Person:
Santos Sancho, Juana María

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First Name
Juana María
Last Name
Santos Sancho
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Farmacia
Department
Salud Pública y Materno-Infantil
Area
Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
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UCM identifierScopus Author IDDialnet ID

Search Results

Now showing 1 - 10 of 11
  • Publication
    Fomento del autoaprendizaje mediante la implementación y utilización de H5P en el Campus Virtual
    Cea Soriano, Lucía; Pulido Manzanero, José; Huerta Álvarez, Consuelo; Santos Sancho, Juana María; de Burgos González, Airam; Mota Pérez, Mª Mercedes; Sole Sauto, Mª Elena
  • Publication
    Reversal of the Upward Trend of Obesity in Boys, but Not in Girls, in Spain
    (MPDI, 2021-02-11) Albaladejo Vicente, Romana; Villanueva Orbaiz, Rosa; Carabantes Alarcón, David; Santos Sancho, Juana María; Jiménez García, Rodrigo; Regidor Poyatos, Enrique
    Background: To compare the prevalence of overweight and obesity in boys and girls and to estimate socioeconomic differences associated with obesity in Spain in 1997, 2007, and 2017. (2) Methods: Data were drawn from national health interview surveys. For each year of study, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was measured, and these results were compared by gender (boy/girl) and socioeconomic status (low/high education). (3) Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity rose from 1997 to 2007 but then fell in 2017 in all subgroups except in girls aged 10 to 15 years. In this group, there was a steady increase in the prevalence of both overweight (1997, 14.6%; 2007, 17.7%; 2017, 19.6%) and obesity (1.1, 3.2, and 3.7%, respectively). The decrease in prevalence of overweight in both sexes and of obesity in boys, along with the increase in prevalence of obesity in girls, was of a higher magnitude in children whose parents had a lower educational level. (4) Conclusions: The apparent turnaround in the obesity epidemic in Spain should be interpreted with caution. Children’s body weight is influenced by both gender and socioeconomic status—considerations that should be kept in mind when designing health promotion interventions
  • Publication
    Idoneidad y validez de herramientas que fomentan el aprendizaje asociativo a partir de exámenes tipo test
    (2020-07-21) Cea Soriano, Trinidad Lucia; Garcia seoane, Jorge Juan; Ortega Molina, Paloma; López Gallardo, Meritxell; Astasio Arbiza, Paloma; Martínez Hernández, David; Lázaro Fernández, Alberto; Santos Sancho, Juana María; García Ferrera, Alicia; Gutiérrez Albaladejo, Natalia; Herrera Marcos, Isabel
  • Publication
    La aplicabilidad de los conocimientos y competencias adquiridos en el aula desde la perspectiva laboral como herramienta docente en salud pública
    (2019-05-27) Ortega Molina, Paloma; Cea Soriano, Trinidad Lucía; Astasio Arbiza, Paloma; Santos Sancho, Juana María; Martínez Hernández, David; Sánchez Ortiz, Sara; Hedo Prieto, María Teresa
  • Publication
    Fomento del autoaprendizaje mediante la construcción de exámenes tipo test
    (2021-06) Pulido Manzanero, José; Astasio Arbiza, Paloma; Cea Soriano, Trinidad Lucía; Ortega Molina, Paloma; Santos Sancho, Juana María; García Ferrera, Alicia; de Burgos González, Airam; Regidor Poyatos, Enrique
  • Publication
    Mediterranean diet and diabetes risk in a cohort study of individuals with prediabetes: propensity score analyses
    (Wiley, 2021-12-06) Cea Soriano, Lucía; Pulido Manzanero, José; Franch Nadal, Josep; Santos Sancho, Juana María; Mata Cases, Manel; Díez Espino, Javier; Ruiz García, Antonio; Regidor Poyatos, Enrique
    Aims Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the efficacy of several dietary patterns plus physical activity to reduce diabetes onset in people with prediabetes. However, there is no evidence on the effect from the Mediterranean diet on the progression from prediabetes to diabetes. We aimed to evaluate the effect from high adherence to Mediterranean diet on the risk of diabetes in individuals with prediabetes. Methods Prospective cohort study in Spanish Primary Care setting. A total of 1184 participants with prediabetes based on levels of fasting plasma glucose and/or glycated hemoglobin were followed up for a mean of 4.2 years. A total of 210 participants developed diabetes type 2 during the follow up. Hazard ratios of diabetes onset were estimated by Cox proportional regression models associated to high versus low/medium adherence to Mediterranean diet. Different propensity score methods were used to control for potential confounders. Results Incidence rate of diabetes in participants with high versus low/medium adherence to Mediterranean diet was 2.9 versus 4.8 per 100 persons-years. The hazard ratios adjusted for propensity score and by inverse probability weighting (IPW) had identical magnitude: 0.63 (95% confidence interval, 0.43–0.93). The hazard ratio in the adjusted model using propensity score matching 1:2 was 0.56 (95% confidence interval, 0.37–0.84). Conclusions These propensity score analyses suggest that high adherence to Mediterranean diet reduces diabetes risk in people with prediabetes.
  • Publication
    Fomento del autoaprendizaje mediante la construcción de exámenes tipo test (II)
    Cea Soriano, Trinidad Lucía; Pulido Manzanero, José; Santos Sancho, Juana María; Ortega Molina, Paloma; Astasio Arbiza, Paloma; Burgos González, Airam de; Huerta Álvarez, María Consuelo; García Ferrera, Alicia
    El presente proyecto de innovación docente tenia como objetivo poner a disposición de los alumnos un repositorio de preguntas tipo test de diversa naturaleza (verdadero/falso, multirrespuesta, matching questions) que ellos mismos elaborarán, revisarán y validarán para que les sea de ayuda a optimizar y mejorar su autoaprendizaje, y lo que es más importante, implementar y mejorar su rendimiento académico. Se diseñaron dos simulacros. Cada simulacro se realizó de forma consecutiva. Cabe destacar como el impacto que ha generado en el proyecto de innovación educativa del que se pretende dar continuidad, ha sido la creación de un repositorio de preguntas de exámenes tipo test. Este repositorio no solo ha dado lugar a la generación de dos exámenes compuesto íntegramente por preguntas elaboradas por los estudiantes, sino que además servirá para futuras actividades de los próximos alumnos matriculados en la asignatura de Salud Pública
  • Publication
    Serum biomarkers in uncontrolled no heart-beating donors may identify kidneys that will never work after transplantation
    (Springer, 2016-07-01) López Farre, Antonio José; Santos Sancho, Juana María; Modrego, Javier; Zamorano León, José Javier; Martín, Leyre; Sánchez Fructuoso, Ana Isabel; Rodríguez Sierra, Pablo; Herrero Calvo, José Antonio; Río Gallegos, Francisco José Del; Barrientos Alberto; Barrientos Guzmán, Alberto
    Background/aims Kidneys from uncontrolled non heart-beating donors achieve a good level of renal function after transplantation. However, a number of them will never function in the recipient. Our aim was to determine if serum biomarkers associated with platelet activity, inflammation and the nitric oxide system in uncontrolled non heart-beating donors may help to predict no renal function recovery after renal transplantation. Methods Serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), nitrite + nitrate and platelet factor-4 (PF4) were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits in 88 uncontrolled non heart-beating donors divided according to the renal functionality achieved in the recipients into functional (n = 76) and non functional (n = 12). Results Kidneys from donors with higher IL-6 levels (>900 pg/ml) were functional after transplantation. Serum cGMP levels below 372.3 fmol/l were also associated with kidneys that recovered the renal function. However, serum levels of PF4 showed the best correlation with recovery of renal functional in the recipients since they were significantly lower in the donors whose kidneys functioned after transplantation. Conclusions Serum PF4 levels in uncontrolled non heart-beating donors may be a good predictor for kidneys that never will reach functional recovery. Some serum cGMP, IL-6 and IL-10 levels may simply help identify kidneys that will function after transplantation.
  • Publication
    New circulating biomarkers for predicting cardiovascular death in healthy population
    (Wiley Open Access, 2015-07-01) Olle, Melander; Modrego, Javier; Zamorano León, José Javier; Santos Sancho, Juana María; Lahera Julia, Vicente; López Farre, Antonio José
    There is interest to analyse newer biomarkers to identify healthy individuals at risk to develop cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidents and death. To determine in healthy individuals new circulating protein biomarkers, whose systemic levels may be associated with the risk of future development of CVD incidents and death. The study was performed in 82 individuals from the Malm€o Diet and Cancer study cohort, free from CVD of whom 41 developed CVD and 41 did not. Plasma proteins related to inflammation and thrombo-coagulating processes were analysed. a1-antitrypsin isotype 3 plasma levels were significantly higher while apolipoprotein J plasma levels were lower in participants that developed CVD incidents than those that did not develop acute cardiovascular episode. Of 82 participants, 17 died by CVD causes. There were proteins whose expression in plasma was significantly higher in participants suffering CVD death as compared with those that did not die by CVD. These proteins included: fibrinogen b-chain isotypes 1 and 3, fibrinogen-c-chain isotype 2, vitamin D-binding protein isotypes 1, 2 and 3, a1-antitrypsin isotypes 3 and 6, haptoglobin isotypes 3,4,5 and 5, haemopexin isotypes 1 and 2, and Rho/Rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2. Moreover, apolipoprotein J plasma levels were found lower in participants that died by cardiovascular cause. Association between plasma levels of proteins and CVD death was independent of age, gender, conventional risk factors and plasma C-reactive protein levels. Several protein plasma levels and protein isotypes related to inflammation and thrombo-coagulating phenomena were independently associated with the risk of future CVD death.
  • Publication
    Sports facilities, socio-economic context and overweight among the childhood population in two southern European cities: a cross sectional study
    (BMC, 2019-09-03) Albaladejo Vicente, Romana; Villanueva Orbaiz, M. Rosa Rita; Astasio Arbiza, Paloma; Ortega Molina, Soledad Paloma; Santos Sancho, Juana María; Regidor Poyatos, Enrique
    Background: To evaluate relationship between socio-economic environment and overweight in Madrid and Barcelona, adjusting for possible confounding factors. Methods: We obtained three indicators which reflected socio-economic context, namely, unemployment rate, percentage of population with tertiary education, and percentage with a second home. The design is a cross sectional study. The association with overweight was estimated using odds ratios by multilevel logistic regression. The statistical analysis, data synthesis, or model creation was performed from the 2017. In all, 707 children from 21 districts of Madrid and 474 children from 10 districts of Barcelona were analysed. Results: In Madrid, standardised ORs for personal and family characteristics were 1.17, 1.53 and 1.57 by reference to unemployment rate and percentages of population with a university education and second home. After adjustment, only the OR obtained with unemployment rate decreased, specifically by 58%. In Barcelona, the following ORs were obtained: 1.80 with unemployment rate; 1.80 with population having a university education; and 1.86 with population having a second home. After being standardised, these ORs decreased by 14% in the case of unemployment rate, 10% in the case of population with a university education, and 9% in the case of population with a second home. Conclusions: Overweight displayed a risk gradient in Madrid and Barcelona alike. This risk of overweight is not accounted for by physical inactivity and could, in part, be due to the availability of sports facilities.