Person:
Sañudo Tejero, José Ramón

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First Name
José Ramón
Last Name
Sañudo Tejero
Affiliation
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Medicina
Department
Anatomía y Embriología
Area
Anatomía y Embriología Humana
Identifiers
UCM identifierScopus Author IDDialnet IDGoogle Scholar ID

Search Results

Now showing 1 - 10 of 13
  • Publication
    Elaboración de un manual de casos clínicos de anatomía radiológica aplicada de la extremidad inferior
    (2023-07-19) Aragonés Maza, Paloma; Maranillo Alcaide, Eva; Quiñones Garrido, Sara; Rodríguez Vázquez, José Francisco; Sañudo Tejero, José Ramón; Valderrama Canales, Francisco José; Vázquez Osorio, María Teresa; Viejo Tirado, Fermín
  • Publication
    Connections between postparotid terminal branches of the facial nerve: An immunohistochemistry study
    (Wiley, 2022-10-22) Martínez Pascual, Paula; Pérez Lloret, Pilar; Maranillo Alcaide, Eva; Sanz García, Carlos; Simón de Blas, Clara; Sañudo Tejero, José Ramón; Konschake, Marko; Porzionato, Andrea; De Caro, Raffaele; Macchi, Veronica
    It has been assumed that connections between the postparotid terminal branches of the facial nerve are purely motor. However, the nature of their fibers remains unexplored. The aim of this study is to determine whether these connections comprise motor fibers exclusively. In total 17 connections between terminal facial nerve branches were obtained from 13 different facial nerves. Choline acetyltransferase antibody (ChAT) was used to stain the fibers in the connections and determine whether or not all of them were motor. All connections contained ChAT positive and negative fibers. The average number of fibers overall was 287 (84–587) and the average proportion of positive fibers was 63% (37.7%–91.5%). In 29% of the nerves, >75% of the fibers were ChAT+ (strongly positive); in 52.94%, 50%–75% were ChAT+ (intermediately positive); and in 17.65%, <50% were ChAT+ (weakly positive). Fibers traveling inside the postparotid terminal cranial nerve VII branch connections are not exclusively motor.
  • Publication
    Fat: Quality, or Quantity? What Matters Most for the Progression of Metabolic Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)
    (MDPI, 2021-09-22) Estévez-Vázquez, Olga; Benedé-Ubieto, Raquel; Guo, Feifei; Gómez-Santos, Beatriz; Aspichueta, Patricia; Reissing, Johanna; Bruns, Tony; Sanz-García, Carlos; Sydor, Svenja; Bechmann, Lars P; Maranillo Alcaide, Eva; Sañudo Tejero, José Ramón; Vázquez Osorio, María Teresa; Lamas-Paz, Arantza; Morán, Laura; Mazariegos, Marina S; Ciudin, Andreea; Pericàs, Juan M.; Peligros, María Isabel; Vaquero, Javier; Martínez-Naves, Eduardo; Liedtke, Christian; Regueiro González-Barros, José Ramón; Trautwein, Christian; Bañares Cañizares, Rafael; Cubero Palero, Francisco Javier; Nevzorova, Yulia A.
    Objectives: Lately, many countries have restricted or even banned transfat, and palm oil has become a preferred replacement for food manufacturers. Whether palm oil is potentially an unhealthy food mainly due to its high content of saturated Palmitic Acid (PA) is a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to test whether qualitative aspects of diet such as levels of PA and the fat source are risk factors for Metabolic Syndrome (MS) and Metabolic Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD). Methods: C57BL/6 male mice were fed for 14 weeks with three types of Western diet (WD): 1. LP-WD—low concentration of PA (main fat source—corn and soybean oils); 2. HP-WD—high concentration of PA (main fat source—palm oil); 3. HP-Trans-WD—high concentration of PA (mainly transfat). Results: All types of WD caused weight gain, adipocyte enlargement, hepatomegaly, lipid metabolism alterations, and steatohepatitis. Feeding with HP diets led to more prominent obesity, hypercholesterolemia, stronger hepatic injury, and fibrosis. Only the feeding with HP-Trans-WD resulted in glucose intolerance and elevation of serum transaminases. Brief withdrawal of WDs reversed MS and signs of MAFLD. However, mild hepatic inflammation was still detectable in HP groups. Conclusions: HP and HP-Trans-WD play a crucial role in the genesis of MS and MAFLD.
  • Publication
    Elaboración de un sistema de evaluación continua y simultánea para todos los subgrupos prácticos de anatomía, mediante la aplicación Kahoot
    (2022-06-30) Maranillo Alcaide, Eva; Aragonés Maza, Paloma; Quiñones Garrido, Sara; Rodríguez Vázquez, José Francisco; Sañudo Tejero, José Ramón; Valderrama Canales, Francisco; Vázquez Osorio, Teresa; Viejo Tirado, Fermín
    Elaboramos una de serie de cuestionarios y retos sobre casos clínicos, imágenes radiológicas, técnicas de disección, relaciones anatómicas, etc. a través de la aplicación Kahoot, que nos han permitido evaluar a todos los alumnos de forma rápida, continua, simultánea y equitativa en cada una de las actividades que se desarrollan durante las prácticas de anatomía humana. A su vez, nos ha permitido controlar la asistencia, en cada una de las actividades, de forma rápida y veraz y detectar aquellos puntos de las prácticas que resultan más dificiles para nuestros alumnos.
  • Publication
    Atlas de anatomía radiológica correlacionado con imágenes de anatomía seccional. Tórax y Abdomen.
    (2019-04-23) Maranillo Alcaide, Eva; Vázquez Osorio, María Teresa; Sañudo Tejero, José Ramón; Viejo Tirado, Fermín; Navarro Collin, Cristina; Perez LLoret, Pilar; Arrazola, Juan; Marco, Fernando; Rodriguez Vázquez, José Francisco
    Es una herramienta de autoaprendizaje de las regiones anatómicas del tórax y el abdomen, bilingüe (español/inglés), dirigida a los estudiantes y profesionales de ciencias de la salud. Consiste en una serie de imágenes de resonancias magnéticas nucleares de tórax y abdomen, en las que aparecen marcadas, con un número, diferentes estructuras anatómicas para que el alumno piense y deduzca de qué estructura se trata. Las respuestas vienen dadas a continuación para que el alumno pueda proceder a su autoevaluación de forma inmediata, reforzando su aprendizaje. Esta herramienta de autoaprendizaje no es solo útil para que los alumnos aprendan y puedan preparar mejor las prácticas de anatomía y sus correspondientes exámenes prácticos, sino que también ayuda a los profesionales de las ciencias de la salud a adquirir los conocimientos anatómicos necesarios para poder interpretar, de forma correcta las RMN, técnica que cada vez tiene un mayor uso en la práctica clínica diaria.
  • Publication
    Atlas de anatomía radiológica correlacionado con imágenes de anatomía seccional y disecciones anatómicas
    (2017-06-30) Maranillo Alcaide, Eva; Vázquez Osorio, Teresa; Sañudo Tejero, José Ramón; Arrazola García, Juan Lorenzo; Marco Martínez, Fernando; Valderrama Canales, Francisco José; Rodríguez Vázquez, Jose Francisco; Viejo Tirado, Fermín; Scola Yurrita, Bartolomé; Ruiz Yuretschke, Fernando; Navarro Collín, Cristina
  • Publication
    The bronchial segmentation and its anatomical variations. A clinical-anatomic and bronchoscopy study
    (Elsevier, 2021-01-27) Martín Ruiz, Silvia; Gutiérrez Collar, Christian; Forcén Vicente De Vera, Elena; Bernabé Barrios, María José; Simón de Blas, Clara; Konschake, Marko; Sañudo Tejero, José Ramón; Maranillo Alcaide, Eva
    The development in interventional respiratory medicine entails the need of bronchial anatomical knowledge, whose variations assume their greatest importance nowadays. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency of these variations and to analyze the bronchial lengths, barely registered before in literature. This observational descriptive study (from June 2018 until April 2019) was conducted in a sample of 17 pairs of lungs, which were dissected and measured at the Cadaver Donation Centre (Universidad Complutense, Madrid), and a second sample of 50 bronchoscopies, performed at the San Carlos Clinic Hospital, which were analyzed during the procedure. Our results show that there are no significant differences in the incidence of variations by sex in any of both samples, and neither in the average length of any bronchus by sex nor lobar pattern. Left main bronchus presents the longest length and left upper lobe bronchus the shortest. The highest percentage of variations is contained in the right lower lobe (25.4%), and the most frequent variation in the subsuperior bronchus (B*) (19.4%). The middle lobe and the left lower lobe present the lowest percentage of variations (11.9%). Only 37.3% of the pairs of lungs/patients did not have any anatomical variation in the general sample. Despite of the small size of the sample, results show a high percentage of variations and a minority of completely normal pairs of lungs, which invites us to reflect about the probable high prevalence of variations in the general population. Further studies with greater samples are needed to confirm our hypothesis.
  • Publication
    Microdissection of the Human Renal Nervous System. Implications for Performing Renal Denervation Procedures
    (American Heart Association / Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2020-03-20) García Touchard, Arturo; Maranillo Alcaide, Eva; Mompeo, Blanca; Sañudo Tejero, José Ramón
    Despite the use of renal denervation to treat hypertension, the anatomy of the renal nervous system remains poorly understood. We performed a detailed quantitative analysis of the human renal nervous system anatomy with the goal of optimizing renal denervation procedural safety and efficacy. Sixty kidneys from 30 human cadavers were systematically microdissected to quantify anatomic variations in renal nerve patterns. Contrary to current clinical perception, not all renal innervation followed the main renal artery. A significant portion of the renal nerves (late arriving nerves) frequently reached the kidney (73% of the right kidney and 53% of the left kidney) bypassing the main renal artery. The ratio of the main renal artery length/aorta-renal hilar distance proved to be a useful variable to identify the presence/absence of these late arriving nerves (odds ratio, 0.001 (95% CI, 0.00002–0.0692; P: 0.001) with a cutoff of 0.75 (sensitivity: 0.68, specificity: 0.83, area under ROC curve at threshold: 0.76). When present, polar arteries were also highly associated with the presence of late arriving nerve. Finally, the perivascular space around the proximal main renal artery was frequently occupied by fused ganglia from the solar plexus (right kidney: 53%, left kidney: 83%) and/or by the lumbar sympathetic chain (right kidney: 63%, left kidney: 60%). Both carried innervation to the kidneys but importantly also to other abdominal and pelvic organs, which can be accidentally denervated if the proximal renal artery is targeted for ablation. These novel anatomic insights may help guide future procedural treatment recommendations to increase the likelihood of safely reaching and destroying targeted nerves during renal denervation procedures.
  • Publication
    Atheromatosis of the brain-supplying arteries: Circle of Willis, basilar, vertebral and their branches
    (Elsevier, 2022-04-01) Llopis, Guillermo; Quinones, Sara; Konschake, Marko; Simon De Blas, Clara; Hernández, Lorenzo Mauricio; Abramovic, A; Viñuela Prieto, José Manuel; Sañudo Tejero, José Ramón; Tubbs, Richard Shane; Maranillo Alcaide, Eva
    Purpose: Atherosclerotic plaques in the brain-supplying arteries are slowly-developing alterations of vascular structures that can lead to neurological impairment due to stenosis and insufficient oxygenation of eloquent brain areas. The aim of this study is to provide detailed demographic information related to the incidence of atherosclerotic plaques in the cerebral arteries. Material and methods: Forty-eight circles of Willis (21 men, 21 women, mean age: 70.26, six samples unknown) were macroscopically analyzed for length, diameter, and presence of atherosclerotic plaques. Statistical analysis was used to identify potential differences in the locations and frequencies of atherosclerotic plaques in relation to age and sex. Results: The study sample revealed 261 atherosclerotic plaques. The key findings were significant correlations between plaque development and age and between plaque location and age; however, there was no significant sex difference. Conclusion: The upper and lower branches of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) were novel locations predisposing to plaque development. A cut-off value at 60 years revealed a significant difference in plaque development and distribution. There were no significant sex differences in the occurrence of atherosclerotic plaques.
  • Publication
    Anatomical study of the masseteric and obturator nerves: application to face transplant and reanimation procedures
    (Wiley, 2019-04-04) Lasso Vázquez, José María; Maranillo Alcaide, Eva; Martinez Pascual, Paula; Goñi, Ender; Vázquez Osorio, María Teresa; Sañudo Tejero, José Ramón; Pascual Font, Aran
    The masseteric nerve (MN) and the anterior branch of the obturator nerve (ON) that innervate the transferred gracilis muscle have proved highly efficient for reanimating paralyzed facial muscles when muscle transfer is required. Previous researchers have published the total axonal load for myelinated fibers in both nerves. However, the real motor axonal load has not been established. We performed the study on 20 MN and 13 ON. The segments of the MN and the ON were embedded in paraffin, sectioned at 10 μm, and stained following a standard immunohistochemical procedure using anti-choline acetyltransferase to visualize the motor fibers. The MN has a higher axonal load than the ON. There were statistically significant differences between the axonal load of the proximal segment of the MN and the ON. These findings confirm that end-to-end anastomoses between the MN and the ON should preferably use the proximal segment. However, MN neurotomy should ideally be performed between the proximal and distal segments, preserving innervation to the deep fascicles. Our results show that the MN is ideal as a donor motor nerve for reinnervating transplanted muscle for dynamic reanimation of the paralyzed face. The neurotomy should ideally be performed between the first and second collateral branches of the MN. Conclusion: These findings confirm that end-to-end anastomoses between the MN and the ON should preferably use the proximal and middle segments and the first branch itself and reveal that the MN is ideal as a donor motor nerve for reinnervating transplanted muscle for dynamic reanimation of the paralyzed face. However, the masseteric neurotomy should ideally be performed on the middle segment, preserving the innervation to the deep fascicles.