Rodríguez Peña, José Manuel

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First Name
José Manuel
Last Name
Rodríguez Peña
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Microbiología y Parasitología
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Now showing 1 - 10 of 19
  • Publication
    Slt2 MAPK association with chromatin is required for transcriptional activation of Rlm1 dependent genes upon cell wall stress.
    (Elsevier, 2018-11) Sanz Santamaría, Ana Belén; García, Raúl; Rodríguez Peña, José Manuel; Nombela, César; Arroyo, Francisco
    The regulation of gene expression through the cell wall integrity (CWI) pathway in yeast is mainly coordinated by the MAPK Slt2 and the transcription factor Rlm1. In this work, we elucidate a new role for Slt2 as a part of the transcriptional activation machinery that regulates CWI gene expression in response to cell wall stress. We show that Slt2 is recruited to promoters and coding regions of CWI Rlm1-dependent genes in response to stress. This phenomenon is dependent both on the activation of the MAPK and its kinase activity. Slt2 binding is also dependent on Rlm1 and SWI/SNF and SAGA complexes. During the initial steps of transcription, the catalytic activity of Slt2 on Rlm1 is critical for the binding of the activator to promoters in response to stress. In addition, Slt2 itself acts as a transactivator, as it is able to induce the transcription of CWI responsive genes when it is bound to promoters through the Rlm1 binding domain independently of its catalytic activity. Slt2 interacts with RNA Pol II in a Rlm1-dependent manner to provide further support to a role of this MAPK as an integral component of the transcriptional complexes under cell wall stress. Selective recruitment and progression of the complex Slt2-RNA Pol II from the promoters to the coding regions of Rlm1-dependent genes does not rely on Paf1, suggesting a different mechanism from that which is exerted by Slt2 on the Swi4/Swi6 (SBF)-regulated genes.
  • Publication
    Genomic profiling of fungal cell wall-interfering compounds: identification of a common gene signature.
    (BioMed Central, 2015-09-05) García Sánchez, Raúl; Botet, Javier; Rodríguez Peña, José Manuel; Bermejo, Clara; Ribas, Juan Carlos; Revuelta, José Luis; Nombela, César; Arroyo, Javier
    BACKGROUND The fungal cell wall forms a compact network whose integrity is essential for cell morphology and viability. Thus, fungal cells have evolved mechanisms to elicit adequate adaptive responses when cell wall integrity (CWI) is compromised. Functional genomic approaches provide a unique opportunity to globally characterize these adaptive mechanisms. To provide a global perspective on these CWI regulatory mechanisms, we developed chemical-genomic profiling of haploid mutant budding yeast cells to systematically identify in parallel those genes required to cope with stresses interfering the cell wall by different modes of action: β-1,3 glucanase and chitinase activities (zymolyase), inhibition of β-1,3 glucan synthase (caspofungin) and binding to chitin (Congo red). RESULTS Measurement of the relative fitness of the whole collection of 4786 haploid budding yeast knock-out mutants identified 222 mutants hypersensitive to caspofungin, 154 mutants hypersensitive to zymolyase, and 446 mutants hypersensitive to Congo red. Functional profiling uncovered both common and specific requirements to cope with different cell wall damages. We identified a cluster of 43 genes highly important for the integrity of the cell wall as the common "signature of cell wall maintenance (CWM)". This cluster was enriched in genes related to vesicular trafficking and transport, cell wall remodeling and morphogenesis, transcription and chromatin remodeling, signal transduction and RNA metabolism. Although the CWI pathway is the main MAPK pathway regulating cell wall integrity, the collaboration with other signal transduction pathways like the HOG pathway and the invasive growth pathway is also required to cope with the cell wall damage depending on the nature of the stress. Finally, 25 mutant strains showed enhanced caspofungin resistance, including 13 that had not been previously identified. Only three of them, wsc1Δ, elo2Δ and elo3Δ, showed a significant decrease in β-1,3-glucan synthase activity. CONCLUSIONS This work provides a global perspective about the mechanisms involved in cell wall stress adaptive responses and the cellular functions required for cell wall integrity. The results may be useful to uncover new potential antifungal targets and develop efficient antifungal strategies by combination of two drugs, one targeting the cell wall and the other interfering with the adaptive mechanisms.
  • Publication
    Mapa génico del plásmido de virulencia de Salmonella enteritides y caracterización de regiones homólogas del cromosoma de Salmonella typhi
    (Universidad complutense de Madrid, Servicio de Publicaciones, 2002) Rodríguez Peña, José Manuel; Rotger Anglada, Rafael
    Se ha procedido a la obtención del mapa génico del plásmido de virulencia de Salmonella enteritidis mediante la secuenciación parcial de subciones procedentes de la genoteca plasmídica hindill. Las secuencias obtenidas fueron enviadas a bancos de secuencias internacionales con el fin de detectar secuencias homólogas. De esta forma se han podido situar sobre el plásmido en estudio todos los genes anteriormente descritos en los distintos plásmidos de virulencia de diferentes serotipos de Salmonella; así como, detectar un nuevo orf no descrito hasta el momento cuya secuencia deducida de aminoácidos mostró homología con la endonucleasa nuc del plásmido pkm101. Se ha localizado y caracterizado la región tra del plásmido, la de máxima divergencia frente al plásmido de virulencia de Salmonella typhimurium, encontrándose incompleta con respecto a la del plásmido f. Se ha llevado a cabo la detección, localización y clonación de la región homóloga al plásmido de virulencia presente en el cromosoma de Salmonella typhi. Tras la secuenciación parcial de las regiones cromosómicas homólogas se determinó la presencia de secuencias correspondientes a pefl, orf7, orf8 y orf9 descritas en el plásmido de S. typhimurium. debido a que el producto deducido del orf8 presenta identidad con proteínas tipo dsba se realizo la secuenciación en doble cadena tanto del orf cromosómico de S. typhi como del plasmídico de S. enteritidis homólogos al orf8, denominándose dlt y dle respectivamente. Las secuencias de aminoácidos deducidas de las nucleotídicas obtenidas mostraron características propias de proteínas tipo dsba, pudiendo por tanto presentar esa misma actividad en Salmonella
  • Publication
    Signalling through the yeast MAPK Cell Wall Integrity pathway controls P-body assembly upon cell wall stress.
    (Nature Research, 2019-02-28) García, Raúl; Pulido, Verónica; Orellana Muñoz, Sara; Nombela, César; Vázquez de Aldana, Carlos R.; Rodríguez Peña, José Manuel; Arroyo, Javier
    Post-transcriptional control of mRNA is a key event in the regulation of gene expression. From yeast to human cells, P-bodies are cytoplasmic RNA-protein aggregates that play an essential role in this process, particularly under stress conditions. In this work, we show that in the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell wall stress induces the formation of these structures. This effect is dependent on multiple elements in the Cell Wall Integrity (CWI) MAPK signalling pathway, a signal transduction cascade responsible for the maintenance of cell integrity under adverse environmental conditions. Remarkably, P-body assembly requires the catalytic activity of the MAPK of the pathway, Slt2/Mpk1. In accordance with the control exerted by this signalling pathway, the timing of P-body formation is similar to that of the activation of the CWI pathway. Noticeably, mRNAs whose expression is regulated by this pathway localize in P-bodies after the cell is exposed to stress following a temporal pattern coincident with CWI pathway activation. Moreover, when these mRNAs are overexpressed in a mutant background unable to form visible P-bodies, the cells show hypersensitivity to agents that interfere with cell wall integrity, supporting that they play a role in the mRNA lifecycle under stress conditions.
  • Publication
    The CWI Pathway: Regulation of the Transcriptional Adaptive Response to Cell Wall Stress in Yeast
    (MDPI, 2017-12-21) Sanz Santamaría, Ana Belén; García Sánchez, Raúl; Rodríguez Peña, José Manuel; Arroyo, Javier
    Fungi are surrounded by an essential structure, the cell wall, which not only confers cell shape but also protects cells from environmental stress. As a consequence, yeast cells growing under cell wall damage conditions elicit rescue mechanisms to provide maintenance of cellular integrity and fungal survival. Through transcriptional reprogramming, yeast modulate the expression of genes important for cell wall biogenesis and remodeling, metabolism and energy generation, morphogenesis, signal transduction and stress. The yeast cell wall integrity (CWI) pathway, which is very well conserved in other fungi, is the key pathway for the regulation of this adaptive response. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge of the yeast transcriptional program elicited to counterbalance cell wall stress situations, the role of the CWI pathway in the regulation of this program and the importance of the transcriptional input received by other pathways. Modulation of this adaptive response through the CWI pathway by positive and negative transcriptional feedbacks is also discussed. Since all these regulatory mechanisms are well conserved in pathogenic fungi, improving our knowledge about them will have an impact in the developing of new antifungal therapies.
  • Publication
    Activation of the yeast cell wall integrity MAPK pathway by zymolyase depends on protease and glucanase activities and requires the mucin-like protein Hkr1 but not Msb2
    (Elsevier, 2013-10-04) Rodríguez Peña, José Manuel; Diez-Muñiz, Sonia; Bermejo, Clara; Nombela, César; Arroyo, Javier
    Yeast adaptation to conditions in which cell wall integrity is compromised mainly relies on the cell wall integrity (CWI) mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Zymolyase, a mixture of cell wall-digesting enzymes, triggers a peculiar signaling mechanism in which activation of the CWI pathway is dependent on the high-osmolarity glycerol MAPK pathway. We have identified inhibitors of the principal enzyme activities present in zymolyase and tested their effect on the activation of the MAPK of the CWI pathway, Slt2/Mpk1. Eventually, only β-1,3-glucanase and protease activities were essential to elicit Slt2 activation and confer lytic power to zymolyase. Moreover, we show that the osmosensor Hkr1 is required for signaling, being the most upstream element identified to date.
  • Publication
    Diseño, desarrollo y elaboración de un soporte informático interactivo para el estudio de las prácticas de la asignatura de Microbiología Clínica mediante el uso de imágenes reales de pruebas microbiológicas obtenidas en el laboratorio
    (2020-06-01) Rodríguez Peña, José Manuel; Monteoliva Díaz, Lucía; Molero Martín-Portugués, María Gloria; Alonso Monge, Rebeca María del Mar; García Sánchez, Raúl; Amador García, Ahinara
    En las diferentes clases prácticas relacionadas con asignaturas de Microbiología, como sucede en otras áreas de conocimiento, un aspecto que requiere especial atención es el diseño y la elaboración de herramientas que contribuyan a facilitar y mejorar el aprendizaje por parte del alumnado de los múltiples conceptos microbiológicos que se imparten en las mismas, facilitando en lo posible la enseñanza no presencial. En este sentido, pensamos que la existencia de un soporte virtual interactivo de los distintos abordajes prácticos realizados en el laboratorio y sus posibles resultados facilitaría en gran medida el estudio, y por tanto, la adquisición de las competencias correspondientes a la docencia práctica de Microbiología. En los dos cursos académicos anteriores (2017/18 y 2018/19), a través de sendos proyectos UCM-INNOVA (Proyectos 161 y 76, respectivamente), se ha recopilado, con la participación activa de los alumnos, una gran cantidad de información gráfica de toda la labor práctica realizada durante la impartición de las asignaturas incluidas en diversas titulaciones, habiéndose generado de esta manera un amplio banco de imágenes de calidad para diversos usos docentes. El proyecto realizado (UCM-INNOVA 19/20 Proyecto 11), ha consistido en el diseño, generación e implementación de una herramienta informática en entorno PowerPoint, a la que hemos denominado EMC (Evaluación Microbiología Clínica), que pone en valor todo el esfuerzo realizado por parte del profesorado y los alumnos en los proyectos anteriores, en relación a la asignatura de Microbiología Clínica del 4º curso del Grado en Farmacia de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. En la aplicación EMC se ha incluido y estructurado cada práctica concreta siguiendo la misma organización realizada en el laboratorio, donde se sigue una rutina secuencial y jerárquica en la que el alumno debe interpretar los resultados posibles, fundamentalmente presentados en formato gráfico, de cada una de las pruebas realizadas según el tipo/s de microorganismo/s implicados, siendo redirigido a otro panel de pruebas cada vez más específicas hasta completar cada una de las prácticas. Esta herramienta se ha mostrado útil, no sólo para facilitar el estudio y el aprendizaje de los contenidos temáticos prácticos, sino también para servir de soporte y complemento al estudio del programa teórico de la asignatura. Es importante destacar que, durante las prácticas de Microbiología Clínica se explican los síndromes clínicos relacionados con las enfermedades infecciosas más frecuentes y su diagnóstico microbiológico, incluyendo desde la obtención y procesamiento de las muestras biológicas problema, hasta su posterior análisis microbiológico diferencial con el objeto de identificar a los potenciales microorganismos patógenos responsables de cada cuadro. Tras la realización de cada práctica, las pruebas microbiológicas deben ser adecuadamente eliminadas, no pudiendo guardarse las pruebas de forma indefinida. Por lo tanto, poder revisitar cuantas veces sea necesario por el alumno todas las pruebas y sus correspondientes resultados e interpretación de forma sencilla y visual en un entorno amigable (tipo presentación PowerPoint), supone un apoyo al estudio y al aprendizaje. Finalmente, pensamos que es importante remarcar que incluso en Universidades donde la metodología docente es eminentemente presencial, el desarrollo y utilización de forma complementaria de herramientas que faciliten el aprendizaje on-line es crucial en los tiempos que vivimos, cómo ha dejado patente la pandemia de la COVID-19.
  • Publication
    Structural and functional analysis of yeast Crh1 and Crh2 transglycosylases.
    (Wiley, 2015-02) Blanco, Noelia; Sanz, Ana Belén; Rodríguez Peña, José Manuel; Nombela, César; Farkaš, Vladimír; Hurtado Guerrero, Ramón; Arroyo, Javier
    Covalent cross-links between chitin and glucan at the yeast cell wall are created by the transglycosylase activity of redundant proteins Crh1 and Crh2, with cleavage of β-1,4 linkages of the chitin backbone and transfer of the generated molecule containing newly created reducing end onto the glucan acceptor. A three-dimensional structure of Crh1 was generated by homology modeling based on the crystal structure of bacterial 1,3-1,4-β-d-glucanase, followed by site-directed mutagenesis to obtain molecular insights into how these enzymes achieve catalysis. The residues of both proteins that are involved in their catalytic and binding activities have been characterized by measuring the ability of yeast cells expressing different versions of these proteins to transglycosylate oligosaccharides derived from β-1,3-glucan, β-1,6-glucan and chitin to the chitin at the cell wall. Within the catalytic site, residues E134 and E138 of Crh1, as well as E166 and E170 of Crh2, corresponding to the nucleophile and general acid/base, and also the auxiliary D136 and D168 of Crh1 and Crh2, respectively, are shown to be essential for catalysis. Mutations of aromatic residues F152, Y160 and W219, located within the carbohydrate-binding cleft of the Crh1 model, also affect the transglycosylase activity. Unlike Crh1, Crh2 contains a putative carbohydrate-binding module (CBM18) of unknown function. Modeling and functional analysis of site-directed mutant residues of this CBM identified essential amino acids for protein folding and stability, as well as residues that tune the catalytic activity of Crh2.
  • Publication
    De la granja a la comercialización: Una estrategia de integración en Ciencia y Tecnología de los Alimentos (CYTA)
    (2022-06-30) Cambero Rodríguez, María Isabel; Isabel Redondo, Beatriz; Pérez Sen, Raquel; Pérez Cabal, María de lo Angeles; Fuente Vázquez, Jesús de la; Olivares Moreno, Álvaro; Fernández Álvarez, Leónides; Arroyo Pardo, Eduardo; Aguado Ramo, Juan Antonio; Aguilar Jaime, María Victoria; Alonso Monge, Rebeca María del Mar; Arias López, Patricia; Blanco Flores, María Dolores; Cabeza Briales, María Concepción; Cabezas Albéniz, Almudena; Calahorra Fernández, Felipe; Cervantes Navarro, Isabel; Orozco Arias, David de; Díaz Díaz Chiron, María Teresa; Díez Romera, Mariano; Fernández Álvarez, Manuela; Ferreira García-Osorio, Andrea; Gamonal Martos, Miriam; García Álvarez, Andrés; García de Fernando Minguillón, Gonzalo Doroteo; González Aguilera, Guillermo; González de Chávarri Echániz, Elisabet; Herranz Hernández, Beatriz; Justo Ruiz, Carolina; López Bote, Clemente; López Parra, Ana María; Martín Amores, Ruth; Mateos Aparicio, Inmaculada; Monteoliva Díaz, Lucía; Orgaz Martín, Belén; Ortiz Vera, Luis Tomás; Radu Selea, Alexandra Andrea; Ramos Cervantes, Ana María; Rebolé Garrigós, Almudena; Rodríguez Fernández, Carmina; Rodríguez Peña, José Manuel; Salazar Hijosa, Raúl; Santos Arnaiz, Carlos; Santos López, Sergio; Sanz Gonzalez, Javier; Torrecilla Velasco, José Santiago; Velasco de Diego, Raquel; Velasco Villar, Susana
    Integración de la Granja Docente de Veterinaria en las actividades prácticas del Grado en Ciencia y Tecnología de los Alimentos; creación de una plataforma virtual como herramienta de coordinación de la producción-elaboración y comercialización de productos.
  • Publication
    Control of Gene Expression via the Yeast CWI Pathway
    (MPDI, 2022-02-04) Sanz Santamaría, Ana Belén; García Sánchez, Raúl; Pavón Vergés, Mónica; Rodríguez Peña, José Manuel; Arroyo, Javier
    Living cells exposed to stressful environmental situations can elicit cellular responses that guarantee maximal cell survival. Most of these responses are mediated by mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades, which are highly conserved from yeast to humans. Cell wall damage conditions in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae elicit rescue mechanisms mainly associated with reprogramming specific transcriptional responses via the cell wall integrity (CWI) pathway. Regulation of gene expression by this pathway is coordinated by the MAPK Slt2/Mpk1, mainly via Rlm1 and, to a lesser extent, through SBF (Swi4/Swi6) transcription factors. In this review, we summarize the molecular mechanisms controlling gene expression upon cell wall stress and the role of chromatin structure in these processes. Some of these mechanisms are also discussed in the context of other stresses governed by different yeast MAPK pathways. Slt2 regulates both transcriptional initiation and elongation by interacting with chromatin at the promoter and coding regions of CWI-responsive genes but using different mechanisms for Rlm1- and SBF-dependent genes. Since MAPK pathways are very well conserved in eukaryotic cells and are essential for controlling cellular physiology, improving our knowledge regarding how they regulate gene expression could impact the future identification of novel targets for therapeutic intervention.