Person:
Rapado Castro, Marta

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First Name
Marta
Last Name
Rapado Castro
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Medicina
Department
Medicina Legal, Psiquiatría y Patología
Area
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  • Publication
    Fronto-Parietal Gray Matter Volume Loss Is Associated with Decreased Working Memory Performance in Adolescents with a First Episode of Psychosis
    (MPDI, 2021-08-31) Rapado Castro, Marta; Villar Arenzana, Mara; Janssen, Joost; Fraguas Herráez, David; Bombin, Igor; Castro Fornieles, Josefina; Mayoral, Maria; González Pinto, Ana; Serna, Elena de la; Parellada, Mara; Moreno, Dolores; Paya, Beatriz; Graell, Montserrat; Baeza, Inmaculada; Pantelis, Christos; Arango, Celso
    Cognitive maturation during adolescence is modulated by brain maturation. However, it is unknown how these processes intertwine in early onset psychosis (EOP). Studies examining longitudinal brain changes and cognitive performance in psychosis lend support for an altered development of high-order cognitive functions, which parallels progressive gray matter (GM) loss over time, particularly in fronto-parietal brain regions. We aimed to assess this relationship in a subsample of 33 adolescents with first-episode EOP and 47 matched controls over 2 years. Backwards stepwise regression analyses were conducted to determine the association and predictive value of longitudinal brain changes over cognitive performance within each group. Fronto-parietal GM volume loss was positively associated with decreased working memory in adolescents with psychosis (frontal left (B = 0.096, p = 0.008); right (B = 0.089, p = 0.015); parietal left (B = 0.119, p = 0.007), right (B = 0.125, p = 0.015)) as a function of age. A particular decrease in frontal left GM volume best predicted a significant amount (22.28%) of the variance of decreased working memory performance over time, accounting for variance in age (14.9%). No such association was found in controls. Our results suggest that during adolescence, EOP individuals seem to follow an abnormal neurodevelopmental trajectory, in which fronto-parietal GM volume reduction is associated with the differential age-related working memory dysfunction in this group.