Garre Rubio, José

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Garre Rubio
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
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Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
  • Publication
    Mathematical open problems in projected entangled pair states
    (Springer, 2019-07-29) Cirac, J. Ignacio; Garre Rubio, José; Pérez García, David
    Projected entangled pair states (PEPS) are used in practice as an efficient parametrization of the set of ground states of quantum many body systems. The aim of this paper is to present, for a broad mathematical audience, some mathematical questions about PEPS.
  • Publication
    Matrix product operator algebras I: representations of weak Hopf algebras and projected entangled pair states
    (2022-04-13) Molnár, Andras; Ruiz de Alarcón, Alberto; Garre Rubio, José; Schuch, Norbert; Cirac, J.I.; Pérez García, David
    Matrix Product Operators (MPOs) are tensor networks representing operators acting on 1D systems. They model a wide variety of situations, including communication channels with memory effects, quantum cellular automata, mixed states in 1D quantum systems, or holographic boundary models associated to 2D quantum systems. A scenario where MPOs have proven particularly useful is to represent algebras of non-trivial symmetries. Concretely, the boundary of both symmetry protected and topologically ordered phases in 2D quantum systems exhibit symmetries in the form of MPOs. In this paper, we develop a theory of MPOs as representations of algebraic structures. We establish a dictionary between algebra and MPO properties which allows to transfer results between both setups, covering the cases of pre-bialgebras, weak bialgebras, and weak Hopf algebras. We define the notion of pulling-through algebras, which abstracts the minimal requirements needed to define topologically ordered 2D tensor networks from MPO algebras. We show, as one of our main results, that any semisimple pivotal weak Hopf algebra is a pulling-trough algebra. We demonstrate the power of this framework by showing that they can be used to construct Kitaev’s quantum double models for Hopf algebras solely from an MPO representation of the Hopf algebra, in the exact same way as MPO symmetries obtained from fusion categories can be used to construct Levin-Wen string-net models, and to explain all their topological features; it thus allows to describe both Kitaev and string-net models on the same formal footing.
  • Publication
    Symmetries in topological tensor network states: classification, construction and detection
    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 2020-03-09) Garre Rubio, José; Pérez García, David; Iblisdir, Sofyan
    The exotic properties which appear in the quantum setting, mainly manifested in strongly-correlated systems, oer potential applications in future technologies. For instance, high-precision measurementsor the new paradigm of a quantum computer. One of the most prominent features of quantum physics is entanglement: the correlationsbetween the parties of a system that cannot be described classically. This property is believed to be the one endowing quantum mechanics its complexity. Therefore, characterizing the entanglement properties of strongly-correlated systems plays a fundamental role for condensed-matter physics. However, this complexity comes hand in hand with a challenge: the number of parameters needed to describe a system grows exponentially with the number of parties in the system. This challengelies at the heart of the mathematical description of quantum mechanics. Such a situation happens naturally in many-body systems and in particular, in condensed-matter physics where the relevant physics appears when considering large systems. Then, how can we deal with this diculty? Thekey observation here is that realistic physical systems are the ones whose parties interact locally and this restricts the entanglement pattern in the low-energy sector (zero temperature). So thequestion is shifted to: Is there a framework that captures states with such entanglement pattern? The answer is yes: tensor network states...