Person: Pedro Ormeño, Nuria De
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Genética, Fisiología y Microbiología
Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
PublicationDaily rhythms of REV-ERBα and its role as transcriptional repressor of clock genes in fish hepatic oscillator(Elsevier, 2023-06-07) Saiz, Nuria; Herrera-Castillo, Lisbeth; Gómez-Boronat, Miguel; Delgado, María Jesús; Isorna Alonso, Esther; Pedro Ormeño, Nuria DeThe REV-ERBα nuclear receptor is a key component of the molecular machinery of circadian oscillators in mammals. While the rhythmic expression of this receptor has been described in teleosts, several critical aspects of its regulation remain unknown, such as which synchronizers entrain its rhythm, and whether it can modulate the expression of other clock genes. The objective of this study was to gain deeper understanding of the role of REV-ERBα in the fish circadian system. To this end, we first investigated the cues that entrain the rhythm of rev-erbα expression in the goldfish (Carassius auratus) liver and hypothalamus. A 12-h shift in feeding time induced a parallel shift in the hepatic rhythm of rev-erbα expression, confirming that this gene is food-entrainable in the goldfish liver. In contrast, light seems the main driver of rev-erbα rhythmic expression in the hypothalamus. Next, we examined the effects of REV-ERBα activation on locomotor activity and hepatic expression of clock genes. Subchronic treatment with the REV-ERBα agonist SR9009 slightly decreased locomotor activity anticipating light onset and food arrival, and downregulated hepatic bmal1a, clock1a, cry1a, per1a and pparα expression. This generalized repressing action of REV-ERBα on the expression of hepatic clock genes was confirmed in vitro by using agonists (SR9009 and GSK4112) and antagonist (SR8278) of this receptor. Overall, the present work reveals that REV-ERBα modulates the daily expression of the main genes of the teleostean liver clock, reinforcing its role in the liver temporal homeostasis, which seems highly conserved in both fish and mammals. PublicationTime-lag in feeding schedule acts as a stressor that alters circadian oscillators in goldfish(Frontiers Media, 2018-12-05) Gómez Boronat, Miguel; Saiz Aparicio, Nuria; Delgado Saavedra, María Jesús; Pedro Ormeño, Nuria De; Isorna Alonso, Esther; Tort, LluisThe circadian system controls temporal homeostasis in all vertebrates. The light-dark (LD) cycle is the most important zeitgeber (“time giver”) of circadian system, but feeding time also acts as a potent synchronizer in the functional organization of the teleost circadian system. In mammals is well known that food intake during the rest phase promotes circadian desynchrony which has been associated with metabolic diseases. However, the impact of a misalignment of LD and feeding cycles in the entrainment of fish circadian oscillators is largely unknown. The objective of this work was to investigate how a time-lag feeding alters temporal homeostasis and if this could be considered a stressor. To this aim, goldfish maintained under a 12 h light-12 h darkness were fed at mid-photophase (SF6) or mid-scotophase (SF18). Daily rhythms of locomotor activity, clock genes expression in hypothalamus, liver, and head kidney, and circulating cortisol were studied. Results showed that SF6 fish showed daily rhythms of bmal1a and clock1a in all studied tissues, being in antiphase with rhythms of per1 genes, as expected for proper functioning clocks. The 12 h shift in scheduled feeding induced a short phase advance (4–5-h) of the clock genes daily rhythms in the hypothalamus, while in the liver the shift for clock genes expression rhythms was the same that the feeding time shift (∼12 h). In head kidney, acrophases of per genes underwent a 12-h shift in SF18 animals, but only 6 h shift for clock1a. Plasma cortisol levels showed a significant daily rhythm in animals fed at SF6, but not in SF18 fish fed, which displayed higher cortisol values throughout the 24-h. Altogether, results indicate that hypothalamus, liver, and head kidney oscillate in phase in SF6 fish, but these clocks are desynchronized in SF18 fish, which could explain cortisol alterations. These data reinforce the hypothesis that the misalignment of external cues (daily photocycle and feeding time) alters fish temporal homeostasis and it might be considered a stressor for the animals.