Person:
Marrodán Serrano, María Dolores

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First Name
María Dolores
Last Name
Marrodán Serrano
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Ciencias Biológicas
Department
Biodiversidad, Ecología y Evolución
Area
Antropología Física
Identifiers
UCM identifierORCIDScopus Author IDWeb of Science ResearcherIDDialnet IDGoogle Scholar ID

Search Results

Now showing 1 - 8 of 8
  • Publication
    Microscopía a simple vista
    (2023-07-24) García Moreno, Ana; Hernández de Miguel, José María; Montero Bernal, Eduardo; Cruz Orobio, Raúl de la; Ruiz Piña, Eduardo; Muñoz Araujo, Benito; Pardos Martínez, Fernando; Outerelo Domínguez, Raimundo; Banda Rueda, Eva; Gutiérrez López, Mónica; Sabariego Ruiz, Silvia; Refoyo Román, Pablo Alberto; Olmedo Salinas, Cristina; Sanchez Santos, Nuria; Cabezas Fuentes, Francisco José; Medina Bujalance, Rafael; Taboada Moreno, Sergio; Pérez Alonso, María José; Marrodán Serrano, María Dolores; Hernández de la Fuente, Candelaria Lucía; Reviriego Eiros, Mario; Rovira Sanroque, José Vicente; Marquina Díaz, Domingo; Santos de la Sen, Antonio; Roca Juncosa, Joan; Castelló Fortet, José Ramón; García Cobo, Marta; Vega Abellán, Aida; García Deltell, Adrián; González Casarrubio, Alberto; Díaz Dios, Úrsula; Herrero Matesanz, María de la Concepción; Menéndez Carrasco, Silvia; Vicente Sánchez, Javier; López Alía, Teresa; Riesgo Gil, Ana
  • Publication
    Eating Behavior and Obesity in a Sample of Spanish Schoolchildren
    (MPDI, 2023-02-26) Calderón García, Andrea; Alaminos Torres, Ana María; Pedrero Tomé, Roberto; Prado Martínez, Consuelo; Martínez Álvarez, Jesús Román; Villarino Marín, Antonio; Marrodán Serrano, María Dolores
    From the point of view of prevention, it is convenient to explore the association between eating behavior and the obese phenotype during school and adolescent age. The aim of the present study was to identify eating behavior patterns associated with nutritional status in Spanish schoolchildren. A cross-sectional study of 283 boys and girls (aged 6 to 16 years) was carried out. The sample was evaluated anthropometrically by Body Mass Index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and body fat percentage (%BF). Eating behavior was analyzed using the CEBQ “Children’s Eating Behavior Questionnaire”. The subscales of the CEBQ were significantly associated with BMI, WHtR and %BF. Pro-intake subscales (enjoyment of food, food responsiveness, emotional overeating, desire for drinks) were positively related to excess weight by BMI (β = 0.812 to 0.869; p = 0.002 to <0.001), abdominal obesity (β = 0.543–0.640; p = 0.02 to <0.009) and high adiposity (β = 0.508 to 0.595; p = 0.037 to 0.01). Anti-intake subscales (satiety responsiveness, slowness in eating, food fussiness) were negatively related to BMI (β = −0.661 to −0.719; p = 0.009 to 0.006) and % BF (β = −0.17 to −0.46; p = 0.042 to p = 0.016).
  • Publication
    Psychological distress in Spanish airline pilots during the aviation crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and psychometric analysis of the 12-item general health questionnaire
    (Taylor and Francis Group, 2021-10-11) Alaminos-Torres, Ana; Martínez-Lorca, Manuela; Sifre De Sola, Ignacio; López Ejeda, Noemí; Marrodán Serrano, María Dolores
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychological distress of Spanish airline pilots, a group of professionals undergoing an unprecedented work situation as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. To do so, we administered the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12). A total of 342 questionnaires were obtained, with the largest respondent age group being 41–50 years. The psychometric properties of the instrument were also evaluated, with an exploratory factor analysis revealing a unidimensional structure that explained 59.23% of the variance. The total score on the standard GHQ-12 was 4.54 ± 3.31 very close to the cut-off point established to determine psychological distress. The score increased among those unemployed and was also higher among pilots on furlough compared to those whose work situation was relatively normal. Furthermore, the reliability measured by the total Cronbach's alpha was above 0.8 of each across all employment status considered. These results show the desirability of conducting periodic psychological distress assessments of pilots so that effective measures can be implemented to ensure their psychological and socio-emotional well-being.
  • Publication
    Public health implications of wasting and stunting relationship in children under five years highly vulnerable to undernutrition in Guatemala: The REDAC Study
    (MDPI, 2022-09-23) López Ejeda, Noemí; Medialdea, Laura; Vargas, Antonio; Coronado, Jessica; García Arias, Miguel Ángel; Marrodán Serrano, María Dolores
    Background: Guatemala is the Latin American country with the highest prevalence of childhood stunting. Short height can bias the diagnosis of wasting when using the weight-for-height indicator. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic concordance of the anthropometric indicators of wasting and the relationship between wasting and stunting in children from highly vulnerable communities in Guatemala. Methods: The sample consisted of 13,031 anthropometric records of children under five years of age (49.5% girls, average age of 27.9 months), including weight, height, and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), collected in March–August 2019. The proportions of stunting, underweight, and wasting, assessed by three different indicators, as well as their concurrence through the Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure were calculated. Results: Stunting affected 73% of the sample, and 74.2% showed anthropometric failure. Wasting varied by indicator (weight-for-height: 2.8%; MUAC: 4.4%; MUAC-for-age: 10.6%). Concordance between MUAC and weight-for-height was very low (Kappa: 0.310; sensitivity: 40.9%). MUAC identified more wasted children in the stunted group (53.6% vs. 26.5%), while the opposite occurred in the non-stunted group (34.8% vs. 46.7%). Conclusion: The presence of stunting affected the diagnosis of wasting, and both indicators should be included as diagnostic criteria for screening campaigns and in the treatment of moderate to acute wasting in vulnerable populations affected by multiple forms of undernutrition.
  • Publication
    Household food insecurity and nutritional status of schoolchildren in rural regions of Bajo Lampa, El Salvador (2018-2019)
    (2021-08-21) Pedrero-Tomé, Roberto; López Ejeda, Noemí; Sánchez Álvarez, María; Herrero De Jáuregui, Cristina; Acosta Gallo, Belén; Marrodán Serrano, María Dolores
  • Publication
    Innovación social en la inserción laboral: promoción de hábitos de vida saludable y su impacto en el empleo
    (2023-05-23) Marrodán Serrano, María Dolores; María Sánchez Álvarez; Andrea Calderón; Martínez Álvarez, Jesús Román; Tomás Cardoso, Rafael Pablo; López Ejeda, Noemí
    Resultados de la investigación que analiza el impacto que tiene la mejora de la salud y los hábitos de vida saludables en la empleabilidad de las personas en situación de vulnerabilidad a través de un nuevo modelo de acompañamiento integral en la inserción sociolaboral: el Programa Vives Emplea Saludable. Estudio liderado por el Grupo de Investigación EPINUT de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid y la ONG Acción Contra el Hambre
  • Publication
    Cine en compañía para prevenir enfermedades
    (2023-09-27) Valderrama Conde, María José; Linares Gómez, María; Ayllón Santiago, Tania; De Francisco Martínez, Patricia; Bravo Vázquez, Daniel Antonio; López Ejeda, Noemí; Marrodán Serrano, María Dolores; Juan Chocano, María Del Carmen De; García Redondo, Alberto; Hernández Sánchez, María; Mª de la O López Vázquez de la Torre; Alonso Monge, Rebeca María Del Mar; Rosalía Díez Orejas; Navarro González De Mesa, Elisa; Raquel Ancos Pintado; Rosa del Campo Moreno; Alba Rodríguez García; Roberto García Vicente; Noemí Álvarez Sánchez-Redondo; Natalia Hernando Ospina; Patricia Rodríguez Solana; Mario Pulido Vadillo; Sergio León Rodríguez; Laura Álvaro Llorente; Roberto Pedrero Tomé; Ana Alaminos Torres
    El proyecto atiende la necesidad social de colectivos desfavorecidos o en riesgo de exclusión (sin hogar, presidiarios, discapacitados o enfermos mentales, mujeres) de ayuda al conocimiento sobre determinadas enfermedades que les afectan con una incidencia más alta que al resto de población (infecciosas, metabólicas, mentales, derivadas de consumo de drogas o alcohol o malnutrición). Adicionalmente, acusan carencias de compañía, entretenimiento o posibilidad de socialización, derivadas de sus circunstancias vitales. Los estudiantes que cursan titulaciones del ámbito de ciencias y ciencias de la salud profundizan en el aprendizaje de estas enfermedades realizando un servicio a estas personas de acompañamiento e información sobre prevención y/o tratamiento de las mismas. Trabajan en equipos multidisciplinares (distintas titulaciones y cursos) y desarrollan competencias profesionales en salud pública, así como transversales, como colaboración y coordinación en equipo, análisis crítico, expresión oral o diseño de materiales. Las actividades de servicio se llevan a cabo mediante visitas a los centros sociales asociados, donde se acompaña a los colectivos con proyección de películas sobre las enfermedades de interés, realización de juegos y coloquio. El proyecto comenzó en el curso 2017-18 (dentro de la convocatoria INNOVA) y ha ampliado el ámbito de conocimiento (bioquímica, biología molecular, epidemiología, microbiología, nutrición), facultades/organismos (Facultades de Biología, Farmacia, Medicina, Químicas, Hospitales 12 de Octubre y Ramón y Cajal), departamentos (Bioquímica y Biología molecular, Genética, Fisiología y Microbiología, Microbiología y Parasitología, Biodiversidad, Ecología y Evolución), asignaturas / titulaciones de los estudiantes, tipo de enfermedades abordadas y grupos y centros sociales atendido (distintas entidades y Ayuntamiento de Madrid).
  • Publication
    Impact of integrated preventive and curative health package on nutritional status of children under 2 years of age in the health area of Tama, Tahoua region (Niger)
    (Frontiers Media, 2023-10-23) Pedrero-Tomé, Roberto; Marrodán Serrano, María Dolores; López Ejeda, Noemí; Escruela, Montserrat; Rocaspana, Merce; Vargas, Antonio; Casademont, Cristian; Gutiérrez, Rui; Lanusse, Candelaria
    Background: Niger, relevant in light of current political coup, is one of the countries with the worst human development indicators, characterized by high fertility rates and extremely high infant mortality rates. Food insecurity in the region is alarming, leading to high malnutrition rates in children. This study aimed to evaluate an integral preventive-curative health program targeting children aged under 2 years in the health area of Tama, district of Bouza, Tahoua. Methodology: Anthropometric follow-up data of 6,962 children aged under 2 years were included in this study. These children received complete vaccination and malaria chemoprevention, and those older than 6 months received nutritional supplementation with a small quantity of lipid-based nutrient supplements. Fundamental growth indicators (height-for-age, weight-for-height, weight-for-age, and middle-upper arm circumference) and the Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure were calculated at the beginning and end of the program (mean time spent in the program: 14.5 ± 6.6 months) The evolution of these indicators was compared with those of a sample from a vertical vaccination program conducted in the neighboring region of Madarounfa on similar dates. Results: The proportion of children without anthropometric failure decreased from 59.5 to 40.2% (p < 0.001), with the categories that included stunting increasing the most. When analyzing the anthropometric indicators according to the months of compliance with the program, there was a slight improvement in the indicators of acute malnutrition, whereas those of chronic malnutrition worsened significantly. However, when compared with the Madarounfa sample, the children in the present study registered a significantly lower worsening in all three indicators: height-age (−0.46 vs. -2.44; p < 0.001), weight-height (+0.31 vs. -0.55; p < 0.001) and weight-age (−0.03 vs. -1.63; p < 0.001) difference. Conclusion: The comprehensive preventive-curative health program slightly slows the worsening of cumulative malnutrition in the early years of life in complex contexts, such as southern Niger.