Person: Palomo Álvarez, Catalina
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Óptica y Optometría
Optometría y Visión
Now showing 1 - 10 of 14
PublicationPhDAY 2020 -FOO (Facultad de Óptica y Optometría)(Facultad de Óptica y Optometría (UCM), 2020) Carpena Torres, Carlos; Pintor, Jesús; Pérez de Lara, María Jesús; Toral, Fernando; Crooke, Almudena; Pastrana, Cristina; Carracedo Rodríguez, Juan Gonzalo; Cayuela López, Ana; Sorzano Sánchez, Óscar; Charbel, Carla; Garzón Jiménez, Nuria; Carballo Álvarez, Jesús; Diz Arias, Elena; Fernández Jiménez, Elena; Peral Cerdá, Assumpta; Gómez Pedrero, José Antonio; Durán Prieto, Elena; López Alonso, José Manuel; Fernández Torres, Miguel Ángel; Guzmán Aránguez, Ana Isabel; Gómez Manzanares, Ángela; Vázquez Moliní, Daniel; Martínez Antón, Juan Carlos; Bernárdez Vilaboa, Ricardo; Mayorga Pinilla, Santiago; Álvarez Fernández-Balbuena, Antonio; Benítez, AntoJ.; El Youssfi, Asmae Igalla; León Álvarez, Alejandro; Palomo Álvarez, Catalina; LLedó Mayans, Victoria Eugenia; Awad Alkozi, Hanan; Sánchez Naves, Juan; Martínez Alberquilla, Irene; García Montero, María; Ruiz Alcocer, Javier; Madrid Costa, David; Martínez Florentín, Gema; Papas, Eric B.; Medrano Muñoz, Sandra Milena; Molina, Nancy; Jurado, Sandra; Oliveiros López, Juan; Platero Alvarado, Nadiuska Cristine; Garrido Mercado, Rafaela; Pérez Garmendia, Carlos; Antona Peñalba, Beatriz; Barrio de Santos, Ana Rosa; González Pérez, Mariano; Pérez Garmendia, Carlos; Serramito Blanco, María; Privado Aroco, Ana; Almalki, Wael; Bodas Romero, Julia; Ouzzani, Mohamed; Paune, Jaume; Calderón García, Raquel; Pitarch Velasco, Aida; Cebrián, José Luis; Sánchez Pérez, Isabel; García Rojo, Marta María; Bonnin Arias, Cristina; Sánchez Ramos, Celia; Gutiérrez Jorrín, Sara Carmen; Rodríguez Alonso, Xabier; Laucirica Sáenz, Gorka; Arranz Márquez, Esther; Alonso Castellanos, Miriam; Teus Guezala, Miguel Ángel; Hernández Verdejo, José Luis; Mármol Errasti, Esther; Martín García, Beatriz; Arriola Villalobos, Pedro; Gómez de Liaño, Rosario; Mínguez Caro, N; Orduña Azcona, Javier; Navarro Gil, Francisco Javier; Huete Toral, Fernando; Rodríguez Pomar, Candela; Pastrana Robles, Cristina; Martínez Águila, Alejandro; Martín Gil, Alba; Tomé de la Torre, Miguel ÁngelPor cuarto año consecutivo los doctorandos de la Facultad de Óptica y Optometría de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid cuentan con un congreso propio organizado por y para ellos, el 4º PhDAY- FOO. Se trata de un congreso gratuito abierto en la que estos jóvenes científicos podrán presentar sus investigaciones al resto de sus compañeros predoctorales y a toda la comunidad universitaria que quiera disfrutar de este evento. Apunta en tu agenda: el 15 de octubre de 2020. En esta ocasión será un Congreso On-line para evitar que la incertidumbre asociada a la pandemia Covid-19 pudiera condicionar su celebración. PublicationImpaired Mesopic Visual Acuity in Eyes with Early Age-Related Macular Degeneration(The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc., 2012) Puell Marín, María Cinta; Barrio de Santos, Ana Rosa; Palomo Álvarez, Catalina; Gomez-Sanz, Fernando J; Clement-Corral, Amaya; Perez Carrasco, Maria JesusPurpose.: To determine photopic and mesopic distance high-contrast visual acuity (HC-VA) and low-contrast visual acuity (LC-VA) in eyes with early age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods.: Measurements were made in 22 subjects with early AMD and 28 healthy control subjects. Inclusion criteria included a photopic HC-VA of 20/25 or better. Distance VA was measured using HC (96%) and LC (10%) Bailey-Lovie logMAR letter charts under photopic (85 cd/m2) and mesopic (0.1–0.2 cd/m2) luminance conditions. Results.: Mean mesopic distance HC-VA and LC-VA were significantly worse (0.1 logMAR and 0.28 logMAR, respectively) in the early AMD group than in the control group. Under mesopic conditions, the mean difference between LC-VA and HC-VA was significantly greater in the early AMD (0.45 logMAR) than the control group (0.27 logMAR). Mean differences between mesopic versus photopic HC-VA and mesopic versus photopic LC-VA were significantly greater in the early AMD than the control group (0.13 and 0.32 logMAR of difference between the means, respectively). Sensitivity and specificity were significantly greater for mesopic LC-VA than for mesopic HC-VA (Receiver Operating Characteristics, area under the curve [AUC], 0.94 ± 0.030 and 0.76 ± 0.067, respectively). AUC values for photopic HC-VA and LC-VA were below 0.70. Conclusions.: Visual acuity testing under low luminance conditions emerged as an optimal quantitative measure of retinal function in early AMD. PublicationMeasures of accommodative function in secondary school year 9 and year 13: a 4-year longitudinal study(Springer, 2022-07-29) Mármol Errasti, Esther; Cárdenas Rebollo, José Miguel; Rodán González, Antonio; Pagán Fernández, Encarnación; Jara García, Laura C; Palomo Álvarez, CatalinaPurpose: To characterize accommodative function in secondary school children in year 9 and year 13 and assess the possible relationship between daily working conditions (number of near work hours and distances) and accommodation variables related to accommodative excess. Methods: This was a prospective study. Participants were 43 subjects who were first examined in year 9 and then again when they were in year 13. The accommodation variables measured in each session were as follows: accommodation amplitude (AA), accommodative response (AR), monocular and binocular accommodation flexibility (MAF and BAF), negative relative accommodation (NRA), and positive relative accommodation (PRA). Other data recorded were the number of hours spent working at near vision tasks and the distances used for these tasks. Participants were classified as those with accommodation variables within the normal range (NA) and those with variables suggesting accommodative excess (AE). Results: Several accommodative function variables were below normative values in both year 9 and year 13. The number of subjects classified as having AE went from 27.9% in year 9 to 58.1% in year 13 according to AR (p < 0.005) and from 23.3 to 46.5% according to MAF (p = 0.024). More near work was reported in year 13 (44.6 h/week) than year 9 (32.7 h/week) (p < 0.001). It emerged that subjects in year 13 spent more hours working at near if they had AE than if they were assigned to the NA group. No differences were detected in near work distances used by subjects in the NA and AE groups in both years. Conclusions: In both school years, values outside the norm were detected in several accommodative function measures. Also, devoting more hours to near work was linked to a greater extent of accommodative excess. We would therefore recommend regular accommodative function assessment in secondary school children. PublicationEffects of Light Scatter and Blur on Low-Contrast Vision and Disk Halo Size(Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2017-04) Puell Marín, María Cinta; Palomo Álvarez, CatalinaPurpose: To investigate the individual effects of forward light scatter (FLS) and refractive blur on low-contrast vision and the size of the disk halo produced in response to an external glare source. Methods: Monocular disk halo radius, high- and low-contrast distance visual acuity (HCVA, LCVA), and contrast sensitivity (CS) were determined in 25 eyes of 25 healthy subjects under normal, FLS, and blur conditions. FLS was induced using the filter Black ProMist 2 to simulate an early cataract. Blur was induced using a +1.00 diopter lens to simulate an uncorrected refractive error. Results: Similar significant mean increases in halo radius were observed for the FLS (0.32 ± 0.10 log arc min; P < .0001) and refractive blur (0.40 ± 0.18 log arc min; P < .0001). Under induced blur, 3 lines of HCVA (0.32 ± 0.15 logMAR; P < .0001) and 4 lines of LCVA (0.39 ± 0.16 logMAR; P < .0001) were lost. FLS had a minimal (but significant) effect on HCVA, but worsened mean LCVA by more than 1 line (0.13 ± 0.10 logMAR; P < .0001). Similar significant mean CS reductions of 0.17 ± 0.12 (P < .0001) and 0.14 ± 0.12 log units (P < .0001) were produced in response to FLS and refractive blur, respectively (approximately 1 triplet). Conclusions: Forward light scatter and refractive blur contributed to an increased size of the disk halo produced by a glare source in similar proportion. Although defocus blur has a substantial effect on LCVA, a loss of more than 1 line of LCVA after best refractive correction would be indicative of FLS. PublicationAdaptación de lentes de contacto rígidas permeables al gas en un caso de glaucoma congénito(Elsevier España, 2008-06) Palomo Álvarez, Catalina; Martín García, BeatrizCaso clínico: Mujer de 27 años tratada de glaucoma congénito con alta miopía, baja AV y nistagmus en ambos ojos, fue referida para adaptar lentes de contacto. Se adaptan lentes de contacto rígidas permeables a los gases (LC RPG) asféricas y de alta transmisibilidad en uso diario. La paciente mejoró la AV con confort durante 10 horas al día de porte. Discusión: La adaptación de lentes de contacto se realizó teniendo en cuenta la topografía corneal de la paciente. Consideramos las lentes de contacto permeables al gas como las lentes de primera elección para estos pacientes, que con una adecuada adaptación y seguimientos pueden utilizar con seguridad lentes de contacto RPG en uso diario. PublicationLower tear meniscus height measured by optical coherence tomography in children(WILEY-BLACKWELL Publishing, 2023-04-27) Martín García, Beatriz; Palomo Álvarez, Catalina; Piedrahita Alonso, María Elena; Gómez de Liaño, Rosario; Fuentes Ferrer, Manuel; Arriola Villalobos, PedroIntroduction: While optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements of the lower tear meniscus height (LTMH) have been reported in adults, here we obtained LTMH measurements through Fourier Domain OCT in healthy children and compared these with values obtained in healthy adults. Methods: Participants were children 7–17 years of age and a control group of adults 20–40 years of age. Inclusion criteria were no abnormal eye conditions or the use of contact lenses. Candidates who fulfilled the TFOS DEWS II criteria for dry eye disease (DED) were excluded. All subjects underwent LTMH measurement (OCT Spectralis) and tests for non-invasive tear break-up time and ocular surface staining. Participants also completed the ocular surface disease index questionnaire. Results: A total of 86 children and 27 adults were included. Mean LTMH values in the children and adult groups were 217.40 ± 71.40 μm and 225.0 ± 54.86 μm, respectively; p = 0.53. However, 59.3% of the children had an LTMH ≤210 μm suggestive of DED, compared with only 33.3% of adults (p = 0.02). For the children, no significant differences in LTMH were observed with sex or for those more or less than 12 years of age. Conclusions: Optical coherence tomography-derived LTMH measurements were obtained in healthy children. While values were similar in children and adults, a greater proportion of children had an LTMH compatible with a diagnosis of DED. More studies in different paediatric populations are required to establish a complete set of normative LTMH measurements. PublicationPrevalence of convergence insufficiency among Spanish school children aged 6 to 14 years(Spanish General Council of Optometrists, 2021-11-31) Sánchez Cuadrado, Carla; Bueno Fernández, Sara; Cárdenas Rebollo, José Miguel; Palomo Álvarez, CatalinaClinical relevance: Convergence insufficiency (CI) at an early age can lead to learning difficulties affecting school performance. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of CI in a non-clinical population of Spanish children using well defined clinical criteria and to determine whether sex is a risk factor. Methods: Visual acuity and binocular vision tests were performed in 628 children aged 6-14 years (mean age 9.6 ± 1.3 years) at three schools in the Madrid Community, Spain. To assess CI prevalence we used CITT (Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial) criteria. The three signs considered were: i) exophoria at least 4∆ greater at near than at far; ii) near break point of convergence (NPC) ≥ 6 cm; and iii) reduced positive fusional vergence (PFV) at near (≤ 15∆ base-out break or failed Sheard's criterion). Results: The CI prevalence detected was 5.30% (33 children). Proportions of children with one or two signs of CI were 23.76% (148 children) and 12.20% (76 children), respectively. No differences in these CI rates by sex were detected. Conclusion: The clinically significant CI prevalence observed here suggests the need for more binocular vision screening programmes in school settings. PublicationMacular Thickness and Mesopic Visual Acuity in Healthy Older Subjects(Taylor & Francis, 2018-09-27) Puell, María Cinta; Pérez Carrasco, María Jesús; Palomo Álvarez, CatalinaPurpose/Aim: Impaired mesopic visual acuity (VA) is a risk factor for incident early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) This study examines relationships between macular thickness measurements and photopic or mesopic VA in healthy eyes. Materials and Methods: In 38 young and 39 older healthy individuals, total, inner, and outer retinal layer (IRL and ORL) thicknesses were measured in the macula region through spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Measurements were made across three subfields centered at the fovea: central foveal, pericentral, and peripheral. Best-corrected distance high-contrast (HC) and low-contrast (LC) VA were measured using Bailey-Lovie logMAR letter charts under photopic and mesopic luminance conditions. In addition, the low luminance deficit in VA (LLD, difference between photopic and mesopic VA) was calculated. Relationships were examined through Spearman correlation in each age group and through multiple linear regressions across all eyes. Results: No significant correlations were detected between photopic VA (HC-VA and LC-VA) and macular thickness measurements in each age group. In mesopic conditions, age and pupil size were independent predictors of HC-VA (p = 0.001) and age and pericentral ORL thickness predictors of LC-VA (p = 0.001). Central foveal thickness emerged as the unique independent predictor of LLD (HC-VA, p = 0.013 and LC-VA, p = 0.005). Only in the older age group, was central foveal thicknesses correlated with LLD (HC-VA, r = + 0.45; p = 0.004 and LC-VA, r = + 0.33, p = 0.038). Conclusions: Greater macular thicknesses were related to worse mesopic VA and low luminance deficit in healthy subjects. PublicationCapacity of straylight and disk halo size to diagnose cataract(Elsevier, 2015-10) Palomo Álvarez, Catalina; Puell Marín, María CintaPurpose To examine the capacity of straylight and disk halo size to diagnose cataract. Setting Faculty of Optics and Optometry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain. Design Prospective study. Methods Straylight, disk halo radius, and high-contrast corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) measurements were compared between patients with age-related cataract and age-matched normal-sighted control subjects by calculating the area under the curve (AUC) receiver operating characteristic. Results Measurements were made in 53 eyes of 53 patients with a mean age of 67.94 years ± 7.11 (SD) and 31 eyes of 31 controls with a mean age 66.06 ± 5.43 years. Significantly worse (P <.001) mean straylight (1.38 ± 0.24 log[s]), mean disk halo radius (2.40 ± 0.18 log minutes of arc [arcmin]), and mean CDVA (0.17 ± 0.11 logMAR) were recorded in the cataract group than in the control group (1.17 ± 0.11 log[s], 2.10 ± 0.16 log arcmin, and 0.08 ± 0.08 logMAR). Significant differences in AUCs were observed for disk halo radius (0.89 ± 0.04) versus straylight (0.77 ± 0.05) (P =.03) and disk halo radius versus CDVA (0.72 ± 0.05) (P =.001). The comparison of disk halo radius versus the discriminant function with input from CDVA and straylight (0.80 ± 0.05) was at the limit of significance only (0.091 ± 0.05, P =.051). Conclusion Although all 3 variables discriminated well between normal eyes and eyes with cataract, the disk halo radius showed the best diagnostic capacity. Financial Disclosure Neither author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. PublicationBinocular function changes produced in response to overnight orthokeratology(Springer, 2017-01) Felipe Márquez, Gema; Nombela Palomo, María; Palomo Álvarez, Catalina; Cacho Bobillo, Isabel; Nieto Bona, AmeliaPurpose: To analyze the binocular function changes produced on subjects undergoing overnight orthokeratology (OK) treatment over short-term (3 months) and long-term (3 years) wear. Methods: A prospective, longitudinal study on young adult subjects with low to moderate myopia was carried out. Binocular function was assessed by the following sequence of tests: Distance and near horizontal phoria (Von Graefe technique), distance and near horizontal vergence ranges (Risley rotary prisms), accommodative convergence/accommodation (AC/A) ratio (gradient method) and the near point of convergence (standard push-up technique). The short-term sample consisted of: 21 subjects in the control group, 26 in a corneal refractive therapy (CRT) treatment lenses group and 25 in a Seefree treatment lenses group. Those subjects were evaluated at baseline and at a 3-month follow-up visit. Twenty one subjects were old CRT wearers that attended a 3-year follow-up visit (long-term group). Results: A statistically significant difference over the 3-month treatment was found for divergence at distance: the break point decreased 1.4 Δ (p = 0.0006) in the CRT group and the recovery point increased 1.2 Δ (p = 0.001) in the Seefree group. Also, the Seefree group had an exophoric trend of 2.3 Δ at near (p = 0.02) and a base-out break decrease of 2.3 Δ (p = 0.03). For the long-term group, only the base-out break point at distant vision showed a statistically significant difference of 4.9 Δ (p = 0.02). Conclusions: OK induces minimal changes in the binocular function for either short-term or long-term periods, apart from a near exophoric trend over the short-term period.