the kinetic term. The most general first order action contains derivative couplings to the curvature scalar and to the traceless Ricci tensor, which can be dominant in the case of (pseudo-)Nambu-Goldstone bosons or disformal scalars, such as branons. In the presence of these derivative couplings, the density of produced particles for the adiabatic regime in the de Sitter phase (which mimics inflation) is constant in time and decays with the inverse effective mass (which in turn depends on the coupling to the curvature scalar). In the reheating phase following inflation, the presence of derivative couplings to the background curvature modifies in a nontrivial way the gravitational production even in the perturbative regime. We also show that the two couplings - to the curvature scalar and to the traceless Ricci tensor - are drastically different, specially for large masses. In this regime, the production becomes highly sensitive to the former coupling while it becomes independent of the latter.
  • Publication
    Formación en software libre mediante proyectos de mecánica
    (2019-10-23) Ruiz Cembranos, Jose Alberto; Villarrubia Rojo, Héctor; Llanes Estrada, Feilpe José; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; López Maroto, Antonio; Fernández Sanz, David