Calvo Lobo, César

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First Name
Last Name
Calvo Lobo
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología
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Now showing 1 - 10 of 50
  • Publication
    Reliability and Repeatability of the Assessment of Stress in Nursing Students Instrument in Podiatry Students: A Transcultural Adaptation
    (MDPI, 2020) Palomo-López, Patricia; Losa-Iglesias, Marta Elena; Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Ricardo; López-López, Daniel; Rodríguez Sanz, David; Ántolín-Gil, Marta San; Martiniano, João; Calvo Lobo, César
    Background: This study aimed to adapt the Spanish version of the Assessment of Stress in Nursing Students (ASNS) (shorter form) instrument for Spanish podiatry students, labeling the new tool as the Spanish version of Assessment of Stress in Podiatry Students (ASPS). The adaptation for reliability and repeatability included performing the transcultural adaptation process and examining the repeatability and reliability of ASPS when used in a different language. Methods: An internationally recommended translation procedure was used to adapt transculturally this tool. The instrument’s test–retest reliability was evaluated in two sessions that were 10 days apart. Results: After considering each domain’s total score, the reliability and internal consistency were analyzed with Cronbach’s α and intraclass correlation coefficient for a 95% confidence interval. Good internal consistency was reported according to total score (α = 0.8626) and each one of the six domains: (1) the practical activities performance domain showed a Cronbach’s α of 0.8684; (2) professional communication domain, α = 0.8765; (3) time management domain, α = 0.8832; (4) environment domain, α = 0.8974; (5) professional education domain, α =0.873; and (6) theoretical activity domain, α = 0.8787. Test–retest reliability, by paired test of Wilcoxon, was not significant, showing that there were not differences between domain scores (p ≥ 0.05). Lastly, visual distributions of Bland and Altman plots did not provide differences between domains and total scores. Conclusions: The Spanish version of the ASPS showed good repeatability, reliability and acceptability to measure stress parameters for podiatry students.
  • Publication
    Myofascial Pain Syndrome in Women with Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Case-Control Study
    (MDPI, 2022-11-07) Serrano-Imedio, Ana; Calvo Lobo, César; Casaña-Martín, Coraima; Garrido-Marín, Alejandro; Pecos Martín, Daniel
    There is limited information on myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) and specific symptoms of chronic pelvic pain and, more specifically, dysmenorrhea. The objective of this study was to determine whether patients suffering from primary dysmenorrhea present alterations in mechanosensitivity and pain patterns, and greater presence of MTrPs in the abdominal and pelvic floor muscles. A case-control study was carried out with a total sample of 84 participants distributed based on primary dysmenorrhea and contraceptive treatment. The sample was divided into four groups each comprising 21 women. Data on pain, quality of life, and productivity and work absenteeism were collected; three assessments were made in different phases of the menstrual cycle, to report data on pressure pain threshold, MTrP presence, and referred pain areas. One-way ANOVA tests showed statistically significant differences (p < 0.01) between the groups, for the Physical Health domain and the total score of the SF-12 questionnaire, and for all the domains of the McGill questionnaire; but no significant differences were found in the data from the WPAI-GH questionnaire. Statistically significant data (p < 0.01) were found for mechanosensitivity in the abdominal area and limbs, but not for the lumbar assessment, within the group, with very few significant intergroup differences. The frequency of active MTrPs is higher in the groups of women with primary dysmenorrhea and during the menstrual phase, with the prevalence of myofascial trigger points of the iliococcygeus muscle being especially high in all examination groups (>50%) and higher than 70% in women with primary dysmenorrhea, in the menstrual phase, and the internal obturator muscle (100%) in the menstrual phase. Referred pain areas of the pelvic floor muscles increase in women with primary dysmenorrhea.
  • Publication
    Kinesiophobia and Pain Intensity Are Increased by a Greater Hallux Valgus Deformity Degree- Kinesiophobia and Pain Intensity in Hallux Valgus
    (MDPI, 2020-01-18) Palomo-López, Patricia; Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Ricardo; Losa-Iglesias, Marta Elena; López-López, Daniel; Rodríguez Sanz, David; Romero-Morales, Carlos; Calvo Lobo, César; Mazoteras Pardo, Victoria
    Background: Hallux valgus (HV) has been previously associated with psychological disorders. Thus, the purposes of this study were to associate kinesiophobia and pain intensity with HV deformity degrees, as well as predict kinesiophobia and pain intensity based on HV deformity and demographic features. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out recruiting 100 subjects, who were divided into HV deformity degrees, such as I-no HV (n = 25), II-mild (n = 25), III-moderate (n = 25), and IV-severe (n = 25) HV. Kinesiophobia total and domains (activity avoidance and harm) scores and levels were self-reported by the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK-11). Pain intensity was self-reported by the numeric rating scale (NRS). Results: Statistically significant differences (p < 0.01; η2 = 0.132–0.850) were shown for between-groups comparison of kinesiophobia total and domain scores (activity avoidance and harm) and levels, as well as pain intensity among HV deformity degrees. Post hoc comparisons showed statistically significant differences with a large effect size (p < 0.05; d = 0.85–4.41), showing higher kinesiophobia symptoms and levels and pain intensity associated with greater HV deformity degrees, especially for III-moderate and/or IV-severe HV deformity degrees versus I-no HV and/or II-mild deformity degrees. Both statistically significant prediction models (p < 0.05) for kinesiophobia (R2 = 0.300) and pain intensity (R2 = 0.815) were predicted by greater HV deformity degree and age. Conclusions: Greater kinesiophobia symptoms and levels and pain were associated with higher HV deformity degrees, especially severe and/or moderate HV with respect to no and/or mild HV. The kinesiophobia and pain intensity were predicted by greater HV deformity degree and age.
  • Publication
    The Impact of Depression Symptoms in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease: A Novel Case-Control Investigation
    (MPDI, 2021-02-25) Jiménez Cebrián, Ana; Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Ricardo; Losa Iglesias, Marta Elena; López López, Daniel; Calvo Lobo, César; Palomo López, Patricia; Romero Morales, Carlos; Navarro Flores, Emmanuel
    Parkinson’s disease is a common neurodegenerative disease and it is known to cause motor disturbances associated with musculoskeletal problems of the locomotor apparatus, and non-motor symptoms, that are believed to have a harmful effect on health, social functioning and mobility. The aim of this study was to evaluate depression in patients with Parkinson’s Disease (PD) compared to subjects who do not have it. The sample consisted of 124 participants (mean age 69.18 ± 9.12). Patients with PD were recruited from a center of excellence for Parkinson’s disease (cases n = 62) and healthy subjects without PD from their relatives and caregivers (control n = 62). The Spanish version of Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI) scores and categories were collected. A clear statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) was evident in the BDI scores between both groups. Parkinson’s patients presented worse results on the BDI = 15.48 ± 7.24 points compared to healthy subjects with BDI = 7.03 ± 6.99 points. Regarding BDI categories, there were statistically significant differences (p < 0.001) for the greater BDI categories in the Parkinson’s group compared with healthy subjects. The depression represents an important potential risk for increased symptoms and negative impact among patients with PD compared with healthy subjects.
  • Publication
    The Main Role of Diaphragm Muscle as a Mechanism of Hypopressive Abdominal Gymnastics to Improve Non-Specific Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    (2021-10-27) Vicente Campos, Davinia; Sanchez Jorge, Sandra; Terrón Manrique, Pablo; Guisard, Marion; Collin, Marion; Castaño, Borja; Rodríguez Sanz, David; Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Ricardo; Chicharro, José López; Calvo Lobo, César
    Background: Chronic low back pain (LBP) has been stated as one of the main health concerns in the XXI century due to its high incidence. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of an 8-week program of hypopressive abdominal gymnastics (HAG) on inspiratory muscle strength, diaphragm thickness, disability and pain in patients suffering from non-specific chronic LBP. Methods: A total of 40 patients with chronic LBP were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group carried out an 8-week supervised program of HAG (two sessions/week), whereas the control group did not receive any treatment. Outcomes were measured before and after the intervention, comprising diaphragm thickness during relaxed respiratory activity, maximal inspiratory pressure (PImax), pain intensity (NRS), pressure pain threshold and responses to four questionnaires: Physical Activity Questionnaire (PAQ), Roland–Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMQ), Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) and Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia-11 Items (TSK-11). Results: Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) were observed for greater thickness of the left and right hemi-diaphragms at inspiration, as well as higher PImax and decreased NRS, CSI and RMQ scores in the intervention group. After treatment, the increases in the thickness of the left and right hemi-diaphragms at inspiration and PImax, as well as the decrease in the NRS and RMQ scores, were only predicted by the proposed intervention (R2 = 0.118–0.552). Conclusions: An 8-week HAG intervention seemed to show beneficial effects and predicted an increase in diaphragm thickness and strength during inspiration, as well as a reduction in pain intensity, central sensitization and disability, in patients suffering from chronic non-specific LBP with respect to non-intervention.
  • Publication
    Novel Ultrasound Anatomical Measurement of the Deep Transverse Metatarsal Ligament: An Intra-Rater Reliability and Inter-Rater Concordance Study
    (MDPI, 2022-05-02) Ruiz Herrera, María del Mar; Marcos Tejedor, Félix; Aldana Caballero, Alberto; Calvo Lobo, César; Rodríguez Sanz, David; Moroni, Simone; Konschake, Marko; Mohedano Moriano, Alicia; Aceituno Gómez, Javier; Criado Álvarez, Juan José
    Insufficient space below the Deep Transverse Metatarsal Ligament (DTML) could be an etiological factor for Morton’s Neuroma (MN). To date, there is a lack of studies measuring the space below the DTML. For this reason, this study assesses the intra- and inter-rater concordance and reproducibility of measurements of the space below the DTML between the third and the fourth metatarsal heads (M3 and M4) using ultrasound imaging to assess and verify the reliability and reproducibility of measurements of the space under the DTML. Forty feet from twenty patients were examined using ultrasound by three trained evaluators at two different times. The two measurements taken on each foot were: base (b)—distance between M3 and M4, and height (h)—distance between the DTML and the plantar skin surface. This was a quantitative, observational, analytical study. The concordance rate between observers for measurements of height and base were 98.5% and 99.5%, respectively. The mean area obtained of the space was 54.6 mm2 and 57.2 mm2 for both the left and right foot (p > 0.05). Reproducibility over time calculated in pre- and post-measurements showed an intraclass correlation coefficient of 1.00 (95%CI: 0.99–1.00), which leads us to conclude that the measurements are perfectly reproducible. Both measurements (height and base) of the space under the DTML, performed by ultrasound, are reliable and reproducible.
  • Publication
    Inspiratory Muscle Training in Patients with Heart Failure
    (MDPI, 2020-06-02) Fernández Rubio, Hugo; Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Ricardo; Rodríguez Sanz, David; Calvo Lobo, César; Vicente Campos, Davinia; López Chicharro, José Luis
    Background: Prior systematic reviews and meta-analysis addressed that inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improved inspiratory muscle weakness, cardiorespiratory fitness and quality of life similar to conventional exercise training as a first alternative in deconditioned patients with heart failure (HF) lead to a better adaptation to posterior exercise training. The heterogeneity and variability in a wide range of new studies about this topic led to the necessity of an updated and comprehensive narrative review. The present review aimed to analyze and update the most relevant studies about IMT in patients who suffer from HF. Methods: A narrative review was carried out about IMT in HF patients including 26 experimental studies divided into 21 clinical trials and 5 quasi-experimental studies identified through database searching in PubMed, Cochrane and PEDro. Results: There is enough evidence to state that IMT produces improvements in functional capacity of patients with HF. Nevertheless, there is not enough evidence to support that IMT could improve cardiovascular parameters, blood biomarkers or quality of life in these patients. Conclusions: Thus, IMT may be recommended to improve functional capacity in patients who suffer from HF; nevertheless, more evidence is needed regarding cardiovascular parameters, biomarkers and quality of life. Furthermore, mortality or HF hospitalization was not evaluated and most studies were not longer than 3 months. According to IMT protocols and study designs heterogeneity and mid-term follow-up, further investigations through high-quality long-term randomized clinical trials should be performed to achieve systematic reviews and meta-analysis to support strong evidence for IMT in HF patients.
  • Publication
    Kinesiophobia Levels in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease: A Case-Control Investigation
    (MPDI, 2021-04-30) Jiménez Cebrián, Ana María; Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Ricardo; Losa Iglesias, Marta Elena; Labra, Carmen de; Calvo Lobo, César; Palomo López, Patricia; Martínez Jiménez, Eva María; Navarro Flores, Emmanuel
    Background: Kinesiophobia can be an obstacle to physical and motor activity in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). PD affects patients’ independence in carrying out daily activities. It also impacts a patient’s biopsychosocial well-being. The objective of this study was to analyze the levels and scores of kinesiophobia in PD patients and compare them with healthy volunteers. Methods: We deployed a case-control study and recruited 124 subjects (mean age 69.18 ± 9.12). PD patients were recruited from a center of excellence for Parkinson’s disease (cases n = 62). Control subjects were recruited from the same hospital (control n = 62). Kinesiophobia total scores and categories were self-reported using the Spanish version of the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK-11). Results: Differences between cases and control groups were analyzed using the Mann–Whitney U test. Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) were shown between groups when comparing kinesiophobia categories (or levels) and total scores, revealing higher kinesiophobia symptoms and levels in PD patients. All of the PD patients reported some degree of kinesiophobia (TSK-11 ≥ 18), while the majority of PD patients (77.3%) had kinesiophobia scores rated as moderate to severe (TSK-11 ≥ 25). On the other hand, ~45.1% of controls reported no or slight kinesiophobia and 53.2% reported moderate kinesiophobia. Conclusions: Total kinesiophobia scores were significantly higher in PD patients compared with healthy controls, with moderate to severe kinesiophobia levels prevailing in PD patients. Therefore, individuals living with PD should be evaluated and controlled in order to detect initial kinesiophobia symptoms.
  • Publication
    Effect of Foot Orthoses and Shoes in Parkinson’s Disease Patients: A PRISMA Systematic Review
    (MDPI, 2021-11-02) Reina Bueno, María; Calvo Lobo, César; López López, Daniel; Palomo López, Patricia; Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Ricardo; Losa Iglesias, Marta Elena; Romero Morales, Carlos; Navarro Flores, Emmanuel
    Reduced plantar foot sensation, postural instability, and gait difficulties are characteristic of Parkinson´s disease patients. A systematic review was carried out to determine the effect of the different types of insoles and shoes in these patients. Several databases were used to search for relevant articles reporting Parkinson´s disease patients undergoing treatment with any type of insole and footwear. All titles and abstracts were reviewed independently by two reviewers and the available data were extracted. The study eligibility criteria were any type of experimental study that included Parkinson’s disease patients treated with any type of insole or footwear. Eight studies were selected. Interventions used were textured insoles, footwear modifications, and habitual footwear. Three different outcomes were evaluated in each study: gait parameters, balance, and plantar sensation. According to the data available from this systematic review, the most important conclusion is that more controlled studies are needed in this research field. There are indications to suggest that textured insoles have positive effects on gait parameters, balance, and plantar sensation in Parkinson’s disease patients.
  • Publication
    Accuracy and Repeatability of Spatiotemporal Gait Parameters Measured with an Inertial Measurement Unit
    (MPDI, 2021-04-21) Posada Ordax, Jorge; Cosín Matamoros, Julia María; Losa Iglesias, Marta Elena; Becerro de Bengoa-Vallejo, Ricardo; Esteban Gonzalo, Laura; Martín Villa, Carlos; Calvo Lobo, César; Rodriguez Sanz, David
    In recent years, interest in finding alternatives for the evaluation of mobility has increased. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) stand out for their portability, size, and low price. The objective of this study was to examine the accuracy and repeatability of a commercially available IMU under controlled conditions in healthy subjects. A total of 36 subjects, including 17 males and 19 females were analyzed with a Wiva Science IMU in a corridor test while walking for 10 m and in a threadmill at 1.6 km/h, 2.4 km/h, 3.2 km/h, 4 km/h, and 4.8 km/h for one minute. We found no difference when we compared the variables at 4 km/h and 4.8 km/h. However, we found greater differences and errors at 1.6 km/h, 2.4 km/h and 3.2 km/h, and the latter one (1.6 km/h) generated more error. The main conclusion is that the Wiva Science IMU is reliable at high speeds but loses reliability at low speeds.