Person:
López-Oliva Muñoz, María Elvira

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First Name
María Elvira
Last Name
López-Oliva Muñoz
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Farmacia
Department
Fisiología
Area
Fisiología
Identifiers
UCM identifierORCIDScopus Author IDWeb of Science ResearcherIDDialnet ID

Search Results

Now showing 1 - 10 of 21
  • Publication
    Can Carob-Fruit-Extract-Enriched Meat Improve the Lipoprotein Profile, VLDL-Oxidation, and LDL Receptor Levels Induced by an Atherogenic Diet in STZ-NAD-Diabetic Rats?
    (MDPI, 2019-02-03) Macho González, Adrián; Garcimartín Álvarez, Alba; López-Oliva Muñoz, María Elvira; Ruiz-Roso, Baltasar; Martín de la Torre, Isabel; Bastida Codina, Sara; Benedí González, Juana María; Sánchez Muniz, Francisco José
    Carob fruit extract (CFE) has shown remarkable in vitro antioxidant properties and reduces postprandial hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in healthy animals. Development of functional meat products that contain bioactive components are presented as a great nutritional strategy. Until now, the effect of the consumption of restructured meat enriched with CFE in a murine model of diabetes has not been investigated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect on glycemia, lipemia, lipoprotein profile, Ldlr, arylesterase (AE), and very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) and liver oxidation in streptozotocin-nicotinamide (STZ-NAD) growing Wistar diabetic rats fed restructured meat in the frame of a high cholesterol/high saturated-fat diet. In the present study, three groups (D, ED and DE) were fed cholesterol-enriched (1.4% cholesterol and 0.2% cholic acid) and high saturated fat diets (50% of total energy from fats and 20.4% from saturated fatty acids). Rats were subjected to a STZ-NAD administration at the 3rd week. Group D did not receive CFE, while ED and DE rat groups received CFE before and after the diabetic induction, respectively. After eight weeks, D rats showed hyperglycemia and hypercholesterolemia, an increased amount cholesterol-enriched VLDL (β-VLDL), IDL and LDL particles and triglyceride-enriched HDL. ED and DE partially blocked the hypercholesterolemic induction with respect to D group (p < 0.001) and improved glycemia, cholesterol levels, lipoprotein profile, Ldlr, plasma AE activity and liver oxidation (p < 0.001). Fecal fat, moisture and excretion were higher while dietary digestibility was lower in ED and DE vs. D counterparts (p < 0.0014). In conclusion, CFE enriched meat shows, for the first time, hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects in STZ-NAD animals fed high cholesterol/high saturated-fat diets. Likewise, it manages to reverse possible diabetes lipoprotein alterations if CFE enriched meat is consumed before pathology development or improves said modifications if Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is already established.
  • Publication
    Impacto de la implementación del aprendizaje basado en problemas en combinación con las prácticas de laboratorio clínico y virtual de Fisiopatología para el desarrollo de competencias profesionales
    (2020-07-01) López-Oliva Muñoz, María Elvira; García Sacristán, Albino; Rivera de los Arcos, Luis; Prieto Ocejo, Dolores; Benedito Castellote, Sara; Hernández Rodríguez, Medardo Vicente; Recio Visedo, María Paz; Climent Flórez, Belén; Agis Torres, Ángel; Raposo González, Rafaela; Contreras Jimenez, Cristina; Sánchez Pina, Ana Alejandra; Hernándes Martín, Marina; Rodríguez Prado, Claudia; Muñoz Picos, Mercedes; Perales Calvo, Manuel; Puente Maya, Francisco Jesús; Bragado Aguado, María del Carmen
  • Publication
    The Impact of CXCR4 Blockade on the Survival of Rat Brain Cortical Neurons
    (MDPI, 2016-11-30) Merino Martín, José Joaquín; Garcimartín Álvarez, Alba; López-Oliva Muñoz, María Elvira; Benedí González, Juana María; González Burgos, Elena
    Background: Chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) plays a role in neuronal survival/cell repair and also contributes to the progression of cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. Chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) binds to CXCR4. In this study, we have investigated whether CXCR4 blockade by AMD3100 (a CXCR4 antagonist, member of bicyclam family) may affect neuronal survival in the absence of insult. Thus, we have measured the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), Bax and Bcl-2 protein translocation, and cytochrome c release in AMD3100-treated brain cortical neurons at 7 DIV (days in vitro). Methods: For this aim, AMD3100 (200 nM) was added to cortical neurons for 24 h, and several biomarkers like cell viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, caspase-3/9 activity, proteins Bax and Bcl-2 translocation, and cytochrome c release were analyzed by immunoblot. Results: CXCR4 blockade by AMD3100 (200 nM, 24 h) induces mitochondrial hyperpolarization and increases caspase-3/9 hyperpolarization without affecting LDH release as compared to untreated controls. AMD3100 also increases cytochrome c release and promotes Bax translocation to the mitochondria, whereas it raises cytosolic Bcl-2 levels in brain cortical neurons. Conclusion: CXCR4 blockade induces cellular death via intrinsic apoptosis in rat brain cortical neurons in absence of insult.
  • Publication
    Implementación del aprendizaje basado en problemas (ABP) en la enseñanza práctica de la fisiología del sistema digestivo
    (2019-06-22) López-Oliva Muñoz, María Elvira; Sánchez Pina, Ana Alejandra; Hernández Rodríguez, Medardo Vicente; Prieto Ocejo, Dolores; García Sacristán, Albino; Contreras Jiménez, Cristina; Martínez Gómez, Ana Cristina; Agis Torres, Angel; Climent Florez, Belén; Rivera de los Arcos, Luis; Recio Visedo, María Paz; Benedito Castellote, Sara; Muñoz Picos, Mercedes; Raposo González, Rafaela
  • Publication
    Autoevaluación, Coevaluación y el uso de las TIC como enfoque innovador en las prácticas de Fisiopatología y su efecto en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del alumno
    (2023-07-31) Leite Fernandes, Vitor Samuel; Agis Torres, Ángel; Benedito Castellote, Sara; Climent Flórez, Belén; Contreras Jiménez, Cristina; García Sacristán, Albino; Gómez del Val, Alfonso; Hernández Rodríguez, Medardo Vicente; Hernández Martín, Marina; López-Oliva Muñoz, María Elvira; Merino Martín, José Joaquín; Montenegro Álvarez De Tejera, María Pilar; Muñoz Picos, Mercedes; Navarro Dorado, Jorge; Pascual Gómez, Natalia Fernanda; Perales Calvo, Manuel; Prieto Ocejo, Dolores; Puente Maya, Francisco Jesus; Raposo González, Rafaela; Recio Visedo, María Paz; Rivera De Los Arcos, Luis; Sánchez Pina, Ana Alejandra
    En las últimas décadas, la educación universitaria ha evolucionado hacia un enfoque constructivista en consonancia con las recomendaciones del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior (EEES). En este paradigma, los estudiantes asumen un papel activo en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje, mientras los profesores actúan como facilitadores. Las metodologías constructivistas fomentan el desarrollo tanto individual como grupal de competencias específicas y genéricas, al tiempo que permiten la inclusión de agentes de evaluación formativa para estimular la crítica y la autocrítica del alumno en su desempeño. En este contexto, surge la necesidad de aplicar el constructivismo a la evaluación, involucrando al estudiante en su propio proceso de evaluación. La autoevaluación y la coevaluación emergen como alternativas concretas para lograrlo. La autoevaluación implica que el estudiante analice y valore de manera sistemática su trabajo durante el proceso de aprendizaje para mejorar resultados y fomentar la autocrítica. Por otro lado, la coevaluación es una evaluación entre compañeros que permite valorar la implicación y actitud de los miembros del grupo, estimulando el aprendizaje colectivo. Las Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación (TIC) juegan un papel importante en la educación y en la evaluación de los alumnos, diferenciándose de las prácticas tradicionales. La implementación de TIC no solo desarrolla habilidades en el proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje, sino también favorece la autoevaluación y la coevaluación. Con base en este enfoque, se presenta un proyecto de innovación docente en la asignatura de Fisiopatología para estudiantes de Farmacia. Los alumnos crearán videos sobre temas específicos de la práctica y se evaluarán a sí mismos y a sus compañeros utilizando la herramienta App Plickers. Sin embargo, aún no existe una metodología claramente definida para la implementación de estrategias constructivistas y uso de TIC en Fisiopatología, destacando la importancia y relevancia de este proyecto.
  • Publication
    Aprendizaje basado en problemas (ABP) mediante simulación en la enseñanza práctica de la Fisiopatología del sistema nervioso
    (2017-06-28) Martinez Gómez, Ana Cristina; Climent Florez, Belén; Recio Visedo, María Paz; Benedito Castellote, Sara; Agis Torres, Ángel; López-Oliva Muñoz, María Elvira; Muñoz Picos, Mercedes; García Sacristán, Albino; Rivera de los Arcos, Luis; Prieto Ocejo, Dolores; Hernández Rodríguez, Medardo Vicente; Sánchez Pina, Ana Alejandra
  • Publication
    Differential contribution of renal cytochrome P450 enzymes to kidney endothelial dysfunction and vascular oxidative stress in obesity
    (Elsevier, 2021-11-22) Muñoz Picos, Mercedes; López-Oliva Muñoz, María Elvira; Pinilla Pérez, Estéfano; Rodríguez, Claudia; Martínez Saiz, María Pilar; Contreras Jiménez, Cristina; Gómez, Alfonso; Benedito Castellote, Sara; Sáenz Medina, Javier; Rivera de los Arcos, Luis; Prieto Ocejo, Dolores
    Arachidonic acid (AA)-derived cytochrome P450 (CYP) derivatives, epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) and 20-hidroxyeicosatetranoic acid (20-HETE), play a key role in kidney tubular and vascular functions and blood pressure. Altered metabolism of CYP epoxygenases and CYP hydroxylases has differentially been involved in the pathogenesis of metabolic disease-associated vascular complications, although the mechanisms responsible for the vascular injury are unclear. The present study aimed to assess whether obesity-induced changes in CYP enzymes may contribute to oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction in kidney preglomerular arteries. Endothelial function and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were assessed in interlobar arteries of obese Zucker rats (OZR) and their lean counterparts lean Zucker rats (LZR) and the effects of CYP2C and CYP4A inhibitors sulfaphenazole and HET0016, respectively, were examined on the endothelium-dependent relaxations and O2 − and H2O2 levels of preglomerular arteries. Non-nitric oxide (NO) non-prostanoid endothelium-derived hyperpolarization (EDH)-type responses were preserved but resistant to the CYP epoxygenase blocker sulfaphenazole in OZR in contrast to those in LZR. Sulfaphenazole did not further inhibit reduced arterial H2O2 levels, and CYP2C11/CYP2C23 enzymes were downregulated in intrarenal arteries from OZR. Renal EDH-mediated relaxations were preserved in obese rats by the enhanced activity and expression of endothelial calcium-activated potassium channels (KCa). CYP4A blockade restored impaired NO-mediated dilatation and inhibited augmented O2 − production in kidney arteries from OZR. The current data demonstrate that both decreased endothelial CYP2C11/ CYP2C23-derived vasodilator H2O2 and augmented CYP4A-derived 20-HETE contribute to endothelial dysfunction and vascular oxidative stress in obesity. CYP4A inhibitors ameliorate arterial oxidative stress and restore endothelial function which suggests its therapeutic potential for the vascular complications of obesity-associated kidney injury.
  • Publication
    Supplementation with a Cocoa–Carob Blend, Alone or in Combination with Metformin, Attenuates Diabetic Cardiomyopathy, Cardiac Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Zucker Diabetic Rats
    (MPDI, 2022-02-21) García Díez, Esther; López-Oliva Muñoz, María Elvira; Caro Vadillo, Alicia; Pérez Vizcaíno, Francisco; Pérez Jiménez, Jara; Ramos, Sonia; Martín, María Ángeles
    Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is one of the main causes of mortality among diabetic patients, with oxidative stress and inflammation major contributors to its development. Dietary flavonoids show strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, although their potential additive outcomes in combination with antidiabetic drugs have been scarcely explored. The present study investigates the cardioprotective effects of a cocoa–carob blend (CCB) diet, rich in flavonoids, alone or in combination with metformin, in the development of DCM. Zucker diabetic fatty rats (ZDF) were fed with a CCB rich-diet or a control diet, with or without metformin for 12 weeks. Glucose homeostasis, cardiac structure and function, and oxidative and inflammatory biomarkers were analysed. CCB improved glucose homeostasis, and mitigated cardiac dysfunction, hypertrophy, and fibrosis in ZDF rats. Mechanistically, CCB counteracted oxidative stress in diabetic hearts by down-regulating NADPH oxidases, reducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and modulating the sirtuin-1 (SIRT1)/ nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signalling pathway, overall improving antioxidant defence. Moreover, CCB suppressed inflammatory and fibrotic reactions by inhibiting nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) and pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic cytokines. Noteworthy, several of these effects were further improved in combination with metformin. Our results demonstrate that CCB strongly prevents the cardiac remodelling and dysfunction observed in diabetic animals, highlighting its potential, alone or in adjuvant therapy, for treating DCM.
  • Publication
    Origanum majorana Essential Oil Inhalation during Neurofeedback Training Reduces Saliva Myeloperoxidase Activity at Session-1 in Bruxistic Patients
    (MDPI, 2019-01-31) Merino, José; Parmigiani-Izquierdo, José; López-Oliva Muñoz, María Elvira; Cabaña-Muñoz, María
    Introduction: Bruxism affects teeth and provokes sleep alterations. We evaluated whether saliva Myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity could be reduced after 21 neurofeedback training (NO) sessions in Origanum majorana (AE) bruxistic-treated patients (n = 12 patients, 120 saliva samples). The term divergence evaluates cerebral activity, which was compared between bruxistic patients with/without this essential oil exposure during 21 NO training sessions (n = 12, n = 120 saliva samples). The nasal filter used allow us to vehiculizate this Origanum majorana essential oil in patients. MPO activity was measured in six training NO sessions (Session S1, 6, 12, 18, 21). We included a total of 104 patients and 500 saliva samples. Results: there was a fast reduction in MPO activity after NO session-1 in bruxistic patients; divergence (an index of NO training brain efficacy) is the difference in cerebral activity found between pre-training and post-training levels. Thus, Divergence can fluctuate during NO training before reaching a final calm state after many sessions (21). Repeated NO training lead to habituation in so far as cerebral activity as well as MPO activity after 21 training sessions. Origanum majorana essential oil modulates cerebral activity at certain training sessions in bruxistic patients. Stress levels were reduced on the perceived stress scores (PSS: Cohen Scale) after 21 NO sessions than for those bruxistic without NO training sessions. Conclusions: MPO activity could predict stress level in bruxistic patients and repeated NO reduced their stress level; Origanum majorana essential oil enhanced these anxiolytic effects.
  • Publication
    Phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibition enhances nitric oxide- and hydrogen sulfide-mediated bladder neck inhibitory neurotransmission
    (Nature Research, 2018-03-16) Agis Torres, Ángel; Recio Visedo, María Paz; López-Oliva Muñoz, María Elvira; Martínez Sainz, María Del Pilar; Barahona Gomáriz, María Victoria; Benedito Castellote, Sara; Bustamante, Salvador; Jiménez-Cidre; Miguel Ángel; García Sacristán, Albino; Prieto Ocejo, Dolores; Leite Fernandes, Vitor Samuel; Hernández Rodríguez, Medardo Vicente
    Nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) play a pivotal role in nerve-mediated relaxation of the bladder outflow region. In the bladder neck, a marked phosphodiesterase type 4 (PDE4) expression has also been described and PDE4 inhibitors, as rolipram, produce smooth muscle relaxation. This study investigates the role of PDE4 isoenzyme in bladder neck gaseous inhibitory neurotransmission. We used Western blot and double immunohistochemical staining for the detection of NPP4 (PDE4) and PDE4A and organ baths for isometric force recording to roflumilast and tadalafil, PDE4 and PDE5, respectively, inhibitors in pig and human samples. Endogenous H2S production measurement and electrical field stimulation (EFS) were also performed. A rich PDE4 and PDE4A expression was observed mainly limited to nerve fibers of the smooth muscle layer of both species. Moreover, roflumilast produced a much more potent smooth muscle relaxation than that induced by tadalafil. In porcine samples, H2S generation was diminished by H2S and NO synthase inhibition and augmented by roflumilast. Relaxations elicited by EFS were potentiated by roflumilast. These results suggest that PDE4, mainly PDE4A, is mostly located within nerve fibers of the pig and human bladder neck, where roflumilast produces a powerful smooth muscle relaxation. In pig, the fact that roflumilast increases endogenous H2S production and EFS-induced relaxations suggests a modulation of PDE4 on NO- and H2S-mediated inhibitory neurotransmission.