Person: Antoranz Canales, Pedro
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Estructura de la Materia, Física Térmica y Electrónica
Now showing 1 - 10 of 145
PublicationSearch for very high energy gamma-rays from the z=0.896 quasar 4C+55.17 with the MAGIC telescopes(Wiley, 2014-05) Antoranz Canales, Pedro; Barrio Uña, Juan Abel; Contreras González, José Luis; Fonseca González, Mª Victoria; López Moya, Marcos; Miranda Pantoja, José Miguel; Satalecka, Konstanzja; Scapin, ValeriaThe bright gamma-ray quasar 4C +55.17 is a distant source (z = 0.896) with a hard spectrum at GeV energies as observed by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Fermi satellite. This source is identified as a good source candidate for very high energy (VHE; > 30 GeV) gamma-rays. In general, VHE gamma-rays from distant sources provide a unique opportunity to study the extragalactic background light (EBL) and underlying astrophysics. The flux intensity of this source in the VHE range is investigated. Then, constraints on the EBL are derived from the attenuation of gamma-ray photons coming from the distant blazar. We searched for a gamma-ray signal from this object using the 35 h observations taken by the MAGIC (Major Atmospheric Gamma-ray Imaging Cherenkov) telescopes between 2010 November and 2011 January. No significant VHE gamma-ray signal was detected. We computed the upper limits of the integrated gamma-ray flux at the 95 per cent confidence level of 9.4 x 10(-12) and 2.5 x 10(-12) cm(-2) s(-1) above 100 and 200 GeV, respectively. The differential upper limits in four energy bins in the range from 80 to 500 GeV are also derived. The upper limits are consistent with the attenuation predicted by low-flux EBL models on the assumption of a simple power-law spectrum extrapolated from LAT data. PublicationSearch for VHE gamma-ray emission from the globular cluster M13 with the Magic telescope(IOP Publishing, 2009-09-01) Antoranz Canales, Pedro; Barrio Uña, Juan Abel; Contreras González, José Luis; Fonseca González, Mª Victoria; Miranda Pantoja, José Miguel; Nieto, DanielBased on MAGIC observations from 2007 June to July, we have obtained an integral upper limit to the VHE energy emission of the globular cluster M13 of F (E > 200 GeV) < 5.1 x 10(-12) cm(-2) s(-1), and differential upper limits for E > 140 GeV. Those limits allow us to constrain the population of millisecond pulsars within M13 and to test models for acceleration of leptons inside their magnetospheres and surrounding. We conclude that in M13 either millisecond pulsars are fewer than expected or they accelerate leptons less efficiently than predicted. PublicationVery high energy gamma-ray radiation from the stellar mass black hole binary Cygnus X-1(IOP Publishing, 2007-08-10) Antoranz Canales, Pedro; Barrio Uña, Juan Abel; Contreras González, José Luis; Fonseca González, Mª Victoria; López Moya, Marcos; Miranda Pantoja, José Miguel; Nieto, DanielWe report on the results from the observations in the very high energy band ( VHE; GeV) of the black E = 100 g hole X- ray binary ( BHXB) Cygnus X- 1. The observations were performed with the MAGIC telescope, for a total of 40 hr during 26 nights, spanning the period between 2006 June and November. Searches for steady gamma - ray signals yielded no positive result, and upper limits to the integral flux ranging between 1% and 2% of the Crab Nebula flux, depending on the energy, have been established. We also analyzed each observation night independently, obtaining evidence of gamma- ray signals at the 4.0 j significance level ( 3.2 j after trial correction) for 154 minutes of effective on- time ( EOT) on September 24 between 20: 58 and 23: 41 UTC, coinciding with an X- ray flare seen by RXTE, Swift, and INTEGRAL. A search for faster- varying signals within a night resulted in an excess with a significance of 4.9 j ( 4.1 j after trial correction) for 79 minutes EOT between 22: 17 and 23: 41 UTC. The measured excess is compatible with a pointlike source at the position of Cygnus X- 1 and excludes the nearby radio nebula powered by its relativistic jet. The differential energy spectrum is well fitted by an unbroken power law described as dN/(dA dt dE) = ( 2.3 +/- 0.6)* 10 ( E/1TeV). This is the first experimental evidence of VHE emission from a stellar mass black hole and therefore from a confirmed accreting X- ray binary. PublicationThe june 2008 flare of Markarian 421 from optical to TeV energies(IOP Publishing, 2009-01-20) Antoranz Canales, Pedro; Barrio Uña, Juan Abel; Contreras González, José Luis; Fonseca González, Mª Victoria; Miranda Pantoja, José Miguel; Nieto, DanielWe present optical, X-ray, high-energy ((sic) 30 GeV) and very high energy ((sic) 100 GeV; VHE) observations of the high-frequency peaked blazar Mrk 421 taken between 2008 May 24 and June 23. A high-energy gamma-ray signal was detected by AGILE with root TS = 4.5 between June 9 and 15, with F(E > 100 MeV) = 42(-12)(+14) x 10(-8) photons cm(-2) s(-1). This flaring state is brighter than the average flux observed by EGRET by a factor of similar to 3, but still consistent with the highest EGRET flux. In hard X-rays (20-60 keV) SuperAGILE resolved a five-day flare (June 9-15) peaking at similar to 55 mCrab. SuperAGILE, RXTE/ASM and Swift/BAT data show a correlated flaring structure between soft and hard X-rays. Hints of the same flaring behavior are also detected in the simultaneous optical data provided by the GASP-WEBT. A Swift/XRT observation near the flaring maximum revealed the highest 2-10 keV flux ever observed from this source, of 2.6 x 10(-9) erg cm(-2) s(-1) (i.e. > 100 mCrab). A peak synchrotron energy of similar to 3 keV was derived, higher than typical values of similar to 0.5-1 keV. VHE observations with MAGIC and VERITAS between June 6 and 8 showed the flux peaking in a bright state, well correlated with the X-rays. This extraordinary set of simultaneous data, covering a 12-decade spectral range, allowed for a deep analysis of the spectral energy distribution as well as of correlated light curves. The gamma-ray flare can be interpreted within the framework of the synchrotron self-Compton model in terms of a rapid acceleration of leptons in the jet. PublicationDesign, modelling and testing of electro-optical transmitters for the central pixel of the MAGIC telescope camera.(SPIE-Int. Soc. Optical Engineering, 2005) Lucarelli, F.; Antoranz Canales, Pedro; Barrio Uña, Juan Abel; Miranda Pantoja, José Miguel; Fonseca González, Mª VictoriaIn this work we have built an electro-optical system for the transmission of low frequency analogue signals through optical fibre. The main goal was to achieve minimum pulse distortion with maximum dynamic range. The system has been used in the framework of the MAGIC telescope experiment for the transmission of the analogue output from a photo-multiplier dedicated to optical observation of astrophysical objects, in particular pulsars. The received signal polarizes an infrared LED (lambda=850 nm), which converts the pulse into an optical analogue pulse. The electro-optical pulse is transmitted by means of a multi-mode optic fibre and finally amplified and filtered by the optical receiver. The whole system has been tested using a pulse generator resembling the type of pulsed signal we expect from pulsars, that is with period of about tens of milli-seconds and few milli-seconds wide. The system was calibrated in order to: a) obtain a fixed relation between the received pulse and the final data and b) enhance the dynamic range and low distortion. In what follows, we show the behaviour of the optical transmitter under different pulse shapes, amplitude and frequencies up to several hundred Hz. The electro-optical system has been mounted on the MAGIC telescope and tested successfully with the observation of the pulsed optical signal from the Crab pulsar. PublicationProbing the very high energy gamma-ray spectral curvature in the blazar PG 1553+113 with the MAGIC telescopes(Oxford University Press, 2015-07-11) Antoranz Canales, Pedro; Barrio Uña, Juan Abel; Bonnefoy, Simon Francois Albert; Contreras González, José Luis; Fonseca González, Mª Victoria; López Moya, Marcos; Miranda Pantoja, José Miguel; Satalecka, Konstanzja; Scapin, ValeriaPG 1553+113 is a very-high-energy (VHE, E > 100 GeV) γ-ray emitter classified as a BL Lac object. Its redshift is constrained by intergalactic absorption lines in the range 0.4 < z < 0.58. The MAGIC telescopes have monitored the source’s activity since 2005. In early 2012, PG 1553+113 was found in a high-state, and later, in April of the same year, the source reached its highest VHE flux state detected so far. Simultaneous observations carried out in X-rays during 2012 April show similar flaring behaviour. In contrast, the γ-ray flux at E < 100 GeV observed by Fermi-LAT is compatible with steady emission. In this paper, a detailed study of the flaring state is presented. The VHE spectrum shows clear curvature, being well fitted either by a power law with an exponential cut-off or by a log-parabola. A simple power-law fit hypothesis for the observed shape of the PG 1553+113 VHE γ-ray spectrum is rejected with a high significance (fit probability P=2.6 ×10−6). The observed curvature is compatible with the extragalactic background light (EBL) imprint predicted by current generation EBL models assuming a redshift z ∼ 0.4. New constraints on the redshift are derived from the VHE spectrum. These constraints are compatible with previous limits and suggest that the source is most likely located around the optical lower limit, z = 0.4, based on the detection of Lyα absorption. Finally, we find that the synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model gives a satisfactory description of the observed multi-wavelength spectral energy distribution during the flare. PublicationGamma-Ray excess from a stacked sample of high- and intermediate-frequency peaked blazars observed with the MAGIC telescope(IOP Publishing, 2011-03-10) Antoranz Canales, Pedro; Barrio Uña, Juan Abel; Contreras González, José Luis; Fonseca González, Mª Victoria; Miranda Pantoja, José Miguel; Nieto, DanielBetween 2004 and 2009, a sample of 28 X-ray selected high-and intermediate-frequency peaked blazars with an X-ray flux larger than 2 mu Jy at 1 keV in the redshift range from 0.018 to 0.361 was observed with the MAGIC telescope at energies above 100 GeV. Seven among them were detected and the results of these observations are discussed elsewhere. Here we concentrate on the remaining 21 blazars which were not detected during this observation campaign and present the 3 sigma (99.7%) confidence upper limits on their flux. The individual flux upper limits lie between 1.6% and 13.6% of the integral flux from the Crab Nebula. Applying a stacking method to the sample of non-detections with a total of 394.1 hr exposure time, we find evidence for an excess with a cumulative significance of 4.9 standard deviations. It is not dominated by individual objects or flares, but increases linearly with the observation time as for a constant source with an integral flux level of similar to 1.5% of that observed from the Crab Nebula above 150 GeV. PublicationDiscovery of VHE gamma-ray emission from the BL Lacertae object B3 2247+381 with the MAGIC telescopes(EDP Sciencies, 2012-03) Antoranz Canales, Pedro; Barrio Uña, Juan Abel; Contreras González, José Luis; Fonseca González, Mª Victoria; Miranda Pantoja, José Miguel; Scapin, ValeriaWe study the non-thermal jet emission of the BL Lac object B3 2247+381 during a high optical state. Methods. The MAGIC telescopes observed the source during 13 nights between September 30th and October 30th 2010, collecting a total of 14.2 h of good quality very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray data. Simultaneous multiwavelength data was obtained with X-ray observations by the Swift satellite and optical R-band observations at the KVA-telescope. We also use high energy gamma-ray (HE, 0.1-100GeV) data from the Fermi satellite. Results. The BL Lac object B3 2247+381 (z = 0.119) was detected, for the first time, at VHE gamma-rays at a statistical significance of 5.6 sigma. A soft VHE spectrum with a photon index of -3.2 +/- 0.6 was determined. No significant short term flux variations were found. We model the spectral energy distribution using a one-zone SSC-model, which can successfully describe our data. PublicationMagic observations of the unidentified gamma-ray source TEV J2032+4130(IOP Publishing, 2008-03-01) Antoranz Canales, Pedro; Barrio Uña, Juan Abel; Contreras González, José Luis; Fonseca González, Mª Victoria; López Moya, Marcos; Miranda Pantoja, José Miguel; Nieto, DanielWe observed the first known very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray-emitting unidentified source, TeV J2032 + 4130, for 94 hr with the MAGIC telescope. The source was detected with a significance of 5.6 sigma. The flux, position, and angular extension are compatible with the previous ones measured by the HEGRA telescope system 5 years ago. The integral flux amounts to (4.5 +/- 0.3(stat)+/- 0.35(sys)) x 10 (- 13) photons cm(-2) s(-1) above 1 TeV. The source energy spectrum, obtained with the lowest energy threshold to date, is compatible with a single power law with a hard photon index of Gamma= - 2.0 +/- 0.3(stat)+/- 0.2(sys). Miranda Pantka PublicationObservations of Markarian 421 with the MAGIC telescope(IOP Publishing, 2007-07-01) Antoranz Canales, Pedro; Barrio Uña, Juan Abel; Contreras González, José Luis; Fonseca González, Mª Victoria; López Moya, Marcos; Miranda Pantoja, José MiguelThe MAGIC telescope took data of very high energy gamma-ray emission from the blazar Markarian 421 ( Mrk 421) between 2004 November and 2005 April. We present a combined analysis of data samples recorded under different observational conditions, down to gamma- ray energies of 100 GeV. The flux was found to vary between 0.5 and 2 crab ( integrated above 200 GeV), considered a low state when compared to known data. Although the flux varied day by day, no short-term variability was observed, although there is some indication that not all nights show an equally quiescent state. The results at higher energies were found to be consistent with previous observations. A clear correlation is observed between gamma-ray and X-ray fluxes, whereas no significant correlation between gamma-ray and optical data is seen. The spectral energy distribution between 100 GeVand 3 TeV shows a clear deviation from a power law, more clearly and at lower flux than previous observations at higher energies. The deviation persists after correcting for the effect of attenuation by the extragalactic background light, and most likely is source- inherent. There is a rather clear indication of an inverse Compton peak around 100 GeV. The spectral energy distribution of Mrk 421 can be fitted by a one-zone synchrotron self-Compton model, suggesting once again a leptonic origin of the very high energy gamma-ray emission from this blazar.