Martín Perea, David Manuel

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First Name
David Manuel
Last Name
Martín Perea
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
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Now showing 1 - 10 of 27
  • Publication
    Flint and Quartzite: Distinguishing Raw Material Through Bone Cut Marks
    (Wiley, 2017-08-25) Maté-González, Miguel Ángel; Yravedra Sainz de los Terreros, José; Martín Perea, David Manuel; Palomeque-González, J.; San‐Juan‐Blazquez, M.; Estaca-Gómez, Verónica; Uribelarrea del Val, David; Álvarez-Alonso, David; Cuartero, F.; Cuartero Monteagudo, Felipe; González-Aguilera, D.; Domínguez‐Rodrigo, M.
    Since the 1980s, several experimental analyses have been able to differentiate some lithic tool types and some of their raw materials according to the morphology of cut marks imprinted by such tools when used for butchering activities. Thus, metal tool use has been differentiated in contexts with an abundance of lithic tools, or even the use of hand axes has been documented in carcass processing, in contrast with simple unretouched or retouched flakes. As important as this information is, there are still other important aspects to be analysed. Can cut marks produced with different lithic raw material types be differentiated? Can cut marks made with different types of the same raw material type be characterized and differentiated? The objective of this study is to evaluate if cut marks resulting from the use of different flints and different quartzites are distinguishable from each other. In the present work, an experimental analysis of hundreds of cut marks produced by five types of flint and five varieties of quartzite was carried out. Microphotogrammetry and geometric–morphometric techniques were applied to analyse these cut marks. The results show that flint cut marks and quartzite cut marks can be characterized at the assemblage level. Different types of flint produced cut marks that were not significantly different from each other. Cut marks made with Olduvai Gorge quartzite were significantly different from those produced with a set comprising several other types of quartzites. Crystal size, which is larger in Olduvai Gorge quartzites (0.5 mm) than Spanish quartzites (177–250 μm), is discussed as being the main reason for these statistically significant differences. This documented intra‐sample and inter‐sample variance does not hinder the resolution of the approach to differentiate between these two generic raw material types and opens the door for the application of this method in archaeological contexts.
  • Publication
    La Piquera in central Iberian Peninsula: A new key vertebrate locality for the Early Pliocene of western Europe
    (Polish Academy of Sciences, Institue of Paleobiology, 2023) Piñero, Pedro; Martín Perea, David Manuel; Sevilla, Paloma; Agustí, Jordi; Blain, Hugues Alexandre; Furió, Marc; Laplana Conesa, César
    We introduce the new vertebrate site of La Piquera (Duero Basin, central Iberian Peninsula), provide a detailed description of the lithostratigraphy and present a preliminary faunal list. The fossil vertebrate association includes amphibians (with representatives of the families Salamandridae, Alytidae, Pelodytidae, and Bufonidae), squamate reptiles (with members of the families Agamidae, Lacertidae, Anguidae, Scincidae, Blanidae, ?Erycidae, and Colubridae/Psammophiidae), and mammals (with representatives of the families Soricidae, Erinaceidae, Muridae, Cricetidae, Gerbillidae, Gliridae, Sciuridae, Vespertilionidae, Rhinolophidae, Miniopteridae, Megadermatidae, Leporidae, Prolagidae, and Bovidae). The association indicates an intermediate biostratigraphic position between the southern Iberian sites of Sifón-413 (at about 5.33–5.23 Ma) and Botardo-D (between 4.79 and 4.63 Ma), the new locality being correlated with the earliest Ruscinian (lower part of the MN14 unit). The ecological affinities of the identified small vertebrates suggest the presence of a landscape dominated by open herbaceous meadows in the surroundings of the fossil-site during the earliest Pliocene, with the occasional presence of woodland patches and stable water bodies under relatively dry and warm environmental conditions. La Piquera therefore enhances our knowledge on the vertebrate community recorded in central Iberian Peninsula during the earliest Pliocene. With more than 1200 remains, La Piquera becomes a key locality for the Early Pliocene of southwestern Europe, central Spain, where this time-span is poorly represented.
  • Publication
    Geodivulgar: Geología y Sociedad 2018
    (2019-06-28) García Frank, Alejanadra; Canales Fernández, María Luisa; Muñoz García, Mª Belén; González Acebrón, Laura; Rodríguez García, Sergio; Martínez Gutiérrez, Gemma; Cózar Maldonado, Pedro; Calonge García, María Amelia; Gómez Heras, Miguel; Henriques, Maria Helena; Díaz Mejías, Isabel; Alonso Recio, Carlos; Rico Arjona, Rocío; Berrocal Casero, Mélani; Hernández Paredes, Ruth; Hontecillas Tamayo, Daniel; Martín Perea, David Manuel; Salazar Ramírez, Roselis Waikiria; Silva, Silvia; Mateos Carralafuente, Ricardo; Acedo Peñato, Abel; Cervilla Muros, Miguel Ángel; Iglesias Álvarez, Núria; Rodríguez García de Castro, Isabel; Sánchez Fontela, Noelia; Villar Peláez, Alberto; Vitón García, Iñigo; Conde Carrión, Teresa; de la Fuente Olmos, Daniel; Gamarra González, Jesus; Herranz García, Sergio; Ortiz Lucena, Antonio; Sierra Ramírez, Nuria; Armendáriz Sanz, Andrés; Borrego Salgado, David; Chicote Alvira, Gabriel; Coronado Vila, Ismael; Fesharaki, Omid; Fraguas Herráez, Ángela; González Blázquez, Javier; Hernández Fragua, Laura; Navalpotro Gordo, Tania; Portales, Killian; Guilló Carrasco, Vicente Eduardo; Montesinos del Valle, Mercedes; Peña Vilanova, Jorge; Pérez Martín del Campo, Daniel; Pérez Garrido, Carlos; Prieto Saiz, Irene; Sarmiento, Graciela N.; Mediato Arribas, José Francisco; del Moral González, Begoña; Rodrigo Sanz, Ana; Gonzalo Parra, Lorena
  • Publication
    A new assemblage of late Neanderthal remains from Cova Simanya (NE Iberia)
    (Frontiers Media, 2023-09-19) Morales, Juan I.; Cebrià, Artur; Soto, María; Rodríguez Hidalgo, Antonio; Hernando, Raquel; Moreno Ribas, Elena; Lombao, Diego; Rabuñal, José R.; Martín Perea, David Manuel; García Tabernero, Antonio; Allué, Ethel; García Basanta, Andrea; Lizano, Esther; Marquès Bonet, Tomàs; Talamo, Sahra; Tassoni, Laura; Lalueza Fox, Carles; Fullola, Josep María; Rosas González, Antonio
    This study presents an exceptional collection of 54 Late Pleistocene human remains that correspond to at least three Neanderthal individuals from Simanya Gran, the main gallery of Cova Simanya, located in the northeastern Iberian Peninsula. The collection comprised 53 unpublished remains that were unearthed during the 1970s and an additional tooth discovered during 2021 excavations. The specimens represent an adult with a small stature, a periadolescent aged approximately 11.5 years, and an immature individual aged approximately 7.7 years, thus offering a more complete demographic perspective. The collection encompasses diverse anatomical parts including upper and lower dentition, mandible, vertebrae, and limb bones from both the upper and lower extremities. Attempts to extract aDNA were unsuccessful. Renewed archaeological investigations at Cova Simanya have facilitated the reevaluation of the original stratigraphic context of these remains, leading to the discovery of the additional tooth, aligning with the periadolescent individual. This assemblage is currently the most extensive Neanderthal collection from the northeastern Mediterranean Iberia, offering invaluable insights into the morphology and evolutionary trajectory of Late Pleistocene hominins. Hence, Simanya Neanderthals will enhance our understanding of Neanderthal demographics and evolution, paving the way for an in-depth examination of the morphological diversity and evolutionary context of Iberian Neanderthals.
  • Publication
    Cut marks and raw material exploitation in the lower pleistocene site of Bell's Korongo (BK, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania): A geometric morphometric analysis
    (Elsevier, 2019-08-20) Courtenay, Lloyd A.; Yravedra Sainz de los Terreros, José; Aramendi, Julia; Maté-González, Miguel Ángel; Martín Perea, David Manuel; Uribelarrea del Val, David; Baquedano, Enrique; González Aguilera, Diego; Domínguez-Rodrigo, Manuel
    The Lower Pleistocene site of Bell's Korongo (BK) in Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania) has been a key site for the study of the origin of human behaviour. The lower archaeological levels of BK are characterized by anthropogenic activity related to the exploitation of megafauna (elephant, hippopotamus, Sivatherium) and smaller game (zebra, wildebeest and antelopes). These remains display a high frequency of cut marks. The exceptional state of preservation of the BK fossil assemblage has allowed a wide range of different analyses that, among other things, detected the use of quartzite in butchering activities through the study of cut marks. Following up previous analyses, this paper presents the study of a series of cut marks from the BK faunal assemblage using a 3D geometric morphometric methodological approach in order to determine the mineralogical properties of the quartzite used at the site. BK cut marks are compared with experimentally produced cut marks using 9 mineralogically different quartzite types from Olduvai Gorge. This comparative analysis provides valuable hints about the exact nature of the raw materials used in butchering activities. The results presented here identify a preferential use of quartzite with a finer granular composition, suggesting that hominin populations were already selecting the best raw materials for their use in specific activities 1.3 Mya.
  • Publication
    Macroevolution and climate changes: a global multi-family test supports the resource-use hypothesis in terrestrial mammals
    (Taylor & Francis, 2022-02-28) Hernández Fernández, Manuel; Pelegrin Ramírez, Jonathan S.; Gómez Cano, Ana Rosa; García Yelo, Blanca A.; Moreno Bofarull, Ana; Sánchez Fontela, Noelia; Rodríguez Ruiz, Claudia; Ramiro Camacho, Alejandro; Domingo Martínez, Laura; Menéndez, Iris; Martín Perea, David Manuel; Bazán, Carla M.; Alcalde Rincón, Gema María; Domingo Martínez, María Soledad; Luna, Belén; Peinado Cortés, María del Mar; Arias Royo, Antón; González Couturier, Gabriela; Márquez Villena, Ana; Anaya, Noelia; Blanco, Fernando; Galli, Emilia; Gamboa, Sara; Quesada, Álvaro; Sanz Pérez, Dánae; Varela, Sara; Cantalapiedra, Juan L.
    Elisabeth S. Vrba’s resource-use hypothesis suggests that speciation in biomes subjected to successive expansion-contraction-fragmentation during periods of climatic change generates high frequency of species restricted to a single biome (stenobiomic species). We compiled biome occupation for all terrestrial mammals and, using Monte Carlo simulations, demonstrated that patterns of biome occupation are congruent with those predicted by the resource-use hypothesis. Biome specialists are much more speciose than expected by chance, while there are fewer moderate biome generalists than expected. Despite their scarcity, extreme eurybiomic lineages show significant overrepresentation, which suggests they are seldom affected by climate-related extinction processes. Additionally, stenobiomic species are concentrated in biomes placed at the extremes of the climatic gradient, such as equatorial rainforest, subtropical desert, steppe, and tundra. Although this pattern is fairly maintained across different mammalian families, highlighting its universality, our analysis also found great variability. Exceptions to the predictions of the resource-use hypothesis seem to be associated to biome climatic or geographical heterogeneity, which favours vicariance in some biomes not placed in extremes of the climatic gradient (tropical deciduous woodland, sclerophyllous woodland-shrubland), as well as life-history differences across taxa, which generates a stronger trend to specialisation in small body size lineages than in larger mammals.
  • Publication
    Geodivulgar: Geología y Sociedad
    (2023-07-07) García Frank, Alejandra; Acedo Peñato, Abel; Alonso Zarza, Ana Maria; Alonso Garcia, Rocio; Armendáriz Sanz, Andrés; Berrocal Casero, Mélani; Calonge García, Mª Amelia; Cambronero García-Miguel, Irene; Campos Millán, Eduardo; Canales Fernandez, María Luisa; Carvajal De Lago, Alba María; Cazorla Bermejo, Miguel; Cernadas Garrido, Antonio; Cervilla Muros, Miguel Ángel; Chicote Alvira, Gabriel; Chiri Pérez, Oliver; Corbalán García, Judit; Coronado Vila, Ismael; Cózar Maldonado, Pedro; Del Moral González, Begoña; Diaz Megias, Isabel; Díaz Olías, Ana; Díez García, Irene Pilar; Esteve Serrano, Jorge Vicente; Fajardo Portera, Pilar; Fesharaki, Omid; Fraguas Herráez, Ángela Raquel; Fuentes Rodriguez, María; Gamallo Paz, Isabel; Gamarra González, Jesús; García Martín, Gema; García Peco, Víctor; Gómez Recio, Marta; Gómez Heras, Miguel; González Acebrón, Laura; Gutiérrez Gálvez, María; Henriques, Maria Helena Paiva; Herrero Maire-Richard, Laura; Herrero Dominguez, Santiago; Hontecillas Tamayo, Daniel; Iglesias Álvarez, Núria; Martín Perea, David Manuel; Martín Aguilar, Lourdes; Martínez Álvarez, Leyre; Martínez Gutiérrez, Gemma; Mateos Carralafuente, José Ricardo; Mediato Arribas, José Francisco; Mejía Ruiz, Irene; Molero Monsonis, Andrea; Montesinos Del Valle, Mercedes; Moreno Muñoz, Alberto; Muñoz García, María Belen; Nacenta Torres, Pablo; Navarro Terrón, Esther; Oliva Martín, Anabel; Ozkaya De Juanas, Senay; Portales Núñez, Killian; Quesada García, Álvaro; Rodrigo Sanz, Ana; Rodríguez García, Sergio; Rodríguez García De Castro, Isabel; Romero García, Santiago Alejandro; Salas Herrera, Javier; Salazar Ramírez, Roselis Waikiria; Sánchez Fontela, Noelia; Sanz Pérez, Dánae; Suárez Pérez, María Gabriela; Torices Hernandez, Angélica; Vega Carricondo, Alejandro; Vitón García, Íñigo; Yubero Martínez, Miguel
  • Publication
    Victoria Cabrera Site: A Middle Stone Age site at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania
    (Elsevier, 2019-08-20) Maíllo-Fernández, José-Manuel; Marín, Juan; Solano Megías, Irene; Uribelarrea del Val, David; Martín Perea, David Manuel; Aramendi, Julia; Medialdea, Alicia; Arteaga, Carlos; Pernas Hernandez, Marta; Gidna, Agnes; Neogi, Sayantani; Baudot, Eva; Narváez, Carlos; Mabulla, Audax
    Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania) is a key site for the study and comprehension of human evolution in East Africa. However, the origin of Homo sapiens and the Middle Stone Age have been poorly understood in the Gorge thus far. In this study, we present the dating, taphonomic, technological and typological analyses of the lithic industry and faunal remains excavated at the Victoria Cabrera Site (VCS) during the 2017 fieldwork season. The stratigraphic sequence of the site contains several levels of fluvial origin, some of them with lithic and faunal remains. Most remains (lithics and bones) are affected by rounding processes. Infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) dating has provided ages between 90 and 70 ka BP for these layers that can be related to the Marine Isotope Stage 5a. Lithics are scarce and the dominant raw materials are Naibor Soit quarzite and basalt, followed by phonolite, chert and quartz as the most common raw materials. The lithic technology is based on the production of flakes obtained from prepared cores, with the discoid method and, to a lesser extent the Levallois method being the most frequently used. The retouched blanks are described as “substratum” or “domestic” tools (sidescrapers, notches or denticulates). There is just one heavy duty piece and points are absent. The faunal assemblage includes Alcelaphinae, Antilopinae and Equidae. The major parts of the unidentified faunal remains are size 3 ungulates, followed by carcasses of size 2 and size 4 species. We cannot relate lithic and bones because no cut marks or percussion marks have been identified and carnivore action is scarce. In sum, VCS represents the first accurately dated Middle Stone Age site, with lithic and faunal remains in Olduvai Gorge.
  • Publication
    Coprolites in natural traps: direct evidence of bone-eating carnivorans from the Late Miocene Batallones-3 site, Madrid, Spain
    (Taylor & Francis, 2021) Abella, Juan; Martín Perea, David Manuel; Valenciano, Alberto; Hontecillas Tamayo, Daniel; Montoya, Plini; Morales, Jorge
    We describe two carnivoran coprolites found in the pseudokarst natural carnivore trap of Batallones-3, from the Late Miocene of Spain. The larger one, comprising multiple indistinguishable fragments of broken and corroded bones, indicates that the producer of the dropping might have been highly capable of crushing the softer parts of large bones. On the other hand, the smaller one shows several relatively larger and more complete bone fragments, thus exhibiting a greater capacity to break and swallow large portions of bone. The external morphology of the large coprolite is similar to that of extant bears, whereas the smaller one more closely resembles that of the living insectivorous hyaenid Proteles in morphology, on the one hand, and that of the viverrid Genetta in size, on the other hand. We hypothesize that the amphicyonid Magerycion anceps was the producer of the large coprolite and the jackal-sized basal hyaenid Protictitherium crassum excreted the smaller one. Thus, we present the first direct evidence of a bone durophagous diet in the carnivorans of Batallones.
  • Publication
    Diseño universal y materiales multisensoriales en las actividades de divulgación de Geodivulgar con la asociación Ciencia sin Barreras
    (Sociedad Geológica de España., 2016) Fesharaki, Omid; García Frank, Alejandra; Iglesias Álvarez, Núria; Gómez Heras, Miguel; Martín Perea, David Manuel; Rico Arjona, Rocío
    Se muestran las actividades realizadas por el equipo multidisciplinar del Proyecto Geodivulgar: Geología y Sociedad con la asociación Ciencia sin Barreras entre el 2013 y la actualidad. Se describen las actividades en dos grandes líneas de trabajo, aquellas dirigidas a la divulgación y las que están pensadas para la autoformación, la difusión o la visibilización de nuestras actividades. Se destacan especialmente los aspectos relacionados con la preparación de materiales didácticos multisensoriales y con un diseño universal, ya que gran parte de la labor desarrollada por estos proyectos está destinada a público con diversidad funcional. La trayectoria del equipo permite ver que hay una demanda creciente en las actividades ofertadas y un reconocimiento de esta labor en forma de premios y menciones a nivel nacional e internacional.