Person: Fernández Figueroa, María José
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Astronomía y Astrofísica
Now showing 1 - 10 of 45
PublicationThe nearest young moving groups(American Astronomical Society, 2006-06-01) López Santiago, Javier; Montes Gutiérrez, David; Crespo Chacón, I.; Fernández Figueroa, María JoséThe latest results in the research of forming planetary systems have led several authors to compile a sample of candidates for searching for planets in the vicinity of the Sun. Young stellar associations are indeed excellent laboratories for this study, but some of them are not close enough to allow the detection of planets through adaptive optics techniques. However, the existence of very close young moving groups can solve this problem. Here we have compiled the members of the nearest young moving groups, as well as a list of new candidates from our catalog of late-type stars that are possible members of young stellar kinematic groups, studying their membership through spectroscopic and photometric criteria. PublicationEmissions from the transition regions and coronae of three cool dwarf stars(EDP Sciencies, 1983) Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Rego Fernández, ManuelUltraviolet emissions of τCet, δPav, and 61 Cyg A have been analysed to determine the structure of their outer atmospheres. Emission line fluxes are used to find the emission measure distributions. Using two boundary values of the electron pressure, models of the transition region have been derived. In the two models of τCet the net conductive flux is less than the radiation losses at all temperatures. However, for δPav and 61 Cyg A the model with the upper boundary value of the electron pressure has a temperature range where the radiative losses are less than the net conductive fluxes. Measured X-ray fluxes are used to test the coronal temperature values derived from the ultraviolet observations. PublicationGeneral properties of RS CVn systems(Wiley, 1988-05-15) Montesinos, B.; Giménez, A.; Fernández Figueroa, María JoséIn this work we analyse the behaviour of 22 members of the RS CVn family whose absolute parameters are known by observation. We have carried out a study in comparison with detached and normal-evolution systems in order to obtain some general properties of this group of active binaries and test the evolutionary status. A comparison with evolutionary tracks of several metallicities and helium contents shows that there is a trend in these stars to have metal abundances equal to or larger than the solar one. The results are discussed in the light of the peculiar characteristics of this kind of binaries . PublicationApplication of the spectral subtraction technique to the Ca II H & K and H_ε lines in a sample of chromospherically active binaries(EDP Sciences, 1995-12) Montes Gutiérrez, David; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, ManuelWe present new spectroscopic observations in the Ca II H & K line region for a sample of 28 chromospherically active binary systems (RS CVn and BY Dra classes), with different activity levels. By using the spectral subtraction technique (subtraction of a synthesized stellar spectrum constructed from reference stars of similar spectral type and luminosity class) we obtain the active-chromosphere contribution to the Ca II H & K lines and to the H_ε line when it is present. We have compared the emission equivalent widths obtained with this technique with those obtained by reconstruction of the absorption line profile below the emission peak(s). The emissions arising from each individual star were obtained when it was possible to deblend the contribution of both components. The Ca II line profiles corresponding to different seasons and orbital phases are analysed in order to determine the contribution of each component and to study the chromospheric activity variations. PublicationA high-resolution spectroscopic survey of late-type stars: chromospheric activity, rotation, kinematics, and age(EDP Sciencies, 2010-05) López Santiago, Javier; Montes Gutiérrez, David; Gálvez Ortiz, M. C.; Crespo Chacón, I.; Martínez Arnáiz, R. M.; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, ManuelAims. We present a compilation of spectroscopic data from a survey of 144 chromospherically active young stars in the solar neighborhood, which may be used to investigate different aspects of its formation and evolution in terms of kinematics and stellar formation history. The data have already been used by us in several studies. With this paper, we make all these data accessible to the scientific community for future studies on different topics. Methods. We performed spectroscopic observations with echelle spectrographs to cover the entirety of the optical spectral range simultaneously. Standard data reduction was performed with the IRAF echelle package. We applied the spectral subtraction technique to reveal chromospheric emission in the stars of the sample. The equivalent width of chromospheric emission lines was measured in the subtracted spectra and then converted to fluxes using equivalent width-flux relationships. Radial and rotational velocities were determined by the cross-correlation technique. Kinematics, equivalent widths of the lithium line lambda 6707.8 angstrom and spectral types were also determined. Results. A catalog of spectroscopic data is compiled: radial and rotational velocities, space motion, equivalent widths of optical chromospheric activity indicators from Ca II H & K to the calcium infrared triplet and the lithium line in lambda 6708 angstrom. Fluxes in the chromospheric emission lines and R(HK)' are also determined for each observation of a star in the sample. We used these data to investigate the emission levels of our stars. The study of the Ha emission line revealed two different populations of chromospheric emitters in the sample, clearly separated in the log F(H alpha)/F(bol) - (V - J) diagram. The dichotomy may be associated with the age of the stars. PublicationThe relationship between soft X-rays and the 1640 Å feature fluxes in late-type stars(EDP Sciencies, 1983) Rego Fernández, Manuel; González Riestra, R.; Fernández Figueroa, María JoséThe λ 1640 feature has been observed in a sample of late type stars of different luminosity classes. The intensity was measured from IUE low dispersion spectra, and it has been compared with the observed X-ray fluxes, finding a relationship between both quantities for "solar type" stars. The X-ray fluxes derived from this relationship for a reduced sample of stars are consistent with the observed ones in the case of "solar type" stars. "Non solar type" stars exhibit discrepancies that could be explained assuming that the λ 1640 feature is formed by contributers other than He II, which supply an important fraction of this emission in "solar type" stars. The obtained empirical relationship has been used to derive the X-ray flux for some stars that have not been observed in the X-ray range. PublicationAnalysis of the far ultraviolet silicon lines in G dwarf stars(EDP Sciencies, 1980) Fernández Figueroa, María José; Rego Fernández, Manuel; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, ManuelThe structure of the outer stellar regions is investigated for four G type dwarfs observed with the IUE satellite. Line fluxes of the Si II lines at 1817 Å, 1808 A, and 1309 Å and Si III at 1206 Å are used to obtain temperatures and electronic densities. A temperature of 16,000 K is found from the lines at 1817 Å and 1808 Å, 26,000 K from the 1309 A line and 50,000 K from that at 1206 A. Predicted fluxes are compared with the observed ones. The significance of the results is discussed in terms of line formation regions. PublicationOptical long-slit spectroscopy and imaging of OH 231.8+4.2(EDP Sciencies, 2000-03) Sánchez Contreras, C.; Bujarrabal, V.; Miranda, L. F.; Fernández Figueroa, María JoséWe present optical long-slit spectra and complementary broad and narrow band images of the bipolar protoplanetary nebula OH231.8+4.2. Absolute J2000 coordinates have been calculated for our maps from the position of nearby stars. Our maps of the optical continuum show the spatial distribution of the starlight scattered by dust grains. This component is found to be highly elongated along the nebular axis, with a structure very similar to that of the molecular emission. Flux variations with time of the red continuum emission are detected. Our long-slit spectroscopy of H_α and other atomic lines reveals wide spectral profiles and, in general, a complex spatial and spectral emission distribution. The emission arises from two broad lobes and is shifted toward shorter (north lobe) and longer wavelengths (south lobe), indicating that the gas is flowing outwards at high velocity. The clumpiness of the emission nebula is remarkable. A simple model has been used to describe the complex structure and kinematics of this source. Our model suggests that, in addition to the two extended, hollow lobes identified in the H_α images, a smaller, bubble-like expanding structure should lie inside the south lobe. A comparison of the emission line spectrum with predictions of theoretical shock models confirms that the optical lines have been shock excited. We have estimated the electron density of the lobes and deduced the total ionized mass of the nebula, obtaining a low value of ∼5 x 10^-4 M_⨀. We interpret the shaping and evolution of OH231.8+4.2 in the wind interaction scenario for planetary nebulae formation. The peculiar structure and kinematics of the molecular outflow and the ionized envelope are explained in terms of a shock regime transition: the well collimated molecular outflow and the different components of the optical nebula would consist of circumstellar material swept-up by a unique shock in a radiative, and non-radiative regime, respectively. Finally, we briefly discuss the controversial evolutionary status of OH 231.8+4.2. PublicationLate-type members of young stellar kinematic groups - I. Single stars(Wiley, 2001-11-21) Montes Gutiérrez, David; López Santiago, Javier; Gálvez, M. C.; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Castro Rubio, Elisa de; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, ManuelThis is the first paper of a series aimed at studying the properties of late-type members of young stellar kinematic groups. We concentrate our study on classical young moving groups such as the Local Association (Pleiades moving group, 20-150 Myr), IC 2391 supercluster (35 Myr), Ursa Major group (Sirius supercluster, 300 Myr), and Hyades supercluster (600 Myr), as well as on recently identified groups such as the Castor moving group (200 Myr). In this paper we compile a preliminary list of single late-type possible members of some of these young stellar kinematic groups. Stars are selected from previously established members of stellar kinematic groups based on photometric and kinematic properties as well as from candidates based on other criteria such as their level of chromospheric activity, rotation rate and lithium abundance. Precise measurements of proper motions and parallaxes taken from the Hipparcos Catalogue, as well as from the Tycho-2 Catalogue, and published radial velocity measurements are used to calculate the Galactic space motions (U, V W) and to apply Eggen's kinematic criteria in order to determine the membership of the selected stars to the different groups. Additional criteria using age-dating methods for late-type stars will be applied in forthcoming papers of this series. A further study of the list of stars compiled here could lead to a better understanding of the chromospheric activity and their age evolution, as well as of the star formation history in the solar neighbourhood. In addition, these stars are also potential search targets for direct imaging detection of substellar companions. PublicationThe behaviour of the excess Ca II H and K and H_ε emissions in chromospherically active binaries(EDP Sciencies, 1996-08) Montes Gutiérrez, David; Fernández Figueroa, María José; Cornide Castro-Piñeiro, Manuel; Castro Rubio, Elisa deIn this work we analyze the behaviour of the excess Ca II H and K and H_ ε emissions in a sample of 73 chromospherically active binary systems (RS CVn and BY Dra classes), of different activity levels and luminosity classes. This sample includes the 53 stars analyzed by Fernandez-Figueroa et al. (1994) and the observations of 28 systems described by Montes et al. (1995c). By using the spectral subtraction technique (subtraction of a synthesized stellar spectrum constructed from reference stars of spectral type and luminosity class similar to those of the binary star components) we obtain the active-chromosphere contribution to the Ca II H and K lines in these 73 systems. We have determined the excess Ca II H and K emission equivalent widths and converted them into surface fluxes. The emissions arising from each component were obtained when it was possible to deblend both contributions. We have found that the components of active binaries are generally stronger emitters than single active stars for a given effective temperature and rotation rate. A slight decline of the excess Ca II H and K emissions towards longer rotation periods, P-rot, and larger Rossby numbers, R_0, is found. When we use R_0 instead of P_rot, the scatter is reduced and a saturation at R_0≈0.3 is observed. A good correlation between the excess Ca II K and H_ ε chromospheric emission fluxes has been found. The correlations obtained between the excess Ca II K emission and other activity indicators, (C IV in the transition region, and X-rays in the corona) indicate that the exponents of the power-law relations increase with the formation temperature of the spectral features.