Hernández Laín, Aurelio

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First Name
Last Name
Hernández Laín
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Medicina Legal, Psiquiatría y Patología
Anatomía Patológica
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  • Publication
    Safety and Efficacy of Crizotinib in Combination with Temozolomide and Radiotherapy in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma: Phase Ib GEINO 1402 Trial
    (MDPI, 2022-05-12) Martínez-García, María; Velasco Díez, Guillermo; Pineda, Estela; Gil-Gil, Miguel; Alameda, Francesc; Capellades, Jaume; Martín-Soberón, Mari Cruz; López-Valero, Israel; Tovar Ambel, Elena; Foro, Palmira; Taus, Álvaro; Arumi, Montserrat; Hernández Laín, Aurelio; Sepúlveda-Sánchez, Juan Manuel
    Background: MET-signaling and midkine (ALK ligand) promote glioma cell maintenance and resistance against anticancer therapies. ALK and c-MET inhibition with crizotinib have a preclinical therapeutic rationale to be tested in newly diagnosed GBM. Methods: Eligible patients received crizotinib with standard radiotherapy (RT)/temozolomide (TMZ) followed by maintenance with crizotinib. The primary objective was to determine the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) in a 3 + 3 dose escalation (DE) strategy and safety evaluation in the expansion cohort (EC). Secondary objectives included progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) and exploratory biomarker analysis. Results: The study enrolled 38 patients. The median age was 52 years (33–76), 44% were male, 44% were MGMT methylated, and three patients had IDH1/2 mutation. In DE, DLTs were reported in 1/6 in the second cohort (250 mg/QD), declaring 250 mg/QD of crizotinib as the RP2D for the EC. In the EC, 9/25 patients (32%) presented grade ≥3 adverse events. The median follow up was 18.7 months (m) and the median PFS was 10.7 m (95% CI, 7.7–13.8), with a 6 m PFS and 12 m PFS of 71.5% and 38.8%, respectively. At the time of this analysis, 1 died without progression and 24 had progressed. The median OS was 22.6 m (95% CI, 14.1–31.1) with a 24 m OS of 44.5%. Molecular biomarkers showed no correlation with efficacy. Conclusions: The addition of crizotinib to standard RT and TMZ for newly diagnosed GBM was safe and the efficacy was encouraging, warranting prospective validation in an adequately powered, randomized controlled study.