Person: Campuzano Ruiz, Susana
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Now showing 1 - 10 of 40
PublicationSimultaneous Determination of the Main Peanut Allergens in Foods Using Disposable Amperometric Magnetic Beads-Based Immunosensing Platforms(MDPI, 2016-06-28) Ruiz Valdepeñas Montiel, Víctor; Torrente Rodríguez, Rebeca Magnolia; Campuzano Ruiz, Susana; Pellicanò, Alessandro; Reviejo García, Ángel Julio; Cosio, Maria; Pingarrón Carrazón, José ManuelIn this work, a novel magnetic beads (MBs)-based immunosensing approach for the rapid and simultaneous determination of the main peanut allergenic proteins (Ara h 1 and Ara h 2) is reported. It involves the use of sandwich-type immunoassays using selective capture and detector antibodies and carboxylic acid-modified magnetic beads (HOOC-MBs). Amperometric detection at −0.20 V was performed using dual screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPdCEs) and the H2O2/hydroquinone (HQ) system. This methodology exhibits high sensitivity and selectivity for the target proteins providing detection limits of 18.0 and 0.07 ng/mL for Ara h 1 and Ara h 2, respectively, with an assay time of only 2 h. The usefulness of the approach was evaluated by detecting the endogenous content of both allergenic proteins in different food extracts as well as trace amounts of peanut allergen (0.0001% or 1.0 mg/kg) in wheat flour spiked samples. The developed platform provides better Low detection limits (LODs) in shorter assay times than those claimed for the allergen specific commercial ELISA kits using the same immunoreagents and quantitative information on individual food allergen levels. Moreover, the flexibility of the methodology makes it readily translate to the detection of other food-allergens. PublicationAutomated Bioanalyzer Based on Amperometric Enzymatic Biosensors for the Determination of Ethanol in Low-Alcohol Beers(MDPI, 2017-05-13) Vargas Orgaz, Eva; Conzuelo, Felipe; Ruiz, M.; Campuzano Ruiz, Susana; Ruiz Valdepeñas Montiel, Víctor; González de Rivera, Guillermo; López-Colino, Fernando; Reviejo García, Ángel Julio; Pingarrón Carrazón, José ManuelIn this work, a new automated bioanalyzer based on the use of enzymatic biosensors as amperometric detectors is reported. This automatic bioanalyzer is configurable both as continuous flow and flow injection analysis systems and enables both on-line and off-line monitoring of ethanol in low-alcohol beer to be performed. The attractive analytical and operational characteristics demonstrated by the automated bioanalyzer make it a promising, simple, rapid, and reliable tool for quality control of this beverage in the beer industry, either during the manufacturing process or in the final product. Moreover its applicability to the analysis of the ethanol content in different non-alcoholic beers working at different modes was successfully demonstrated. PublicationFullerenes in Electrochemical Catalytic and Affinity Biosensing: A Review(MDPI, 2017-06-28) Yáñez Sedeño, Paloma; Campuzano Ruiz, Susana; Pingarrón Carrazón, José ManuelNanotechnology is becoming increasingly important in the field of (bio)sensors. The performance and sensitivity of electrochemical biosensors can be greatly improved by the integration of nanomaterials into their construction. In this sense, carbon nanomaterials have been widely used for preparation of biosensors due to their ability to enhance electron-transfer kinetics, high surface-to-volume ratios, and biocompatibility. Fullerenes are a very promising family of carbon nanomaterials and have attracted great interest in recent years in the design of novel biosensing systems due to fullerenes’ exceptional properties. These include multiple redox states, stability in many redox forms, easy functionalization and signal mediation. This paper outlines the state-of-the-art and future directions in the use and functionalization of fullerene-C60 and its derivatives, both as electrode modifiers and advanced labels in electrochemical catalytic and affinity biosensors through selected applications. PublicationPaving the Way for Reliable Alzheimer’s Disease Blood Diagnosis by Quadruple Electrochemical Immunosensing(Wiley, 2022-02-01) Valverde de la Fuente, Alejandro; Gordón Pidal, José María; Montero Calle, Ana; Arévalo Pérez, Beatriz; Serafín González-Carrato, Verónica; Calero, Miguel; Moreno Guzmán, María; López, Miguel Ángel; Escarpa, Alberto; Yáñez Sedeño, Paloma; Barderas, Rodrigo; Campuzano Ruiz, Susana; Pingarrón Carrazón, José ManuelAlzheimer’s disease (AD), the most common neurodegenerative disorder, demands new cost-effective and easy-to-use strategies for its reliable detection, mainly in the preclinical stages. Here, we report the first immunoplatform for the electrochemical multidetermination of four candidate protein biomarkers in blood, neurofilament light chain (NfL), Tau, phosphorylated Tau (p-Tau) and TAR DNA-Binding Protein 43 (TDP-43). It involves implementation of sandwich-type immunoassays and enzymatic labelling with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) on the surface of magnetic microbeads (MBs). Amperometric detection is performed after depositing the magnetic immunoconjugates on disposable quadruple transduction platforms by monitoring the enzymatic reduction of H2O2 mediated by hydroquinone (HQ). The immunoplatform achieved LOD values smaller than the content of target biomarkers in plasma of healthy subjects, with RSD values. PublicationEmpowering Electrochemical Biosensing through Nanostructured or Multifunctional Nucleic Acid or Peptide Biomaterials(Wiley, 2022-04-28) Campuzano Ruiz, Susana; Pedrero Muñoz, María; Barderas, Rodrigo; Pingarrón Carrazón, José ManuelElectrochemical biosensors continue to evolve at an astonishing pace, consolidating as competitive tools for determining a wide range of targets and relentlessly strengthening their attributes in terms of sensitivity, selectivity, simplicity, response time, and antifouling ability, making them suitable for getting a foothold in real-world applications. The design and exploitation of nanostructured or multifunctional nucleic acid or peptide biomaterials is playing a determinant role in these achievements. With the aim of highlighting the potential and opportunities of these biomaterials, this perspective article critically discusses and overviews the electrochemical biosensors reported since 2019 involving nanostructured and multifunctional DNA biomaterials, multifunctional aptamers, modern peptides, and CRISPR/Cas systems. The use of these biomaterials as recognition elements, electrode modifiers (acting as linkers or creating scaffolds with antifouling properties), enzyme substrates, and labeling/carrier agents for signal amplification is discussed through rationally and strategically selected examples, concluding with a personal perspective about the challenges to be faced and future lines of action. PublicationMagnetic Particles Coupled to Disposable Screen Printed Transducers for Electrochemical Biosensing(MDPI, 2016-09-25) Yáñez Sedeño, Paloma; Campuzano Ruiz, Susana; Pingarrón Carrazón, José ManuelUltrasensitive biosensing is currently a growing demand that has led to the development of numerous strategies for signal amplification. In this context, the unique properties of magnetic particles; both of nano- and micro-size dimensions; have proved to be promising materials to be coupled with disposable electrodes for the design of cost-effective electrochemical affinity biosensing platforms. This review addresses, through discussion of selected examples, the way that nano- and micro-magnetic particles (MNPs and MMPs; respectively) have contributed significantly to the development of electrochemical affinity biosensors, including immuno-, DNA, aptamer and other affinity modes. Different aspects such as type of magnetic particles, assay formats, detection techniques, sensitivity, applicability and other relevant characteristics are discussed. Research opportunities and future development trends in this field are also considered. PublicationMultiplexed Electrochemical Immunosensors for Clinical Biomarkers(MDPI, 2017-04-27) Yáñez Sedeño, Paloma; Campuzano Ruiz, Susana; Pingarrón Carrazón, José ManuelManagement and prognosis of disease requires the accurate determination of specific biomarkers indicative of normal or disease-related biological processes or responses to therapy. Moreover since multiple determinations of biomarkers have demonstrated to provide more accurate information than individual determinations to assist the clinician in prognosis and diagnosis, the detection of several clinical biomarkers by using the same analytical device hold enormous potential for early detection and personalized therapy and will simplify the diagnosis providing more information in less time. In this field, electrochemical immunosensors have demonstrated to offer interesting alternatives against conventional strategies due to their simplicity, fast response, low cost, high sensitivity and compatibility with multiplexed determination, microfabrication technology and decentralized determinations, features which made them very attractive for integration in point-of-care (POC) devices. Therefore, in this review, the relevance and current challenges of multiplexed determination of clinical biomarkers are briefly introduced, and an overview of the electrochemical immunosensing platforms developed so far for this purpose is given in order to demonstrate the great potential of these methodologies. After highlighting the main features of the selected examples, the unsolved challenges and future directions in this field are also briefly discussed. PublicationCarbon Nanostructures for Tagging in Electrochemical Biosensing: A Review(MDPI, 2017-01-16) Yáñez Sedeño, Paloma; Campuzano Ruiz, Susana; Pingarrón Carrazón, José ManuelGrowing demand for developing ultrasensitive electrochemical bioassays has led to the design of numerous signal amplification strategies. In this context, carbon-based nanomaterials have been demonstrated to be excellent tags for greatly amplifying the transduction of recognition events and simplifying the protocols used in electrochemical biosensing. This relevant role is due to the carbon-nanomaterials’ large surface area, excellent biological compatibility and ease functionalization and, in some cases, intrinsic electrochemistry. These carbon-based nanomaterials involve well-known carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene as well as the more recent use of other carbon nanoforms. This paper briefly discusses the advantages of using carbon nanostructures and their hybrid nanocomposites for amplification through tagging in electrochemical biosensing platforms and provides an updated overview of some selected examples making use of labels involving carbon nanomaterials, acting both as carriers for signal elements and as electrochemical tracers, applied to the electrochemical biosensing of relevant (bio)markers. PublicationCutting-Edge Advances in Electrochemical Affinity Biosensing at Different Molecular Level of Emerging Food Allergens and Adulterants(MDPI, 2020-02-06) Campuzano Ruiz, Susana; Ruiz Valdepeñas Montiel, Víctor; Serafín González-Carrato, Verónica; Yáñez Sedeño, Paloma; Pingarrón Carrazón, José ManuelThe presence of allergens and adulterants in food, which represents a real threat to sensitized people and a loss of consumer confidence, is one of the main current problems facing society. The detection of allergens and adulterants in food, mainly at the genetic level (characteristic fragments of genes that encode their expression) or at functional level (protein biomarkers) is a complex task due to the natural interference of the matrix and the low concentration at which they are present. Methods for the analysis of allergens are mainly divided into immunological and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-based assays. In recent years, electrochemical affinity biosensors, including immunosensors and biosensors based on synthetic sequences of DNA or ribonucleic acid (RNA), linear, aptameric, peptide or switch-based probes, are gaining special importance in this field because they have proved to be competitive with the methods commonly used in terms of simplicity, test time and applicability in different environments. These unique features make them highly promising analytical tools for routine determination of allergens and food adulterations at the point of care. This review article discusses the most significant trends and developments in electrochemical affinity biosensing in this field over the past two years as well as the challenges and future prospects for this technology. PublicationTowards Control and Oversight of SARS-CoV-2 Diagnosis and Monitoring through Multiplexed Quantitative Electroanalytical Immune Response Biosensors(Wiley, 2022-05-04) Torrente Rodríguez, Rebeca Magnolia; Montero Calle, Ana; San Bartolomé, Clara; Cano, Olga; Vazquez, Monica; Iglesias Caballero, María; Corral Lugo, Andrés; McConnell, Michael J.; Pascal, Mariona; Mas, Vicente; Pingarrón Carrazón, José Manuel; Barderas, Rodrigo; Campuzano Ruiz, SusanaThe development of versatile and sensitive biotools to quantify specific SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulins in SARS-CoV-2 infected and non-infected individuals, built-on the surface of magnetic microbeads functionalized with nucleocapsid (N) and inhouse expressed recombinant spike (S) proteins is reported. Amperometric interrogation of captured N- and S-specific circulating total or individual immunoglobulin (Ig) isotypes (IgG, IgM, and IgA), subsequently labelled with HRP-conjugated secondary antibodies, was performed at disposable single or multiplexed (8) screen-printed electrodes using the HQ/HRP/H2O2 system. The obtained results using N and in-house expressed S ectodomains of five SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (including the latest Delta and Omicron) allow identification of vulnerable populations from those with natural or acquired immunity, monitoring of infection, evaluation of vaccine efficiency and even identification of the variant responsible for the infection.