Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa

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First Name
Laura Luisa
Last Name
Peña Fernández
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Medicina y Cirugía Animal
Medicina y Cirugía Animal
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Now showing 1 - 10 of 13
  • Publication
    Diseño e implementación de un taller de aprendizaje transversal basado en la resolución de problemas en Histología y Anatomía Patológica Veterinarias
    (2020-07-02) Jiménez Martínez, María de los Ángeles; Andrés Gamazo, Paloma Jimena de; Sánchez Maldonado, María Belén; García Palencia, María del Pilar; Sánchez Pérez, María de los Ángeles; García Fernández, Rosa Ana; Rollán Landeras, Eduardo Ricardo; Gonzalez Huecas, Marta; Tabanera de Lucio, Enrique; Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa
    Mediante el desarrollo de un taller práctico empleando las técnicas de aprendizaje basado en la resolución de problemas y deducción de pruebas, los alumnos de tres asignaturas diferentes pero relacionadas (Histología Veterinaria, Anatomía Patológica General y Especial), del grado en veterinaria, participaron en su propio proceso de aprendizaje, trabajando en equipo, desarrollando habilidades deductivas y críticas al resolver y analizar supuestos reales, que les ayudarán a estar mejor preparados para su futuro profesional.
  • Publication
    Steroids and receptors in canine mammary cancer
    (2006-07) Maria A. Jiménez; Illera Del Portal, Juan Carlos; Pérez Alenza, María De Los Dolores; Nieto Ruiz De Zárate, Ana Isabel; Silván Granado, Gema; Dunner Boxberger, Helene Susana; Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa
    The aims of this study were to investigate the serum and tissue content of androgens and estrogens in canine inflammatory mammary carcinomas (IMC) as well as in non-inflammatory malignant mammary tumors (MMT), and assessed the immunoexpression of estrogen and androgen receptors using immunohistochemistry. Profiles for the androgens dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), androstenedione (A4), and testosterone (T), and for the estrogens 17β estradiol (E2) and estrone-sulphate (SO4E1) were measured both in tissue homogenates and in serum of MMT and IMC by EIA techniques in 42 non-inflammatory malignant mammary tumors (MMT) and in 14 inflammatory mammary carcinomas (IMC), prospectively collected from 56 female dogs. Androgen receptor (AR) and estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and beta (ERβ) expression was studied using immunohistochemistry (strepavidin–biotin-peroxidase method) in samples of 32 MMT and 14 IMC, and counted by a computer image analyzer. IMC serum and tissue levels of androgens were significantly higher than MMT levels. Tissue content of estrogens was also significantly higher in IMC than in MMT. Serum values of SO4E1 were significantly higher in IMC, but serum levels of E2 were significantly lower in IMC compared to MMT cases. Medium-high androgen receptor intensity was observed in 64.28% of IMC and 40.62% of MMT. No important differences were found between ERα expression in IMC (100% negative) and MMT (90% negative). ERβ and AR were intensely expressed in highly malignant inflammatory mammary carcinoma cells. To our knowledge, this is the first report relative to AR immunohistochemistry in canine mammary cancer and to estrogens or androgens in serum of dogs with benign or malignant mammary tumors.
  • Publication
    Tumor Growth Progression in Ectopic and Orthotopic Xenografts from Inflammatory Breast Cancer Cell Lines
    (MDPI, 2021-09-13) Cáceres Ramos, Sara Cristina; Alonso-Diez, Angela; Crespo, Belén; Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa; Illera Del Portal, Josefina María; Silván Granado, Gema; Andrés Gamazo, Paloma Jimena De; Illera Del Portal, Juan Carlos
    Xenografts can grow in immunosuppressed hosts, such as SCID mice, and tumor material can be injected into hosts either ectopically or orthotopically. Choosing the correct model to use is a crucial step in animal research. The aim of this study was to report the differences between ectopic and orthotopic xenografts in tumor progression, metastasis capacity, histological features, and steroid hormone profiles in xenografts from the cIMC (canine inflammatory mammary cancer) cell line IPC-366 and hIBC (human inflammatory breast cancer) cell line SUM149. To achieve this purpose, 40 female mice 6–8 weeks old were inoculated with IPC-366 and SUM149 cells subcutaneously (ectopic models) or into mammary fat pad (orthotopic models). Mice were monitored for tumor progression and appearance of metastases, and generated tumors were analyzed in terms of histological examination and steroid hormone production. The results revealed differences in tumor appearance and percentage of metastasis between ectopic and orthotopic models, which were higher in the ectopic xenografts from both cell lines. However, both models had similar characteristics of tumor progression, histological features, and steroid hormone secretion profiles. We show that the ectopic model can be validated as a good and useful model of tumor development in addition to, not contrary to, the orthotopic model in breast cancer research.
  • Publication
    Steroid pathway and oestrone sulphate production in canine inflammatory mammary carcinoma
    (ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2007-05) Ana R. Sánchez-Archidona, Ana R.; Jiménez Martínez, María De Los Ángeles; Pérez Alenza, María De Los Dolores; Silván Granado, Gema; Illera Del Portal, Juan Carlos; Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa; Dunner Boxberger, Helene Susana
    Spontaneous canine mammary inflammatory carcinoma (IMC) shares epidemiologic, histopathologic and clinical characteristics with the inflammatory breast carcinoma (IBC) disease in humans. We have analysed the steroids levels in serum and in tissue homogenates of IMC, the expression of two of their receptors (androgen and β-estrogen) and of three enzymes included in the steroidogenesis pathway (aromatase (CYP19A1), steroid sulphatase (STS) and estrogen sulfotransferase (EST)) trying to explain the specific accumulation of steroids in IMC tissues generating deposits in the form of lipid droplets whose presence can be attributed to steroids secreted by IMC cells. According to our working hypothesis, oestrone sulphate would be the main component of these lipid droplets. The presence of these steroid deposits would contribute to the intense proliferation and invasive behaviour of IMC and IBC, although their involvement in angiogenesis is yet to be demonstrated.
  • Publication
    Establishment and Characterization of a New Cell Line of Canine Inflammatory Mammary Cancer: IPC-366
    (Public Library of Science, 2015-03-25) Cáceres Ramos, Sara Cristina; Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa; Andrés Gamazo, Paloma Jimena De; Illera Del Portal, Josefina María; Lopez, Mirtha S.; Woodward, Wendy A.; Reuben, James M.; Illera Del Portal, Juan Carlos
    Canine inflammatory mammary cancer (IMC) shares epidemiologic, histopathological and clinical characteristics with the disease in humans and has been proposed as a natural model for human inflammatory breast cancer (IBC). The aim of this study was to characterize a new cell line from IMC (IPC-366) for the comparative study of both IMC and IBC. Tumors cells from a female dog with clinical IMC were collected. The cells were grown under adherent conditions. The growth, cytological, ultrastructural and immunohistochemical (IHC) characteristics of IPC-366 were evaluated. Ten female Balb/SCID mice were inoculated with IPC-366 cells to assess their tumorigenicity and metastatic potential. Chromosome aberration test and Karyotype revealed the presence of structural aberration, numerical and neutral rearrangements, demonstrating a chromosomal instability. Microscopic examination of tumor revealed an epithelial morphology with marked anysocytosis. Cytological and histological examination of smears and ultrathin sections by electron microscopy revealed that IPC-366 is formed by highly malignant large round or polygonal cells characterized by marked atypia and prominent nucleoli and frequent multinucleated cells. Some cells had cytoplasmic empty spaces covered by cytoplasmic membrane resembling capillary endothelial cells, a phenomenon that has been related to s vasculogenic mimicry. IHC characterization of IPC-366 was basal-like: epithelial cells (AE1/AE3+, CK14+, vimentin+, actin-, p63-, ER-, PR-, HER-2, E-cadherin, overexpressed COX-2 and high Ki-67 proliferation index (87.15 %). At 2 weeks after inoculating the IPC-366 cells, a tumor mass was found in 100 % of mice. At 4 weeks metastases in lung and lymph nodes were found. Xenograph tumors maintained the original IHC characteristics of the female dog tumor. In summary, the cell line IPC-366 is a fast growing malignant triple negative cell line model of inflammatory mammary carcinoma that can be used for the comparative study of both IMC and IBC.
  • Publication
    Histopathological and immunohistochemical findings in lymphoid tissues of the endangered Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus)
    (ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2006-04-19) Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa; García Palencia, María Del Pilar; Jiménez Martínez, María De Los Ángeles; Benito, Alberto; Pérez Alenza, María De Los Dolores; Sánchez Maldonado, María Belén
    The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is the most threatened wild feline in the world. Little is known about the diseases and pathology that affect this animal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the histopathological status of the peripheral lymphoid tissues and thymus of Iberian lynxes necropsied between 1998 and 2003. Seventeen animals including females (n=8) and males (n=9), age range of 10 months to 16 years, with different causes of death were histopathologically and immunohistochemically (anti-CD3, CD79, MAC387, CD68) studied. Feline immunosuppressive virus laboratorial tests were negative. Five individuals presented neoplasia and/or tuberculosis. All animals presented some degree of both B and T cells depletion in peripheral lymphoid tissues and follicular hyalinosis in the center of depleted follicles. A viral origin of the lymphoid depletion is postulated although other causes (inbreeding, stress, toxic) are not ruled out. The loss of the effectiveness of the immune system increases the vulnerability of the critically endangered Iberian lynx to pathogens
  • Publication
    Survival time of dogs with inflammatory mammary cancer treated with palliative therapy alone or palliative therapy plus chemotherapy
    (Wiley, 2009-07-18) Clemente, Mónica; Andrés Gamazo, Paloma Jimena De; Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa; Pérez Alenza, María De Los Dolores
    Seven of 30 female dogs diagnosed with inflammatory mammary cancer were given chemotherapy and palliative treatment, and the other 23 received only palliative treatment. The median survival time of the seven dogs given chemotherapy was 57 days, compared with 35 days for the 23 given only palliative treatment.
  • Publication
    Membranous glomerulonephritis in the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus)
    (Elsevier, 2008-01-15) García, Pilar; López, Jose Vicente; Rodriguez, Alejandro; Muñoz, Álvaro; Martínez, Fernando; Vargas, Astrid; Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa; Pérez Alenza, María De Los Dolores; Sánchez Maldonado, María Belén; Jiménez Martínez, María De Los Ángeles
    The Iberian lynx is the most endangered felid species in the world, confined nowadays to two isolated metapopulations in the southwest of Spain, where less than 200 individuals survive. Little is known about the diseases that affect these animals in the wild or in captivity. Kidney samples from necropsies of 27 Iberian lynxes, wild and captive, were examined by histopathology, immunohistochemistry (IgG, IgM, IgA, laminin, type IV collagen, and fibronectin), electron microscopy (n = 8) and immunogold labelling for IgM, IgG and IgA in one case, in order to characterize the glomerulopathy prevalent in this species. Urinalyses from records were available for 9 of the necropsied animals and blood and urine samples from 23 free ranging and captive Iberian lynxes were prospectively obtained in order to evaluate the renal function of the living population. A focal, diffuse membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) that progressed with age was diagnosed in all but one of the animals in different stages not associated to concurrently known infectious diseases. Positive immunoexpression of IgM and IgG was observed in the glomerular capillary basement membranes and intramembranous electron-dense deposits, compatible with immune complexes (ICs) were seen with electron microscopy. The immunogold labelling was also positive for IgM and IgG in the electron-dense areas. The serum biochemistry and urinalyses also revealed signs of mild chronic kidney disease in 16 of the 23 animals evaluated. In conclusion, the membranous glomerulopathy affecting the Iberian lynx is a progressive disease of immune origin. We postulate a possible genetic predisposition towards the disease, enhanced by inbreeding and a possible connection to an immune-mediated systemic disease.
  • Publication
    Disseminated Bovine Tuberculosis in a Wild Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) in Southern Spain
    (2008-07) Javier Millán; María Viota; Mónica G. Candela; Luis León-Vizcaíno; Jiménez Martínez, María De Los Ángeles; Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa
    A wild-caught, adult red fox (Vulpes vulpes) from Doñana National Park (southern Spain), in very poor condition, died during anesthesia. At necropsy, the submandibular, retropharyngeal, mediastinal, axillary, mesenteric, and popliteal lymph nodes were enlarged, and the right submandibular and mesenteric lymph nodes had hard, white-colored concretions (calcifications). Multiple white pinpoint foci were observed in the lungs, and abscesses were present in the left dorsal lung lobes. No lesions were seen in tonsils, liver, or spleen. On histopathology multiple tuberculous granulomas, with Ziehl-Neelsen-positive bacilli, were observed in the lung, and multifocal necrotic areas with calcification were present in the submandibular and mesenteric lymph nodes. Nucleic acid amplification from lymph node samples demonstrated the presence of mycobacteria belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. One strain was isolated by culture and identified as Mycobacterium bovis. The suspected route of infection was oral, probably after repeated scavenging of infected wild ungulate carcasses. This is the first report of generalized bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in a wild canid. This finding raises concerns about bTB as a disease risk for protected species, livestock, and humans in Mediterranean Spain.
  • Publication
    Anti-Angiogenic Treatments Interact with Steroid Secretion in Inflammatory Breast Cancer Triple Negative Cell Lines
    (MDPI, 2021-07-21) Alonso Diez, Angela; Cáceres Ramos, Sara Cristina; Peña Fernández, Laura Luisa; Crespo, Belen; Illera Del Portal, Juan Carlos
    Human inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a highly angiogenic disease for which an-tiangiogenic therapy has demonstrated only a modest response, and the reason for this remains unknown. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine the influence of different antiangiogenic therapies on in vitro and in vivo steroid hormone and angiogenic growth factor production using canine and human inflammatory breast carcinoma cell lines as well as the possible involvement of sex steroid hormones in angiogenesis. IPC-366 and SUM149 cell lines and xenotransplanted mice were treated with different concentrations of VEGF, SU5416, bevacizumab and celecoxib. Steroid hormone (progesterone, dehydroepiandrostenedione, androstenedione, testosterone, dihydrotestos-terone, estrone sulphate and 17β-oestradiol), angiogenic growth factors (VEGF-A, VEGF-C and VEGF-D) and IL-8 determinations in culture media, tumour homogenate and serum samples were assayed by EIA. In vitro, progesterone-and 17β-oestradiol-induced VEGF production promoting cell proliferation and androgens are involved in the formation of vascular-like structures. In vivo, intratumoural testosterone concentrations were augmented and possibly associated with decreased metastatic rates, whereas elevated E1SO4 concentrations could promote tumour progression after antiangiogenic therapies. In conclusion, sex steroid hormones could regulate the production of angiogenic factors. The intratumoural measurement of sex steroids and growth factors may be useful to develop preventive and individualized therapeutic strategies.