Person: Rincón Pérez, Irene
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Estructura de la Materia, Física Térmica y Electrónica
Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
- PublicationStudy of genetic polymorphisms associated with global and selective response inhibition(Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 2021-05-27) Rincón Pérez, Irene; Hinojosa Poveda, José Antonio; Albert Bitaubé, JacoboThis doctoral dissertation titled “Study of genetic polymorphisms associated with global and selective response inhibition” delves into the study of the genetic correlates of these two types of inhibition. Global or simple response inhibition refers to the ability to suppress a single planned or already initiated motor response after the appearance of a single stop stimulus, and previous studies show that it is at least partially heritable. Its genetic basis has been studied mainly through association studies of candidate polymorphisms in genes linked to dopamine, serotonin and noradrenaline neurotransmission. These studies yield contradictory results, in that associations found have not always been replicated, or even occur in opposite directions. On the other hand, selective response inhibition refers to the ability to suppress a response to some specific stimuli and continue to emit it to other stimuli. It has recently been observed that participants can adopt various strategies to complete selective response inhibition tasks, some of which are characterized by selective inhibition to some stimuli and not others as theoretically expected, but others by indiscriminate inhibition to all stimuli. To our knowledge, the genetic correlates of selective inhibition have not been explored until now. Therefore, the first objective of this doctoral dissertation was to systematically review and meta-analyse previous literature to identify which candidate polymorphisms of the monoaminergic pathways are associated with behavioural correlates of global response inhibition, in adult and non-clinical populations. These correlates are the percentage of commission errors derived from Go/No-Go tasks and the Stop-Signal Reaction Time (or SSRT) derived from Stop-Signal tasks. The second objective has been to examine for the first time the genetic correlates of selective response inhibition in an experimental study with adult and non-clinical populations. This study focused on dopaminergic polymorphisms due to a stronger theoretical rationale involving dopamine as an essential neurotransmitter for the function of brain areas possibly required for selective inhibition (such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the striatum)...
- PublicationThe genetics of self-reported trait impulsivity: Contribution of catecholaminergic gene variants in European ancestry individuals(Elsevier, 2022-09-18) Bühler, Kora Mareen; Rincón Pérez, Irene; Calleja Conde, Javier; Albert, Jacobo; Hinojosa Poveda, José Antonio; Giné Domínguez, Elena; Echeverry lzate, Víctor; López Moreno, José Antonio; Huertas Rodríguez, EvelioIncreased trait impulsivity is a core element in several mental disorders. Given the durable and consistent nature of trait impulsivity, studies have explored its relation to stable biological measures. Variation in catecholaminergic neurotransmission by genetic variants could be one of these biological substrates. Here, 905 participants of European-ancestry completed the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale–11 and were genotyped in three single nucleotide polymorphisms related to catecholaminergic neurotransmission: the DRD2/ ANKK Taq1A, the C957T DRD2 and the Val158Met of the COMT gene. We found significant main effects of Val158Met and C957T on BIS-11 score. Also, interactions with gender were significant in both SNPs with a tendency to slightly different genotype and allele associations with the BIStotal score between male and female participants. Whereas in females, higher impulsivity scores were obtained by participants with the Val158Met heterozygous genotype (Met/Val), data indicate a trend towards a higher impulsivity score in male Val-allele carriers. In the case of C957T, only a tentative association between male Tallele carriers and higher impulsivity scores in comparison to CC genotype carriers could be established. No significant associations were found between BIS-11 and Taq1A. We provide further evidence for a gender-specific implication of Val158Met and C957T in trait impulsivity.
- PublicationSelective Inhibitory Control in Middle Childhood(MPDI, 2021-06-10) Rincón Pérez, Irene; Sánchez Carmona, Alberto José; Arroyo Lozano, Susana; García Rubio, Carlos; Hinojosa Poveda, José Antonio; Fernández Jaén, Alberto; López Martín, Sara; Albert, JacoboThe main aim of this study was to investigate the development of selective inhibitory control in middle childhood, a critical period for the maturation of inhibition-related processes. To this end, 64 children aged 6–7 and 56 children aged 10–11 performed a stimulus-selective stop-signal task, which allowed us to estimate not only the efficiency of response inhibition (the stop-signal reaction time or SSRT), but also the strategy adopted by participants to achieve task demands. We found that the adoption of a non-selective (global) strategy characterized by stopping indiscriminately to all stimuli decreased in older children, so that most of them were able to interrupt their ongoing responses selectively at the end of middle childhood. Moreover, compared to younger children, older children were more efficient in their ability to cancel an initiated response (indexed by a shorter SSRT), regardless of which strategy they used. Additionally, we found improvements in other forms of impulsivity, such as the control of premature responding (waiting impulsivity), and attentional-related processes, such as intra-individual variability and distractibility. The present results suggest that middle childhood represents a milestone in the development of crucial aspects of inhibitory control, including selective stopping.