Person: Liébana Puado, Sara
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Personalidad, Evaluación y Psicología Clínica
Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
PublicationPsychometric properties of the Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3) in Spanish population(Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias, 2023-07-28) Altungy Labrador, Pedro Rafael; Liébana Puado, Sara; Sánchez Marqueses, José Manuel; Sanz-García, Ana; García Vera, María De La Paz; Sanz Fernández, JesúsBackground: The Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3) is the reference instrument for measuring anxiety sensitivity. The psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the ASI-3 have been examined in university students but not in adults from the general population. Whether the ASI-3 subscales provide relevant information has not yet been examined either. Method: The ASI-3’s factor structure, internal consistency, temporal stability, and relationship with neuroticism were examined in a Spanish community sample of 919 adults. Results: In two subsamples of participants, the ASI-3 presented a structure of three correlated factors (physical, cognitive, and social concerns) that loaded on a higher-order factor, but the three factors did not explain much item variance. The total scale and subscales of the ASI-3 showed excellent or good indices of internal consistency (alphas and omegas = .81 – .91), and adequate indices of test-retest reliability at two months (r = .57 – .73) and the relationship with neuroticism and its facets (r = .19 – .52). Conclusions: The ASI-3 provides reliable, valid measures of anxiety sensitivity in Spanish adults, but its subscales are not very useful beyond the information provided by the total scale. PublicationUna revisión sistemática sobre la prevalencia del duelo complicado en víctimas adultas del terrorismo(Sociedad Española de Psicología Clínica, Legal y Forense, 2020) Sanz Fernández, Jesús; Cobos, Beatriz; Fausor de Castro, Rocío; Liébana Puado, Sara; Sánchez Marqueses, José Manuel; Jiménez Prensa, Adela; Sanz García, Ana; García Vera, María PazEl objetivo principal de este estudio fue revisar de manera sistemática la literatura científica sobre la prevalencia de duelo complicado en las víctimas adultas de atentados terroristas. Una búsqueda en PsycINFO, MEDLINE, PTSDpubs y ProQuest Psychology Database identificó cinco estudios en los que, en conjunto, se habían evaluado 1.404 familiares o allegados de fallecidos en atentados terroristas. Los resultados obtenidos permiten estimar que la tasa de prevalencia del duelo complicado en las víctimas de atentados terroristas es del 42% varios años después del atentado y que este trastorno presenta una alta comorbilidad con el trastorno de estrés postraumático y el trastorno depresivo mayor en las víctimas del terrorismo. Estos resultados se discuten en el contexto de la investigación sobre la prevalencia del duelo complicado en distintos tipos de población y sobre las consecuencias psicopatológicas generales del terrorismo y de sus implicaciones para la práctica profesional en los ámbitos clínicos, legales y forenses. PublicationDepressive Dysfunctional Attitudes and Post-Traumatic Stress in Victims of Terrorist Attacks(Taylor & Francis, 2022-08-18) Fausor de Castro, Rocío; García Vera, María Paz; Morán Rodríguez, Noelia; Cobos, Beatriz; Navarro, Roberto; Marqueses, José Manuel S.; Gesteira, Clara; Liébana Puado, Sara; Sanz Fernández, JesúsBackground: The DSM-5's new conception of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) includes, as a diagnostic criterion, the presence of persistent and exaggerated negative beliefs, thoughts, or expectations about oneself, others, the world, and one's guilt. These symptoms increase the symptomatic similarity with major depressive disorder (MDD) and with the negative cognitive triad of Beck's cognitive theory of depression and allow us to assume that the dysfunctional attitudes that this theory proposes as a vulnerability factor for MDD could also refer to PTSD. Objective: This study aims to examine the relationship between depressive dysfunctional attitudes and the symptoms and diagnosis of PTSD. Methods: A sample of 378 adult victims of terrorism completed measures of depressive dysfunctional attitudes (DAS-A), DSM-IV post-traumatic stress symptoms (PCL-S), depressive symptoms (BDI-II), and DSM-IV diagnosis of emotional disorders (SCID-I CV). Results: A significant relationship was found between depressive dysfunctional attitudes and PTSD symptomatology, even after controlling for the effect of depression, sex, age, education level, anxiety, and previous depressive episodes. It was also found that victims with PTSD, with or without MDD, had more depressive dysfunctional attitudes than those without emotional disorders and more achievement-perfectionism attitudes than victims with emotional disorders other than PTSD or MDD. Conclusions: The results suggest that depressive dysfunctional attitudes could be a vulnerability factor for PTSD. The results also suggest the need to refine Beck's cognitive theory proposals about dysfunctional attitudes common and specific to each emotional disorder and identify potential therapeutic targets of cognitive therapies for these disorders. PublicationRelationships of the Big Five facets and dysfunctional attitudes with depression(Wiley, 2022-06-08) Fausor de Castro, Rocío; Morán Rodríguez, Noelia; Gesteira Santos, Clara; Cobos, Beatriz; Sanz García, Ana; Liébana Puado, Sara; Altungy Labrador, Pedro; García Vera, María Paz; Sanz Fernández, JesúsThere are two parallel lines of research on the relationship between personality and depression, one based on the Big Five personality model and one on Beck’s cognitive theory of depression. However, no study has jointly examined the dimensions and facets of the Big Five and the dysfunctional attitudes of Beck’s theory. This was the objective of the present study. The Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R), the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DASA), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-IA) were applied to 221 adults from the Spanish general population (53.7% females; mean age: 38.3 years). Various multiple linear regression analyses revealed that only the facet of depression was significantly related to depressive symptomatology. The different associations of the broad and specific personality traits and the need to control as many third variables as possible to prevent the finding of spurious relationships are discussed.