Valle Noguera, Ana

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First Name
Last Name
Valle Noguera
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Inmunología, Oftalmología y ORL
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Now showing 1 - 7 of 7
  • Publication
    Metodología experimental aplicada a la Inmunología Molecular
    Cruz Adalia, Aranzazu; Cabañas Gutiérrez, Carlos; Castillo Gonzalez, Raquel Ana; Lafuente Duarte, María Esther; Sánchez-Gómez, María José; Mazariegos León, Marina; Sancho Temiño, Lucía; Reche Gallardo, Pedro Antonio; Marín Marín, Ana Victoria; Garcia-Mauriño Muzquiz, Jose Enrique; Villa Gómez, Cristina Matilde; Fernando Peláez Prestel, Hector; Juárez Martín, Ignacio; Valle Noguera, Ana; Recio Hoyas, María José; Sánchez Ramón, Silvia María; Morlino, Giulia
    El objetivo general del proyecto es aplicar un modelo pedagógico en el que participen los alumnos de manera activa y apliquen el método científico en base a los conocimientos que han adquirido, resolviendo y realizando un caso práctico en el laboratorio. Integra una estrategia didáctica que va a fomentar la participación activa del alumnado provocando un aprendizaje significativo, ya que el alumno tiene que resolver mediante el razonamiento un caso práctico y luego integrarlo en el laboratorio con el uso de una técnica ampliamente utilizada en Inmunología, como es la citometría de flujo.
  • Publication
    Biocompatible Probes Based on Rare-Earth Doped Strontium Aluminates with Long-Lasting Phosphorescent Properties for In Vitro Optical IMAGING
    (MPDI, 2022-03-21) Calatayud, David G.; Jardiel, Teresa; Cordero Oyonarte, Erica; Caballero, Amador C.; Villegas, Marina; Valle Noguera, Ana; Cruz Adalia, Aranzazu; Peiteado, Marco
    In recent decades, the demand for biomedical imaging tools has grown very rapidly as a key feature for biomedical research and diagnostic applications. Particularly, fluorescence imaging has gained increased attention as a non-invasive, inexpensive technique that allows real-time imaging. However, tissue auto-fluorescence under external illumination, together with a weak tissue penetration of low wavelength excitation light, largely restricts the application of the technique. Accordingly, new types of fluorescent labels are currently being investigated and, in this search, phosphorescent nanoparticles promise great potential, as they combine the interesting size-dependent properties of nanoscale materials with a long-lasting phosphorescence-type emission that allows optical imaging well after excitation (so avoiding autofluorescence). In this work, core-shell structures consisting of SrAlO:Eu,Dy luminescent cores encapsulated within a biocompatible silica shell were prepared, showing a green persistent phosphorescence with an afterglow time of more than 1000 s. A high-energy ball milling procedure was used to reduce the size of the starting phosphors to a size suitable for cellular uptake, while the silica coating was produced by a reverse micelle methodology that eventually allows the excitation and emission light to pass efficiently through the shell. Confocal fluorescence microscopy using HeLa cancer cells confirmed the potential of the all-ceramic composites produced as feasible labels for in vitro optical imaging.
  • Publication
    Expression of HMGCS2 in intestinal epithelial cells is downregulated in inflammatory bowel disease associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress
    (Frontiers Media, 2023-06-30) Wculek, Stefanie K.; Fernández-Bravo, Sergio; Torres-Ruiz, Raúl; Gomez-Sánchez, Maria José; Hernández-Walias, José Carlos; Moraes Ferreira, Frederico; Corraliza, Ana María; Sancho, David; Esteban, Vanesa; Rodriguez-Perales, Sandra; Nakaya, Helder I.; Salas, Azucena; Campos-Martín, Yolanda; Martínez-Zamorano, Elena; Muñoz-López, Diego; Blumberg, Richard S.; Martín Adrados, Beatriz; Valle Noguera, Ana; Cruz Adalia, Aranzazu; Olivares Olivares, Bernardo David; Gómez Del Moral Martín-Consuegra, Manuel María; Cubero Palero, Francisco Javier; Martínez Naves, Eduardo
    Introduction: The Unfolded Protein Response, a mechanism triggered by the cell in response to Endoplasmic reticulum stress, is linked to inflammatory responses. Our aim was to identify novel Unfolded Protein Response-mechanisms that might be involved in triggering or perpetuating the inflammatory response carried out by the Intestinal Epithelial Cells in the context of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Methods: We analyzed the transcriptional profile of human Intestinal Epithelial Cell lines treated with an Endoplasmic Reticulum stress inducer (thapsigargin) and/or proinflammatory stimuli. Several genes were further analyzed in colonic biopsies from Ulcerative Colitis patients and healthy controls. Lastly, we generated Caco-2 cells lacking HMGCS2 by CRISPR Cas-9 and analyzed the functional implications of its absence in Intestinal Epithelial Cells. Results: Exposure to a TLR ligand after thapsigargin treatment resulted in a powerful synergistic modulation of gene expression, which led us to identify new genes and pathways that could be involved in inflammatory responses linked to the Unfolded Protein Response. Key differentially expressed genes in the array also exhibited transcriptional alterations in colonic biopsies from active Ulcerative Colitis patients, including NKG2D ligands and the enzyme HMGCS2. Moreover, functional studies showed altered metabolic responses and epithelial barrier integrity in HMGCS2 deficient cell lines. Conclusion: We have identified new genes and pathways that are regulated by the Unfolded Protein Response in the context of Inflammatory Bowel Disease including HMGCS2, a gene involved in the metabolism of Short Chain Fatty Acids that may have an important role in intestinal inflammation linked to Endoplasmic Reticulum stress and the resolution of the epithelial damage.
  • Publication
    IL-18-induced HIF-1α in ILC3s ameliorates the inflammation of C. rodentium-induced colitis
    (Cell Press, 2023-12-26) Valle Noguera, Ana; Sancho Temiño, Lucía; Castillo González, Raquel; Villa Gómez, Cristina; Gomez Sánchez, María José; Ochoa Ramos, Anne; González Granado, José María; Cruz Adalia, Aranzazu
    Group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3s) are vital for defending tissue barriers from invading pathogens. Hypoxia influences the production of intestinal ILC3-derived cytokines by activating HIF. Yet, the mechanisms gov- erning HIF-1a in ILC3s and other innate RORgt+ cells during in vivo infections are poorly understood. In our study, transgenic mice with specific Hif-1a gene inactivation in innate RORgt+ cells (RAG1KO HIF- 1a6Rorc) exhibit more severe colitis following Citrobacter rodentium infection, primarily due to the inability to upregulate IL-22. We find that HIF-1a6Rorc mice have impaired IL-22 production in ILC3s, while non- ILC3 innate RORgt+ cells, also capable of producing IL-22, remain unaffected. Furthermore, we show that IL-18, induced by Toll-like receptor 2, selectively triggers IL-22 in ILC3s by transcriptionally upregulating HIF-1a, revealing an oxygen-independent regulatory pathway. Our results highlight that, during late-stage C. rodentium infection, IL-18 induction in the colon promotes IL-22 through HIF-1a in ILC3s, which is crucial for protection against this pathogen.
  • Publication
    Innate lymphoid cells type 3 in cancer
    (Frontiers Media, 2022-10-13) Castillo González, Raquel; Valle Noguera, Ana; Gomez Sánchez, Maria José; Xia, Pu; Cruz Adalia, Aranzazu; Cruz Adalia, Aranzazu
    Cancer is a multifactorial chronic illness caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. A tumor is more than just a collection of cancer cells, it also contains infiltrating and resident host cells that are constantly interacting with it. Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) have been recently found to be within the tumor and its microenvironment in close relationship with cancer cells. Although ILCs lack an antigen-specific receptor, they can respond to environmental stress signals, aiding in the fast orchestration of an early immune response. They are tissue resident cells mostly located in mucosa and first barrier organs that have been mainly studied in the defense against pathogens, lymphoid development, and tissue repair, however, current research has begun to elucidate their involvement in carcinogenesis. Nevertheless, among all ILCs, ILC3s have been found to be the most controversial in terms of tumor immunity. It has been found that they enhance anti-tumor immunity by detecting cancerous cells and helping lymphocytes infiltrate tumors. However, some recent studies have revealed that IL-23 stimulating ILC3s may promote tumor growth. In this review, we have incorporated the most recent studies on the involvement of ILC3s in cancer development to offer an overview of the role of ILC3s in cancer emphasis on their particular activity in several organs primarily in the mucosa, but also in breast, pancreas, liver, and skin, realizing that their role likely depends on the tissue microenvironment and the subtype of ILC3s.
  • Publication
    Optimized Protocol for Characterization of Mouse Gut Innate Lymphoid Cells
    (Frontiers Media, 2020-11-30) Valle Noguera, Ana; Gómez Sánchez, María José; Girard Madoux, Mathilde J. H.; Cruz Adalia, Aranzazu
    Since their discovery, innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) have gradually been gaining greater relevance in the field of immunology due to their multiple functions in the innate immune response. They can mainly be found in mucosal and barrier organs like skin, gut, and lungs, and have been classified into five main types (NKs, ILC1s, ILC2s, ILC3s, and Lti cells) according to their function and development. They all play major roles in functions such as tissue homeostasis, early pathogen defense, regulation of inflammation, or tissue remodeling. ILCs are mostly tissue-resident cells tightly bound to the tissue structure, a fact that requires long and complex protocols that do not always provide sufficient yield for analysis. This suggests the need for optimized approaches aimed at ensuring that enriched and viable ILC samples are obtained, in order to furnish quality results. Herein a detailed protocol is established for obtaining a single-cell suspension highly enriched in lymphoid cells from mouse gut in order to identify the different subsets of ILCs by means of flow cytometry. The cell marker panel and flow cytometry gating strategies for identification and quantification of all the different ILC populations are provided for simultaneous analysis. Moreover, the protocol described includes a procedure for studying the different cytokines produced by ILC3s involved in maintaining the integrity of the gut barrier and defending against extracellular pathogens. As a result, herein an efficient method is presented for studying mouse ILCs within the lamina propria of the small intestine and colon; this can constitute a useful tool for future investigations in the field.
  • Publication
    Type 3 Innate Lymphoid Cells as Regulators of the Host-Pathogen Interaction
    (Frontiers Media, 2021-09-29) Valle Noguera, Ana; Ochoa Ramos, Anne; Gomez Sánchez, Maria José; Cruz Adalia, Aranzazu
    Type 3 Innate lymphoid cells (ILC3s) have been described as tissue-resident cells and characterized throughout the body, especially in mucosal sites and classical first barrier organs such as skin, gut and lungs, among others. A significant part of the research has focused on their role in combating pathogens, mainly extracellular pathogens, with the gut as the principal organ. However, some recent discoveries in the field have unveiled their activity in other organs, combating intracellular pathogens and as part of the response to viruses. In this review we have compiled the latest studies on the role of ILC3s and the molecular mechanisms involved in defending against different microbes at the mucosal surface, most of these studies have made use of conditional transgenic mice. The present review therefore attempts to provide an overview of the function of ILC3s in infections throughout the body, focusing on their specific activity in different organs.