Santín González, Daniel

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First Name
Last Name
Santín González
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales
Economía Aplicada, Pública y Política
Economía Aplicada
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Now showing 1 - 10 of 32
  • Publication
    Does preschool education attendance matter? Evidence from a natural experiment in Spain
    (Taylor & Francis, 2018) Santín González, Daniel; Sicilia, Gabriela
    The non-compulsory and non-free of charge character of preschool education level before 3 years old in Spain raises some doubts about the exogenous nature of this variable. This article provides new evidence about the impact of preschool years on educational outcomes by exploiting a peculiar Spanish database that supplies information on two classrooms at fourth grade in primary schools where students were randomly allocated into each group. Using an identification strategy that reproduces a natural experiment, we find that belonging to the group with more average years of preschool education significantly and positively impacts on fourthgrade students’ average outcomes. Particularly, an increase of one standard deviation in the difference in years of preschool attendance results in an increase of 0.16 (0.13) standard deviations in the group achievement for mathematics (reading). In view of the importance of preschool education and considering that preschool attendance before 3 years old is related with socio-economic variables, we conclude that extending free preschool education to the 2-year-old age group in Spain should be considered especially for students in families with less favourable backgrounds.
  • Publication
    Determinants of grade retention in France and Spain: Does birth month matter?
    (Elsevier Inc., 2015-06-02) Pedraja-Chaparro, Francisco; Santín González, Daniel; Simancas, Rosa
    In France and Spain, children born in the same calendar year start school together, regardless of maturity differences due to their birth month. This paper analyses the educational impact of birth month on the probability of grade retention controlling by other covariates. Using the PISA 2009 database for both countries, wedo identify a great impact on grade retention since students born in the last months of the year are between 70% and 80% more likely to repeat a grade than children born in the first months of the same year. We conclude that policy interventions are required in those countries to ensure that individuals are not unfairly penalized by their birth month.
  • Publication
    Dealing with endogeneity in data envelopment analysis applications
    (Elsevier, 2017) Santín González, Daniel; Sicilia, Gabriela
    Although the presence of the endogeneity is frequently observed in economic production processes, it tends to be overlooked when practitioners apply data envelopment analysis (DEA). In this paper we deal with this issue in two ways. First, we provide a simple statistical heuristic procedure that enables practitioners to identify the presence of endogeneity in an empirical application. Second, we propose the use of an instrumental input DEA (II-DEA) as a potential tool to address this problem and thus improve DEA estimations. A Monte Carlo experiment confirms that the proposed II-DEA approach outperforms standard DEA in finite samples under the presence of high positive endogeneity. To illustrate our theoretical findings, we perform an empirical application on the education sector.
  • Publication
    Another brick in the wall: a new ranking of academic journals in Economics using FDH
    (Springer Nature, 2016) García Romero, Antonio; Santín González, Daniel; Sicilia, Gabriela
    The academic journals rankings are widely used for academic purposes, especially in the field of Economics. There are many procedures to construct academic journals rankings. Some of them are based on citation analysis while other are based on expert opinion. In this study, we introduced a methodological innovation to aggregate different performance measures to build an alternative ranking of journals in Economics. Our approach is based on a pure output oriented Free Disposal Hull (FDH). We analyzed four indicators—Journal Impact Factor, Discounted Impact Factor, h-index, and Article Influence—for a set of 232 journals in Economics. The results allow us to reach two main conclusions. First, the ranking based on the FDH method seems to be consistent with other well-known reference rankings (i.e.: KMS, Invariant, Ambitious and Area Score). Second, the additional information that provides the FDH model may be used by the Editorial Board to formulate strategies to achieve goals. For instance, to improve a journal score by comparing it with the scores of similar journals.
  • Publication
    Detección de alumnos de riesgo y medición de la eficiencia de centros escolares mediante redes neuronales
    (Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Decanato, 1999) Santín González, Daniel
    Se utilizan las redes neuronales para solucionar empíricamente tres problemas habituales en el campo de la economía de la educación: detección de alumnos con alto riesgo de fracaso escolar, evaluación de la eficiencia relativa de centros educativos y evaluación de la eficiencia relativa de diferentes planes de estudio
  • Publication
    Does family structure affect children's academic outcomes? Evidence for Spain
    (Elsevier, 2016) Santín González, Daniel; Sicilia, Gabriela
    Several sociodemographic phenomena have changed family organization in Spain over the last few decades, where less structured forms than the traditional nuclear family have gained in importance. In view of the importance of children’s and adolescents’ education, we aim to identify the effect of non-nuclear family membership on academic outcomes of Spanish children in fourth-year primary education and adolescents in second-year secondary education. To do this, we use a propensity score matching approach to compare the impact of family structure on student performance, measured through grade retention and mathematics scores, with the results of standard econometric models. The results show that non-nuclear family membership has a significant negative impact on student grade retention with more significant differences among older students. In addition, this family structure is only found to have a consistently negative effect on mathematics scores for secondary education students.
  • Publication
    Descentralización y financiación de la Universidad Pública en Latinoamérica : algunas propuestas a partir del caso español
    (Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Decanato, 2003) Santín González, Daniel
    Este documento se ha creado a raíz de la amplia aceptación de la teoría del capital humano de Becker, de 1964, que considera a la educación no sólo como un bien de consumo sino sobre todo de inversión. El objetivo final de este trabajo es motivar el debate y la reflexión crítica en torno a la universidad que nos gustaría tener en el futuro en Latinoamérica, considerando para ello las distintas opciones que se plantean desde la teoría y desde la evidencia empírica puesta en práctica por otros países.
  • Publication
    Using DEA for measuring teachers’ performance and the impact on students’ outcomes: evidence for Spain
    (Springer Nature, 2018) Santín González, Daniel; Sicilia, Gabriela
    This research contributes to the ongoing debate about differences in teachers’ performance. We introduce a new methodology that combines production frontier and impact evaluation insights that allows using DEA as an identification strategy of a treatment with high and low quality teachers within schools to assess their performance. We use a unique database of primary schools in Spain that, for every school, supplies information on two classrooms at 4th grade where students and teachers were randomly assigned into the two classrooms. We find considerable differences in teachers’ efficiency across schools with significant effects on students’ achievement. In line with previous findings, we find that neither teacher experience nor academic training explains teachers’ efficiency. Conversely, being a female teacher, having worked five or more years in the same school or having smaller class sizes positively affects the performance of teachers.
  • Publication
    Testing the accuracy of DEA estimates under endogeneity through a Monte Carlo simulation
    (Elsevier, 2015-07-16) Cordero, José Manuel; Santín González, Daniel; Sicilia, Gabriela
    Endogeneity, and the distortions on the estimation of economic models that it causes, is a usual problem in the econometrics literature. Although non-parametric methods like Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) are among the most used techniques for measuring technical efficiency, the effects of such problem on efficiency estimates have received little attention. The aim of this paper is to alert DEA practitioners about the accuracy of their estimates under the presence of endogeneity. For this, first we illustrate the endogeneity problem and its causes in production processes and its implications for the efficiency measurement from a conceptual perspective. Second, using synthetic data generated in a Monte Carlo experiment we evaluate how different levels of positive and negative endogeneity can impair DEA estimations. We conclude that, although DEA is robust to negative endogeneity, a high positive endogeneity level, i.e., the existence of a high positive correlation between one input and the true efficiency level, might bias severely DEA estimates.
  • Publication
    Eficiencia relativa de las Comunidades autónomas en enseñanza secundaria : un enfoque socioeconómico
    (Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Decanato, 1998) Santín González, Daniel
    Trabajo que intenta aportar algunos datos que traten de responder a cuestiones tales como la influencia de las características socioeconómicas de las Comunidades autónomas a la hora de explicar el rendimiento académico de los alumnos de 14 y 16 años, y cúales son las Comunidades autónomas más eficientes a la hora de producir el servicio educativo.